Christian speed dating 101

Christian Singles Dating Choices. In a previous article, we discussed where Christian singles dating meet other singles. By far, the number one way Christian singles dating meet matches is through family, colleagues or friends. Other ways of meeting people include attending events or activities that attract singles, like Christian singles groups. 13. Ditch the dating wish list. Have your non-negotiables and boundaries, but dating with a strict itemized wish list—he must make this much, be this tall, drive this car, be this funny—will only hold you back from men who could be great for you in real life and limit you to men who only look good on paper, says Goldstein. “If you need a ... One last note – you probably noticed 101 is a little archaic. That’s because from 2001-2014 I was not able to update my site which I am now able to do. (1) is to make the site mobile friendly ... Christian Speed Dating Christian Holidays Christian Meetups Christian Events The fact is that Christian singles who are marriage-minded and commitment-focused need more than Christian dating advice when it comes to the season of their lives where a potential mate comes along. They would flourish, instead, with guidelines and Christian dating rules that they can recognize within Scripture and bring along into the rest of their lives. Fusion101.com Reviewed – 101 Christian singles service tested Join Fusion101 Free Christian Dating Site Fusion101 Mobile App Site Fusion101 UK Christian Singles Site How to avoid dating scams online. Signup on Fusion101 The site’s signup is somewhat lengthy compared to most sites these days and some of the questions may seem a little obscure but I believe this is to ensure the people ... Welcome to fusion101 - Christian dating for free! 101 is the world's most popular free dating site for Christian singles ️The only absolutely totally free Christian dating service that takes fake profiles and scammers seriously making us the safest and No.1 choice for free Christian personals services and Inernet matchmaking sites. Genuine Christian singles only - no fake mail from us, spam ... Speed dating is a method of dating people utilized to meet multiple people in a short period of time in an effort to find a good match. Usually for speed dating, you’ll have anywhere between 5 and 10 minutes to get to know someone enough and determine if there’s any kind of good chemistry. About 101FreeChristianSingles: This site is for genuine Christian singles looking to meet new single Christian friends around the globe online completely free.If you have joined our free site and are not yet approved we do offer a 'speed' approval service if you cannot wait to get searching for a potential match. 101 UK Christian personals has run a number of Christian single events in London, social meetup events, balls, intros and get-togethers for Christian guys and girls. We plan Christian speed dating events, lock and key parties and holidays. Signup for Christian social events UK Christian events site. Articles, guides, recommended sites, reviews Traditional Dating agencies versus online dating services. Christian Dating help & Single Christians advice books. Looking for top advice and tips on dating, personal ads and singles help?… try these Amazon links. Christian Dating Guide 101. Christian Dating 101

Christian and Single Da-ting S-ite

2020.07.27 17:30 pahohi1327JJul Christian and Single Da-ting S-ite

Christian and Single Da-ting S-ite
Check the Profiles for Free >>>>>>>>>> 🔴►🔴► Dating
Chinese Christian Dating Website Chinese Christian Singles Dating Christian Adult Dating Christian Advice for Dating Relationships Christian Advice for Teenage Dating Christian Advice on Dating After Divorce Christian Advice on Relationships Dating Christian Advice on Teenage Dating Christian and Dating Advice Christian and Mormon Dating Christian and Non Christian Dating Christian and Online Dating Christian and Single Dating Site Christian Anderson Dating Christian Anderson Dating Coach Christian Anderson Dating With Dignity Christian Approach to Dating Christian Apps for Dating Christian Arab Dating App Christian Arab Dating Culture Christian Arab Dating Websites Christian Asian Dating Christian Australia Dating Christian Bale Dating Christian Bale Dating History Christian Bdsm Dating Christian Biker Dating Site Christian Biker Dating Sites Christian Bisexual Dating Christian Black Dating Sites Christian Black Singles Dating Sites Christian Blogs About Dating Christian Book on Dating Christian Book Relationships Dating Christian Books About Love and Dating Christian Books About Teenage Dating Christian Books for Dating Couples to Read Christian Books for Dating Couples to Read Together Christian Books on Dating After Divorce Christian Books on Dating and Marriage Pdf Christian Books on Dating and Relationships Pdf Christian Books on Dating Courtship and Marriage Christian Books on Relationships and Dating Christian Books on Teenage Dating Christian Cafe Dating Reviews Christian Cafe Dating Uk Christian Cafe Dating Website Christian Cafe Online Dating Christian Catholic Dating Website Christian Chinese Dating Site Christian Coffee Dating Site Christian College Dating App Christian College Dating Site Christian Collins Dating Christian Com Dating Christian Community Dating Christian Connection Christian Dating App Christian Connection Christian Dating Apps Christian Connection Dating Christian Connection Dating Review Christian Connection Dating Site Review Christian Connection Dating Website Christian Connection Speed Dating Christian Cooke Dating Christian Corner Dating Christian Country Dating Sites Christian Couples Dating Devotional Christian Courtship and Dating Christian Courtship Vs Dating Christian Cowboy Dating Christian Crush Dating Site Reviews Christian Cupid Dating Christian Dating 2018 Christian Dating 4 Free Christian Dating a Catholic Christian Dating a Catholic Girl Christian Dating a Catholic Man Christian Dating a Jew Christian Dating a Jewish Man Christian Dating a Mormon Christian Dating a Muslim Girl Christian Dating a Non Believer Christian Dating Accountability Christian Dating Activities Christian Dating Adelaide Christian Dating Advice After Divorce Christian Dating Advice Blogs Christian Dating Advice Books Christian Dating Advice College Christian Dating Advice for Adults Christian Dating Advice for Guys Christian Dating Advice for Ladies Christian Dating Advice for Men Christian Dating Advice for Older Adults Christian Dating Advice for Women Christian Dating Advice for Young Women Christian Dating Affiliate Program Christian Dating After 50 Christian Dating After 60 Christian Dating After a Divorce Christian Dating After Death of Spouse Christian Dating After Divorce Tips Christian Dating Age Christian Dating Age Gap Christian Dating Agnostic Christian Dating Albany Ny Christian Dating and Courting Christian Dating and Friendship Service Christian Dating and Intimacy Christian Dating and Marriage Books Christian Dating and Physical Attraction Christian Dating and Relationships Books Christian Dating and Sex Christian Dating and Sexuality Christian Dating App 2019 Christian Dating App Android Christian Dating App Australia Christian Dating App Canada Christian Dating App for Young Adults Christian Dating App Iphone Christian Dating App Like Tinder Christian Dating App Philippines Christian Dating App Reddit Christian Dating App Reviews Christian Dating App Singapore Christian Dating App South Africa Christian Dating Appropriate Touching Christian Dating Apps 2018 Christian Dating Apps 2019 Christian Dating Apps Australia Christian Dating Apps for Young Adults Christian Dating Apps Reviews Christian Dating Apps Singapore Christian Dating Apps Uk Christian Dating Arizona Christian Dating Articles Christian Dating Asking a Girl Out Christian Dating at 40 Christian Dating Austin Tx Christian Dating Belfast Northern Ireland Christian Dating Bible Study Books Christian Dating Bible Verses Christian Dating Blog Christian Dating Blog Post Christian Dating Books for Adults Christian Dating Books for Girls Christian Dating Books for Guys Christian Dating Books Pdf Christian Dating Boundaries in Relationships Christian Dating Boundaries List Christian Dating Brisbane Christian Dating Bristol Christian Dating Buddhist Christian Dating Canada Christian Dating Catholic Christian Dating Cdff Christian Dating Charlotte Nc Christian Dating Chat Christian Dating Chat for Free Christian Dating Chat Sites Christian Dating Checklist Christian Dating Chicago Christian Dating Club Christian Dating Co Uk Christian Dating Coach Christian Dating Colorado Springs Christian Dating Columbus Ohio Christian Dating Com for Free Christian Dating Comedy Christian Dating Communication Christian Dating Company Christian Dating Company Reviews Christian Dating Compatibility Test Christian Dating Contract Christian Dating Conversation Starters Christian Dating Counseling Christian Dating Couple Bible Study Christian Dating Couple Books Christian Dating Couple Devotionals Christian Dating Couples Bible Study Christian Dating Courtship and Marriage Christian Dating Criteria Christian Dating Culture Christian Dating Dallas Christian Dating Dc Christian Dating Definition Christian Dating Denver Christian Dating Devotional Christian Dating Devotionals Online Christian Dating Discord Christian Dating Do's and Don Ts Christian Dating Dos and Don Ts Christian Dating Dubai Christian Dating Edmonton Christian Dating Ethics Christian Dating Etiquette Christian Dating Events Christian Dating Events Nyc Christian Dating Facebook Page Christian Dating Finding the Right One Christian Dating First Date Questions Christian Dating First Kiss Christian Dating for Christian Dating for Christian Singles Christian Dating for College Students Christian Dating for Free 100 Free Service for Christian Dating for Free Advanced Search Christian Dating for Free Apk Christian Dating for Free App Reviews Christian Dating for Free Cdff Christian Dating for Free Deactivate Christian Dating for Free Dot Com Christian Dating for Free Europe Christian Dating for Free Forgot Password Christian Dating for Free Mobile Christian Dating for Free Mobile Version Christian Dating for Free Review Christian Dating for Free Sign in Christian Dating for Free Testimonials Christian Dating for Free Uk Christian Dating for Free Website Christian Dating for Marriage Christian Dating for Missionaries Christian Dating for Older Adults Christian Dating for Over 40 Christian Dating for Young Adults Christian Dating Fort Worth Tx Christian Dating Forum Christian Dating Free Reviews Christian Dating Free Trial Christian Dating Free Websites Christian Dating Funny Christian Dating Fusion 101 Christian Dating Game Show Christian Dating Games Christian Dating Germany Christian Dating Get to Know You Questions Christian Dating Gold Coast Christian Dating Groups Christian Dating Guidelines Christian Dating Guidelines for Adults Christian Dating Hawaii Christian Dating Holidays Christian Dating How to Avoid Temptation Christian Dating How to Break Up Christian Dating How to Know He's the One Christian Dating How to Know if He's the One Christian Dating How to Know She's the One Christian Dating in Auckland Christian Dating in College Christian Dating in Colorado Springs Christian Dating in Ethiopia Christian Dating in Georgia Christian Dating in High School Christian Dating in Israel Christian Dating in Jamaica Christian Dating in Japan Christian Dating in Maryland Christian Dating in Texas Christian Dating in Your 20s Christian Dating in Your 50s Christian Dating Indianapolis Christian Dating Indonesia Christian Dating Intimacy Christian Dating Issues Christian Dating Jacksonville Fl Christian Dating Jewish Girl Christian Dating Kansas City Christian Dating Kenya Christian Dating Kissing Before Marriage Christian Dating Kissing Neck Christian Dating Knoxville Tn Christian Dating Lines Christian Dating London Christian Dating Los Angeles Christian Dating Love Quotes Christian Dating Love Relationship for Marriage in Zimbabwe Christian Dating Making Out Christian Dating Manila Christian Dating Mingle Christian Dating Minneapolis Christian Dating Mn Christian Dating More Than One Person Christian Dating Movie 2015 Christian Dating Myths Christian Dating Nashville Christian Dating Nashville Tn Christian Dating Near Me Christian Dating New York Christian Dating Ni Christian Dating Nj Christian Dating No Sex Before Marriage Christian Dating Non Believer Christian Dating Non Christian Advice Christian Dating Non Christian Man Christian Dating Non Christian Reddit Christian Dating Non Negotiables Christian Dating Non Religious Christian Dating Northern Ireland Christian Dating Northern Ireland Free Christian Dating Norway Christian Dating Nz Christian Dating Okc Christian Dating Omaha Christian Dating on Bumble Christian Dating on Match Com Christian Dating on Tinder Christian Dating Online Service Christian Dating Ottawa Christian Dating Over 30 Christian Dating Over 50 Christian Dating Over 55 Christian Dating Over 60 Christian Dating Parody Christian Dating Partner Christian Dating Pda Christian Dating Pdf Christian Dating Personals Christian Dating Perth Christian Dating Philippines Christian Dating Phone Line Christian Dating Physical Attraction Christian Dating Physical Intimacy Christian Dating Physical Limits Christian Dating Pick Up Lines Christian Dating Pittsburgh Christian Dating Podcast Spotify Christian Dating Poems Christian Dating Portland Oregon Christian Dating Principles Pdf Christian Dating Problems Christian Dating Profile Examples Christian Dating Protocol Christian Dating Puerto Rico Christian Dating Puns Christian Dating Purity Christian Dating Questions and Answers Christian Dating Questions to Ask Christian Dating Questions to Ask a Girl Christian Dating Questions to Ask a Guy Christian Dating Questions to Ask Before Marriage Christian Dating Quotes Pinterest Christian Dating Raleigh Nc Christian Dating Red Flags Christian Dating Relationship Articles Christian Dating Relationship Questions Christian Dating Relationship Quotes Christian Dating Relationships Christian Dating Resources Christian Dating Rules After Divorce Christian Dating Rules for Adults Christian Dating Rules for Guys Christian Dating Rules for My Daughter Christian Dating Sacramento Christian Dating Salt Christian Dating San Antonio Christian Dating San Diego Christian Dating San Francisco Christian Dating Saskatoon Christian Dating Sayings Christian Dating Search Christian Dating Second Date Christian Dating Service Canada Christian Dating Service Com Christian Dating Service Free Christian Dating Service Plus Christian Dating Service Uk Christian Dating Services for Seniors Christian Dating Services Reviews Christian Dating Sex Christian Dating Sex Before Marriage Christian Dating Sexuality Christian Dating Should We Break Up Christian Dating Show Christian Dating Show Netflix Christian Dating Sight Christian Dating Sign Up Christian Dating Singapore Christian Dating Single Advice Christian Dating Site All Over the World Christian Dating Site Asian Christian Dating Site Finland Christian Dating Site Free Chat Christian Dating Site Hong Kong Christian Dating Site in Jamaica Christian Dating Site in the World Christian Dating Site in Usa Christian Dating Site Indonesia Christian Dating Site Italy Christian Dating Site Login Christian Dating Site Murderer Christian Dating Site Netherlands Christian Dating Site Northern Ireland Christian Dating Site on Facebook Christian Dating Site Philippines Christian Dating Site Profile Examples Christian Dating Site Singapore Christian Dating Site South Africa Christian Dating Site Username Ideas Christian Dating Sites 2015


https://preview.redd.it/ojy4po6y4fd51.jpg?width=225&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6bab04d62fa80e0da68dd4fdcc2a7d58398cf8a6
submitted by pahohi1327JJul to u/pahohi1327JJul [link] [comments]


2020.07.27 17:28 pahohi1327JJul Is There a F-ree Christian Da-ting Si-te ?

Is There a F-ree Christian Da-ting Si-te ?
Check the Profiles for Free >>>>>>>>>> 🔴►🔴► Dating
Christian Dating Sites Trinidad Christian Dating Sites Vancouver Bc Christian Dating South Africa Facebook Christian Dating the One Christian Dating Tips and Advice Christian Dating Tips for Ladies Christian Dating Uk Reviews Christian Dating Ukraine Christian Dating Videos Christian Dating Wisconsin Christian Dating Worldwide Christian Domestic Discipline Dating Christian Female Dating Profile Examples Christian Filipina Dating Apps Christian Filipina Dating Singles Christian Fish Dating Site Christian Girl Dating a Non Christian Guy Christian Girl Dating Muslim Guy Christian Headlines for Dating Sites Christian Hiv Dating Sites Christian Internet Dating Sites Australia Christian Interracial Dating Sites Christian Introvert Dating Christian Ladies Dating Site Christian Leblanc Dating Christian Lesbian Dating Christian Lgbt Dating Christian Love Dating and Marriage Christian Match Dating Site Christian Meet Dating Site Christian Men and Dating Christian Men Dating Older Women Christian Mingle Interracial Dating Christian Missionary Dating Site Christian Motorcycle Dating Sites Christian Musician Dating Site Christian Navarro Dating Christian Nerd Dating Christian Online Dating Bio Christian Online Dating Sites Canada Christian Perspective on Teenage Dating Christian Science Dating Christian Singles Dating Australia Christian Singles Dating Online Christian Singles Dating Phone Number Christian Singles Dating Site Free Christian Singles Free Online Dating Christian Singles Online Dating Best Online Christian Christian Singles Online Dating Free Christian Slater Dating Christian Swingers Dating Site Christian Teaching on Dating Christian Teenage Dating Advice Christian Views on Dating and Courtship Christian Views on Teenage Dating Christian Widowers Dating Site Christianity and Online Dating Christians and Dating Christians Dating Non Christians Bible Verses Christians With Stds Dating Coffee Meets Bagel Christian Dating Apps Cross Paths Christian Dating Crosspaths Christian Dating Dating a Born Again Christian Man Dating a Christian Widower Dating a Muslim Man as a Christian Dating a Non Christian Verses Dating a Super Christian Girl Dating Advice for Christian Singles Dating Christian Verses Dating in the Christian World Dating Sites Free Christian Dating Someone Who Isn T Christian Delete Christian Dating for Free Divorced Christian Singles Dating Eharmony Christian Dating Eharmony Christian Dating App Ex Christian Dating Famous Christian Dating Sites First Date Christian Dating Tips Free Christian Asian Dating Sites Free Christian Dating Advice Free Christian Dating No Subscription Free Christian Dating Online Sites Free Christian Dating Sites Canada Free Christian Dating Sites in Africa Free Christian Dating Sites in Ghana Free Christian Dating Sites London Free Christian Dating Sites No Sign Up Free Christian Dating Sites Reviews Free Christian Lesbian Dating Sites Free Christian Online Dating Site in Usa Free Christian Online Dating Websites Free Christian Singles Dating Com Free International Christian Dating Free International Christian Dating Sites Free Local Christian Dating Free Local Christian Dating Websites Free Membership Christian Dating Sites Free Online Christian Dating Apps Free Online Christian Dating Sites French Kissing Christian Dating Friends 1st Christian Dating Funny Christian Dating Memes Fusion Christian Dating Site German Christian Singles Dating Ghanaian Christian Dating Sites Good Books for Dating Christian Couples Good Christian Dating Books Good Christian Dating Ideas Good Christian Dating Questions Habesha Christian Dating Harmony Christian Dating Site Healthy Boundaries in Christian Dating Healthy Christian Dating Boundaries Healthy Christian Relationship Dating Hispanic Christian Dating Sites Holding Hands in Christian Dating How Far is Too Far in Christian Dating How to Delete My Account on Christian Dating for Free I Hate Books on Christian Dating Important Christian Dating Questions International Christian Dating Is Andrew Christian Dating Is Andrew Christian Still Dating Daniel Is Dating a Sin in Christianity Is Dating Wrong in Christianity Is Eharmony a Christian Dating Service Is Eharmony a Christian Dating Site Is Kissing Wrong in Christian Dating Is Match Com a Christian Dating Site Is Olivia Culpo Dating Christian Mccaffrey Is There a Free Christian Dating Site Is Zoosk a Christian Dating Site Korean Christian Dating Lgbt Christian Dating Site Liberal Christian Dating Site List of Free Christian Dating Site Long Distance Relationship Christian Dating Love Sex and Dating Christian Book Marriage Minded Christian Dating Most Popular Christian Dating Sites Muslim Dating Christian Girl My Son is Dating a Non Christian Nigeria Christian Dating Nigeria Christian Singles Dating Site Nigerian Born Again Christian Dating Sites Nigerian Christian Dating Website Non Negotiables in Christian Dating Okcupid Christian Dating Online Christian Dating Site Reviews Online Christian Singles Dating Orthodox Christian Dating Site Pentecostal Christian Dating Physical Boundaries Christian Dating Physical Touch Love Language Christian Dating Plus Size Christian Dating Podcast Christian Dating Proper Christian Dating Behavior Questions to Ask a Christian Girl Before Dating Questions to Ask a Christian Man When Dating Romanian Christian Dating Sites Russian Christian Dating Sa Christian Dating Safest Christian Dating Websites Salt Christian Dating Scotland Christian Dating Site Setting Boundaries in a Christian Dating Relationship Seventh Day Adventist Christian Dating Site Sex in a Christian Dating Relationship Shawn Christian Dating Should Christians Use Dating Apps Single and Christian Dating Slavic Christian Dating Site Teenage Dating Christian Perspective The Best Christian Dating Sites Uk The Maker's Match Dating for Christian Singles Top 10 Christian Dating Sites Top 10 Christian Dating Websites Top Christian Dating Sites Australia Top Free Christian Dating Apps Top Rated Christian Dating Sites Totally Free Christian Dating Sites Verses on Christian Dating Verses on Dating a Non Christian What Does Christian Dating Mean What Does the Bible Say About Dating a Non Christian What is Christian Dating What is the Best Christian Dating Site What is the Best Free Christian Dating Site When Should I Start Dating Christian When to Start Dating Christian White Christian Dating Sites Who is Andrew Christian Dating Who is Christian Grey Dating in Real Life Who is Christian Seavey Dating Who is Christian Yelich Dating Www Christian Dating Site Com Young Christian Dating Sites Uk 1 Christian Dating Mingle App Delete Account 1 Christian Online Dating App 10 Dating Tips for Christian Singles 10 Rules of Christian Dating 100 Absolutely Free Christian Dating Sites 100 Christian Dating for Free 100 Free Black Christian Dating Sites 100 Free Christian Dating 100 Free Christian Dating App 100 Free Christian Dating Online 100 Free Christian Dating Service 100 Free Christian Dating Sites in Australia 100 Free Christian Dating Sites in New Zealand 100 Free Christian Dating Sites in South Africa 100 Free Christian Dating Sites No Credit Card Needed 100 Free Christian Dating Websites 100 Free Christian Disabled Dating Sites 100 Free Christian Interracial Dating Sites 100 Free Christian Online Dating 100 Free Christian Online Dating Sites 100 Free International Christian Dating Sites 100 Free Online Christian Dating Site 100 Percent Free Christian Dating 100 Totally Free Christian Dating Sites 1000 Questions for Christian Dating Couples 101 Christian Dating 101 Christian Dating Review 101 Christian Dating Site 101 Free Christian Dating Site 101 Fusion Christian Dating 2 Christian Dating 2 Christian Dating Site A Christian Dating Site A Christian Dating Website A Christian Perspective on Dating A Christian Woman Dating a Non Believer A Free Christian Dating Site A Healthy Christian Dating Relationship Activities for Christian Dating Couples Adult Christian Dating Adventist Christian Singles Dating Advice for an Atheist Dating a Christian Advice for Christian Teenage Dating African American Christian Dating Services African American Christian Singles Dating African American Christian Singles Online Dating African Christian Singles Dating Afro Christian Dating Sites Age to Start Dating Christian Alabama Christian Dating Sites All Christian Dating Sites America Christian Dating Site American Christian Dating Sites American Christian Dating Website American Christian Dating Websites Anastasia Steele and Christian Grey Dating Andrew Christian Dating Angela Simmons Dating Christian Apostolic Christian Dating Rules Appropriate Christian Dating Arab Christian Dating Arab Christian Dating App Arab Christian Singles Dating Are Christian Dating Sites Biblical Are Christian Dating Sites Good Are Christian Dating Sites Safe Are Christian Dating Sites Worth It Are My Standards Too High Christian Dating Are Shawn Christian and Arianne Zucker Dating Are Shawn Christian and Arianne Zucker Still Dating Are There Any Christian Dating Sites Are There Any Free Christian Dating Sites Are There Any Good Christian Dating Sites Are There Any Totally Free Christian Dating Sites Asian Christian Dating Asian Christian Dating Australia Asian Christian Dating Site Asian Christian Dating Uk Asian Christian Singles Dating At What Age Can a Christian Start Dating At What Age Should a Christian Start Dating Atheist and Christian Dating Atlanta Christian Speed Dating Australian Christian Dating Free Australian Christian Singles Dating Site Australian Free Dating Christian Sites Authentic Christian Dating Sites Being a Christian Woman and Dating Being Friends Before Dating Christian Benefits of Dating a Christian Girl Best Black Christian Dating Sites Best Christian Books for Dating Couples Best Christian Dating Advice Best Christian Dating Apps 2019 Best Christian Dating Apps Free Best Christian Dating Apps Uk Best Christian Dating Podcasts Best Christian Dating Profile Best Christian Dating Profiles Best Christian Dating Relationship Books Best Christian Dating Service Best Christian Dating Site for Marriage Best Christian Dating Site in Canada Best Christian Dating Site in Nigeria Best Christian Dating Site in the World Best Christian Dating Sites 2017 Best Christian Dating Sites 2018 Best Christian Dating Sites 2019 Best Christian Dating Sites Canada Best Christian Dating Sites in Australia Best Christian Dating Sites in South Africa Best Christian Dating Sites in the World Best Christian Dating Sites in Uk Best Christian Dating Sites Over 50 Best Christian Dating Sites Uk Best Christian Dating Sites Usa Best Christian Dating Websites Best Christian Dating Websites Uk Best Christian Dating Websites Usa Best Christian Devotions for Dating Couples Best Completely Free Christian Dating Sites Best Dating App for Christian Best Dating App for Christian Singles Best Dating Apps Christian Best Dating Apps for Christian Singles Best Dating Site Christian Best Dating Site for Christian Seniors Best Dating Site for Christian Singles Best Dating Websites for Christian Singles Best Free Christian Dating Apps 2019 Best Free Christian Dating Sites Reviews Best Free Christian Dating Sites Uk Best Free Christian Dating Websites Best Free Dating Sites for Christian Singles Best Free International Christian Dating Sites Best Free Online Christian Dating Sites Best International Christian Dating Sites Best Online Christian Dating Sites Best Online Dating for Christian Singles Best Online Dating Sites Christian Best Online Dating Sites for Christian Singles Best Totally Free Christian Dating Sites Bible Study for Christian Couples Dating Bible Verses About Dating a Christian Bible Verses About Dating a Non Christian Biggest Christian Dating Site Black American Christian Dating Sites Black and White Christian Dating Sites Black Christian Dating Apps Black Christian Dating for Free Com Black Christian Dating for Free Reviews Black Christian Dating Service Black Christian Dating Site Reviews Black Christian Dating Sites in Usa Black Christian Dating Sites Uk Black Christian Online Dating Black Christian Online Dating Sites Black Christian Singles Dating Black Christian Singles Dating Free Black Christian Singles Guide to Dating and Sexuality Black Christian Singles Online Dating Black Senior Christian Dating Black Single Christian Dating Sites Books About Dating Christian Books on Christian Dating and Courtship Books on Christian Dating Pdf Born Again Christian Dating Born Again Christian Dating App Born Again Christian Dating Australia Born Again Christian Dating Rules Born Again Christian Dating Site Free Born Again Christian Dating Sites in Kenya Born Again Christian Dating Sites Philippines Born Again Christian Dating Sites Uk Born Again Christian Dating South Africa Born Again Christian Dating Uk Born Again Christian Dating Websites Botswana Christian Dating Site Boundaries Dating Christian Boundaries in a Christian Dating Relationship Boundless Christian Dating British Christian Dating Sites Browse Christian Dating Sites Bumble Christian Dating Canada Christian Dating Service Canadian Christian Singles Dating Canadian Dating Sites Christian Carbon Dating Christian Carbon Dating Christianity Caribbean Christian Dating Sites Caribbean Christian Dating Websites Catholic Christian Dating Site Catholic Christian Dating Sites Catholic Dating a Christian Cdff Christian Dating Cdff Christian Dating for Free Celibacy and Christian Dating Celibacy Christian Dating Celibate Christian Dating Chaperone Christian Dating Chinese Christian Dating Sites


https://preview.redd.it/ftm1qnal4fd51.jpg?width=225&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=6f90cf31e2f97c3e6ec1dc4c748d6b8aebe04943
submitted by pahohi1327JJul to u/pahohi1327JJul [link] [comments]


2020.07.27 12:48 27JJulbarium Are There Any Actual Da-ting We-bsites ?

Are There Any Actual Da-ting We-bsites ?
Check the Profiles for Free >>>>>>>>>> 🔴►🔴► Dating
Free Fish Dating Website Free Full Access Dating Websites Free Gay Dating Websites Usa Free Gay Online Dating Websites Free Online Dating Website Builder Free Online Dating Websites Australia Free Online Dating Websites No Credit Card Required Free Online Dating Websites Toronto Free Online Senior Dating Websites Free Single Websites for Dating Free Sugar Momma Dating Websites Fully Free Dating Websites Gay Dating Websites Canada Geneva Dating Website Georgia Dating Website German Gay Dating Website Gleeden Dating Website Global Personals Dating Websites Gone Fishing Dating Website Good Cougar Dating Websites Greek American Dating Website Green Card Dating Websites Grindr Dating Websites Grindr Gay Dating Website Gta Iv Dating Website Guardian Soulmates Dating Website Guys With Tattoos Dating Website Hamilton Sex Offender on Dating Website Handicap Dating Website Harley Dating Website Hawaiian Dating Websites Headline for a Dating Website Example Herpes Dating Free Websites Herpes Dating Website Australia Hi Five Dating Website High Five Dating Website High Profile Dating Websites Hilarious Dating Websites Hiv Pastor on Dating Website Hook Me Up Dating Website Horny Dating Websites Hot Dating Websites Housewives Dating Website How Dating Websites Make Money How Do You Create a Dating Website How Many Dating Websites Are There How Much Are Dating Websites How to Create a Online Dating Website How to Create a Profile on Dating Website How to Create a Successful Dating Website How to Pick a Dating Website How to Start a Dating Website for Free How to Start My Own Dating Website Hud Dating Website Husband Addicted to Dating Websites I Want to Start My Own Dating Website I Want U Dating Website If Animal Jam Was a Dating Website Indian American Dating Website Indian Dating Website Usa Indian Dating Websites in India Inexpensive Dating Websites Information About Dating Websites Is Mylife a Dating Website Is Twoo a Dating Website Israel Dating Website Ivy League Dating Websites Jeep Dating Website Jiayuan China Dating Website Just Lunch Dating Website Karachi Dating Websites Karnataka Dating Websites Largest Free Dating Websites Largest Online Dating Website Late Night Dating Website Lesbains Dating Websites Lesbian Dating Websites Her Lesbian Dating Websites Usa Lesbian Latinas Dating Website Lifestyle Dating Website List of Dating Websites Wiki Lithuanian Dating Website Liverpool Dating Websites Lonely Hearts Dating Website Lonely No More Dating Website Long Distance Relationship Dating Website Love Happiness and Dating Website Lumen Dating Website Lunch Dating Website Make Money Online Dating Website Martha Stewart Dating Website Maybe We Should Dating Website Men to Men Dating Websites Messianic Dating Website Michigan Dating Website Millionaire Dating Websites Free Minecraft Dating Website Moroccan Dating Website Most Popular Dating Website Canada Most Popular Dating Websites in Australia Most Secure Dating Websites Ms Dating Website Muddy Matches Dating Website New Gay Dating Websites New Zealand Dating Websites Free Nh Dating Websites Nigerian Gay Dating Websites Nigerian Lesbian Dating Website No Membership Dating Websites No Strings Dating Website Norfolk Dating Website Norwegian Free Dating Websites Number One Dating Website Nurse Dating Website Oasis Dating Website Australia Obama Dating Website Ocd Dating Website Oklahoma Dating Websites Older Lesbian Dating Websites Older Singles Dating Website One Liners for Dating Websites Online Cougar Dating Website Online Dating 101 Website Online Dating Website Design Online Dating Websites for Seniors Online Dating Websites in Bangalore Online Dating Websites in Chennai Online Dating Websites in India Online Dating Websites in Kenya Online Dating Websites in Nigeria Online Dating Websites in Pakistan Online Dating Websites Toronto Online Gay Dating Website Online Gay Dating Websites Only Free Dating Websites Open Source Software for Dating Website Over 50 Dating Website Uk Panama Dating Website Parship Dating Website Patti Stanger Dating Website Pewdiepie Russian Dating Website Phd Dating Website Pof Dating Website Reviews Pof Safe Dating Website Popular Dating Websites for Free Popular Dating Websites in Germany Prison Dating Website Us Prison Dating Website Usa Progressive Dating Websites Promote Dating Website Que Es Un Dating Website Quick Dating Website Rate Online Dating Websites Reddit Dating Websites Republican Dating Website Russian Dating Website Photos Russian Dating Website Scams Sa Website Dating Safe Dating Assurance Website Safe Dating Websites for Free Safe Online Dating Website Safe Teenage Dating Websites Salem Dating Websites San Jose Dating Website Scout Online Dating Website Serious Dating Websites Free Set Up Your Own Dating Website Sex and Dating Websites Sex Offender Dating Website Sexting Dating Websites Shillong Dating Website Should I Sign Up for a Dating Website Side Chick Dating Website Silver Surfers Dating Website Skinny Girl Dating Website Sls Dating Website Sonoma County Dating Website South African Online Dating Websites South Asian Dating Website South Florida Dating Websites Spicy Dating Website Spokane Dating Websites Springfield Mo Dating Website Star Wars Dating Website Staying Safe on Dating Websites Strange Dating Websites Subscription Free Dating Websites Subtle Asian Dating Website Success Rates of Online Dating Websites Sugar Daddy Dating Website Uk Sugar Daddy Sugar Baby Dating Website T Dating Website Tag Website for Dating Taipei Dating Website Tamil Nadu Dating Websites Temptation Dating Website Tender Com Dating Website The Worst Dating Websites Theatre Dating Website Thechive Dating Website Things to Put About Yourself on a Dating Website Things to Talk About on Dating Websites Top 10 Dating Websites 2018 Top 10 Sex Dating Websites Top 10 Uk Dating Websites Top 50 Dating Websites Top Dating Websites 2014 Top Dating Websites 2015 Top Irish Dating Websites Topface Dating Website Toyboy Dating Website Trophy Wife Dating Website True Free Dating Website Ts Dating Website Twins Dating Twins Website Types of Online Dating Websites Ugly Girl Dating Website Unicorn Dating Website Uniform Dating Websites University Dating Website University of Michigan Dating Website Venezuelan Dating Website Vizag Dating Website Wamba Dating Website Wayne Dating Website Website Dating Reviews What Are Some Good Free Dating Websites What Are the Best Christian Dating Websites What Dating Website Has the Best Results What is the Best Christian Dating Website What is the Best Russian Dating Website What is Your Price Dating Website What the Best Dating Website for Free What to Put on a Dating Website What to Write on a Dating Website Profile What to Write on Dating Website Profile What's the Most Popular Dating Website When Was the First Dating Website Created Which Dating Website is for Me Which Dating Website Should I Join Which is the Best Paid Dating Website Wingman Dating Website Wise Dating Affirmation Website Reviews Writing a Great Dating Website Profile Www Dating Website Www Free Dating Websites Com Yearbook Dating Website Zorpia Dating Website 100 Dating Websites 100 Free Arab Dating Websites 100 Free Asian Dating Website 100 Free Cougar Dating Websites 100 Free Dating Websites for Singles 100 Free Dating Websites in Australia 100 Free Dating Websites in Usa 100 Free Online Dating Community Website 3 Best Dating Websites 30 Plus Dating Websites 40 Dating Website 7th Day Adventist Dating Website A Good Dating Website A Good Free Dating Website in Australia About Me Examples Dating Website About Me Examples for Dating Website Active Singles Dating Websites Adventist Dating Websites Adventist Online Dating Websites Affair Dating Website Canada African American Dating Websites Aggie Dating Website Aisle Dating Website Albuquerque Dating Website Alessandra Graf Dating Website Alternative to Dating Websites Ambw Dating Website Animal Dating Websites Anonymous Dating Website Arab American Dating Website Are Dating Websites Good Are Dating Websites Safe Are There Any Actual Free Dating Websites Are There Any Free Dating Websites Are There Any Safe Dating Websites Army Dating Website Asian Dating Website Reviews Asian Dating Website Scams Asian Dating Websites Uk Asian Dating Websites United States Asian Gay Dating Website Asian Guy Dating Website Astrology Dating Websites Attorney Dating Website Austin Dating Website Austin Texas Dating Websites Ave Maria Dating Website Awesome Dating Websites Badu Dating Website Barbados Dating Websites Bbb Dating Website Bd Dating Website Be Naughty Dating Website Beard Dating Website Benefits of Dating Websites Best 100 Free Dating Websites Best American Dating Website Best Casual Dating Websites Best Cheap Dating Websites Best Christian Websites for Dating Best Completely Free Dating Websites Best Cougar Dating Website Free Best Dating Website for 18 Year Olds Best Dating Website for 40 Somethings Best Dating Website for 40 Year Olds Best Dating Website for 60 Year Olds Best Dating Website for Affairs Best Dating Website for Dc Best Dating Website for Geeks Best Dating Website for Hookups Best Dating Website for Marriage Best Dating Website for Millionaires Best Dating Website for Parents Best Dating Website for Plus Size Best Dating Website for Serious Relationships Uk Best Dating Website in Brazil Best Dating Website in Houston Best Dating Website in New York Best Dating Website in Pakistan Best Dating Website in Sweden Best Dating Website in Us Best Dating Website in Usa Best Dating Website Marriage Best Dating Website Over 60 Best Dating Website Template Free Best Dating Website to Meet Professionals Best Dating Websites 2015 Best Dating Websites 2016 Best Dating Websites and Apps Best Dating Websites Atlanta Best Dating Websites for 20s Best Dating Websites for Black Professionals Best Dating Websites for Gay Men Best Dating Websites for Lgbt Best Dating Websites for Men Best Dating Websites for Separated Best Dating Websites for Wealthy Best Dating Websites for Women Over 40 Best Dating Websites in Germany Best Dating Websites Nz Best Dating Websites Ontario Best Dating Websites Ottawa Best Dating Websites Philippines Best Dating Websites San Francisco Best Discreet Dating Websites Best Dutch Dating Websites Best Free Dating Website in Usa Best Gamer Dating Website Best Gay Dating Websites India Best Geek Dating Website Best Korean Dating Website Best Mormon Dating Website Best Online Christian Dating Websites Best Online Dating Website for Professionals Best Online Dating Websites 2016 Best Over 50s Dating Websites Best Paid Dating Websites Uk Best Pictures for Dating Websites Best Profile for Dating Website Best Serious Dating Websites Best Sex Dating Websites Best Single Dating Website Best Singles Dating Website Best Sober Dating Website Best Speed Dating Websites Best Std Dating Websites Best Sugar Mama Dating Website Best Sydney Dating Website Best Travel Dating Websites Best Username for Dating Website Best Way to Start a Dating Website Best Website for Discreet Dating Best Website Online Dating Best Websites for Gay Hiv Dating Best Websites for Senior Dating Beste Dating Website Deutschland Bethel Church Dating Website Bi Dating Website Free Biggest Dating Website Billionaire Dating Website Black and White Dating Websites Black Christian Dating Website Black Christian Dating Websites Free Black Conscious Dating Websites Black Dating Websites Uk Black Jewish Dating Website Black Man Dating Websites Black People Dating Website Black Senior Dating Websites Black Women Interracial Dating Websites Blender Dating Website Bootstrap Dating Website


https://preview.redd.it/ha6q8v2nqdd51.jpg?width=275&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=17d369397018a907a5d03a5b60b01fb423810c75
submitted by 27JJulbarium to u/27JJulbarium [link] [comments]


2020.04.05 01:00 TopOfTheBot Top Posts and Comments of the Day

Top of the Day for 05/04/2020

For frequently asked questions, please click here. Times shown on this page are in UTC, and dates are displayed as Day/Month/Year.
There are some limitations with the Reddit API that still need to be worked around, you can help contribute to this bot through its GitHub page.

Most Upvoted Posts of the Day

First Place
Ecosystem is back to normal
posted by utkubaba9581 on /memes
Click here to view the post. ● 124,638 Upvotes ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 13:09:03 UTC
Second Place
'Sell one of your three yachts!': Outrage as billionaire Sir Philip Green asks for taxpayer help to pay emergency wages to 14,500 workers he has furloughed
posted by saurabh24_ on /worldnews
Click here to view the post. ● 122,526 Upvotes ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 11:10:13 UTC
Third Place
Trying to play hide and seek with my dog, but she gets just TOO EXCITED when I spot her lol
posted by jamiejo389 on /aww
Click here to view the post. ● 101,775 Upvotes ● Posted: 03/04/2020 at 23:00:07 UTC
Fourth Place
For the first time after World War 2, the Himalayan Ranges are visible from 230 Km away due to less pollution in lockdown!
posted by Ryan8088 on /interestingasfuck
Click here to view the post. ● 97,853 Upvotes ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 05:45:23 UTC
Fifth Place
And the award goes to....
posted by farhan9835 on /nextfuckinglevel
Click here to view the post. ● 95,261 Upvotes ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 06:31:42 UTC

Most Downvoted Posts of the Day

This section is currently being worked on.

Most Upvoted Comments of the Day

IMPORTANT NOTE: This section may be not be accurate as it is under development. Currently this only gets the most upvoted top-level comments from the most upvoted posts today.
First Place
Gentle reminder that [Philip manages money as well as I manage a nuclear reactor](https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2019/sep/12/philip-green-topshop-and-topman-report-505m-loss) `While the virus is convenient for him, he is a terrible businessman.` ` Any \"bail out\" should be contingent on his immediate and comprehensive extrication from the business and all businesses associated; no coming back as a \"consultancy firm\" bullshit.`
posted by CanYouSmellToast on /worldnews
Click here to view the post. ● 17,723 Upvotes ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 11:15:44 UTC
Second Place
> Furious Twitter users suggested the disgraced businessman should sell one of his two yachts, which include the £122m Lionheart, £63.5m Lioness V and £9.3m Lionchase ` Maths is hard at the Daily Mail.`
posted by Neat_Petite on /worldnews
Click here to view the post. ● 9,765 Upvotes ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 11:51:22 UTC
Third Place
That just shook me to my core.
posted by CoRnHoLeFlOwEr on /nextfuckinglevel
Click here to view the post. ● 6,361 Upvotes ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 06:34:20 UTC
Fourth Place
I had a dog that just loved hide and seek. One of us would hold the dog while the other person would hide. He wouldn't stop until he found you and he'd be so proud of himself. Such a good boy.
posted by TheCuriousNaturalist on /aww
Click here to view the post. ● 5,952 Upvotes ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 00:06:58 UTC
Fifth Place
Whoever wrote this article has no idea that two and three are different numbers.
posted by Chazkuangshi on /worldnews
Click here to view the post. ● 4,778 Upvotes ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 11:48:46 UTC

Most Downvoted Comments of the Day

This section is currently being worked on.

Most Gilded Posts of the Day

IMPORTANT NOTE: This section may be not be accurate as it is under development.
First Place
I don’t get to hold her yet, but that doesn’t mean I love her any less!
posted by SoDakZak on /pics
Click here to view the post. ● 33,347 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 13:41:28 UTC
Second Place
a new oil painting that I finished recently titled \"Stray\" #BrushstrokesinTime
posted by davidambart on /pics
Click here to view the post. ● 90,216 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 16:06:21 UTC
Third Place
Translation of a viral (and quickly banned) post on the Chinese social media, mourning the people who suffered and died from COVID19. May all the deceased rest in peace.
posted by Amermaid on /MorbidReality
Click here to view the post. ● 1,898 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 14:55:55 UTC
Fourth Place
Ned Luke aka Michael's voice actor calls out Mr BossFTW
posted by lemon_monk3y on /gtaonline
Click here to view the post. ● 14,649 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 00:55:32 UTC
Fifth Place
peake.mov
posted by Turbogoblin999 on /funhaus
Click here to view the post. ● 3,735 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 0 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 31/03/2020 at 23:21:58 UTC

Most Gilded Comments of the Day

IMPORTANT NOTE: This section may be not be accurate as it is under development.
First Place
yeah that's dumb. I'm not going anywhere.
posted by c4rs0n on /CallMeCarson
Click here to view the post. ● 3,073 Upvotes ● 3 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 1 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 09:59:26 UTC
Second Place
You look like a member of the McPoyale family
posted by allentomes on /RoastMe
Click here to view the post. ● 2,102 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 13:39:00 UTC
Third Place
I think you’re misunderstanding how religious people vote in the US. They don’t vote for whoever is a good person, they vote for the person that has political positions that align with their values. Trump doesn’t actually have to live like a good Christian to get support, because his personal life and behavior is far less important than his positions. `Trump doesn’t have to be a good Christian to get most of his votes, he simply needs to show that he is acting in the interests of Christians, and he really branded himself that way. That’s all he has to do, and abortion is the primary example of this. Most Christians believe that abortion is literally murder, so his stance on abortion completely seals the deal for many of them. When the democratic position is pro-choice and seeks legalization, the church views that position as pro-murder. ` When you look at it this way, it’s obvious why Christians support Trump. Most of them aren’t being hypocritical, they are supporting the person that doesn’t want to legalize murder (in their view). Trump’s policy doesn’t go against Christian values at all, while Trump certainly does not embody a good Christian man. `I don’t think it’s hypocritical to support the President that protects your religious values, especially if the opposing party holds positions that would attack those values. They’re voting for him based on his positions, and to them all of the bad things he’s done are nothing compared to something like legalization of abortion.` That being said, there certainly are some religious supporters of Trump who are hypocrites. But supporting Trump is not what makes them a hypocrite, and voting for Trump as a Christian is not inherently hypocritical. I want to add that I am not Christian nor a Trump supporter, but I grew up in a household that was both. ` Edit: changed wording of pro-abortion to pro-choice`
posted by demstro on /changemyview
Click here to view the post. ● 1 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 19:23:28 UTC
Fourth Place
Blimey, that’s some seriously dark shit. ` Maybe I should hang a few salesmen from my gutter.`
posted by Fanny_Hammock on /WTF
Click here to view the post. ● 2,271 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 14:02:41 UTC
Fifth Place
Imagine you are always driving your car with the parking brake on. The parking brake depresses (lowers) your speed. You adapt by pressing harder on the gas. One day you take the parking brake off, and because you're still pressing hard on the gas you lose control and speed into a brick wall. ` Similarly, the brain adapts to alcohol (the parking brake) by removing some portions of the overall braking system (inhibitory GABAa receptors) to compensate. When the alcohol is suddenly removed, the usual GABAa brakes are so sparse that the brain speeds out of control into a seizure.`
posted by jspartacus on /explainlikeimfive
Click here to view the post. ● 1 Upvotes ● 2 reward(s). ● 1 silver reward(s), 1 gold reward(s) and 0 platinum reward(s) ● Posted: 04/04/2020 at 16:09:04 UTC
submitted by TopOfTheBot to TopOfThe [link] [comments]


2020.03.31 06:07 subreddit_stats Subreddit Stats: MagicEye top posts from 2011-05-31 to 2020-03-31 02:03 PDT

Period: 3226.96 days
Submissions Comments
Total 818 12538
Rate (per day) 0.25 3.89
Unique Redditors 374 4223
Combined Score 119674 74852

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 25808 points, 152 submissions: 3dsf
    1. wishing you (491 points, 27 comments)
    2. sonic (470 points, 22 comments)
    3. karma (468 points, 33 comments)
    4. Offline (422 points, 27 comments)
    5. bi (384 points, 17 comments)
    6. balls (371 points, 18 comments)
    7. sam (369 points, 32 comments)
    8. who need a goose when you got a _____ ? (363 points, 22 comments)
    9. i got the same rhythm (355 points, 25 comments)
    10. i'm canadian, eh? — but, here you go : ) (355 points, 21 comments)
  2. 3942 points, 6 submissions: RippelMaster
    1. This is nice (1058 points, 40 comments)
    2. This is a good one (705 points, 45 comments)
    3. Ying and Yang (679 points, 23 comments)
    4. I found this online, and thought that it was very entertaining. What do you think? (550 points, 44 comments)
    5. A cube (501 points, 16 comments)
    6. A hypercube (449 points, 18 comments)
  3. 3878 points, 17 submissions: uncr
    1. cat (460 points, 50 comments)
    2. not everything is bleak (452 points, 32 comments)
    3. only for you (364 points, 20 comments)
    4. fish (358 points, 35 comments)
    5. 恭禧發財 (294 points, 19 comments)
    6. hey chums (238 points, 19 comments)
    7. lucky (238 points, 12 comments)
    8. toxic love (232 points, 26 comments)
    9. time to go in (218 points, 15 comments)
    10. . (169 points, 19 comments)
  4. 3632 points, 16 submissions: HelloWorldofWarships
    1. There's a hint in caption (610 points, 59 comments)
    2. Hmm... (378 points, 24 comments)
    3. I love this one! (285 points, 25 comments)
    4. Red (250 points, 15 comments)
    5. Grey (247 points, 17 comments)
    6. Blue (236 points, 14 comments)
    7. What do you see? (230 points, 36 comments)
    8. Sea (220 points, 15 comments)
    9. Desert (198 points, 16 comments)
    10. Grass (184 points, 17 comments)
  5. 3157 points, 12 submissions: a_frog_on_stilts
    1. People are going crazy for it (590 points, 50 comments)
    2. Home made and fresh! (489 points, 41 comments)
    3. May the fourth be with you (433 points, 28 comments)
    4. G'day mates. Here's my elevation map experiment (345 points, 45 comments)
    5. Need for speed (263 points, 23 comments)
    6. Too many carrots (216 points, 7 comments)
    7. Frequently missing from maps (195 points, 23 comments)
    8. I recently discovered that the 1994 video game Magic Carpet had a stereogram video mode! (182 points, 11 comments)
    9. Blaze it! (175 points, 18 comments)
    10. Dryad --- Depth map by Kazuki Takamatsu (153 points, 14 comments)
  6. 2799 points, 20 submissions: jesset77
    1. I got this one pretty quick (543 points, 17 comments)
    2. Elm Ascii Autostereogram Maker v1.0 (275 points, 20 comments)
    3. Happy Decemberween, everyone! (OS 3Dimka) (260 points, 19 comments)
    4. Critters, by 3Dimka at hidden-3d.com (212 points, 16 comments)
    5. Good flipper! (172 points, 5 comments)
    6. Modern Knight by 3Dimka (149 points, 20 comments)
    7. Bomb-Omb by violetice @ DeviantArt (132 points, 7 comments)
    8. Eeeeeeven though it looks like it's the future.. (131 points, 18 comments)
    9. Where's a china shop when you need one.. (120 points, 5 comments)
    10. Found this one by slobo777 from DeviantArt (111 points, 6 comments)
  7. 2625 points, 7 submissions: Jim_and_Nic
    1. I made this one today (669 points, 82 comments)
    2. I made this one today (500 points, 56 comments)
    3. I made this today (389 points, 65 comments)
    4. I made this one Today (365 points, 53 comments)
    5. I made this one today (343 points, 19 comments)
    6. I made this today (341 points, 22 comments)
    7. Are there any ways to make these on my phone (18 points, 7 comments)
  8. 2186 points, 14 submissions: Pixelfest
    1. Very soon now... (361 points, 19 comments)
    2. The toys that made us (298 points, 26 comments)
    3. Knot or Not - Level 4 (221 points, 21 comments)
    4. Puzzle: Knot or Not - Let's start with an easy one... (187 points, 34 comments)
    5. Portrait/landscape/parallel/crossview, it all works, unless you "overshoot" your eyes (180 points, 15 comments)
    6. Knot or not - Level 6 (167 points, 25 comments)
    7. Knot or Not - Level 3 (Solution to 2 and info in the comments) (156 points, 20 comments)
    8. Semi transparant sphere within. Made this in '99... (152 points, 15 comments)
    9. Knot or Not - Level 2 (143 points, 23 comments)
    10. Knot or Not - Level 5 (143 points, 27 comments)
  9. 2097 points, 31 submissions: 3dimka
    1. Find the planet (121 points, 7 comments)
    2. Behind the glass (120 points, 11 comments)
    3. Hunter (107 points, 5 comments)
    4. Where is the fox? (105 points, 7 comments)
    5. A-Phobia (101 points, 9 comments)
    6. Rusty (99 points, 11 comments)
    7. Guess the movie #2 (88 points, 22 comments)
    8. CPU (86 points, 7 comments)
    9. Exhibit (79 points, 6 comments)
    10. Jump (73 points, 3 comments)
  10. 1857 points, 20 submissions: pawneeasaurus
    1. The dog days of summer are here (304 points, 22 comments)
    2. Party Animals (163 points, 9 comments)
    3. A Vegan Before it Was Cool (147 points, 13 comments)
    4. The real fight for election day (121 points, 2 comments)
    5. Fetch! (118 points, 6 comments)
    6. ‘Roos gonna win? (98 points, 7 comments)
    7. A Date Night Classic (92 points, 3 comments)
    8. MagicEye says Happy Spring! (89 points, 6 comments)
    9. Whale You Have a Good Summer? (80 points, 7 comments)
    10. The Mighty Sphinx (79 points, 6 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. 3dsf (2818 points, 856 comments)
  2. jesset77 (1831 points, 365 comments)
  3. Christian_Akacro (716 points, 90 comments)
  4. DJ_HiP (533 points, 46 comments)
  5. YouFeedTheFish (494 points, 48 comments)
  6. a_frog_on_stilts (492 points, 99 comments)
  7. hacksoncode (482 points, 65 comments)
  8. f1junkie (470 points, 26 comments)
  9. michicago44 (380 points, 36 comments)
  10. Alcerus (372 points, 1 comment)

Top Submissions

  1. Coolest i’ve seen yet. by DerpVaktMedKulCaps (1557 points, 94 comments)
  2. This one is crisp. by eilonkatz (1097 points, 35 comments)
  3. This is nice by RippelMaster (1058 points, 40 comments)
  4. This is the coolest magic eye I've come across in 10+ years. by wardrich (970 points, 53 comments)
  5. This was posted a year ago but I couldn’t comment on it because it was closed, so I reposted... how do they get just those words to stand out in the 3D?? They’re not spaced any different. by Cms24748 (896 points, 72 comments)
  6. Welcome to the sub! by The_Tree_Beard (809 points, 18 comments)
  7. Magic Guy by Christian_Akacro (765 points, 43 comments)
  8. [Possibly NSFW] How many of us are doing this right now? by UlfarrOT (707 points, 53 comments)
  9. This is a good one by RippelMaster (705 points, 45 comments)
  10. I like this one by brnghkmrs (703 points, 40 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 372 points: Alcerus's comment in Is it possible to get a Magic eye tattoo?
  2. 262 points: colinmoore's comment in This was posted a year ago but I couldn’t comment on it because it was closed, so I reposted... how do they get just those words to stand out in the 3D?? They’re not spaced any different.
  3. 237 points: Korganation's comment in Coolest i’ve seen yet.
  4. 191 points: Juice_byllz's comment in What do you see in this cover art of their 2009 self-titled EP?
  5. 181 points: ma_bu's comment in Can someone tell me what this is. i've been trying for so long but cannot see anything.
  6. 169 points: f1junkie's comment in Can anyone tell me what this is? I can’t figure it out and have asked my whole family that has come over for thanksgiving!
  7. 156 points: kronaz's comment in Petition to make MagicEye a NSFW sub only
  8. 153 points: sammyjay19's comment in NSFW
  9. 149 points: Mystic-Mask's comment in One of the best I've seen.
  10. 146 points: Zelukai's comment in This disgusting image
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]


2020.03.26 01:24 Captnstarstripe77 Force Majeure by Pete Garcia

Force Majeure
by Pete Garcia
This year has been shaping up to be an even more prophetically charged than 2019. One of the more interesting, yet under-reported, strange goings-on, has been the lemming-like procession of Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) leaving their corporate respective organizations.
According to Challenger, Gray, and Christmas Inc., who has tracked statistics like these since 2002, the years 2019-2020 had seen the highest exodus of CEOs depart their organizations since they first began. Unlike 2008, in which the mortgage meltdown threw the entire economy into a tailspin, the economy had been booming up until the current COVID19 (Wuhan Flu) began its pandemic rampage across the globe.
For example, over 172 Chief Executives left their post in October 2019, making it 1,160 departures for the year. The previous year (2018), had seen only 425. However, back in October 2019, no one even knew what COVID19 was, much less worried about it ever becoming a pandemic. That month, held the highest record departures since 2008’s financial meltdown.
However, that single month record was shattered in January 2020, when over 215 Chief Executives left their position. At this point, the news of the Chinese-flu had just started to leak out of China, but the economic impacts had not yet been felt in the West. Here are some of the more notable departures:
~Bob Iger- Disney
~Page and Brin- Google
~Bill Gates- Microsoft, Berkshire Hathaway
~Dennis Muilenburg- Boeing
~Steve Easterbrook- McDonald's
~Mark Parker- Nike
~Devin Wenig- EBay
~Adam Neumann- We Work
~Kevin Burns- Juul
~Oscar Munoz- United
~Mark Okerstrom- Expedia
~Kevin Tsujihara- Warner Bros
~Ginny Rometty- IBM
Although I had seen these departures come across the news as they happened, I did not begin to consider this as a sign of the times until watching a Jason A video on YouTube. Although he does not answer it either, my initial question was why is the ‘managerial aristocracy’ departing at breakneck speed and in significantly high numbers? What do they know that we don’t, and when did they know it?
You have to remember that CEOs are the corporate-worlds equivalent of Four-Star Generals. They get all the perks. They get all the VIP passes. They get the best parking spots, offices, houses, hotels, paychecks; they literally live like Kings and Queens.
Why would anyone ever voluntarily give that up?
Also remember folks, CEOs are not dumb. They did not get (or stay) at the pinnacle of their respective empires by being ill-informed dummies. It does not make any sense that with a booming economy and technology literally evolving by the day that these managerial aristocrats would step down (or aside) when the going is really good. Their mass exodus makes sense when times are bad (2001, 2008), but not when things are on the up and up (record high stock markets).
Something has them spooked.
Assessment
Some have argued that the primary reason for all these CEOs stepping down is that the cultural dynamics have shifted since the MeToo movement began back in 2015. However, this does not explain why female CEOs are also stepping down (IBM, Altria, etc.). Many on the far right (Q for example) have connected this to a grand-scale conspiracy, intricately linking Jeffrey Epstein’s arrest and death, as well as Harvey Weinstein’s arrest and conviction, to their sudden flight. It is argued (rightly so) that the rich and powerful tend to run in the same circles, thus, the fate of these two men may have spooked them about their own shadowy pasts.
Furthermore, many of these CEOs tend to lean left ideologically (if for nothing else, political top cover), it could be that they see retribution coming their way in light of the Democrat's repeated failed attempts to remove President Trump from office. Perhaps they fear the ongoing Durham and Barr investigations, which has, as of yet, not been fully released their findings in total.
My opinion on this is that why some of the aforementioned reasons might be true (to one extent or another), it does not answer the mail on why so many have left, and so quickly. They cannot all be in a giant, grand, conspiracy. Not now, when even the most guarded of secrets are leaked to the press at a dizzying rate. Even the most secretive of groups who do not even permit the press (e.g., Bilderberg) routinely leak information as if their prized information were guarded with a chain-link fence. Nevertheless, linking 2019 and 2020’s exodus of top executive chiefs to the May 2019 Bilderberg meeting, might have served sufficient suspicion, had US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Trump’s son in law, Jared Kushner, not been in attendance.
However, perhaps it is more sinister and less conspiratorial than we think.
Let me explain.
As mentioned previously, many of the top CEOs (esp. in the technology sectors) lean left. They lean left because they primarily operate out of liberally controlled areas like California’s Silicon Valley, New York City, Seattle, Washington, Dallas and Austin, Texas. The people they employ in the tech sector, also live in these liberal, culturally diverse areas. They donate to top left-causes such as Planned Parenthood and any number of Soros-affiliated organizations. They do this, not so much because they care or believe in what the left is selling (socialism), but they do not want to take the political, economic, and cultural backlash for going against the cultural tide (see Nike’s absurd support for Colin Kaepernick).
They are in it to make as much money for their companies as humanly possible, and to do that, they have to be as politically neutral and left friendly as possible. They do not want the negative press either from academia, the media or from Hollywood, boycotting their goods and services. They have seen what the left can do to businesses who have stood their ideological ground (ex. California’s Proposition 8, Chick-Fil-A, Hobby Lobby, etc.) and want nothing of it.
Therefore, the current crop of top corporate officers is all that remains of the almighty western economy in 2020. Boardroom after boardroom filled with corporate cowards and ideological eunuchs. They care more about their golden parachutes than they do about the welfare and trajectory of their nation. These CEOs are leaving while the leaving is good. They know what goes up (the Dow for instance) must come down. They know that this economic boom of “Make America Great Again,” is not sustainable. Not with the nation being $22T in debt. They know to what depths, the Democrats and the left will go to either get rid of Trump, or ensure he does not get re-elected. Even if it means wrecking the economy in the process. Enter the 2020 Coronavirus pandemic, panic-demic. From the New Yorker’s Intelligencer,
Last October, two months before the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 emerged in central China, a group of public-health experts gathered in New York City for a simulation. Their objective was to determine how industry, national governments, and international institutions could work together to respond to a hypothetical “pandemic with potentially catastrophic consequences.”
Such a pandemic is no longer just a hypothetical. This week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said it’s preparing for a coronavirus pandemic and the organization’s former director flatly declared that COVID-19 “will become a pandemic.”
The characteristics of the virus currently causing global havoc are remarkably similar to the one proposed in the simulation, dubbed “Event 201.” The simulated virus, called CAPS for Coronavirus Associated Pulmonary Syndrome, began in Brazilian pigs who passed it to farmers. It resulted in symptoms ranging from mild flu-like symptoms to pneumonia. Three months in, the hypothetical illness had caused 30,000 illnesses and 2,000 deaths. (Source)
For the record, it is not strange or bizarre for organizations like ARNORTH (Army Northern Command), the CDC (Center for Disease Control), or the WHO (World Health Organization) to run disaster-scenarios linked to viral outbreaks. It is, however, curiously conspicuous that an exercise and an actual pandemic coincide so closely and seamlessly.
Whether the world’s top CEO’s knew what was coming ahead of time is both unprovable and irrelevant. What is relevant, and a more likely scenario is that these top CEO’s know the left’s desperation and know the intent and extent the left will go to, to use a major disaster to wreck Trump’s booming economy. The left cannot afford to go into the next election with a bumbling Biden at the helm, and a nation enjoying economic prosperity the likes of which, it has not seen in decades. That spells out four more years of Donald J. Trump, something that is completely unacceptable to the Democratic left.
That is the obvious explanation.
Here is where things get sinister.
When we think of the politically left, we think of Joe Biden, Barak Obama, Hillary Clinton, Chuck Schumer, Nancy Pelosi, etc. These are the elected leftist politicians who promote varying shades of socialism, social justice initiatives, and anti-Christian legislation that has progressed from bad to worse over the decades.
Yet these circus clowns are not the real power brokers.
They answer to those forces who fund their campaigns and keep their pockets lined.
Men like George Soros, the recently departed David Rockefeller, the Roman Catholic Church, and functionaries in and associated with the United Nations. There is undoubted many more of whom, we likely do not even know exist. These powerful men and women are avowed globalists. What that means, is they believe in true globalism, which equals, a singular, all-powerful world government. Everything else is just a means to an end. They are true believers in the idea that the cure to all that ails the world is an all-powerful, global government. From their perspective, you could end war, poverty, and man-made climate change, if a single government were in charge. Take, for example, this quote attributed to David Rockefeller,
“The supranational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practiced in past centuries.” "The Powers That Be: America's Dirtiest Secrets". Book by William Caniano, 2007.
While the last few years have been extremely busy at debunking anything, anyone has ever said, one could simply look at the organizations David Rockefeller has helped chair or found (Council on Foreign Relations, Trilateral Commission, Bilderberg Group). He was a well-known and devoted internationalist, and as such, the above quote (and many others) is not out of character. Nevertheless, what Rockefeller means here when he says “national auto-determination,” he means, the sovereignty and/or right of a nation to make its own path. The United States has its Constitution to guide its government; the British have theirs; the Russians, theirs, and so forth. What he was saying was that the world would be better off it was ran by a group of supranational (or above individual nations) intellectual elite and world bankers, rather than allowing individual nations to determine their own future.
Frightful thought.
However, because he thought that way, and many other powerful men and women do as well, how do we get to there (i.e., removing auto-determination) from the world we live in now?
Force Majeure. From as neutral a source as I can find, Wikipedia
Force majeure (/ˌfɔːrs mɑːˈʒɜːr, -məˈʒɜː FORSS mah-ZHUR, -⁠mə-ZHUR; French: [fɔʁs maʒœʁ]) – or vis major (Latin) – meaning "superior force", also known as cas fortuit (French) or casus fortuitus (Latin) "chance occurrence, unavoidable accident",[1] is a common clause in contracts that essentially frees both parties from liability or obligation when an extraordinary event or circumstance beyond the control of the parties, such as a war, strike, riot, crime, plague, or an event described by the legal term act of God (hurricane, flood, earthquake, volcanic eruption, etc.), prevents one or both parties from fulfilling their obligations under the contract. In practice, most force majeure clauses do not excuse a party's non-performance entirely, but only suspend it for the duration of the force majeure.
In other words, acts/events that fall outside of anyone’s control. A force majeure event, forces, or can force a leveling of the playing field, a renegotiation of terms, a cancellation of obligations, and so forth. Global pandemics fall into this category.
So if we were to consider the present COVID19 (Wuhan Flu strand) a global pandemic, what is up for renegotiation? What does this mean for the average person out there? How will this be accomplished?
Let me answer in reverse.
  1. Through stages
  2. It means a reinvigorated attempt to push globalism through the finish line
  3. Anything that does not immediately and indefinitely support globalism is up for renegotiation.
Through Stages: This is part of what we have come to know as “incrementalism.”
Small incremental changes to how we live, or will accept as normal. If we look at the past and see the initial successes and ultimate failures of men like Napoleon, Hitler, Hirohito, etc., we see that they tried to implement their will by force and in short order. History has pointed out repeatedly, that the world rejected it and fought back.
However, if those changes were to come in small, incremental steps, we would become the frog in the proverbial pot. We would not know the water was too hot until it was too late for us to jump out of said pot. Moreover, that has been the story of the second half of the 20th-century.
At the conclusion of World War II, the world leaders met at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire in 1944, and came to what is known now as the Bretton Woods Agreement. It largely established the global financial structure going forward in the eventual defeat of the Third Reich and the rise of Western democracies.
The Bretton Woods standard worked from 1944 through 1971, but with both Europe and Japan on the rebound, the US’s ability to cover its debts with actual gold was in peril. That was when President Nixon “shocked” the global markets by replacing the gold standard with the ‘free-floating’ fiat currencies. Although the concept of the petrodollar was born in 1945 with then-President Roosevelt’s formalized alliance with the Saudis, it could not become politically viable until after Bretton Woods Agreement dissolved.
In the aftermath of the 1973 Yom Kippur War, 12 OPEC nations proceeded with an oil embargo (as recompense for the US support to Israel). This sent gasoline prices through the roof in 1973-74 but largely kept the prices to double what they had been before 1973, even after stabilizing. By 1979, the Carter Administration had negotiated a renewal of the petrodollar, assuring the seven-kingdom stability in exchange for assurances that all petrol transactions be conducted using US currency. This guarantee gave the Saudi’s geopolitical top cover with a resurgent Iran and the adversarial Soviet Union, as well as ensure US currency remained the world’s primary reserve currency. The world has largely operated under these rules until the advent of the internet age.
Once the world began dabbling online in earnest (mid-late 1990s), everything has been trending towards digitalization. What started out with meager efforts has become a full-force deluge of information digitalization. We are in the middle of what has been dubbed, the Industrial Revolution 4.0. As a refresher, these are:
~Industrial Revolution 1.0- Mechanization, steam, and waterpower
~Industrial Revolution 2.0- Mass production and electricity
~Industrial Revolution 3.0- Electronic, Information Technology (IT) systems, and automation
~Industrial Revolution 4.0- Cyber-physical systems, cloud computing, quantum systems, artificial intelligence
Therefore, what does the 20th-century globalist do in light of the evolving technology of the 21st-century?
The same as they always did.
The Hegelian Dialectic model.
Agenda: the centralization of power into fewer and fewer hands
Thesis: manufactured problem designed to invoke a particular reaction
Antithesis: the stated reaction to a manufactured problem
Synthesis: the predisposed solution to a manufactured problem
The 20th-century has been to date, the most violent and turbulent century on record yet at the same time, humanity was at the pinnacle of innovation, invention, and information processing. How could we get too-?
· 101 million deaths due to famine?
· 177 million deaths due to murder?
· 131 million deaths due to war?
1,680 million deaths due to infectious diseases?
📷
Source: https://informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/20th-century-death/
Globalization as the end state.
Fair to say, that if I were a 20th-century globalist, with the means and ability to affect change at the national and international level, I would use a crisis to advance my agenda. So what is my agenda?
Agenda: Centralization of power for a global government
Thesis: The world is a dangerous and lawless place and requires international (or supranational) laws to provide peace and security to the populace
Antithesis: Pandemics, terrorism, authoritarian despots with dangerous ideology, religious extremism, and climate change
Synthesis: Use each crisis to embolden some new global initiative that diminishes the sovereignty of the individual state, and gives power to a supranational governing body
So far, that thinking has gotten us the League of Nations (failed), the United Nations (failing), and the European Union (failing). So why, and how can the global elite of international bankers and financiers, make the world bend to their will?
Renegotiation
This is where technological advancements come into play. What is something that everyone needs? The obvious answers would be food, water, clean air, and shelter. Yet, as the world has moved on from being primarily agrarian barter-based system, to that of a market based one, more and more people require currency in order to survive, particularly in Western society. This is something that the pioneers in financing noticed going back as early as the 16th-century. There was a most notable Jewish-German family in the 18th-century who took notice of this and capitalized on this growing reality with a fury. The Rothschild family has been in the money-business since the late 1700s, and they have made their fortunes, often funding every side of a war or conflict. Their version of the “golden rule” was whoever owns the gold makes the rules.
This fits in line with our understanding of freedom and incrementalism. The Rothschild did not care what flag you waived, or whether you voted or not, they simply wanted to be the power behind the throne. They stayed in power by keeping this regimen. However, they never let a crisis go to waste.
When a crisis of significant magnitude occurred (force majeure), they always used those moments to advance their causes and put themselves in greater positions of authority. That is who has real power. They have set up shop in major centers of commerce, often transforming the landscape of those cities into the hubs of financial power for world leaders for centuries. I mention them only in reference to a quote that has long been attributed to the British Baron Nathan Meyer Rothschild (1840-1915), which states,
“Let us control the money of a country and we care not who makes its laws.”
Wealthy families like the Rockefellers and Rothschild’s may not care who is at the helm of nations, so long as they remain the power behind those thrones. However, if devoted globalists and internationalist view a singular world government, as their ultimate end-state, then we should be able to measure each major global crisis (going back decades) to see what was giving up to reach said end-state?
Conclusion
You might be wondering what the exodus of powerful CEOs and this long history lesson of 20th-century globalism has in common with our ongoing global reaction to the Coronavirus (Wuhan-Flu strand)?
First, let me say what it is not.
It is not simply a Democratic plot to unseat a republican president by crippling the US economy. As much as the left hates Donald Trump- Joe Biden, Nancy Pelosi, Hillary Clinton, and the rest of their political ilk, have a hard enough time stringing simple sentences together, much less, coming up with a multilayered scheme for global domination. They simply lack the mental bandwidth to ruminate on that level of strategy.
Congressional Democrats think only terms of two-year blocks of time and their party’s immediate social-justice efforts. Unseating Trump, whether through unconstitutional efforts, phony investigations, and illegitimate impeachment show-trials, is only part of the larger machinations at hand.
What is at stake is the international “swamp” stepping up to shut nationalism down. President Trump represents a return to nationalism and the American supremacy that dominated the second half of the 20th-century. This is wholly unacceptable to globalists around the world, which includes leaders from Europe, Asia, the Americas, and Africa. Unseating him is primary in the sense of stopping any momentum he can get the nation to build upon, which is why this particular pandemic, is interesting. Compared to other pandemics (Spanish Flu, H1N1, MERS), the Coronavirus (Wuhan Flu) has both the mildest symptoms and reactions, as well as the lowest lethality rates of all the other major pandemics.
Yet, the international community’s response to this particular pandemic is the most severe we have seen in living memory. It makes you wonder, since the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, which saw sixty-million infections, three-hundred thousand hospitalizations, and almost two-thousand deaths, barely warranted a mention on the news.
Let me put this another way. If our media had treated this Coronavirus (Wuhan Flu) as if it did the 2009 H1N1 (Swine Flu), would you have noticed? Again, I am not downplaying the potential severity of it; I am simply asking a question as to the legitimacy of the present national and international response.
Yet, as of 24MAR2020, the US has 44,183 cases of infections and 544 deaths (Source-CDC). Most of these deaths were of people over the age of 70 and/or, already had underlying health conditions. The lethality rate globally is far higher, but that is in large part due to either the lack of adequate public health and access to medical facilities. Still, in terms of lethality, COVID19 (Wuhan Flu) is by a large measure, still less lethal than previous pandemics.
In response to the potential threat, the global economy began to ground to a halt. Many have argued that the reaction to this is most unwarranted and that the mandated cure (social distancing/quarantine) is worse than the disease. Tens of thousands of businesses are facing shutting down, putting millions at risk of unemployment, homelessness, and aggravating other medical issues they may have required employment and insurance to cover. Whole industries face solvency issues, in light of the present panic: airlines, cruise lines, travel, manufacturing, theme parks, sports, and service/hospitality industries are facing severe disruptions and varying forms of bankruptcies.
Did any of the exiting CEOs have any “insider knowledge” concerning what was coming last year, and decide to cash out ahead of the coming financial tsunami? As of March 2020, we do not know. Perhaps a whistleblower will step forward in the coming months, who can provide the truth regarding why so many CEOs have decided to remove themselves from the pinnacles of power just before the worst economic slowdown the US has seen since the Great Depression.
However, we do know some things for certain.
  1. We know that since the beginning of the 20th-century, power has historically and consistently becoming consolidated over the past 120 years. Every time a crisis happens, the little banks are bought out by the big banks. Big businesses buy out the little businesses. That has been the model since the Federal Reserve Act of 1913. The federal government has grown in power and authority.
  2. We know that the Bible states that in the last days, the world would go through birth pangs (Matthew 24:3-14). These birth pangs would build in frequency and intensity until the Rapture of the Church presents the world with its perfect crisis (1 Thess. 5:1-9).
  3. We know that a man known as ‘the lawless one’ or the ‘Antichrist,’ will rise to power who will control all of the buying and selling in the world. The False Prophet, who will aid him through supernatural signs and wonders will enforce his rule of law. This man is able to control all the buying and selling in the world, through a form of forced worship that embeds some form of technology onto the bearer’s forehead or hand (Revelation 13).
However, what if the Mark of the Beast isn’t a currency per se, but simply the technological platform (e.g., blockchain?) by which all cryptocurrencies and information outlets are rendered useable? What if, without this technological “key” embedded in the bearer, nothing works? Eschatologists and prophecy students have long wondered how one man could control all buying and selling over the entire earth.
What if he didn’t have too?
What if the Antichrist just needed to control the technology, which opened all the doors to buying and selling?
Like a newer, more sinister version of Bill Gates, or Steve Jobs. If we married that thought of controlling access with the more recent suggestions by some that the Antichrist will be a hybrid of sorts, embedded with a form of artificial intelligence. If that were the case, he might easily garner control of a complex system (or system of systems), perhaps tied to a central quantum computing mainframe, that has the processing power to control numerous networks all at the same time. The only people who would have access to the system (to buy, sell, rent, go online, etc.) were people who have demonstrated loyalty to The Beast by permanently taking the mark.
If access by loyalty is what the mark of the beast represents that leaves only the logistics of getting everyone on board. At present, there are three major (and many minor) initiatives ongoing at the global level that seem to be pointing toward this very thing.
Global Network/ Infrastructure- (Project Kuiper, OneWeb) corporations and governments join to enshroud the earth with Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Satellites supporting a global, 5G network
In a world divided between digital haves and have-nots, billionaires Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos and Richard Branson are trying to close the gap. The three entrepreneurs separately aim to launch thousands of small satellites to zip around the globe in what is known as low-Earth orbit, or LEO. Their plan is to prosper by offering high-end data services to stock traders and others willing to pay richly to shave a few milliseconds off their transmission times. The satellites should also deliver high-speed internet coverage for regions too poor or remote to attract it on the ground. Neither result is certain. Startup costs in the billions of dollars are. (Source)
With OneWeb, it doesn’t matter where you are. Soon everybody will have access to high speed, reliable Internet. We are a pioneering company building the first global communications network to be powered by a constellation of low-Earth-orbit satellites and will be providing connectivity to people and businesses everywhere around the world. Available from 2021. (Source)
Global Currency- (Sovereign Sky) a space-based, blockchain global, digital currency
The Planet’s first space-based superfast block chain powering the new “Free World Currency” designed to re-distribute the world’s wealth to provide and protect our children, save and preserve our wildlife and aim to help eradicate global poverty. (Source)
Stage 1: “Connectivity” boxes will be distributed by charities to villages and people in need throughout the world.
Stage 2: Satellites connect to the Modems and the Antenna.
Stage 3: The modems convert the satellite signal to Wi-Fi which the phones pickup.
Stage 4: The idea is to create a global Wi-Fi network and establish a space-based digital “Free World Currency” to help redistribute the world’s wealth to the less fortunate and help support the one billion children worldwide who live in poverty. (Source)
Global Identity- (ID2020) a global initiative with numerous, international organization, seeking to implant every person on the planet with biometric technology
Combining the power of biometrics and blockchain to provide a global identity solution (Source)
On Friday, 20 May 2016, ID2020 – a strategic, global initiative launched in response to the Sustainable Development Goal 16.9: “provide legal identity to all, including birth registration, by 2030”, in collaboration with the United Nations Office for Partnerships, hosted the “ID2020 Summit – Harnessing Digital Identity for the Global Community” at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
Around one-fifth of the world’s population (1.8 billion people) is without legal identity, which deprives them of access to healthcare, schools, shelter, justice, and other government services. Commonly affected groups include refugees displaced by war, territorial disputes, victims of famine, societal outcasts, global disorder, political instability, competition for resources and climate change. (Source)
What is of interest to us today is that the Bible foretold all of this some two-thousand years ago. Note the underlined in the passage below and the corresponding parenthesis noting what we just finished discussing. While we do not yet know the meaning of 666 beyond its stated meaning in Revelation, and its historical, biblical connection to the weight of King Solomon’s gold (1 Kings 10:14), at least both instances have a tangible connection to wealth. The Greek word for calculate is psēphizō and it means to either count or to vote. Perhaps this 666 is something people willingly vote for in a moment of crisis (like say after the Rapture of the Church). We know that the Rapture will remove tens of millions of believers off the face of the earth in a moment. That will have significant global economic and political ramifications, far beyond what a pandemic could do.
He causes all (denotes absolute authority), both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one (access) may buy or sell (commerce) except one (loyalty) who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name (some form of technology).
Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666. Revelation 13:16-18
If you enjoyed Pete Garcia's article, would you please consider subscribing to his Patreon website at
https://www.patreon.com/m/3565113/posts
submitted by Captnstarstripe77 to EndTimes [link] [comments]


2020.02.15 02:10 closingbelle MULL (Part 19): The Kinky MULL - Let's explore the dark side of you! Section A {mostly SFW-ish}

❤️ 💋 💖 💝 OH, yes! 💕 💗 ♥️ 🖤

Just in time for the most unsexy, pressurized, emotional-blackmail-y holiday of the year...

 
I personally suggest Galentine's Day, or perhaps a moment of silence for the Massacre as alternative events, but that's just my preference! Speaking of bloodshed, however...
 

Links in this post may be NSFW! They may contain images or text that is NSFW! Click carefully! This is your first and only NSFW/TRIGGER WARNING!

The usual warnings are not enough, this requires much more stringent "DANGER" signs.

DO NOT ATTEMPT THIS IF ANY OF THE FOLLOWING APPLY TO YOU OR YOUR SITUATION, UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES.

If you do not feel safe with your HL, or are being abused in any way, do not endanger yourself, your children, your pets. If you are in an abusive situation, please seek qualified help. Assistance is available in many places; please, be careful. You are not LL, you are an abuse victim, and the information here does not apply to you or your situation.
If your partner is threatening in any form or fashion, that is a sign you need help. Please do not try to talk about these subjects with someone who has threatened you.
If your partner has any history of mental illness, violence, angerage problems, instabilities or unpredictable behaviors - a safe and secure environment cannot be achieved at home! Do not attempt this on your own if any of these warning signs are or ever have been present!
If you have a history of abuse, assault, or other issues, please consult a professional first!
If you have any hesitation, fear, anxiety, concern or doubt, DO NOT PROCEED.
If your partner is an NMAP, this will not apply to you!

WHAT FOLLOWS IS INFORMATION FROM A RANDOM STRANGER ON THE INTERNET. DO NOT RISK YOUR SAFETY OR YOUR LIFE UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES. IF YOU ARE UNSURE OF THE RISK OR DANGER, SEEK PROFESSIONAL HELP IMMEDIATELY AND DO NOT DO ANY OF THIS EVER. SERIOUSLY.

 
This will not save your relationship. That requires two people working together.
 
As always, we acknowledge that NMAPs exist on both sides of the bed.
If you are an NMAP, or are partnered with an NMAP this post does not apply to you in any way, shape or form.
Because all problematic NMAP traits are deliberately harmful, in those cases, blame and fault are correctly applied to those people/behaviors. I'm hopeful that anyone reading this will recognize their own behavior and take ownership of it, if necessary. But again, to be incredibly clear, if you or your partner is an NMAP, if your relationship has any history of assault or abuse in any form, if either partner has acted in a proven, sustained, deliberately harmful manner, this post is not about you, your partner or your relationship.
Please don't think we're letting the actual bad people off the hook, we don't excuse, condone or support any of that behavior, as per our rules. But, this is not about them, this is about you.
 

The Final Warning

50 Shades of Grey is not a how-to!

For a good chunk of the kink community, it's seen as glorifying an abusive relationship. So please, pretty please, don't take what's in those books as blueprint for anything in the real world. Let's never mention those books/movies again. Agreed? Agreed.
 

There's a reason they're called "sex toys"...

... and not "sex appliances".
 
To steal and butcher a little Plato:
You can learn more about someone in an hour of play than you could in a year of talking.
 
BDSM and kink are lots of things. But ideally, it's play.
So, if kink is all about play, it's not a huge leap that some people may find it has therapeutic value for them.
Play therapy has traditionally focused on children, but it can be just as effective in older populations. Its promotion of spontaneity provides a unique means of bypassing sophisticated adult defense mechanisms.
- From an article on BDSM as therapy
It's supposed to be fun and positive, and make you feel better. It's supposed to inspire joy. Obviously, lots of people have a hard time viewing sex in that way. That's understandable, for a lot of good reasons.
I'm not trying to tell you need to be someone else in this post, I promise. This may not be for you, that's okay. This is another one of my "if it helps one person, it was worth writing" posts. Feel free to ignore it, skip it entirely, if it doesn't speak to your particular interests or situation. If you think it might be something you're interested in, great, let's explore a little!
There's so much ground to cover, I know I won't be able to get to absolutely every fetish, every role-playing outline, every dirty talk script, every toy/tool, but I do promise to try and get to most of it, lol.
One thing that is definitely different is I'll be editing the post to include any useful Q&A from the comments - so this one will be more of a living, breathing MULL (and will be updated before it moves to the wiki).
Hopefully, if you have a (legitimate) burning desire to know more about a specific topic, please ask in the comments, use a throwaway if needed! I'll do my best to answer any questions, or direct you to more information, because it's important to me that you all have access to knowledge and experience that might help. I am not an expert on absolutely everything, but I'm an excellent research librarian in a pinch! (See... role-play! :P)
 

What is BDSM?

Funny you should ask!
It can include so much stuff. It "traditionally" is about bondage, discipline, sadism and masochism. Other definitions substitute letters like submission or dominance, which is fine! You might think it's just a term used to explain anything "outside the norm" but that's not totally accurate, that's more where you might use the umbrella term "kink". But either way, we'll try to cover the highlights.
Two big things to keep in mind:
Kink/BDSM is all about pleasure (which is not limited to sexual pleasure).
Trust and consent are required.
 
Let's burst a few other "BDSM Mythbubbles" while we're here:
 

Disclaimer: BDSM (kink) is NOT ABUSE

If you have a partner who is untrustworthy, this can shine a really big spotlight on the real, underlying problem - and that can hurt and suck. That's another huge reason to start small when it comes to kink and build up. If a person can't handle your boundaries at the smallest level, it makes absolutely zero sense to trust them with even more vulnerability. There should not be any "surprises" or "oops" moments, because while mistakes do happen, this is one area that needs vigilant and constant attention to detail. The first time a mistake happens, you may be inclined to forgive. If it happens a second time (especially within the same scene), that's unacceptable. End the scene and stop play to make it clear that the violation of your agreed-upon boundaries are a hard line. You can give them one additional chance (sort of a three strikes policy), but if it happens a third time, you have to stop and acknowledge that it's not safe to play or explore with this person. Examine that and see if you are still interested in maintaining the relationship with someone who can't be trusted. If this situation occurs, you have to evaluate if your relationship is healthy and safe to maintain.
If you are blindfolded and your partner takes that as an opportunity to do something you haven't explicitly agreed to in advance, that's a huge problem. That's also why I encourage anyone who's wanting to experience something should try it themselves first. You should also try it alone, if possible, to see what the comfort level is. Blindfold yourself, tie up a single wrist, slap your own ass, lol. But seriously, doing it to yourself first will help you understand what you are doing when you involve another person. This also means, if your partner wants to blindfold you, they should be willing to experience it first. They don't have to get anything exciting or sexually arousing from it, but they have to be willing to trust you the way they want you to trust them.
Always remember, BDSM is like the fundamental opposite of abuse - it runs on safety and consent. It is a mutual dynamic, even when it looks unbalanced1.
1: Especially when it looks unbalanced.
 
I also really liked this explanation once you subtract all the advertisements:
 
Before we get any further, we want to clarify that BDSM is not abuse. The key difference is consent. BDSM activities might include hurting someone, but they’re desired and consented to by both parties. And both parties benefit from it. While a submissive may appear powerless, this isn’t the case as he or she can use a safe word at any time to halt a scene.
BDSM isn’t just about a top or dominant using a submissive for their pleasure; although, it can sometimes look that way from the outside. A dominant has responsibility for their submissive’s safety. In fact, some people stress that a scene that involves hurting someone should not harm them in either the short or long-term. Safety and mutual consent are central to the BDSM community.
In most cases, consent is apparent well before any BDSM scene begins. Negotiation often includes safe words, which you’ll learn about later, and activities that you’re not interested in. A person who refuses to negotiate or ignores those agreements might be an abuser, but abuse is not an element of BDSM in general. Fortunately, those people in BDSM often look out for each other and provide guidance and, in some situations, protections from people like that.
Actual science stuff on the difference can be found, too.
 

Kink Vocab 101

I'll try to define things as we go, but if you need a handy guide here you go! Two terms we'll need upfront are "play" and "scene(s)"; these are used to describe the activities that occur during any given session. So play is what you are doing, the acts themselves, scene can include activities or encounters, the context or setting, the dynamic, etc.
If you don't understand anything, just ask, happy to define or explain terms.
 

Not All Kink is Equal!

(but it's hard to cover everything in a Reddit post!)
For this MULL, I'll be using the word kink as kind of interchangeable with BDSM in a few places, but that's just a speed/ease of writing and reading preference, and because I think it's a little more inclusive and doesn't freak as many people out lol. But it's good to know/remember that not all kink is about pain, and the main thing with this whole concept is to offer a broad view of how kink might help you find a new sexual frontier or new path to explore. Ultimately, if you are not into any of this, that's okay! We're not here to yuck anyone's yum, we just want to make sure we provide as much info as possible to help anyone who's struggling, curious, stuck, etc.
 

Let's RACK 'Em!

Oh my goodness, you know I love my acronyms - it's almost a fetish at this point. Even if I can't blame BDSM for my love of acronyms, it feels comforting, because they made so many great ones! Those kinksters are a creative bunch! ;)
So, what is RACK?
Potential trigger warning - the RACK wiki has a photo at the top of the page containing aftermath of violence by beating.
I wanted to link it here with explanation and alternative sources so that no one had to navigate away from this page to Google it and potentially be traumatized.
RACK stands for:
Risk Aware Consensual Kink
There's also the more commonly known "SSC" for safe, sane, consensual. And the even more hilariously named (but entirely serious and important) PRICK - Personal Responsibility, Informed, Consensual Kink. That's the latest evolution of terminology, and who doesn't want to walk around announcing they practice PRICK? No? Just me? Might explain the weird looks...
Anyway! The main points here are all about discussion and agreement (which should sound familiar), consent and trust. These are things that would help your relationship in all areas, so it's nice to have a concrete framework in place to work on those skills, while also potentially providing something that you both need and benefit from, even if that's different for each individual!
 

Trade in your "vanilla" sex life for vanilla bean!

I often think "vanilla sex" gets a bad name for no good reason. "Vanilla" is the term people use to describe sex that doesn't involve any form of "kink". But pretty much every sex act involves some level of kink, even if it's hidden or unspoken, even "starfish sex" is "unconventional"! Obviously, most people don't think of it that way, but you see my point. If kink is meant to cover anything and everything unconventional, we'd have to agree on a set of conventions to violate first, and I don't think we're going to get a consensus on that any time soon, lol.
I actually don't think any sex needs to be flavored (unless you're into food play, which means flavors are your jam... Oh, yes, the jokes are alive and well!) but even vanilla is complex.
Do you even know what flavor complexities are involved in vanilla bean? Intense, multifaceted, anything but boring if you have a palate to appreciate it. It can be as complex as coffee, or wine. It can enhance almost anything, it adds a lot, and while it's still "vanilla" it's anything but boring or ordinary. So, rather than thinking that your sex life is "vanilla", try thinking of it as vanilla bean, and embrace the possibilities.
Sex should be an enhancement, it should add to your life, your happiness, your relationship. If it currently doesn't or isn't, I recommend reading the other MULLs and try to uncover the reason first. This is more the advanced class where we are now aware of the issues that stand in the way of sex and were trying to work through them or find ways around them. Exploring kink can offer you tools that may help you find a new version of your sexuality, or a compliment for an existing dynamic. It can't fix your relationship, and it can cause harm if you're not on the same page as your partner.
Back in MULL 10 (that warning should look familiar, lol), we covered some of ways that people rebuild their relationships and sex lives. One way involved finding new, unspoiled ground to rebuild on. This is one of the ways that people do that. Engagement in safe, positive, healthy BDSM forces people to refine their communication skills, be honest and upfront with their needs, define and adhere to boundaries, build trust, increase intimacy and playfulness, improve negotiation abilities, and provide an outlet for sexual behavior that is safe and controlled. What does safe and controlled look like, and why does it matter?
 

Your Brain on Kink

(the wordy psych bits)
So, one of the more common thoughts about kink is that it's all about pain. It can be, but that's not a requirement, lol. Interestingly, it's more about power exchange or control. Now, to be extra-super-duper clear, this is not the kind of power and control we see in NMAPs. Remember, those are done with the deliberate intent to harm! Power and control in BDSM is about pleasure, but more importantly, it's something both people actively want and agree to.
One study even covered how SMs (Sado-Masochism or Sado-Masochists) define their own feelings on play, giving us this gem of a quote, "Participants positioned SM variously as dissidence, as pleasure, as escapism, as transcendence, as learned behaviour, as intra-psychic, as pathological and as `inexplicable'."Source Who said research had to be boring?

Fun Additional Reading

Some surprising benefits of BDSM.
Perks and Problems of BDSM Play - Dominant and Submissive Roles
PopPsych on BDSM Relationships
 
One article featured an interesting interview that illustrates nicely why certain things about BDSM can benefit even the most unkinked relationships:
 
“Even if some of the sex I have looks very much like a strong man taking advantage of a frightened woman, it is so much safer for me than ‘vanilla dating,’ where men have casually sexually assaulted me, pressured me into sex, or made painful assumptions about my boundaries,” Lauren told me. While vanilla dating often hedges around—or completely ignores—frank talk of needs, boundaries, and desire, BDSM makes such discussions imperative. It's not impossible to get hurt during a BDSM scene, physically or emotionally. After all, kinky people are still people, and abusive or bad behavior can be masked by kink dynamics, as many interviewees shared with me.
“BDSM doesn’t assume that it’s possible to have sex without power,” said Xan West. “Instead, we have a framework for thinking about power.” Though BDSM often explicitly involves risk management in a way that’s not for everyone, it also requires the language of consent and discussion of triggers and boundaries that vanilla relationships could benefit from—even if kink never enters the picture.
Article source
 

Stupid character limit means this is now a two-part post! Click here to continue reading!

submitted by closingbelle to LowLibidoCommunity [link] [comments]


2019.12.16 00:32 hackzubbard 2020 ESD Recruiting Primer

After many weeks and suggestions, Christmas has come early: here is my 2020 ESD Primer
Current Commits: 25
Spots: 2-3 more spots, including decommitments and blue/grayshirts

Big Board

QB RB WR TE OL DL ILB OLB DB
1 Needed, 1 Commited 2-3 Needed, 2 Commited 4 Needed, 3 Commited 1-2 Needed, 1 Commited 3-4 Needed, 4 Commited 3-4 Needed, 3 Commited 2 Needed, 2 Commited 4-5 Needed, 4 Commited 5 Needed, 5 Commited
1. 5* Bryce Young 1. 4* Roydell Williams 1. 4* Thaiu Jones-Bell 1. 3* Caden Clark 1. 4* OL/DL Jayson Jones 1. 4* DT Timothy Smith 1. 4* ILB Demouy Kennedy 1. 5* WDE Chris Braswell 1. 4* S Brian Branch
2. 3* Kyle Edwards 2. 4* Javon Baker 2. Optional 2. 4* OT Javion Cohen 2. 4* DT Jah-Marien Latham 2. 4* ILB Jackson Bratton 2. 5* ATH/OLB Drew Sanders 2. 4* S Malachi Moore
3. 4* Traeshon Holden 3. 3* OT Dameon George 3. 4* DT Jamil Burroughs 3. 4* OLB Quandarrius Robinson 3. 4* ATH/S/QB Kristian Story
#1: 4* Oklahoma Commit Jase McClellan 4. Optional #1: 5* Darnell Washington 4. 3* OC Seth McLaughlin 4. Optional 4. 4* WDE Will Anderson 4. 4* CB Jahquez Robinson
#2: 4* GT Commit Jahmyr Gibbs #2: 4* Jeremiah "JJ: Pegues 5. Optional 5. 4* JUCO CB Ronald Williams
#3: 5* Zachary Evans #1: 4* Arian Smith #3: 3* Brandon Frazier #1: 4* DT McKinnley Jackson
#2: 5* LSU Commit Rakim Jarrett #2: 5* SDE Jordan Burch #1: 4* OLB Phillip Webb
#3: 4* LSU Commit Kayshon Boutte #3: 4* SDE Alfred Collins
#4: 4* Xzavier Henderson


QB 1 Needed, 1 Commited 2021 - 1 Needed, 1 Commited Outlook
1. 5* Bryce Young - EE 5*, #6 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: USC - 6/21, Alabama - 9/21 Sign in ESP Bryce is Alabama's next star QB. A west coast kid with a slight yet athletic frame, Bryce is a master passer, with college-ready decision making and accuracy as well as a quick burst on the ground. Not exactly like Tua but close in play-style and with greater hype/accolades against much better competition. Bryce was a long-time USC commit before flipping to the Tide this fall. He has been recruiting so far, not only for 2020 but 2021 as well and the expectation is that he will keep the Alabama offense humming, maybe even competing for starting time in the fall. 100% Alabama


RB 2-3 Needed, 2 Commited 2021 - 1-2 Needed, 0 Commited Outlook
1. 4* Roydell Williams - EE 4*, #86 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Alabama - 10/26 Sign in ESP Roydell is a top flight RB out of Hueyown, who has good balance and burst and fights through tackles and who I'd compare to Josh Jacobs in his play-style. Roydell has been commited for over a year and though he has flirted with visiting other programs, mainly Auburn, Roydell has not OVed anywhere else and seems mighty firm in his commitment. 100% Alabama
2. 3* Kyle Edwards - ES 3*, #420 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Alabama - 12/14 Sign in ESP Kyle is a true 3* RB: compact, between the tackles runner, solid but not necessarily explosive. The staff wanted a dependable grinder in their RB room and plucked this guy from Louisiana, fighting on Michigan for his commitment. Kyle should only decommit if asked to, which seems unlikely at this stage. 100% Alabama
#1: 4* Oklahoma Commit Jase McClellan - EE 4*, #43 Overall Top 2: Oklahoma, Alabama OVs: Oklahoma - 4/13, Texas - 6/15, Alabama - 11/9 Decide and Sign in ESP Jase is a top shelf RB out of Texas and a flip candidate Alabama has had its eye on since the summer. Jase has a lot of elite traits; reminds me of both Ezekiel Elliott and our own Najee Harris so a high pedigree. Jase has been commited to Oklahoma since 2017 and has built deep relationships with the Oklahoma staff. Despite this, Alabama has been stead in their pursuit with summer visits, followed by an OV in the fall and in-home visits this past week. Sources say that Alabama is trending down the stretch and the idea of a flip have legitimate legs but with the history between Jase and the Norman community, it's hard for me to outright pick the flip without significant changes in info. 51% Oklahoma, 49% Alabama
#2: 4* GT Commit Jahmyr Gibbs - LS 4*, #171 Overall Top 4: GT, Ohio State, Alabama, Florida OVs: Ohio State - 1/17, Florida - 1/24, GT - 1/31, Alabama - ??? Sign in LSP, No decision date Jahmyr is a GA RB that has seen his recruitment explode over the past few months, with Ohio State, Florida, and Alabama all vying for the flip. Putting on the tape, Jahmyr has borderline Jaylen Waddle speed as a RB, smooth motion in the open field, and will always be a home run threat. As a late signee, Jahmyr will be a back-up option once the ESP is complete. Bama will need to pry a weekend away from another suitor to get an OV with him. 40% GT, 40% Ohio State, 10% Alabama, 10% Florida
#3: 5* Zachary Evans - EE/ES/LS 5*, #14 Overall Top 4: LSU, TAMU, Alabama, UGA OVs: LSU - 10/26, TAMU - 11/16, UGA - ???, Alabama - ??? Annouce at All-American Bowl (1/2-1/4) The infamous Zachary Evans will annouce his commitment at the All-American bowl and it will almost certainly not be to Alabama, as the staff has backed off for a while now. It is unknown, maybe even to Zach, when he will sign and enroll. As a player, you see the elite traits, the speed, agility power, the whole package. Based on everything I've seen, heard, and read, I truly believe Zachary is a really talented kid who feels pulled in a lot of directions by a lot of voices. TAMU and LSU are the probable final 2, with TAMU receiving the late buzz. There are also rumors of JUCO here. Time to close the book here and wish him the best. 50% TAMU, 35% LSU, 15% JUCO


WR 4 Needed, 3 Commited 2021 - 1-3 Needed, 0 Commited Outlook
1. 4* Thaiu Jones-Bell - EE 4*, #101 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Alabama - 12/14 Sign in ESP Thaiu (Ty-Ooo) is next in line in the great tradition of South Florida WRs that play for Alabama. He compares favorably to Alabama's current trio, as a smaller, fluid, and athletic receiver. Thaiu flirted with visiting other program, mainly Tennessee, but those visits never materialized, as the addition of Bryce Young locked in Jones-Bell's commitment 100% Alabama
2. 4* Javon Baker - LS 4*, #138 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: None Sign in LSP Baker is a GA-based receiver, who was a consistent top performer on the camp and 7v7 circuit this spring and summer. Baker is not the fastest WR, but runs routes and catches as good as anyone, making him a reliable possession receiver and potentially an early redzone target for the Tide in 2020. Baker will sign in Feb so he can play basketball this fall and currently has no other visits set up. However, as spot fill, anyone who doesn't sign in Dec could risk losing their spot. 90% Alabama, 10% Unknown
3. 4* Traeshon Holden - EE 4*, #197 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Houston - 6/15, Oregon - 10/12, ASU - 12/7, Alabama - 12/14 Sign in ESP Traeshon, originally from FL, is a big-bodied athletic Cali receiver and one of my sleeper picks in this class. Traeshon reminds me a lot of the duo at Clemson, as he holds surprising speed to go along with a height and vertical advantage. Traeshon has OVed at several programs but has consistently confirmed his commitment status, as the visits were just for fun. Traeshon remains one of my favorit recruits and I expect he'll get a lot more recognition as his Alabama career continues 100% Alabama
#1: 4* Arian Smith - ES 4*, #74 Overall Top 2: UGA, Alabama OVs: Alabama - 11/9, UGA - 12/14 Sign in ESP Arian is a track star from the Sunshine state and a big WR target for the tide. Arian is an olympic level sprinter and could help replace the speed that soon will be lost in the WR room. Arian is basically down to UGA and Alabama and while UGA has had a solid lead in this race due to their elite track program, Alabama has caught up in recent days, making this a legitimate recruitment. Arian plans to OV with UGA this weekend, which will give them the final crack at signing this speedster. 60% UGA, 40% Alabama
#2: 5* LSU Commit Rakim Jarrett 5*, #20 Overall Top 2: LSU, Alabama OVs: LSU - 4/26, Tennessee - 6/21, Alabama - 10/26, Maryland - 12/7 Unknown Signing Date Rakim is one of the nation's top WRs and another major flip target for the Tide. Rakim looks and plays like a five star, with deadly route running and ankle breaking, similar to our own Jerry Jeudy. An LSU commit since the spring, Rakim has flirted with other programs, including Alabama, with LSU using this season's success as a point to anchor his recruitment. Bryce Young has been leading the charge in this flip and there are some close to Rakim who think he could eventually flip. LSU is pushing for Rakim to sign early but he has made no definite statement to say that he will. This recruitment will go down to the wire. 50% LSU, 50% Alabama
#3: 4* LSU Commit Kayshon Boutte - ES 4*, #41 Overall Top 2: LSU, Alabama OVs: Colorado - 6/8, Alabama - 10/26, LSU - Dec or Jan Sign in ESP Kayshon is a Louisiana speedster and has been an Alabama target for quite a while. Kayshon has really good top speed and hands, looks a lot like Devonta Smith in that regard. Kayshon has been pretty steady in things being even between Bama and LSU despite his commitment but with LSU convincing him to sign early, against Bama's wishes, I think this one is done. 90% LSU, 10% Alabama
#4: 4* Xzavier Henderson - ES/LS 4*, #60 Overall Top 3: Clemson, Alabama, Florida OVs: Alabama - 9/28, UGA - 10/19, Florida - 11/30, Clemson - 12/14 Annouce at All American Game (1/4) Xzavier is the final WR target and has been talked about the least heading into the ESP. Xzavier plays similar to current Clemson WRs: big but still fast and catches everything. Clemson has been the favorite for a while, with Alabama as a competitor and Florida using his brother (CJ Henderson) as a peer recruiter. Even with questions of having enough spots, the interest in Clemson has not ended and with an upcoming OV to Clemson this weekend, it would be hard for me to see this recruitment as competivie unless Bama really pushes. 70% Clemson, 20% Alabama, 10% Florida


TE 1-2 Needed, 1 Commited 2021 - 1-2 Needed, 0 Commited Outlook
1. 3* Caden Clark - ES 3*, #492 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Alabama - 6/8 Sign in ESP Clark is a P5 tight end, able-bodied and a great blocker the staff are really excited for. Clark has been commited since last summer and has never wavered. A significant knee injury will keep Clark from enrolling early and it will most likely require a redshirt year. Despite all the negative circumstances, there's a lot of untapped talent in this prospect 100% Alabama
#1: 5* Darnell Washington - ES 5*, #10 Overall Top 4: UGA, Alabama, Tennessee, Florida OVs: UGA - 9/21, Florida - 10/5, Alabama - 11/9, Miami - 12/7, Tennessee - 12/14 Sign in ESP, Announce at All American Game (1/4) Darnell is one of two 5* TEs in this class and another jumbo athlete; a growing trend in CFB. Darnell is a mismatch nightmare in both blocking and receiving, he should be as fast or tall as he is and he's very difficult to tackle. Darnell has been UGA's top target at TE since the spring while the rest of the country was recruiring Arik Gilbert and, as such, had a good lead leading into Darnell's OV schedule. Alabama has always been a player and seems to have made a solid impression with the addition of Bryce Young and the past success of TE usage but it's hard to say how much of an impact Alabama has had this last in the proceess. OVs to Miami and Tennessee have further muddied the waters so no one has a good handle on his decision. Darnell has had some disciplinary issues but he's also a young man with a child and a lot of pressure to provide. I think this recruitment can still go in numerous direction but UGA is the safe pick 50% UGA, 40% Alabama, 10% Tennessee
#2: 4* Jeremiah "JJ" Pegues - ES 4*, #247 Overall Top 3: Auburn, Alabama, Ole Miss OVs: Auburn - 11/16, Alabama - 11/23, Ole Miss - 11/30 Sign in ESP Jeremiah is another jumbo athlete from the Magnolia state ans is slated to play TE. At 6'3" and 285, he sounds more like a DL or even a FB but he's got great hands and runs well for his size. Auburn and Alabama have been his primary focus most recently with the Ole Miss coaching change but the Lane Train could make a run in the next few days. With Alabams' primary focus still on Darnell Washington, Auburn seems to have the inside track here. 40% Auburn, 30% Ole Miss, 30% Alabama
#3: 3* Brandon Frazier - LS 3*, #616 Overall Top Schools: Arkansas, Wisconsin, Alabama, Texas Tech, ??? OVs: Arkansas - 5/2, Texas Tech - 12/7, Alabama - ???, ??? Sign in LSP Brandon is a recent Arkansas decommit and a relatively newer target for the staff. Brandon plays more like a H-Back or tall WR than a true TE, tall with nice catch radius, not overly athletic. Brandon will sign in February and is a back-up option. It will be interesting to see how Alabama recruits him if they miss on their top targets in the ESP. 70% Arkansas, 30% Texas Tech

OL 3-4 Needed, 4 Commited 2021 - 3-5 Needed, 0 Commited Outlook
1. 4* OL/DL Jayson Jones - LS 4*, #222 Overall Top 2: Alabama, GT OVs: GT - 6/15, Florida - 10/5, Oregon - 11/30 Unknown Signing Date Jayson Jones is a unique lineman prospect. While listed as a DT (his preference), Alabama is recruiting him as an offensive lineman, which his film supports. Jayson is not particularly fast or explosive but has a sizable frame that's hard to move, good hand usage, and strength. Jayson has been very back and forth about Alabama, stating that he was unimpressed in the spring and then reaffirming his commitment in the summer. While I believe Alabama is his preferred destination, his shaky status is due to the simple fact that Alabama wants him to play a position he does not want to play. Current sources feel the commitment will stick but I don't think anyone really knows or if the transfer portal could come into play down the line. 40% Alabama, 40% GT, 20% ???
2. 4* OT Javion Cohen - ES 4*, #342 Overall Top 2: Alabama, Auburn OVs: South Carolina - 4/26, GT - 5/24, Auburn - 6/1, Alabama - 12/7 Sign in ESP Javion is the newest Alabama commit, as he flipped from Auburn Wednesday afternoon. A strong tackle with a solid build, there's a lot to like in Javion's game that a college coach can only build on. Javion was commited to Auburn but had been slowly trending to Alabama over the past few weeks, culminating in Auburn pulling his offer and Javion publically announcing his commitment, likely completing Alabama's 2020 OL class. 100% Alabama
3. 3* OT Dameon George - ES/LS 3*, #447 Overall Top 2: Alabama, LSU OVs: Alabama - Jan, LSU - Jan Undecided on ESP or LSP Dameon is a jumbo OL prospect out of Texas and HS teammates with Zachary Evans, who were originally slated to be a "package deal." George is seen as a high-upside but low-floor physical prospect, as he'd currently be considered overweight by many programs. However, with some time in a college S&C program, some coaches see an Evan Neal type ceiling for this recruit. Alabama stayed loyal to Dameon through the process, which rewarded the staff with his commitment, but recent comments of 2020 OVs and a no set Signing Day leave that door open. As Evans, his teammate, looks elsewhere, does George also take another look at LSU and TAMU? George, a Louisiana native and current Texas resident, has compelling reasons to consider both schools. Dameon is a prospect Alabama definitely wants but will also be one to watch going into the new year. 60% Alabama, 25% LSU, 15% TAMU
4. 3* OC Seth McLaughlin - EE 3*, #471 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs - Alabama - 10/26 Sign in ESP Seth has been one of the most steadfast recruits this cycle, similar to Pierce Quick last year. A personal favorite of OL coach Kyle Flood, McLaughlin slates in at OC, despite playing LT in high school. McLaughlin has never wavered and will add depth to the offensive line. 100% Alabama


DL 3-4 Needed, 3 Commited 2021 - 2-3 Needed, 0 Commited Outlook
1. 4* DT Timothy Smith - ES 4*, #98 Overall Top 2: Alabama, Florida OVs: Alabama - 12/7, Florida - 12/14 Sign in ESP Timothy is an elite DL from the Sunshine state. Tim plays angry and disruptive, with a Quinnen Williams flair for rushing the passer, and would be in my personal top 50 range. Timothy commited over the summer but never shut the door on taking visits, especially to local Florida. Florida has been pushing hard for the flip and while he has entertained the notion, Timothy reiterated after his Bama OV was the difference in NFL production between the schools, something Florida cannot overcome in a weekend. Anything is possible in recruiting but sources still feel good about Bama being the final team on signing day. 75% Alabama, 25% Florida
2. 4* DT Jah-Marien Latham - ES 4*, #194 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Alabama - 12/7 Sign in ESP Jah-Marien is a sleeper prospect from Alabama, that has slowly risen up the ranks after being an early find by former DL coach Craig Kulogowski. Jah-Marien projects well on either side of the ball and reminds me a little of Christian Barmore as a guy who dominates poor competition, however with more technical polish and less raw explosiveness. Jah-Marien flirted with OVing at Ole Miss until Matt Luke was fired and has since shut down his recruitment. 100% Alabama
3. 4* DT Jamil Burroughs - LS 4*, #343 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Alabama - 12/7 Sign in LSP Jamil is a jumbo DL from Georgia and a former UGA commit. Jamil is a classic nose guard and adds depth at the position as a reliable run blocker. Jamil has been pretty well locked in since he flipped and hasn't looked back 100% Alabama
#1: 4* DT McKinnley Jackson - LS 4*, #113 Overall Top 6: Alabama, LSU, Auburn, Ole Miss, TAMU, UGA OVs: Alabama - 9/26, Auburn - 12/7, LSU - 1/18, UGA/Ole Miss - 1/25, TAMU - 2/1 Sign in ESP McKinnley has been amonst Alabama's top defensive targets, like Ishmael Sopsher, and is signing late, like Ishmael Sopsher. Funny how his 247 player comparison is Ishmael Sopsher. I actually think McKinnley may be better, with an advanced of pass rush moves and surprisingly nimble feet, demanding double teams on the inside. McKinnley is taking his recruitment slow, with Auburn, LSU, and TAMU holding the buzz at the AL-MS game but you would be a fool to discount Alabama's place in this recruitment. Jackson has already taken his OV and is looking to visit again in January, giving Alabama an exposure advatage over any school. No team can be overlooked here but I see this as a Alabama-LSU battle down the stretch. 40% Alabama, 35% LSU, 15% Auburn, 5% Ole Miss, 5% UGA
#2: 5* SDE Jordan Burch - ES 5*, #4 Overall Top 5: South Carolina, LSU, Alabama, UGA, Clemson OVs: LSU - 10/26, Alabama - 11/9, UGA - 12/14 Sign in ESP Burch is an elite DL prospect out of South Carolina. With a rare combination of speed and power in pursuit, it's not surprising when Burch is compaired to the Bosa brothers. Burch has been extremely quite in his recruitment with no true feel on who leads. As Clemson has faded, South Carolina and LSU have each felt good over the past few weeks but then Burch OVed to UGA this weekend. With this, UGA will have the buzz going into NSD but no one really knows anything. 30% UGA, 30% South Carolina, 30% LSU, 10% Alabama
#3: 4* SDE Alfred Collins - LS 4*, #72 Overall Top 5: Texas, Oklahoma, Baylor, TAMU, Alabama OVs: Oklahoma - 9/7, Alabama - 9/21, TAMU - 10/12, Texas - 10/19, Baylor - 12/14 Sign in LSP Alfred is a DL recruit that has not been talked about a ton in connection to UA but has been a top target nonetheless. Alfred reminds me a lot of Justin Eboigbe, strong, quick step, all about pursuit. Alfred is a Texas legacy and has been pegged to them for a while but TAMU, Oklahoma, and Baylor are making this recruitment interesting. I don't expect Alabama to be the pick. 50% Texas, 20% Baylor, 15% TAMU, 15% Oklahoma


ILB 2 Needed, 2 Commited 2021 - 1-3 Needed, 0 Commited Outlook
1. 4* ILB Demouy Kennedy - EE 4*, #34 Overall Top 2: Alabama, LSU OVs: Alabama - 9/28, LSU - 11/30 Sign in ESP Demouy is a 5* in-state LB. His ranking continues to rise and even if his final ranking doesn't reflect that, I thoroughly believe he's a 5* talent. Demouy reminds me a lot of Mack Wilson in his playing style, as a excellent LB in coverage and has a quick burst in pursuit. Bottom line: Demouy will compete for playing time. As a born and raised Alabama fan, Demouy was favoring LSU going into the summer until Alabama offered in camp and commited immediately. Demouy has been a huge recruiter for Alabama but took a recent OV to LSU, which has given him something to consider. LSU is the hot program right now but Demouy feels at home in Tuscaloosa and sees a greater path to playing time. I say he sticks. 90% Alabama, 10% LSU
2. 4* ILB Jackson Bratton - EE 4*, #172 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Nebraska - 9/28, Alabama - 10/19 Sign in ESP Jackson is a 4* thumper from in-state. A classic ILB who plays the run well and generally know where he needs to be, even if he isn't the most explosive. Jackson took a few OVs elsewhere but Alabama has always been home and this recruitment has been locked in for a while. 100% Alabama


OLB 4-5 Needed, 4 Commited 2021 - 1-3 Needed, 0 Commited Outlook
1. 5* WDE Chris Braswell - EE 5*, #17 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Alabama - 6/8 Sign in ESP Chris is the top WDE in this class and one of the top pass rushers in the 2020 class. A fluid and powerful athlete, Chris is a pur pass rusher and will compete for early playing time. Chris has been commited since last November and hasn't really wavered, even with some discussion of visiting elsewhere. Chris will be a great addition to the team when he signs in the ESP 100% Alabama
2. 5* ATH/OLB Drew Sanders - EE 5*, #21 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: LSU - 4/6, Oklahoma, 4/13, Alabama - 4/27 Sign in ESP Drew is diverse, elite athlete who can play multiple positions at a 5* level. Drew plays wildcat QB, TE, DE, OLB, and ILB at the high school level but projects at OLB at the next level. Drew reminds me of Terrel Lewis in his athletic profile, being primarily a pass rusher with the ability to spred out in coverage. Drew was originally slated to go to Oklahoma to play TE but prefers defense, flipped to Alabama, and the rest is history 100% Alabama
3. 4* OLB Quandarrius Robinson - ES 4*, #46 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Kentucky - 6/8, Auburn - 6/15, Tenness - 6/22, Alabama - 9/28 Sign in ESP Quandarrius is a former Auburn commit and a high upside pass rusher from the Yellowhammer state. Quan has about everything you want, having elite size, speed, pass rush moves, speed in space, but is not the best in any one category. Quandarrius flipped from Auburn to Alabama over the summer and has been locked in with the Tide since. 100% Alabama
4. 4* WDE Will Anderson - EE 4*, #79 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: GT - 6/14, Alabama - 10/18 Sign in ESP Will is the best pure pass rusher in this class and it might not be close (Another Hackzubbard sleeper). His first step off the edge is Tim Williams reborn and his recent rankings boost reflects that. As a kid from the Peach state, Will commited back in June over GT and has been locked in since. 100% Alabama
#1: 4* OLB Phillip Webb - ES 4*, #40 Overall Top 2: LSU, Alabama OVs: LSU - 6/22, Oklahoma - 9/1, Florida - 11/30, Alabama - 12/7 Sign in ESP Phillip is a top flight LB prospect out of Georgia and the top remaining LB target for the staff. Phillip primarily plays OLB rushing the passer, which is what each staff is recruiting him to do but I think he cold have a good future at Will LB also, with good speed in space and a surprising knowledge of coverage, despite being asked to do so rarely. Alabama and LSU are the final 2 and while Alabama has made their pitch, LSU can offer a greater path to playing time and have recruited Phillip harder. I think LSU is the pick. 70% LSU, 30% Alabama


DB 4-5 Needed, 4 Commited 2021 - 2-4 Needed, 1 Commited Outlook
1. 4* S Brian Branch - ES 4*, #58 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Oklahoma - 4/13, GT - 6/15, Alabama - 11/10 Sign in ESP Brian is a top 50 type player in this class (Yet another sleeper) and one of the more active safety prospects in the nation. Brian shined this fall as both WR and S and had some SportsCenter type catches and interceptions, with great speed, vertical and incredible knowledge for the ball. With the safeties leaving after this season, I would not be surprised to see Brian get playing time similar to, if not more than, what Jordan Battle had this year. Branch commited to Alabama over UGA and GT and, despite talks of OVs, has been locked in with the Tide. 100% Alabama
2. 4* S Malachi Moore - EE 4*, #177 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Alabama - 12/7 Sign in ESP Malachi has been one of the central pieces to the 2020 class, in terms of a vocal leader both in-state and nationally. As a player, Moore was originally slotted as a CB but played at FS this past fall and probably projects there long term. Malachi is a smart player, looks good on the back end, and tackles well in space, setting him up for a Shyheim Carter type role in the future. Coach Saban, in particular, loves this kid, which was good enough for me. As such an integral part to the recruiting class, Moore isn't really looking at other opportunities. 100% Alabama
3. 4* ATH/S/QB Kristian Story - ES 4*, #208 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: TAMU - 6/8, Notre Dame - 6/22, Alabama - 9/28 Sign in ESP Kristian is a multi-faceted athlete from Alabama. A former Tennessee commit, Kristian primary played QB in HS and even broke Bo Nix's single season TD record. Despite this, Story's projected college position is safety, where he'll use his QB knowledge and athleticism to defend TDs instead of throwing them. I'm hoping we see him used on special team or in wildcat situations. Yet another player locked in with the Tide. 100% Alabama
4. 4* CB Jahquez Robinson - EE 4*, #305 Overall Top School: Alabama OVs: Oklahoma - 9/7, South Carolina - 10/19 Sign in ESP Robinson is a classic Saban corner; long, lanky, physical, fast, and with good ball skills. Robinson considered looking around at the Florida schools but has been locked in since his season ended and plans to early enroll. 100% Alabama
5. 3* JUCO CB Ronald Williams - ES 3*, #15 JUCO Overall Top Schools: TAMU, Alabama, Nebraska, Miss State, Ole Miss OVs: Kentucky - 10/26, TAMU - 11/16, Alabama - 11/23, Miss State - 11/30, Ole Miss - 12/14 Sign in ESP Wiliams is another prototypical Saban corner, with height and length and a physical frame. As a JUCO All American, Wiliams was highly sought after, including numerous SEC schools, but eventually chose Alabama on Saturday night to add any competitor for the open CB spots in the defense. 100% Alabama

Below, I'll include my final predictions for all prospects announcing in the next few weeks, including ESD and the All American games, even including commited prospects looking elsewhere.

5* RB Zachary Evans - TAMU
4* RB OK Commit Jase Mclellan - Alabama
4* WR Arian Smith - UGA
4* WR LSU Commit Kayshon Boutte - LSU
4* WR Xvazier Henderson - Clemson
5* TE Darnell Washington - ALABAMA (Bold Pick)
4* TE Jeremiah Pegues - Auburn
4* OL/DL Jayson Jones - GT
5* SDE Jordan Burch - UGA
4* DT Timothy Smith - Alabama
4* SDE Alfred Collins - Texas
4* ILB Demouy Kennedy - Alabama
4* OLB Phillip Webb - LSU
submitted by hackzubbard to rolltide [link] [comments]


2019.12.16 00:27 AJaxStudy My 2019 in Books. (Ranked)

First things first, I apologise for the wall of text!
I set my goal to finish 60 books this year, that increased to 100, and now it's sat at 120. I started with a focus on physical books, but as time has gone on, I've picked up more books on kindle, and my primary method now is audible. I have a fair distance to commute, and you'd be surprised at how many books you'll chew through at 1.35x speed!
I'll ranked these in the value that I've felt that they've provided me, be it in education or entertainment. I know that some of my choices will prove to be VERY unpopular!
Also, I just wanna plug my soundcloud GoodReads - Please feel free to add me!
Finally, the below is just my opinion. If I crap on your favourite book, I'm truly sorry. Please let me know what I'm missing!
117 Warrior of the Light (Paulo Coelho) I felt that this book was a scam. I loved The Alchemist. This book is just dwaddle and made me very, very angry. Despite it being incredibly short, it was an endless slog.
116 The diary of an average runner: Never, ever, give up (Mark Cameron) This is a self published Kindle Unlimited book. Dude couldn't even punctuate his name correctly on the front cover!
115 No One Is Too Small to Make a Difference (Greta Thunberg) I don't get it. The UK's biggest bookstore awarded Greta their author of the year award. I love how fighty Greta is, and that she's standing up for her beliefs. But this was most certainly not for me.
114 Brave New World (Aldous Huxley) I was so incredibly bored. This book did not stand the test of time.
113 The Road to Wigan Pier (George Orwell) No comment. :)
112 Neuromancer (William Gibson) I just couldn't get up to speed. All the terminology, and the authors style just left me in the dust.
111 Spark Joy: An Illustrated Master Class on the Art of Organizing and Tidying Up (Marie Kondō) Just watch the TV Show. Much better.
110 The 50th Law (Robert Greene) A weird mix of self help and bragging about Fifty Cent's life. Just didn't work.
109 Identity Crisis (Ben Elton) A murder mystery with very little murder, very little mystery and a whole tonne of fluff.
108 The Right Side of History: How Reason and Moral Purpose Made the West Great (Ben Shapiro) I occassionally like some of Ben's stuff. But this book wasn't it.
107 Ghost in the Wires: My Adventures as the World's Most Wanted Hacker (Kevin D. Mitnick) This book can be summed up by "Don't do that Kevin! Oh Kevin, why did you do that!? Wait, Kevin... Didn't you learn? Don't do that...." ad nauseaum.
106 Rhett & Link's Book of Mythicality: A Field Guide to Curiosity, Creativity, and Tomfoolery (Rhett McLaughlin & Link Neal) I wanted a bit more biography. This was just weird glittery fluff.
105 Ten Arguments for Deleting Your Social Media Accounts Right Now (Jaron Lanier) No comment. :)
104 Never Grow Up (Jackie Chan) I love, love, LOVE Jackie Chan. Drunken Master, Police Story, Meals on Wheels... So good. I was hoping that this would be as good as his first autobiography , but instead this book made him out to be a bit of an asshole. Very disappointing!
103 Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch (Terry Pratchett & Neil Gaiman) I love Neil Gaiman, and this book is held in huge regard. But it lost me at the Orphanage and I never found my way back. It just missed on all fronts for me.
102 The Savage Boy (Nick Cole) I love post-apocalyptic books, and I'd liked Nick Cole's previous works. This book felt like he was still finding his feet as an author.
101 Blood, Sweat and Shame: Confessions of an Ultra Marathon Fat Guy (Justin Slater) I'm super interested in ultra runners. The next three books kinda blended into one, with not much to differentiate each other.
100 Still Not Bionic: Adventures In Unremarkable Ultrarunning (Ira Rainey)
099 Running Man: A Memoir (Charlie Engle)
098 Money: Know More, Make More, Give More (Rob Moore) Rob Moore likes the smell of his farts too much. What good information could be found is lost in repetition and humble-brag.
097 The Art of Invisibility: The World's Most Famous Hacker Teaches You How to Be Safe in the Age of Big Brother and Big Data (Kevin D. Mitnick & Robert Vamosi) Unsure of who this book is for. Some good security advice that tends to go a little bit too indepth for the laymen, but not enough for the technology inclined.
096 Ravage (Iain Rob Wright) A guilty pleasure. I like a nice Kindle-Unlimited trashy zombie book to cleanse the palette after a big meaty tome.
095 Break Point: SAS: Who Dares Wins Host's Incredible True Story (Ollie Ollerton) An interesting military biography, that never really excels in any one area.
094 Neverwhere (Neil Gaiman) This may be my most disappointing book of the year. I love Neil Gaiman, this book has been recommended so many times to me, and it just never hit the right spot. I just couldn't get on with it.
093 The Last (Hanna Jameson) Another post-apocalyptic story, but this time the end of the world is just the background. Interesting setting, but the characters and story just fell flat.
092 Spartan Up!: A Take-No-Prisoners Guide to Overcoming Obstacles and Achieving Peak Performance in Life (Joe De Sena) A similar story to the ultra running books. Both Spartan books kinda bleed into one another.
091 The Spartan Way: Eat Better. Train Better. Think Better. Be Better. (Joe De Sena)
090 On the Road (Jack Kerouac) I started off really enjoying this book, and then I got bored of Dean Moriarty's shit. Both characters turned into pretty unlikeable folk.
089 Throne of Glass (Sarah J. Maas) I'm gunna get destroyed for this... Sarah does a great job with scene setting, and the basis for her characters, and then uttterly ruins it with lazy YA tropes. Celaena is the Mary Sue to end all Mary Sues, until the love interest suddenly becomes the love interest.
088 Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams (Matthew Walker) I will try and re-read this at some point. I just couldn't get into it. TL;DR - If you don't sleep 8 hours a day, you're gunna DIE.
087 A Life in Parts (Bryan Cranston) Another huge disappointment. This book seemed rush, like Bryan had a spare week inbetween projects and basically gave us the cliff notes of his life. We need MORE.
086 Unlocked - An Oral History of Haden's Syndrome (John Scalzi) More on John Scalzi later. This is a scene setting novella.
085 The Antidote: Happiness for People Who Can't Stand Positive Thinking (Oliver Burkeman) I like self help books. :)
084 The Strange Death of Europe: Immigration, Identity, Islam (Douglas Murray) Honestly? I still don't know how I truly feel about this book.
083 A Book of Five Rings: The Classic Guide to Strategy (Miyamoto Musashi) I finished a much better Musashi themed book this year...
082 Think and Grow Rich (Napoleon Hill) I don't really have a strong opinion on this. There are much better self-help / improvement books since this helped lay the foundations
081 One Word Kill (Mark Lawrence)
Kindle Unlimited man, there's some OK stuff on there :)
080 Every Tool's a Hammer - Life Is What You Make It (Adam Savage) I love Adam Savage, and I love how much he loves making!
079 Exam Ref 70-742 Identity with Windows Server 2016 (Andrew Warren) Hey, I passed my exam! This book (kinda) helped! HOORAY!
078 The Prison Doctor (Dr Amanda Brown) Medical Professionals are amazing. To be a doctor in a prison is something else. Book was a little too brief / short for my liking!
077 The Gulag Archipelago 1918–1956 (Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn) I should have stuck to the abridged version. This was a brutal, brutal listen. If I didn't have it on audible, I wouldn't have finished.
076 Convenience Store Woman (Sayaka Murata) This is a very weird book about a woman in Japan who (you guessed it) is a convenience store clerk.
075 Running with the Kenyans: Passion, Adventure, and the Secrets of the Fastest People on Earth (Adharanand Finn) Adharanand writes great books on running. More on Mr Finn later.
074 The World's Fittest Book: How to train for anything and everything, anywhere and everywhere (Ross Edgley) Ross is something else, and his stories are crazy. Worth a read if you're into fitness.
073 If Cats Disappeared from the World (Genki Kawamura) A quirky Japanese book. This was a common theme this year.
072 Savage (Iain Rob Wright) Guilty pleasure. Don't judge me!
071 Dark Ride (Iain Rob Wright) I said no judge please. :(
070 Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind (Yuval Noah Harari) Sapiens just didn't click for me. I struggled to finish reading it.
069 The Road is a River (Nick Cole) The third and final book in the Wasteland Saga. Nice bit of Post Apocalyptic storytelling. The start was good, the middle was boring. Saved entirely by the ending.
068 Lair (James Herbert) I loved James Herbert's "Rats". The sequel wasn't nearly as strong. James also starts getting a little bit pervy from here on out.
067 "Surely You're Joking, Mr Feynman!" (Richard P. Feynman) Equal parts fascinating, and a bit too clever for me. I got lost in a lot of his explanations. Comes highly recommended in these parts. Worth a read.
066 The Aquariums of Pyongyang: Ten Years in the North Korean Gulag (Kang Chol-Hwan) I got onto a DPRK kick last year, and it's carried on through to this year. More on this theme later.
065 Over the Top (Jonathan Van Ness) My wife loves Queer Eye, and I know very little about it. I liked how pleasant the guys were to each other, and that Jonathan kinda annoyed me for some unknown reason. I saw his book in the library and demolished it over a day or two. I'm really glad I did. If you like Queer Eye, this book is well worth picking up.
064 The Little Mermaid (Hans Christian Andersen) Disney announced a live action adaptation, and I realised that I'd never read the book. It's a very solid and quick read!
063 Crack House (Harry Keeble) Real life story of a policeman in the UK cleaning up the crack problem. Entertaining and enlightening.
062 Domain (James Herbert) The final "Rats" book. Nuclear rats. Cooool.
061 Strangeways: A Prison Officer's Story (Neil Samworth) Another 'crime' biography. Got a friend who is a Prison Officer, so I wanted to read up on it a bit more.
060 Stig of the Dump (Clive King) Read this as a kid, and wanted to revisit it. Got a kick from it, as it's based near where I grew up.
059 Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World (Jack Weatherford) A great biography, kinda let down by the fact that Dan Carlin's 'Wrath of the Khans' series of podcasts is just so epic.
058 The End is Always Near (Dan Carlin) Talking of Dan Carlin. I had to support his book, but I felt that his podcasts were just so damn good, that the book could never really surpass them. Unfortunately I was kinda right. Hardcore History is just too good.
057 Haunted (Chuck Palahniuk) I'm not sure if you would call this a Murder Mystery? Needless to say, I wanted to read more from Chuck after 'Fight Club' and this was a solid read.
056 Gotta Get Theroux This: My Life and Strange Times on Television (Louis Theroux) A very interesting auto-biography, that covers a lot of things, but I felt that it mainly focuses on the time Louis spent with Jimmy Savile.
055 Smoke Gets in Your Eyes: And Other Lessons from the Crematory (Caitlin Doughty) Now I know what it's like working in a crematory in the US. Caitlin educates and entertains in equal measure. Recommended for morbidly curious peeps.
054 North Korea Confidential: Private Markets, Fashion Trends, Prison Camps, Dissenters and Defectors (Daniel Tudor) Another DPRK kick.
053 Disrupted: Ludicrous Misadventures in the Tech Start-up Bubble (Dan Lyons) Entertaining stories from a older-gent working in a super young tech start-up.
052 Circe (Madeline Miller)
I'm in awe in how Madeline was able to make old stories feel new. This book wasn't perfect, but it certainly made me sit up and take note of Madeline as an author.
051 The Guest Cat (Takashi Hiraide)
I really liked this Japanese book about a cat, and the family it adopts.
050 Fragile Things: Short Fictions and Wonders (Neil Gaiman)
When Neil is good, he's great. When he's OK, he's OK. This book is half and half. Do not read before you read American Dreams though.
049 Lock In (John Scalzi) The first book in this series. This was let down by poor narration by Wil Wheaton. A flu wipes out a significant amount of people in the world, and some of the survivors become comatose and experience 'Lock In'. There's a tech breakthrough that allows the "locked in" person to control a proxy body (human or robot). This is a crime thriller in that universe.
048 Head On (John Scalzi)
The second book in this series. Much, much better narration by Wil, and builds upon the first book. I'm super interested to see where this series goes.
047 The Madness of Crowds: Gender, Race and Identity (Douglas Murray) A pretty political book. I won't go into any depth. But better than his previous book.
046 Deep Work: Rules for Focused Success in a Distracted World (Cal Newport) Another self help book, I need to revisit this.
045 Finding Ultra, Revised and Updated Edition: Rejecting Middle Age, Becoming One of the World's Fittest Men, and Discovering Myself (Rich Roll) More ultra-running books!
044 Eat and Run: My Unlikely Journey to Ultramarathon Greatness (Scott Jurek) MOAR ULTRA! :D
043 Homo Deus: A History of Tomorrow (Yuval Noah Harari) This landed a lot better than Sapiens, helped by the fact that I listened to it on audible.
042 Permanent Record (Edward Snowden) No matter what you think of Snowden, I think this book does a great job of explaining WHY he did what he did.
041 Bird Box (Josh Malerman) The Netflix movie interested me, the book is better than it has any right to be. :)
040 Scythe (Neal Shusterman)
This is YA done right. Death has been solved, but an omnipotent AI decides who needs to be "gleaned" by professional "Scythes" for population control (I think, its been a while since I read it). Regardless, a unique setting, great writing. Unfortunately marred slightly by an "AND EVERYBODY CLAPPED" moment at the end. I want to read more in this series.
039 Factfulness: Ten Reasons We're Wrong About the World – and Why Things Are Better Than You Think (Hans Rosling) We're completely screwed, and not everything is completely depressing (even if the author did pass shortly after completing this book)
038 Bioshock: Rapture (John Shirley) Great background story for the original Bioshock game. Pointless if you're not into Bioshock though.
037 The Rise of the Ultra Runners: A Journey to the Edge of Human Endurance (Adharanand Finn) I said Adharanand was a great writer. A great starting place for reading up on Ultra runners.
036 Twelve Years a Slave (Solomon Northup) Oh man. This book....
035 Chernobyl: The History of a Nuclear Catastrophe (Serhii Plokhy) After the HBO mini-series, I wanted to learn more. This is a little long in the tooth in places, but it covers how utterly messed up the whole situation was.
034 Fahrenheit 451 (Ray Bradbury) I need to revisit this. A classic for good reason.
033 The Dichotomy of Leadership (Jocko Willink & Leif Babin)
Jocko's books are always great. But I felt 'Extreme Ownership' was the better title. Still worth checking out though
032 Musashi (Eiji Yoshikawa)
The classic saga. This was huge in scope and took me months. Started off on the amazing Audible version, but had to switch because of the length. A great fictional story.
031 "Kill The Black One First" (Michael Fuller)
Details the professional career of Mr Fuller, and the racism he encountered in the UK Police.
030 Do No Harm: Stories of Life, Death and Brain Surgery (Henry Marsh)
Another medical biography. Educational and startling. Brain Surgery is a scary, scary thing.
029 Bloodborne - The Paleblood Hunt (Redgrave) Theories and back stories for the PS4 game 'Bloodborne'. Worth checking out if you're a fan, avoid if you're not!
028 Chasing the Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs (Johann Hari) I really liek Johann Hari. Peep him on the Joe Rogan podcast before you dive into this book.
027 Bloody Rose (Nicholas Eames) The 2nd book in 'The Band' series. More on this later!
026 Learn Windows PowerShell 3 in a Month of Lunches (Don Jones) A boring IT professional book that wasn't boring!
025 Mythos: The Greek Myths Retold (Stephen Fry) Stephen Fry is a gift from God.
024 Lord of the Flies (William Golding) Another book from my youth that I wanted to revisit. So glad I did! It's a classic for good reason!
023 Bruce Lee: The Authorized Visual History (Misc.) More on Bruce later on!
022 Reborn on the Run: My Journey from Addiction to Ultramarathons (Catra Corbett) Catra tells her story on recovery, and becoming addicted to some utterly superhuman feats. Peep her on instragram, she's incredible!
021 The Best of Les Brown Audio Collection: Inspiration from the World's Leading Motivational Speaker (Les Brown) Does this count? This is audio from his lectures. I just can't help but get fired up when I listen to Ms. Mamie Brown's Baby Boy!
020 The Richest Man in Babylon (George S. Clason) Some incredibly important financial / lifestyle lessons, dressed up in easy to digest stories. I just need to put these into (full) practice.
019 Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen (Christopher McDougall) The best running book I've read all year.
018 Slaughterhouse-Five (Kurt Vonnegut) This was my first Kurt Vonnegut book, and the audible version was read by James Franco. I'm not a fan of James at all, but he did an incredible job!
017 The Things They Carried (Tim O'Brien) This came highly recommended, and it was read by the dad from 'Malcolm in the Middle'! I don't want to say that it was 'thoroughly enjoyable' given the subject matter, but it's an incredibly important book.
016 Columbine (Dave Cullen) Living in the UK all my life, and being too young to really understand what happened in Columbine, this was my first education on the events of 1999. This book doesn't pull any punches.
015 Kings of the Wyld (Nicholas Eames) Oh man, a great fantasy read, with a fair few of pop-culture references that never become tired. The sequel wasn't quite as good, but I'm heavily invested into this universe. Worth checking out for all fantasy fans!
014 Blood of Elves (Andrzej Sapkowski) I love the Witcher video games, and I thoroughly enjoy the books.
013 Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Lives in North Korea (Barbara Demick)
The best book on living in the DPRK I've read this year. Slightly dated, but very poignant.
012 The Korean War (Max Hastings) Max Hastings can write an utterly fantastic history book. Extremely well researched. It's called the Forgotten War for good reason, and I knew absolutely nothing about it going in.
011 Algorithms to Live By: The Computer Science of Human Decisions (Brian Christian & Tom Griffiths) This book made me feel dumb. I will revisit this, probably multiple times until my dumb ape mind gets it! :D
010 The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Powerful Lessons in Personal Change (Stephen R. Covey) Laid the foundations for a million other self help authors to repackage and try and sell off as their own 'methods'. Timeless!
009 About Face: Odyssey Of An American Warrior (David H. Hackworth) Constantly recommended by Jocko Willink. Hackworth was another breed.
008 Bruce Lee: A Life (Matthew Polly)
An absolutely incredible biography of the Legend that cuts through alot of the bullshit and myth. Matthew Polly did an utterly fantastic job, and this should be considered the 'de facto' book on Bruce Lee imo.
007 The Stand (Stephen King) My first Stephen King book, and what an epic this was! Parts supernatural, parts post-apocalyptic. All awesome. The ending felt a little rushed, but I loved it.
006 American Gods (Neil Gaiman) I started the book hating all the characters, they're super unlikeable. However, over the course of this epic novel, I grew to accept most, and really like Shadow. Well worth checking out.
005 Talking to Strangers (Malcolm Gladwell) I had zero interest in reading another Malcolm Gladwell book after Outliers last year. But catching him on the Joe Rogan podcast changed my opinion, and I'm so glad it did. Talking to Strangers is an important book.
004 Norse Mythology (Neil Gaiman) My boy Neil. My boyyyyyyyyy.
003 Lost Connections: Uncovering the Real Causes of Depression - and the Unexpected Solutions (Johann Hari) This book is so damn important. This has helped me understand my depression, and that of others. I'll be revisiting this time and time again.
002 Flowers for Algernon (Daniel Keyes) This was my first read of 2019, and it made me cry. I knew immediately that it was going to be one of my favourites of all time, and man. It never let up. I love, love LOVED this book.
001 The Travelling Cat Chronicles (Hiro Arikawa) And here we go. This book. This sodding book. A story of a cat, and a man. This book made me laugh, it made me cry. Quirky and Japanese as all get up. I will never stop shouting the praise of this book. If you have a spare afternoon, and you want to feel. This is your book.
TL;DR - Books are kickin' rad.
submitted by AJaxStudy to 52book [link] [comments]


2019.07.19 16:44 Mesmer99 Any course for 15 dollars

Based Zeus Godly Texting Guide 10$
Todd Valentine (10+) 30$
Glenn Energy Awareness Training 1-6 30$
Jason Capital Power Speaker Academy High income Coach Email Income Experts IG Agent MBA in Internet Marketing Agora Copywriting Capital Copywriting Bootcamp Advanced Copywriting Capital Copywriting certification
Jason Capital collection (60+) 30$
Tai Lopez collection 25$
Derek Rake Latest Shogun method Catalog Pm me
Rsd Collection with TMA 1-8 bonuses panels 30$
Playing with Fire with Bonuses/Webinars 30$
Charisma University Charlie Houpert 20$
RSD BRAD Collection 25$
RSD MAX Collection 20$
Tony Robbins The new money masters 16$
Andrew Tate PhD, Webcam, Body language 20$ each
Christian McQueen How to be a G 20$
Foundr 5 courses for 30$
Game solved 1 and 2 20$
James Marshall Each 16$
Min Liu High Energy Badass 30$
Min Liu Non Persuasion Persuasion 30$
Tom Torero Stealth Seduction 20$
Jesse elder Legacy collection 30$
Tao of Badass 20$
Viking Fuckboy frame 25$
Surgical pickup Elite with structured game 101 30$
Art of verbal War collection 16$
Black belt memory 20$
Eliot Hulse Kings Inception 20$
Magnetic memory masterclass 16$
Tantric Ejaculation Mastery 20$
Marisa peer I am enough 20$
Marisa peer Uncompromised life 25$
Marisa peer RTT for abundance 50$
Talmadge Subliminal Collection (60+) 30$
Talmade Omega wealth praxis 40$
Subliminal shop collection 25$
DMSI 3.3.1 16$
Mindvalley courses 16$ each
Igor ledochowski collection 30$
Davud Snyder each 20$
Kenrick Cleveland each 20$
Kenrick Keys to Yes Elite 30$
David Snyder Mastermind 2012-17 40$
David Snyder real world regression 35$
David snyder People reading 20$
Charisma School each 16$
Arash Dibazar each 16$
Arash Dibazar Diamond mind sep 2016 to Dec 2018 60$
Arash Dibazar Game or die 25$
Baron Cruz Vocal Bootcamp 25$
Roger love collection 20$
Frederick Dodson all audiobooks 30$
Huge audiobooks collection 25$
Win hof Fundamentals 20$
Hypnotica full collection 25$
Jason Hanson Spy Escape and Evasion 20$
Toby Robbins Knowledge Blueprint 20$
Bob proctor Living the legacy 20$
Masterclasses collection 25$
Timbaland teaches Beats 16$
Ross Jeffries
old Collection 20$ Final Awakening 25$ Final frontier 25$ Next code 16$ Subtle words that sell 25$ Speed seduction 5.0 20$ Pyschic and magick training 20$
Raikov effect 20$
Frederick Dodson Money training 20$
Social circle Blueprint 1 and 2 30$
60 years of Seduction courses all for 25$
Whole seduction4life ebook siterip 100GB 25$
Man mode essentials 20$
Jim Kwik collection 30$
Iris reading collection 25$
Burt Goldman Quantum jumping 1 and 2 30$
Jason Capital Power speaker academy , sales god, High income coach, EIE 2.0 and Agora Copywriting 16$ each or 50 $ as a collection
Arash Dibazar Round Table Lectures 16$
Derek Rake Shogun Method for married men 16$
David Goggins Can't hurt me 16$
David Goggins Cultivate the mind of a Warrior 20$
David DeAngelo collection 20$
RSD lost collection 16$
RSD deleted YouTube videos 16$ each
Patrick James Magnetic personality 16$
RSD Max Mentoring program HD 16$
Vin Dicarlo collection 20$
Carlos Xuma Collection 30$
Adam Lyons collection 25$
Daygame overkill 16$
Tom torero collection 20$
George Hutton all ebooks 20$
Arthur Joseph Visual voice pro 16$
Mystery method 16$
Mystery method workshop 16$
The Vault collection 20$
Eckhart Tolle Enlightenment Superpack (60+) 30$
James Clear Habits Academy 16$
Jordan Belfort Collection 30$
Kinetic Attraction 16$
Mindvalley Conscious Engineering 20$
Michael Breen 10$ each
Fearless man Sex signals 16$
Christian Hudson How2texther 16$
Chris Parker Pulling mastery 16$
Ross Jeffries Ultimate speed seduction 16$
Roosh V collection 20$
Ryan magin Bad boy unleashed 16$
Sadhguru inner engineering 25$
Valentino invisible game 16$
Natural History 16$
Rocket memory 16$
Irresistible Academy 16$
MeHow Get the Girl 16$
RSD Max GG 16$
In10se collection 16$
John Sinn Sinn seduction roadmap 16$
The System by Todd ( Manifestos and interviews missing ) 20$
Subliminal Guru collection 16$
15 minute Manifestation 16$
15 minute money magic 16$
Dark side Hypnosis 16$
Dark side Hypnosis VIP 20$
Venusian Arts collection 30$
Dream Invaders 16$
Jim knippenber Deluxe edition 20$
Mark Cunningham 16$ each
PsTec collection 20$
David Tian collection 30$
Vanessa Van Edwards 16$ each
Swipe Mastery 16$
Willy Beck Texting Mastery 16$
Text and Dates machine 16$
Magic's Inner Circle + Rewrite her rules 30$ or 16$ each
Hunk hands 20$
Markus Oakey Charisma installed 16$
John matrix Male mastery 20$
GOOD HANDZ 20$
Julien Foxx Super Naturals 20$
Dr. Paul Dobransky Omega Male 16$
InstaGame with bonuses 20$
Tantra Touch 20$
Gabrielle Moore collection 25$
Daniel Rose Sxx God method Video course 20$
Captain Jack Sexual Framing system 20$
Tony Bonacci Last longer in bed 20$
Transmutation Clb Sexual Energy Transmutation 20$
XXX Training course collection 40$
submitted by Mesmer99 to TaiLopez [link] [comments]


2019.07.16 17:05 Mesmer99 Man mode essentials and Fckboy frame and Tai Lopez course for 10$ each

Based Zeus Godly Texting Guide 10$
Todd Valentine (10+) 30$
Glenn Energy Awareness Training 1-6 30$
Jesse elder Legacy collection 30$
Jason Capital collection (60+) 30$
Tai Lopez collection 25$
Derek Rake Latest Shogun method Catalog Pm me
Rsd Collection with TMA 1-8 bonuses panels 30$
Playing with Fire with Bonuses/Webinars 30$
Andrew Tate PhD, Webcam, Body language 20$ each
Christian McQueen How to be a G 20$
Foundr 5 courses for 30$
Game solved 1 and 2 20$
James Marshall Each 16$
Min Liu High Energy Badass 30$
Tom Torero Stealth Seduction 20$
Tao of Badass 20$
Viking Fuckboy frame 25$
Surgical pickup Elite with structured game 101 30$
Art of verbal War collection 16$
Black belt memory 20$
Eliot Hulse Kings Inception 20$
Magnetic memory masterclass 16$
Tantric Ejaculation Mastery 20$
Marisa peer I am enough 20$
Marisa peer Uncompromised life 25$
Marisa peer RTT for abundance 50$
Talmadge Subliminal Collection (60+) 30$
Talmade Omega wealth praxis 40$
Subliminal shop collection 25$
DMSI 3.3.1 16$
Mindvalley courses 16$ each
Igor ledochowski collection 30$
Davud Snyder each 20$
Kenrick Cleveland each 20$
David Snyder Mastermind 40$
David Snyder real world regression 35$
David snyder People reading 20$
Charisma School each 16$
Arash Dibazar each 16$
Arash Dibazar Diamond mind sep 2016 to Dec 2018 60$
Arash Dibazar Game or die 25$
Baron Cruz Vocal Bootcamp 20$
Roger love collection 20$
Frederick Dodson all audiobooks 30$
Huge audiobooks collection 25$
Win hof Fundamentals 20$
Hypnotica full collection 25$
Jason Hanson Spy Escape and Evasion 20$
Toby Robbins Knowledge Blueprint 20$
Bob proctor Living the legacy 20$
Masterclasses collection 25$
Timbaland teaches Beats 16$
Ross Jeffries
old Collection 20$ Final Awakening 25$ Final frontier 25$ Next code 16$ Subtle words that sell 25$ Speed seduction 5.0 20$ Pyschic and magick training 20$
Raikov effect 20$
Frederick Dodson Money training 20$
Social circle Blueprint 1 and 2 30$
60 years of Seduction courses all for 25$
Whole seduction4life siterip 30$
Man mode essentials 20$
Jim Kwik collection 30$
Iris reading collection 25$
Burt Goldman Quantum jumping 1 and 2 30$
Jason Capital Power speaker academy , sales god, High income coach, EIE 2.0 and Agora Copywriting 16$ each or 50 $ as a collection
Arash Dibazar Round Table Lectures 16$
Derek Rake Shogun Method for married men 16$
David Goggins Can't hurt me 16$
David DeAngelo collection 20$
RSD lost collection 16$
RSD deleted YouTube videos 16$ each
Patrick James Magnetic personality 16$
RSD Max Mentoring program HD 16$
Vin Dicarlo collection 20$
Carlos Xuma Collection 30$
Adam Lyons collection 25$
Daygame overkill 16$
Tom torero collection 20$
George Hutton all ebooks 20$
Arthur Joseph Visual voice pro 16$
Mystery method 16$
Mystery method workshop 16$
The Vault collection 20$
Eckhart Tolle Enlightenment Superpack (60+) 30$
James Clear Habits Academy 16$
Jordan Belfort Collection 30$
Kinetic Attraction 16$
Mindvalley Conscious Engineering 20$
Michael Breen 10$ each
Fearless man Sex signals 16$
Christian Hudson How2texther 16$
Chris Parker Pulling mastery 16$
Ross Jeffries Ultimate speed seduction 16$
Roosh V collection 20$
Ryan magin Bad boy unleashed 16$
Sadhguru inner engineering 25$
Valentino invisible game 16$
Natural History 16$
Rocket memory 16$
Irresistible Academy 16$
MeHow Get the Girl 16$
RSD Max GG 16$
In10se collection 16$
John Sinn Sinn seduction roadmap 16$
The System by Todd ( Manifestos and interviews missing ) 20$
Subliminal Guru collection 16$
15 minute Manifestation 16$
15 minute money magic 16$
Dark side Hypnosis 16$
Dark side Hypnosis VIP 20$
Venusian Arts collection 30$
Dream Invaders 16$
Jim knippenber Deluxe edition 20$
Mark Cunningham 16$ each
PsTec collection 20$
David Tian collection 30$
Vanessa Van Edwards 16$ each
Swipe Mastery 16$
Willy Beck Texting Mastery 16$
Text and Dates machine 16$
Magic's Inner Circle + Rewrite her rules 30$ or 16$ each
Hunk hands 20$
Markus Oakey Charisma installed 16$
John matrix Male mastery 20$
GOOD HANDZ 20$
Julien Foxx Super Naturals 20$
Dr. Paul Dobransky Omega Male 16$
InstaGame with bonuses 20$
Tantra Touch 20$
Gabrielle Moore collection 25$
Daniel Rose Sxx God method Video course 20$
Captain Jack Sexual Framing system 20$
Tony Bonacci Last longer in bed 20$
Transmutation Clb Sexual Energy Transmutation 20$
XXX Training course collection 40$
submitted by Mesmer99 to TaiLopez [link] [comments]


2019.02.12 04:01 brokeblogger Top 10 JAMB CBT Practice Apps and Software To Study With: free and paid

Top 10 JAMB CBT Practice Apps and Software To Study With: free and paid

JAMB CBT Practice Apps and Software
"top 10 jamb cbt practice apps and software: free and paid" is to bring to your knowledge, various applications(apps) and software to practice with. As the saying goes practice makes perfect. JAMB has become computer based (cbt) now and a lot of students are finding it difficult to use it because they are not conversant with the exam environment. this can be due to a lot of reasons which includes.
  • exam anxiety
  • lack of proper preparation
  • and lack of computer knowledge.
for this topic, "top 10 jamb cbt practice apps and software: free and paid" I will be talking about lack of computer knowledge. one of the problems candidates have in the exam hall is issues with their computer and this can either be on the side of (CBT) centre or the side of the candidate. issues from the side of the student this can be prevented by proper practice. you can either pay to get taught or you can do it on your own at home and all you need is an android phone or a PC and any jamb cbt simulation which can come in various forms such as apps and software.
the importance of practising past questions for any exam cannot be overemphasized as it is very very important in exam preparations. we are now in the computer age and everything is now computerised and hence easier. since jamb is now computerised why not computerise you studying as well. so here it is top 10 jamb cbt practice apps and software: free and paid.note this is written in random order.

JAMB CBT Android App

The Myschool App
• Access over 40,000 past questions and their solutions for JAMB CBT, Post-UTME, WAEC, NECO and NABTEB exams, in an organized manner.
• Easily get the latest news updates from all schools for free.
• Activate Once, Use it for Life of your device - Very Cheap!
• Access all past questions and their solutions without any Internet Connection, even in remote and rural areas.
• Study Past Question Year by Year - All years included
• Contains Official JAMB Calculator
• Carry all past question & answer booklets for all subjects in your mobile phone.
• Adequately prepares you for Post-UTME, whether Paper or CBT.
• Practice Exact Post-UTME CBT Environment using custom settings.
• Ask an Academic or School Question, and have a teacher, user, admin or institutions answer you within minutes.
• Easily send messages to, or receive messages from Myschool Friends
• Enables you to search for a particular question keyword in any subject and get the answer and explanations. Like a "google" for past questions.
• Gives you an idea of what JAMB CBT environment feels like.
• Comes with flexible and reliable 1 year of SMS alerts for your chosen school as stated in your profile.
• Comes with a FREE copy of Admission 101 - A guide and an eye opener to all the pitfalls you should avoid right from filling your JAMB form until you get into school and finally matriculate.
• Prepares you for JAMB CBT and also Post-UTME exams in your school of choice.
• View with the Latest JAMB Brochure to check course requirements for free
• View with the Latest JAMB Syllabus for reading requirements for free
• Avoid expensive admission sorting by encouraging learning.
PS: I have used this app. it is great but whatever you do don't format your phone.
click to download

Nigerian Scholars UTME 2019 JAMB CBT Practice

The JAMB UTME CBT App for Nigerian Scholars is a Computer Based Testing (CBT) and learning application that enables students sitting for their JAMB Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) practice authentic JAMB past questions and ensure they are ready for their JAMB exam. It works offline and there is no need of downloading any other content after installing the app.
Using the JAMB CBT app, you can practice about 16,000 JAMB past questions offline with detailed explanations on your mobile phone. You can practice more than one question at a time and view corrections. You can also bookmark questions for later viewing. The application has text-to-speech technology, voice control and a personal virtual assistant.
See Key Features:
16,000 Questions Available Offline:
Practice authentic JAMB past questions from 23 subjects with explanations.
Practice By Topics:
Gain mastery of any topic by practicing questions from any topic of interest
Practice One Or More Subjects At Once:
You can easily take more than one subject at a time.
Sweet Sixteen:
Revise the recommended literature with likely questions
Voice (Text-To-Speech):
You can listen to questions and explanation in an interesting way.
Voice Control:
Control next button, previous button, submit button and so on with your voice.
Intelligent Personal Assistant:
Get real-time advise on what topic to improve upon after each practice by voice.
Built-In Calculator :
Use the built-in calculator to crunch numbers without leaving the exam interface.
Rich Result:
Get detailed analysis on how you perform on any exam.
Bookmarks:
Bbookmark any question that you wish to view later.
School Finder:
Use School Finder to make smarter decision on what school or course to enroll.
All Subject Dictionary:
Get definition of terms from all major subjects with 92,000 terms offline.
Decide Everything:
Easily change the number of questions, exam year, exam time, exam mode and username.
No Subscription Fee:
Once activated, forever activated for all subjects!
Access to Website Updates:
One-click access to latest updates from our website and interesting website exam prep tools.
Other Features:
• Users can choose to shuffle question, shuffle options and set exam time.
• Users can practice more than one subject at a time.
• Users can select exam year and number of questions.
• Users can practice specific topics of interest in each subject.
• Has simple to use and cool user interface.
• Shows number of attempted questions.
• Users can easily switch from one question number to another.
• Users can view at a glance all correctly answered questions and those not answered correctly.
• Shows summarized and detailed result after practice in Tables and Charts.
click to download visit site

Flashlearners Jamb 2019

Flashlearners Jamb CBT 2019 is an e-learning Application that helps candidates prepare and pass Jamb without Runs or Expo. It works 100% offline (Without access to the Internet).
It has numerous questions, text-to-speech technology, voice control and intelligent personal assistant. You can literally use your voice to move from one question to another. It is the most interactive CBT software in Nigeria.
Key Features
• 16,000 Questions Available Offline - practice authentic UTME past questions from 23 subjects with explanations.
• Practice By Topics - gain mastery of any topic by practising questions from any topic of interest
• Practice One Or More Subjects At Once - you can easily take more than one subject at a time.
• Jamb Sweet Sixteen Novel Added with over 350 likely questions
• Voice (Text-To-Speech) - you can listen to questions and explanation in an interesting way.
• Voice Control - control next button, previous button, submit button and so on with your voice.
• Built-In Calculator - use the built-in calculator to crunch numbers without leaving the exam interface.
• Rich Result - get detailed analysis on how you perform on any exam.
• Bookmarks - bookmark any question that you wish to view later.
• School Finder - use School Finder to make smarter decision on what school or course to enroll.
• All Subject Dictionary - get definition of terms from all major subjects with 92,000 terms offline.
• Decide Everything - easily change the number of questions, exam year, exam time, exam mode and username.
• No Subscription Fee - once activated, forever activated for all subjects!
NB: Flashlearners is NOT in affiliation with JAMB. The questions are previous years questions and are meant to help you practice for the real exam. Please do not request for the actual questions because we do not have access to it and we will never make effort to do so. We encourage success through learning and practice, but strongly discourage exam malpractice.
PS : I STRONGLY AGREE. MALPRACTICE IS WRONG
click to download visit site

Jambite: Free JAMB, Post UTME & WAEC Past Question

This app is designed to help you score higher in the 2019 JAMB/UTME exam.
Improve your score on JAMB, and WAEC a little every day with the Jambite app. We offer free past questions, a Jamb result checker, post-utme questions and other learning tools to help you achieve your goals.
Jambite provides tools and information you need to get into universities, polytechnics and colleges in Nigeria including:
ONLINE CLASSES:
* Online classes in the most popular subjects in JAMB
* We have added materials specifically to help you with the 2019 JAMB/UTME exam preparation
* These tutorials have been shown to be very helpful in preparing for the JAMB/UTME Mock Exams as well
* Allow you to conquer even the most challenging subjects in JAMB with the help of top instructors.
TEST PREPARATION:
* Over 20,000 Past questions for JAMB, WAEC
* Detailed worked out solutions to math, physics, chemistry, accounting and more
* Up to date news and school updates delivered directly to your phone
* Analysis of your performance to help you understand and improve on your weak areas
* We have past questions for Mathematics, English, Physics, Economics, Geography, Literature, Accounting, Biology, Chemistry, Christian Religious Knowledge, Commerce, Government and more
* Discuss with your peers about past questions, admissions process
FLASHCARDS
* We have built flashcards using all the important words and definitions from previous JAMB and WAEC exams since 1978.
* We have flashcards for Mathematics, English, Physics, Literature, Accounting, Biology, Chemistry, Christian Religious Knowledge, Commerce, Government and more
Once your Jamb is over we offer several key features to help you succeed in the next phase including:
JAMB RESULT CHECKER
- Once your exam is finished you can use the app to check your jamb score results
- Just insert your Jamb Registration Number and you will receive an email as soon as your jamb score is available
JAMB CUTOFF MARK CHECKER
- Quickly find out if your score is good enough for you to gain admissions into your school of choice
- Get a list of schools for which you will likely qualify for
NIGERIAN SCHOOL INFORMATION AND UPDATES
- Powerful search capabilities that makes it easy to narrow down find just the school you're interested in.
- Comprehensive directory of Nigerian universities, polytechnics, colleges and other schools including:
* Lagos State University (LASU)
* National Open University of Nigeria, Lagos
* Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (ABU)
* Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti (EKSU)
* Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka (UNIZIK)
* Bayero University, Kano (BUK)
* Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU)
- And all the top federal universities such as:
* University of Abuja (UNIBUJA)
* Benin (UNIBEN)
* Calabar (UNICAL)
* Ibadan(UI)
* Ilorin (Unilorin)
* Jos (UNIJOS)
* Lagos (UNILAG)
* Maiduguri (UNIMAID)
* Nsukka (UNN),
* Port-Harcourt (UNIPORT),
* Uyo (UNIUYO)
P.S I have used this app . its cool but it requires data and a little cash

Alwaji's jamb practice app

This is JAMB CBT Practice App fromAwajis.Com
This app contains thousands of Jamb Past Past Questions arranged by subjects.
Best of all, It's totally offline.
Why this Jamb CBT Practice Software:
Contains 12,000 Questions Offline - practice authentic UTME past questions from 15 subjects with detailed explanations.
Practice By Topics - gain mastery of any topic by practicing questions from any topic of interest.
Practice one or more subjects at once - you can practice all four subjects at a time.
In Dependence - revise the recommended literature with over 350 likely questions
Voice (Text-To-Speech) - you can listen to questions and explanation in an interesting way.
Intelligent Personal Assistant - get real-time advise on what topic to improve upon after each practice by voice.
Built-In Calculator - use the built-in calculator to crunch numbers without leaving the exam interface.
Rich Result Analysis - get detailed analysis on how you perform on any exam.
Bookmarks - bookmark any question that you wish to view later.
Decide Everything - easily change the number of questions, exam year, exam time, exam mode and username.
Does Not Expire - continues to function as long as your computer stays alive!
No Subscription Fee - once activated, forever activated for all subjects!

MSGist JAMB CBT Practice App.

MSGist JAMB CBT Practice App prepares candidates for UTME in an incredible way. It has 24 subjects with 16,287 real and verifiable JAMB past questions. It has an on-screen calculator and cool user interface which looks like that of JAMB. You can decide to practice questions from any topic of interest. It is simply one of the best CBT apps that can boost your chance of acing UTME.JAMB CBT Practice App works 100% offline – you don’t need an internet connection after installing the app.

Features of MSGist JAMB CBT Practice App.

  • Contains 16,000+ Questions Offline – practice authentic UTME past and model questions from 24 subjects with detailed explanations
  • Practice By Topics – gain mastery of any topic by practicing questions from any topic of interest
  • Summary of 16 JAMB prescribed literature textbooks – study literature textbooks including
  • SWEET SIXTEEN and practice over 1000 likely questions
  • Dictionary – get definition of over 92,000 words offline
  • School Finder – using School Finder is by far the easiest way to know JAMB requirement for any course in Nigeria
  • Voice (Text-To-Speech) – you can listen to questions and explanation in an interesting way
  • Offline Chatbot – chat with Clara to find answers to most requests using our custom built Chatbot technology with amazing artificial intelligence
  • UTME Challenge – compete for NGN50,000 prize with your peers
  • Educational Games – have fun while learning with our fascinating games
  • Does Not Expire – continues to function as long as your device stays alive!
  • No Subscription Fee – once activated, forever activated for all subjects!
  • Practice one or more subjects at once – you can practice all four subjects at a time.
  • Built-In Calculator – use the built-in calculator to crunch numbers without leaving the exam interface.
  • Rich Result Analysis – get detailed analysis on how you perform on any exam.
  • Bookmarks – bookmark any question that you wish to view later.
  • Decide Everything – easily change the number of questions, exam year, exam time, exam mode and username.

Other things you need to know

  • Users can choose to shuffle question, shuffle options and set exam time.
  • Users can practice more than one subject at a time.
  • Users can select exam year and number of questions.
  • Users can practice specific topics of interest in each subject.
  • Has simple to use and cool user interface.
  • Shows number of attempted questions.
  • Users can easily switch from one question number to another.
  • Users can view at a glance all correctly answered questions and those not answered correctly.
  • Shows summarized and detailed result after practice in Tables and Charts.

Download MSGist JAMB CBT Practice App for Free.

Follow the link below to download the app on your Android Device:
DOWNLOAD HERE VISIT SITE

Jamb CBT Practice Software

PASS.NG’s JAMB CBT PRACTICE SOFTWARE

PASS.NG’s JAMB CBT PRACTICE SOFTWARE is a Computer Testing & Preparatory Software, designed to help candidates prepare for and familiarize themselves with the coming JAMB CBT examination.
We have error-free test questions based on JAMB/UTME past and Expert-curated questions from 2000 to 2018. The software, which is totally offline (does NOT require an internet connection to work), tracks the user, mark and score with detailed explanation and statistics of area of strength and weaknesses in all topics the mock examination.
DOWNLOAD NOW 105718 Downloads
Size: 106MB
You need to pay N1500

HOW TO INSTALL YOUR SOFTWARE

Follow the following instructions to have a hitch-free installation of your JAMB CBT Practise Software.

For users who purchased a Compact Disc (CD) version of the app.

  1. Run the Compact Disc (CD) in your computer system’s Compact Disc (CD)-ROM Drive.
  2. Click on “Pass.ng.exe” to begin the installation process.
  3. Follow the installation wizard till installation is completed.
  4. Upon successful installation, double-click on the Pass.ng icon on your desktop to launch the application.

For users who downloaded the software online.

  1. Download the Software from our website.
  2. Check your download folder for Pass.ng setup with the name "Pass.ng.1.0.exe".
  3. Click on “Pass.ng.1.0.exe” to begin the installation process.
  4. Follow the installation wizard till installation is completed.
  5. Upon successful installation, double-click on the Pass.ng icon on your desktop to launch the application

Awajis CBT Practice Software

You can use the links below to Download or activate the Awaji's Jamb CBT Software for PC. This utme cbt practice software is completely offline and does not require monthly subscriptions.
DOWNLOAD(78MB)ACTIVATE PC software
Alternative Download: Softpedia
Features of Awajis CBT Practice Software
  • It doesn’t require a monthly subscription.
  • Uses the same technology as the 2019 UTME.
  • The CBT app completely offline. Requires no internet access at all.
  • There’s a complete summary of the Sweet sixteen novel.
  • Likely questions from Sweet Sixteen novel.
  • This Jamb cbt software completely covers your need as a Jambite.
  • Updated with the new Intelligent Personal Assistant – IPA.
  • The 8 keys navigation works fine too (Original programming)

Why is Every Jambite getting this JAMB CBT Software?

  • It has Over 13,000 Questions – practice real past JAMB UTME questions from 15 subjects with detailed solutions.
  • It’s Completely Offline – Do I have to explain that? You don’t need internet access to practice on this app.
  • There’s Topic Selection – Choose individual topics to boost performance on areas that need improvement.
  • There’s Subject Selection – You get to select which subjects you want to practice at anytime. You can choose 1, 2, 3 or your complete 4 subjects. If you’re crazy, you can practice the 15 subjects at once.
  • Sweet sixteen novel – Practice past JAMB UTME questions based on the Sweet Sixteen Novel. There’s also a complete summary.
  • Built-In Calculator – You’ll need a calculator to tackle those science subjects right? It’s there.
  • Next Generation Result Analysis – You’ll see detailed Result analysis after each test. This way you know which subjects you’re lagging behind in.
  • Bookmarks option – This is a cool feature. You can add bookmark an interesting / challenging question, and go back directly to it at anytime.
  • Flexibility – Nothing is fixed in this CBT Software. You can the number of questions, the timing, exam mode. Anything at all.
  • No Expiration – You heard that right. This software does not expire. You get to use it forever. No monthly subscription

How to Install the PC Software

Here is a step by step guide on installing the 2019 Jamb CBT Practice software for laptop/desktop pc.
  1. The software comes as a zip package.
  2. Unzip the file into a folder.
  3. Open the newly created folder.
  4. Click on the setup.exe file to launch the installation sequence.

MYSCHOOLGIST JAMB UTME CBT Practice Software [Free Download]

The ‘great’ JAMB UTME CBT practice software! The Software that let you scale through 2019 UTME like a genius. The CBT engine is like that of JAMB with a better user interface. You are guaranteed of Getting Higher Score with this package. Loaded with 24 SUBJECTS and you don’t even need the internet to access them (it works offline). The Software Does Not Expire – continues to function as long as your computer stays alive!
CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD YOUR COPY NOW Click Here to Buy the Activation Key Now!
The Electronic System Testing & Preparatory Software was developed to help candidates prepare for JAMB CBT examination, and evaluate their readiness to take the exam. However, the software is a licensed application and is licensed on a per computer basis.

How Our CBT Software Works?

The CBT SOFTWARE automatically generates a simulated and randomized JAMB CBT test questions based on past JAMB/UTME questions.
The CBT SOFTWARE automatically time the user, mark and score the simulated examination. It also grades the user and displays a performance report. Answers to the test questions, explanations to the answers and other features have been included for a complete learning experience.

Why Use MySchoolGist CBT Software?

  • Contains 16,000+ Questions Offline – practice authentic UTME past and model questions from 24 subjects with detailed explanations.
  • No Subscription Fee – once activated, forever activated for all subjects!
  • Does Not Expire – continues to function as long as your device stays alive!
  • SWEET SIXTEEN and practice over 1000 likely questions.
  • Practice By Topics – gain mastery of any topic by practicing questions from any topic of interest.
  • Practice one or more subjects at once – you can practice all four subjects at a time.
  • Summary of 16 JAMB prescribed literature textbooks – study literature textbooks including.
  • Rich Result Analysis – get detailed analysis on how you perform on any exam.
  • Dictionary – get definition of over 92,000 words offline.
  • School Finder – using School Finder is by far the easiest way to know JAMB requirement for any course in Nigeria.
  • Voice (Text-To-Speech) – you can listen to questions and explanation in an interesting way.
  • Offline Chatbot – chat with Clara to find answers to most requests using our custom built Chatbot technology with amazing artificial intelligence.
  • Educational Games – have fun while learning with our fascinating games.
  • Built-In Calculator – use the built-in calculator to crunch numbers without leaving the exam interface.
  • Bookmarks – bookmark any question that you wish to view later.
  • Decide Everything – easily change the number of questions, exam year, exam time, exam mode and username.

Other Features of the UTME CBT Practice Software.

  • The CBT engine can display passages, images, tables, subscripts, superscripts and special symbols both in the question and option boxes.
  • Users get to see their scores, number of questions attempted, answering speed, time spent, among others, on beautiful charts.
  • Results can be printed or saved.
  • Has feedback and error reporting features.
  • Has innovative learning tools – VOCAB, MathSolver, English Kit, MathTips
The features of this software are great, numerous and endless. Go to the download page now to have a taste of its great capabilities.

Is the UTME Practice Software Really Free?

Yea, the software is free to download via the link provided at the end of the post. However, it has been stated earlier that it’s a licensed application, so you have to pay to get its license and enjoy its full functionality.
As a matter of fact, you can use the demo of the product before paying for it.

How Much Does the CBT Software Activation Code/License Cost?

We are giving out the software activation code/license for just NGN1500. You will agree with me that if you are to purchase JAMB past questions for four subjects, you will be spending nothing less than NGN3,000 to NGN3,500. In this case, you are not limited to four subjects, you have 16 different subjects at your disposal. This implies that multiple persons can use the application even if they all offer different courses.

Download UTME Practice Software.

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD
If you are unable to download the software using the link above, you can also CLICK HERE FOR ALTERNATIVE DOWNLOAD LINK.
If you need the JAMB CBT Practice software license, you have to pay the NGN1,500 activation code/license fee.

MYSCHOOL CBT SOFTWARE

This 2019 JAMB CBT Software has now been totally refreshed to contain over 40,000 possible CBT past questions from 1978 to 2018. JAMB CBT 2018 Questions have now been added to the software. Simply update your questions from the software to get them. You can now download the JAMB CBT software and use it to get the exact feeling you would experience in your coming 2019 UTME exam.
If you were looking for the Mobile App Version that works on Android Phones, then visit the page; Latest JAMB CBT Practice Mobile App - Free Download
Once activated, apart from access to all JAMB, WAEC, NECO and NABTEB past questions (from 1978 to 2017), we will also give you 1 year of Free SMS alerts for your Main School of choice, as set in your Myschool Profile. This is the best practise JAMB CBT Software you can ever have on your Computer System.
If you are determined to score up to 290 and above, you simply have to download this software today and start your preparations immediately. The exam practice section works totally offline, so you do not require internet to be the best.
Schools & Institutions, CBT Centres, Business Cafes and Smart Individuals can already see how to make money by training their students, marketing, selling and offering support by requesting a bulk purchase at a discount, or becoming an Agent or Reseller for this product, click here to read more.
Here's what's new in this 2019 Version of the Software;
• 2019 UTME Ready.
• 2018 CBT Questions included. Simply update questions.
• Easily get latest news updates from all schools for free.
• Activate Once, Use it for Life of your computer or laptop - Very Cheap!
• Access over 40,000 past questions and their solutions for JAMB, Post-UTME, WAEC, NECO and NABTEB exams, in an organized manner.
• Access all past questions and their solutions without any Internet Connection, even in remote and rural areas.
• Study Past Question Year by Year - All years included
• Contains Official JAMB Calculator
• Carry all past question & answer booklets for all subjects in your computer system.
• Adequately prepares you for Post-UTME, whether Paper or CBT.
• Practice Exact Post-UTME CBT Environment using custom settings.
• Ask an Academic or School Question, and have a teacher, user, admin or institutions answer you within minutes.
• Easily send message to, or receive messages from Myschool Friends
• Enables you search for a particular question keyword in any subject and get the answer and explanations. Like a "google" for past questions.
• Gives you an idea of what JAMB CBT environment feels like.
• Comes with flexible and reliable 1 year of SMS alerts for your choice school as stated in your profile.
• Prepares you for JAMB CBT and also Post-UTME exams in your school of choice.
• View with the Latest JAMB Brochure to check course requirements for free
• View with the Latest JAMB Syllabus for reading requirements for free
• Avoid expensive admission sorting by encouraging learning.
With this Myschool JAMB CBT Software and constant practise, you are sure of scoring 290+ in your JAMB CBT Exams.

Download Link

Start downloading right now by clicking here, while you continue reading on how this software would help you scale your 2019 UTME.

Notable Features

The software has also been packed with the latest JAMB Brochure and JAMB Syllabus for 2019 so you will be sure that all your reading requirements and admission preparations are all intact.
The most interesting fact about this Latest JAMB CBT Software is that it does not expire. It will last for the lifetime of your computer system. You can always update the software with new questions, answers & explanations, so you don't need to always re-download to get updates. Myschool will also provide you with reliable News and Events, right from the software interface. Isn't that awesome?
The best way to experience what we mean is to download the JAMB CBT software for 2019 UTME right now by clicking here

Getting Your Activation Code

After downloading, you can easily get your activation code from within the software. If you would like to get an activation code right now so you can get started now. Click here to order a code
S0 her it is guys, top ten cbt apps and software for jamb. if you have more you would like to share feel free to comment below.
submitted by brokeblogger to u/brokeblogger [link] [comments]


2018.12.29 00:10 Rsubs33 [Game Preview] Week 17 - Philadelphia Eagles(8-7) at Washington Redskins (7-8)

Philadelphia Eagles (8-7) at Washington Redskins (7-8)
It looks as if the ghost of Super Bowl MVP past has returned once more to try to save the Eagles season. Foles looked comfortable out there throwing 35-49 for 471 yards and 4 TDs as the Eagles kept their playoff hopes alive against the playoff bound Houston Texans. The Eagles will need to take care of business as they take on the division rival Redskins who have been hobbled since losing Alex Smith for the season in week 12. The Redskins might be beat up, but they still have a lot of talent especially on the defensive side of the ball. Foles will need to keep the Eagles offense rolling and spread ball around to keep the Redskins defense off balance. If the Eagles offense can put up the points the Eagles defense should be able to shut down the Redskins on offense where they have suffered a majority of their injuries and will be starting journeyman QB Josh Johnson on Sunday. The Eagles will need some help though if they want to make it into the playoffs to defend their title. That help needs to come from the Chicago Bears who are taking on the Minnesota Vikings. If the Bears win and the Eagles take care of their own business, the Eagles will sneak in as a 6th seed. Let’s hope BDN has some magic left in that old slong of his. Go Birds!
General Information
Posting Rules and Guidelines
Remember to join us on Slack during the game!
Click here to register for Slack.
New to the Eagles? Take a look at our New Fan Page!
Date
Sunday, December 30th, 2018
Game Time Game Location
4:25 PM - Eastern FedEx Field
3:25 PM - Central 1600 FedEx Way
2:25 PM - Mountain Landover, MD 20758
1:25 PM - Pacific Wikipedia - Map
Weather Forecast
Stadium Type: Open Air
Surface: Grass
Temperature: 45°F
Feels Like: 43°F
Forecast: Partly cloudy. Cloudy most of the day.
Chance of Precipitation: 1%
Cloud Coverage: 50%
Wind: SSW 3 MPH
Betting Odds
Oddsshark Information
Favorite/Opening Line: Philadelphia by -6.5
OveUnder: 42
Record VS. Spread: Philadelphia 5-9-1, Washington 9-6
Where to Watch on TV
FOX will broadcast Sunday’s game to a regional audience. Chris Myers will handle the play-by-play duties and Daryl Johnson will try to provide analysis. Laura Orkin.
TV Map - Week 17 TV Coverage Map
Internet Streams
NFL Streams - Look here 30 minutes before the game for Streams
Radio Streams
Disclaimer: Subscription Based Official NFL Radio Streams available via TuneIn
List of Eagles Radio network member stations with internet broadcast availability
Radio.com 94.1 Desktop Streaming
Listen to Merrill Reese and Mike Quick
Calling the game on 94WIP and the Eagles Radio Network will be Merrill Reese, the NFL’s longest-tenured play-by-play announcer (41st season). Joining Reese in the radio booth will be former Eagles All-Pro wide receiver Mike Quick, while Howard Eskin will report from the sidelines.
Location Station Frequency
Philadelphia, PA WIP-FM 94.1 FM and 610 AM
Allentown, PA WCTO-FM 96.1 FM
Atlantic City/South Jersey WENJ-FM 97.3 FM
Levittown, PA WBCB-AM 1490 AM
Northumberland, PA WEGH-FM 107.3 FM
Pottsville, PA WPPA-AM 1360 AM
Reading, PA WEEU-AM 830 AM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WAFL-FM 97.7 FM
Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, PA WEJL-FM 96.1 FM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WAFL-FM 97.7 FM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WEJL-AM 630 AM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WBAX-AM 1240 AM
Williamsport, PA WBZD-FM 93.3 FM
Wilmington, DE WDEL-FM/AM 101.7 FM
York/LancasteHarrisburg, PA WSOX-FM 96.1 FM
Philadelphia Spanish Radio
Rickie Ricardo, Macu Berral and Gus Salazar will handle the broadcast in Spanish on Mega 105.7 FM in Philadelphia and the Eagles Spanish Radio Network.
Location Station Frequency
Philadelphia, PA LA MEGA 105.7 FM
Allentown, PA WSAN 1470 AM
Atlantic City, NJ WIBG 1020 AM; 101.3 FM
Redskins Radio
Redskins Radio Network Larry Michael (play-by-play), Sonny Jurgensen (color), Chris Cooley (analysis), Rick “Doc” Walker (sidelines).
National Radio
Compass Radio will carry the game nationally with Chris Carrino (play-by-play) and Brian Baldinger (analyst).
Satellite Radio
Station Eagles Channel Redskins Channel
Sirius Radio SIRI 83 (Internet 825) SIRI 81 (Internet 831)
XM Radio XM 83 (Internet 825) XM 81 (Internet 831)
Sirius XM Radio SXM 83 (Internet 825) SXM 81 (Internet 831)
Eagles Social Media Redskins Social Media
Website Website
Facebook Facebook
Twitter Twitter
Instagram Instagram
Snapchat: Eagles Snapchat: Redskinssnap
NFC East Standings
NFC EAST W PCT Home Road Div Conf PF PA Net Pts Strk
Cowboys* 9-6 .600 7-1 2-5 4-1 8-3 303 289 14 1W
Eagles 8-7 .533 5-3 3-4 3-2 5-6 343 348 -5 2W
Redskins 7-8 .467 3-4 4-4 2-3 6-5 281 335 -54 1L
Giants 5-10 .333 2-5 3-5 1-4 4-7 334 376 -42 2L
Series Information
The Washington Redskins lead the Philadelphia Eagles (86-77-6)
Series History
Head to Head Box Scores
First Game Played
October 21st, 1934 at Fenway Park in Boston, MA. Boston Redskins 6 - Philadelphia Eagles 0
Points Leader
The Philadelphia Eagles lead the Washington Redskins (3541-3356)
Coaches Record
Doug Pederson: 3-2 against the Redskins
Jay Gruden: 5-4 against Eagles
Coaches Head to Head
Doug Pederson vs Jay Gruden: Pederson leads 3-2
Quarterback Record
Nick Foles: Against Redskins: 2-3
Josh Johnson: Against Eagles: 0-1
Quarterbacks Head to Head
Nick Foles vs Josh Johnson: First Meeting between the QBs
Records per Stadium
Record @ Lincoln Financial Field: Eagles lead the Redskins: 9-7
Record @ FedEx Field: Eagles lead the Redskins: 12-6
Rankings and Last Meeting Information
AP Pro 32 Ranking
Eagles No. 15 - Redskins No. 18
Record
Eagles: 8-7
Redskins: 7-8
Last Meeting
Monday, December 3rd, 2018
Eagles 28 - Redskins 13
Eagles took on the division rival Redskins who may be one of the only teams with more key injuries than the Eagles and it just got worse for Washington with backup Colt McCoy having to leave the game with a broken fibula after the first quarter. Journeyman and former Eagles Mark Sanchez was forced into action just two weeks after joining the team. With the limited off the Redskins struggled to get anything going on offense outside of a long 90 yards AP TD run in the 2nd quarter. On the other side of the ball the Redskins offense struggled to stop the Eagles who seemed to move the ball with ease. The Eagles offense looked in rhythm for the first time this season moving the ball both through the air and on the ground and getting multiple people involved. Carson Wentz threw for 306 yards 2 TDs and an INT and the Eagles moved the ball on the ground with 134 yards on 29 carries from their running backs in a 28-13 win.
Click here to view the Video Recap
Click here to view the Stats Recap
Last Meeting at Site
Sunday, September 10th, 2018
Eagles 30 - Redskins 17
Carson Wentz was 26-29 for 307 yards and two touchdowns as the second-year quarterback guided the Philadelphia Eagles to a 30-17 victory over the Washington Redskins on Sunday in a sloppy, mistake-filled season opener between the NFC East rivals. Wentz frustrated the Redskins defenders all day with his ability to avoid sacks and extend plays including a 56 TD pass to Nelson Agholor to put the Eagles on the board first. The Eagles struggled to run the ball throughout the game averaging just 2.4 yards per carry. However, they were able to pull out a win with Wentz carrying the offense and an impressive performance by the defense where they caused 3 turnovers (2 FF, 1 INT) and 4 sacks. It wasn't pretty, but it was a hard fought division game that saw the Eagles come out on top.
Click here to view the Video Recap
Click here to view the Stats Recap
Last 10 Meetings
Date Winner Loser Score
12/3/2018 Eagles Redskins 28-13
10/23/2017 Eagles Redskins 34-24
9/10/2017 Eagles Redskins 30-17
12/11/2016 Redskins Eagles 27-22
10/16/2016 Redskins Eagles 27-20
12/26/2015 Redskins Eagles 38-24
10/04/2015 Redskins Eagles 23-20
12/20/2014 Redskins Eagles 27-24
09/21/2014 Eagles Redskins 37-34
11/17/2013 Eagles Redskins 24-16
Injury Reports Depth Charts
Eagles Eagles
Redksins Redksins
2018 Weekly Matchup
Week 17 - Iron Rank Matchup
Week 17 - "Expert" Picks
2018 Team Stats
Eagles Season Stats
Redskins Season Stats
2018 Stats (Starters/Leaders)
Passing
Name CMP ATT PCT YDS TD INT RAT
Foles 113 162 69.8% 1192 5 3 93.4
Johnson 40 64 62.5% 499 3 3 82.7
Rushing
Name ATT YDS YDS/G AVG TD
Adams 109 461 35.5 4.2 3
Peterson 247 1042 69.5 4.2 7
Receiving
Name REC YDS YDS/G AVG TD
Ertz 113 1148 76.5 10.2 8
Reed 54 558 42.9 10.3 2
Sacks
Name Sacks Team Total
Bennett 8.0 40.0
Kerrigan 12.0 43.0
Tackles
Name Total Solo Assist Sacks
Jenkins 93 75 18 1.0
Foster 123 75 48 1.0
Interceptions
Name Ints Team Total
Douglas/Maddox 2 9
Swearinger 4 14
Punting
Name ATT YDS LONG AVG NET IN 20 TB BP
Johnston 58 2814 68 48.5 43.1 23 7 0
Way 74 3357 63 45.4 41.3 39 0 0
Kicking
Name ATT MADE % LONG PAT
Elliot 30 25 83.3% 61 30/32
Hopkins 29 26 89.7% 56 25/26
Kick Returns
Name ATT YDS AVG LONG TD
Scott 4 96 24.0 35 0
Johnson 10 225 22.5 44 0
Punt Returns
Name RET YDS AVG LONG TD FC
Sproles 9 9.0 8.1 14 0 7
Stroman 5 28 5.6 10 0 11
League Rankings 2018
Offense Rankings
Category Eagles Stat Eagles Rank Redskins Stat Redskins Rank
Total Offense 365.7 19th 313.7 28th
Rush Offense 96.1 24th 116.9 17th
Pass Offense 269.6 13th 196.9 28th
Points Per Game 22.9 24th 18.7 28th
3rd-Down Offense 39.8% 15th 38.1% 19th
4th-Down Offense 59.1% 21st 57.1% T-15th
Red Zone Offense (TD%) 57.4% 21st 52.5% 24th
Defense Rankings
Category Eagles Stat Eagles Rank Redskins Stat Redskins Rank
Total Defense 384.7 27th 352.915th
Rush Defense 102.0 7th 115.4 17th
Pass Defense 282.7 32nd 237.5 14th
Points Per Game 23.2 16th 22.3 14th
3rd-Down Defense 37.0% 9th 42.9% 29th
4th-Down Defense 60.0% T-19th 33.3% 2nd
Red Zone Defense (TD%) 44.6% 3rd 51.0% 8th
Team
Category Eagles Stat Eagles Rank Redskins Stat Redskins Rank
Turnover Diff. -6 T-23rd +7 T-8th
Penalty Per Game 6.3 10th 7.5 T-28th
Penalty Yards Per Game 55.1 11th 66.2 30th
Recap from Last Week’s Games.
Eagles - Video – The Eagles looked to keep their season alive and Super Bowl MVP came out to play as Foles threw for a franchise record 471 yards and 4 TDs on 35-49 passing hitting 10 receivers in the process. The Eagles lost the lead late and on the final drive Nick Foles ran back onto the field after a hard shot knocked him out for a play and the crowd roared, seemingly knowing he was about to do it again. Foles did do it again as he got the Eagles into field goal range. Jake Elliott kicked a 35-yard field goal as time expired and the Philadelphia Eagles beat the Houston Texans 32-30 Sunday to keep their playoff hopes alive.
Washington - Video – The Redskins were eliminated from playoff contention last week as they couldn’t hold off Blaine Gabbert who came off the bench for the third time this season, Gabbert threw for 101 yards after the Redskins knocked Mariota out of the game late in the first half with a stinger. Gabbert hit Taywan Taylor for 35 yards to jump-start the winning drive, Derrick Henry ran four times for 33 yards, his last an 18-yarder to the 2. Gabbert then hit Pruitt at the back of the end zone. For the Redskins Josh Johnson looked rusty after coming off his couch 2 weeks ago. He threw for 153 yards 1 TD and 2 INTs on 13/23 passing.
Connections
Redskins offensive coordinator Matt Cavanaugh played for the Eagles from 1986-89.
Redskins OL coach Bill Callahan held the same title with the Eagles from 1995-97.
Eagles defensive quality control/asst. DL coach Phillip Daniels played for the Redskins from 2004-10.
Redskins Asst Special Teams coach Bret Munsey served as a national scout with the Eagles in 2013.
Eagles LS Rick Lovato briefly signed with the Redskins during the 2016 season for two weeks.
Redskins Outside Linebackers Coach Chad Grimm worked with Eagles Offensive Coordinator Frank Reich for the Arizona Cardinals in 2012. Grimm also worked with Reich for the San Diego Chargers from 2013-14.
Redskins Defensive Coordinator Greg Manusky (2007-10) and Defensive Line Coach Jim Tomsula (2007-15) worked with Eagles Special Teams Coordinator Dave Fipp (2008-10) for the San Francisco 49ers.
Greg Manusky played with Eagles Assistant Offensive Line/Tight Ends Coach Eugene Chung on the Kansas City Chiefs from 1998-99.
Redskins Running backs Coach Randy Jordan also played with Chung on the Jacksonville Jaguars in 1995.
Redskins Manusky and Tomsula worked for the San Francisco 49ers while Eagles S Chris Maragos played there in 2010.
Eagles WR Torrey Smith played for the San Francisco 49ers (2015-16) when Redskins Quarterbacks Coach Kevin O’Connell 2016) and Tomsula (2015) worked for the 49ers.
Eagles Special Teams Coordinator Dave Fipp worked with Redskins Wide Receivers Coach Ike Hilliard worked with the Miami Dolphins in 2011. Hilliard also worked for the Buffalo Bills while Eagles LB Nigel Bradham played there in 2013.
Redskins Defensive Quality Control Cannon Matthews (2013) and O’Connell (2015) worked together with Eagles Linebackers Coach Ken Flajole (2013-15) for the Cleveland Browns. Matthews also worked for the Tennessee Titans while Eagles G Chance Warmack played there from 2014-15.
Eagles Offensive Coordinator Coach Mike Groh worked with Offensive Coordinator Matt Cavanaugh for the Chicago Bears from 2013-14. Cavanaugh worked for the Chicago Bears while Eagles WR Alshon Jeffery played there from 2013-14.
2019 Pro Bowlers
Eagles Redskins
DT Fletcher Cox (Starter) OLB Ryan Kerrigan (Starter)
OG Brandon Brooks (Starter) OT Trent Williams
TE Zach Ertz (Starter)
General
Referee: Craig Wrolstad
Philadelphia has won 3 straight games vs. Washington, including a 28-13 victory on Monday Night Football in Week 13 at Lincoln Financial Field.
The Eagles own a 12-9 (.571) all-time record at FedExField. Philadelphia won its most recent game at Washington, 30-17, in the 2017 regular-season opener.
Draft Picks
Eagles Redskins
TE Dallas Goedert NT Daron Payne
CB Avonte Maddox RB Derrius Guice
DE Josh Sweat OT Geron Christian
T Matt Pryor S Troy Apke
T Jordan Mailata NT Tim Settle
LB Shaun Dion Hamilton
CB Greg Stroman
WR Trey Quinn
Notable Off-season Additions
Eagles Redskins
WR Mike Wallace QB Alex Smith
WR Markus Wheaton S Haha Clinton Dix
DT Haloti Ngata CB Adonis Alexander
P Cameron Johnston WR Paul Richardson
DT Bruce Hector CB Orlando Scandrick
LB DJ Alexander DE Pernell McPhee
WR Jordan Matthews LB Rueben "The Woman Beater" Foster
Notable Off-season Departures
Eagles Redskins
DE Vinny Curry QB Kirk Cousins
WR Torrey Smith S Su'a Cravens
RB Kenjon Barner TE Derek Carrier
RB LaGarrett Blount CB Kendall Fuller
LB RB Mychal Kendricks QB Kurt Cousins
CB Patrick Robinson DE Trent Murhpy
TE Trey Burton C Spencer Long
DT Beau Allen WR Ryan Grant
P Donnie Jones CB Bashaud Breeland
WR Marcus Johnson LB Junior Galette
TE Brent Celek WR Terrell Pryor
LB Will Compton
TE Niles Paul
Milestones
Eagles QB Nick Foles (56) needs 2 passing TDs to move up to 8th all-time passing QB Bobby Thomason and QB Michael Vick.
Eagles TE Zach Ertz (29) needs 2 TDs to move up to a tie for 11th on the Eagles all-time receiving TD list all-time tying TE Brent Celek and SE Jack Ferrante
Eagles TE Zach Ertz (4812) needs 187 yards to move up to 8th on the Eagles all-time receiving yards list passing TE Brent Celek
Eagles RB Darren Sproles needs 201 yards to move up to 5th on the NFL’s all-time all-purpose yards list passing WR Tim Brown.
Eagles DE Fletcher Cox (41.5 - 7th) needs 1 sack to move into a tie for 6th all-time on the Eagles sack list with DE Brandon Graham.
Eagles S Malcolm Jenkins's (4) needs 1 more Interception for a TD to tie CB Eric Allen (5) for most Interceptions for a TD by an Eagles player.
Redskins WR Jamison Crowder (2621) needs 82 yards to move up to 17th on Redskins all-time receiving yards list passing WR Desean Jackson.
PFF Stat to Know
Josh Norman’s Decline
Venture a guess as to how many Eagles DBs with notable snaps have allowed a lower passer rating than Josh Norman, in 2018. Got that number in mind? Add a few. The number is SEVEN. Cre’Von LeBlanc has allowed a lower passer rating than Norman. Ok, now, considering the title of this section, guess what that number was in 2017. Think hard. That number is....also SEVEN. The difference? In 2018, the Landoverians only fielded 2 DBs with lower passer ratings allowed than Norman (both Safeties, Swearinger now gone). In 2017? The Landover team had SIX DBs that posted better passer ratings (3 CBs). You have to go back to the 2016 season and earlier to find dominant Norman. At that point, only one DB posted a better passer rating (the Eagles’ McLeod).
Matchups to Watch
Eagles Offensive Line vs. Redskins Defensive Line
Just like in the previous match up, this battle will go a long way to helping the Eagles win in the air and on the ground. This is especially true with the less mobile Foles. The Eagles offensive line has been among the leagues very best the last 3-4 weeks but has been good all year. The recent performance has been more about this group rounding into last years form. The Redskins defensive front is still very talented and has given the Eagles plenty of fits over the years even if their first meeting was a clear win for the Eagles. Ryan Kerrigan and Preston Smith are a very good edge pairing; if Peters is unable to go or finish out this contest, Smith will have a very nice match up against the struggling Big V. John Allen and Da'ron Payne are two young but very talented IDL for the Skins and match up well against Seumalo and Wisniewski. Wis has done a solid job for the Eagles in Seumalo's absence but it would be nice to get the latter back into the lineup. Contrary to potential popular opinion, Seumalo does appear to be the better option at LG as the team moves forward. He offers more versatility in the run game and has been steadily improving as a pass blocker as well. One aspect of the OL improvements of late has been the offensive philosophy to speed up the time to throw. This hasn't been a new development for the Eagles since this started against the Cowboys in Dallas, but it has also helped alleviate the pressure the OL was facing. The Redskins run defense has had it's issues of late but the run game for the Eagles isn't anything to write home about. "Lead back" Josh Adams has a sizzling sub 2.0 yards per carry on 26 carries the last 2 weeks as he is showing he's the more limited back he really is. The Eagles should look to lean on the quick passing game as an extension of the run game like last week especially given the suspect coverage guys for the Redskins and the fact the Darren Sproles is in fact still useful. It all starts up front for both teams as controlling the line of scrimmage generally leads to positive results.
Eagles Defensive Line vs. Redskins Offensive Line
This was the definitive match up for the Eagles in their first meeting as the secondary was still struggling to find its footing. As they should have, the DL dominated the decimated Redskins OL that is still decimated. Long, Cox, Bennett, Graham, and Jernigan should all have a good day at the office with this struggling unit. Unfortunately for the Skins, they are also down to their 4th (or 5th?) option at QB this season in Josh Johnson. It's admirable that Johnson has been able to function at all in that offense which is a testament to his competitive nature. One thing he does offer that can help him in this matchup is added mobility. Regardless, the Skins offensive line is one more injury away from throwing a toaster into block and they have a bad passer to account for with even more lackluster weapons. There is no excuse for the Eagles defensive line to get after Johnson in this contest and control Adrian Peterson. It'll require consistent and disciplined play from the defense to keep the Redskins offense from being effective.
Eagles Secondary vs Competence
The Redskins offense is a hot pile of garbage and injury is a major reason why. Even when healthy the receiving options were rather limited for Alex Smith. Since week 1, the Redskins have been struggling mightily to do anything outside of leaning on Adrian Peterson. The Eagles secondary is still a much banged up unit but has been playing much better football of late - especially since Maddox returned. The last couple of weeks have seen steady improvement from Rasul Douglas, elevated play from rookie Avonte Maddox, and a surprising contribution from Leblanc. Malcolm Jenkins is still excellent and Corey Graham hasn't cost the Eagles a game recently so things are looking better. This is still a shaky secondary but it's been better coached and playing better of late. Their opponent is among the league worst this season passing efficiency and there should be no reason for that to change this week. It's the Eagles vs the Redskins so anything can happen, but a performance worse than their first match up would be disheartening for the Eagles and threaten their playoff hopes.
Eagles Pass Offense vs Redskins Pass Defense
Since week 14 the Eagles have been using 12 personnel more often than they did earlier this season and the results don't surprise: they are better offensively. For some reason, the coaching staff was hesitant in getting the team to operate in that grouping for much of the year until the season was on the brink. The Eagles have scored 30 points in each of the last two games thanks in large part to better coaching. The defense has also turned the ball over and given the Eagles more drives which helps the offense score more points. This match up presents another opportunity for 12 personnel to flourish given the recent release of DJ Swearinger. Zach Ertz already owns the Skins and will have an opportunity to feast even more. Golden Tate had his best performance as an Eagles in this first match up between these two teams and could be in line for some opportunities again. The Skins passing defense has been good of late and will present challenges for the outside receivers. The Eagles can't allow themselves to be put in less than favorable down and distance situations. Their LBs and safeties can be exposed in coverage so look for the Eagles to attack the middle of the defense through the air.
submitted by Rsubs33 to eagles [link] [comments]


2018.12.22 00:06 subreddit_stats Subreddit Stats: ukpolitics posts from 2018-12-16 to 2018-12-20 22:42 PDT

Period: 4.38 days
Submissions Comments
Total 847 41580
Rate (per day) 193.32 7726.11
Unique Redditors 330 4990
Combined Score 48626 208080

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 5449 points, 26 submissions: mmmmmm-_-
    1. Andy Burnham: Honestly, I despair. We can find £2b planning for something a majority of MPs oppose but only peanuts for the 1000s sleeping on our streets. (1590 points, 683 comments)
    2. Times Cartoon: Speaking May (1497 points, 86 comments)
    3. Polling shows growing support for staying in EU (998 points, 809 comments)
    4. Times Cartoon: Barricades (470 points, 71 comments)
    5. Good news! Theresa May has a backer for her Brexit deal. Bad news: it's Putin (270 points, 54 comments)
    6. Teachers witnessing 'distressing' new levels of child poverty in schools this winter (235 points, 209 comments)
    7. Netherlands PM uses Britain's Brexit 'chaos' as cautionary tale (163 points, 159 comments)
    8. Activists pile more pressure on Corbyn to back a second referendum on Brexit (97 points, 106 comments)
    9. Homeless Man Found Dying Next To Entrance To Parliament (50 points, 64 comments)
    10. Chickens freezing to death and boiled alive: failings in US slaughterhouses exposed - An investigation finds hundreds of shocking welfare incidents, fuelling concerns about standards in a post-Brexit trade deal (26 points, 18 comments)
  2. 2597 points, 21 submissions: OrneryThroat
    1. Sam Gyimah MP: "Downing St has stopped selling the PMs flawed deal. Instead we have displacement activity designed to distract from last weeks failed renegotiation. And a concerted attempt to discredit every plausible alternative as they run down the clock. This is not in the national interest." (989 points, 167 comments)
    2. No deal scenario - Irish Unification Referendum: Remain in the EU by joining the Irish Republic: 57% Leave the EU by staying in the UK: 43% (411 points, 333 comments)
    3. Sources say Corbyn WILL call for a vote of no confidence in the PM (not the govt) if she does not announce a date for a vote on her Brexit deal asap - expect the move from him in response to PM's statement at 3.30 (206 points, 184 comments)
    4. Cross-party coalition of senior MPs, led by Yvette Cooper and Nicky Morgan, is attempting to amend finance bill to prevent the government going for a no-deal Brexit without obtaining the consent of parliament. There should now be a big vote on 8 Jan. See attached (203 points, 159 comments)
    5. Cabinet source tells me Rudd also urged caution on No Deal, saying this could not become default govt option & PM had to work cross party. Told she said; “Just because you’ve put a seatbelt on, it doesn’t mean you should crash the car.” (183 points, 43 comments)
    6. Other opposition parties have just put down amendment to Corbyn’s motion which would make it a full blown proper confidence motion (139 points, 115 comments)
    7. Exclusive: Geoffrey Cox allegedly told ministers that Theresa May must be 'removed' from office after Brexit (117 points, 31 comments)
    8. "How would you vote if another European Union referendum was held today?": Remain: 54% Leave: 46% (78 points, 71 comments)
    9. Keir Starmer will apply for emergency debate on no deal planning in Commons after prime minister's questions (57 points, 3 comments)
    10. Corbyn’s spokesman: “he did not call her a stupid woman, so I don’t think there are any grounds for an apology”. Says JC said “stupid people”. (54 points, 244 comments)
  3. 2507 points, 20 submissions: Cheapo-Git
    1. Theresa May loyalist Amber Rudd breaks ranks as she becomes the first cabinet minister to call for a second Brexit vote if MPs cannot agree a deal (2013 points, 442 comments)
    2. U.K. to put troops on standby for no-deal Brexit "contingencies" (178 points, 156 comments)
    3. UK economy set for slowest growth since 2009 as Brexit nears - BCC (85 points, 44 comments)
    4. May’s plans for Brexit ‘a wee bit nebulous’, says Sturgeon (35 points, 3 comments)
    5. UK would have to delay Brexit for an 'entirely new' proposal - Irish foreign minister (34 points, 8 comments)
    6. Theresa May's government is spending an extra £2 billion on no deal Brexit planning (21 points, 6 comments)
    7. Bank of England warns of intensified Brexit uncertainties (20 points, 2 comments)
    8. UK's Transport Secretary lifts night-flying restriction at other airports - Sky News (19 points, 18 comments)
    9. Mail journalist ejected from Irish embassy over shouts of 'Brexit' (18 points, 9 comments)
    10. Tory MPs could resign whip if no-deal Brexit becomes primary focus (18 points, 0 comments)
  4. 2398 points, 11 submissions: chowieuk
    1. If the prospect of a peoples' vote or remaining is undemocratic, then how can 'no deal' be democratic? It's the one option that wasn't on the ballot in 2016 and was unanimously promised would never happen... (1431 points, 803 comments)
    2. Peter Geoghegan - "Britain - and British media - is engaging in a lot of displacement activity right now. Friday it was nonsense over 'nebulous'. Today, with 'no deal' plans released, it's what Corbyn said in parliament." (441 points, 97 comments)
    3. Road Haulage Association on no deal - only 2000 permits for 40000 trucks - firm running 300 trucks a week would need to make 7 million customs declarations a week (191 points, 178 comments)
    4. Ian Dunt - "So desperately saddening to now watch Diane Abbott, a supporter of liberal immigration policies, support the end of free movement, but dress it up as 'treating a doctor from Poland the same as one from Pakistan'." (83 points, 72 comments)
    5. Jess Phillips MP - "Everyone's a feminist when their opponents are sexist. Less so when their mates are." (80 points, 47 comments)
    6. Anna Soubry MP - "Happy to apologise but that’s what I thought he was saying. I was a little distracted at the time being called a “fucking traitor” by a rather large & aggressive man - against a back drop of death threats (3 people prosecuted all of whom received custodial sentences)" (74 points, 69 comments)
    7. Anna Soubry receives barrage of abuse whilst walking along the street (55 points, 122 comments)
    8. Why is Nicola Sturgeon the only person showing political leadership in the UK right now? Our political class are somewhat broken (41 points, 82 comments)
    9. Tim Martin speech at Leave means Leave event (2 points, 35 comments)
    10. Geert Wilders - "Today I hosted my brave friend #TommyRobinson in Parliament of The Netherlands. Great meeting, great discussions, great guy!" (0 points, 40 comments)
  5. 2235 points, 18 submissions: OldTenner
    1. Diane Abbott: Strange experience but not unique. Invited by @BBCr4today to speak on immigration policy, yet only 1 question, repeated 3 times. Main questions simply a string of attacks on Jeremy Corbyn. This is not public service broadcasting. (647 points, 351 comments)
    2. Jeremy Corbyn: It is unacceptable for the country to wait another month before Parliament has the chance to vote on Theresa May's botched deal. Therefore I have tabled a motion of no confidence in the PM this evening, so Parliament can take back control. #NoConfidence (479 points, 177 comments)
    3. John McDonnell: Commons Chamber packed out with Tory MPs shouting & bawling about words, which were never spoken. And yet a fellow human being dies on the doorstep of Parliament and they barely say a word. Shameful. “Homeless man found opposite Houses of Parliament dies” (350 points, 198 comments)
    4. Jeremy Corbyn: Agreeing a 'rulebook' to put the Paris climate agreement into practice is important, but we need much more to achieve #ClimateJusticeNow. Big polluters like the USA and Russia must shoulder the biggest responsibility, not collude with oil producers to block progress. #COP24 (171 points, 70 comments)
    5. BREAKING: Theresa May will tell MPs tomorrow: "Let us not break faith with the British people by trying to stage another referendum ... another vote which would further divide our country at the very moment we should be working to unite it.” (156 points, 301 comments)
    6. Faisal Islam: Whilst reporting that some pro Brexit campaigners in yellow jackets were shouting misogynist stuff at Kay and that I was “not British” and “a rapist” ... well done all who helped create this situation. Good job. (133 points, 127 comments)
    7. No-deal Brexit will raise food prices, says Michael Gove (78 points, 39 comments)
    8. Westminster voting intention: LAB: 40% CON: 37% LDEM: 7% UKIP: 6% GRN: 3% via @PopulusPolls, 10 - 11 Dec (78 points, 74 comments)
    9. Iain Anderson: I’m told HMG now readying a mass consumer campaign to get people ready for no deal #Brexit - full blown consumer website and campaign ready for mid January 😳 (77 points, 132 comments)
    10. The Government is altering some of its official Brexit paperwork to remove the word "unlikely" when used in relation to a 'no-deal' Brexit (43 points, 34 comments)
  6. 2029 points, 10 submissions: Lolworth
    1. Adams on grounded planes (1921 points, 138 comments)
    2. Steve Bell on parliament (30 points, 10 comments)
    3. Amazon chief squirms as MP demands she hand over the online giant's business rate and sales figures after denying the firm is 'single-handedly killing Britain's high streets' (27 points, 21 comments)
    4. Steve Bell on homelessness (25 points, 1 comment)
    5. Briton 'faces up to 15 years' in Bali jail over cannabis oil (13 points, 22 comments)
    6. Hypothetically - a surprise general election is called for January. What is the result? (8 points, 88 comments)
    7. Ministers suggest rival Brexit 'Plan Bs' (3 points, 12 comments)
    8. Jacob Rees-Mogg answers two questions from students (1 point, 13 comments)
    9. Sadiq Khan: Hello Wembley! Absolute joy to address the spectacular @hillsonglondon Christmas Carols at @ssearena and thank London's Christian community for the huge contribution they make to our city, putting into practice values of kindness, love and generosity. Merry Christmas, London 🎄 (1 point, 34 comments)
    10. 'We were one bill away from disaster' (0 points, 57 comments)
  7. 1965 points, 2 submissions: IntoTheDepthsMine
    1. The "stupid woman" drama is simply an attempt to distract to paint Theresa May as a victim or anything other than the disaster she is and to draw ranks. (1935 points, 644 comments)
    2. The Blairites who claimed speaking about immigration was 'racist' in the years before 2016 are in part responsible for Brexit. (30 points, 216 comments)
  8. 1399 points, 1 submission: accountaccumulator
    1. Nick Boles MP (Con): "If at any point between now and 29 March the government were to announce that ‘no deal’ Brexit had become its policy, I would immediately resign the Conservative whip and vote in any way necessary to stop it from happening." (1399 points, 502 comments)
  9. 1255 points, 19 submissions: Pro4TLZZ
    1. Russia using 'hardcore propaganda' against UK, warns top diplomat (703 points, 257 comments)
    2. WATCH: @SamGyimah confirms to me that Downing St and cabinet ministers are indeed discussing a second referendum with MPs, as one of a number of options to break the parliamentary deadlock. (324 points, 314 comments)
    3. Lib Dems Press Office: Tonight the Liberal Democrats have tabled a cross-party amendment to Jeremy Corbyn's fudged no confidence vote, which if passed, would trigger the terms of the Fixed Term Parliament Act and lead to a general election. (72 points, 124 comments)
    4. Steve Baker: “Eurosceptic Conservatives are clear that we accept the democratic decision of our Party to have confidence in Theresa May as PM. We will vote against Labour in any confidence motion.” (55 points, 72 comments)
    5. Tube ad with topless man, 58, banned 'for objectifying' the model who features in it (37 points, 67 comments)
    6. MPs want halt to smart motorway rollout over safety concerns (19 points, 13 comments)
    7. Apparently even Russian state TV no longer believes the Salisbury suspects' flimsy cover story: Rossiya-24 just said the US has sanctioned "Anatoly Chepiga, or Ruslan Boshirov, & Alexander Mishkin, he's Alexander Petrov." From denial to defiance, like with the green men in Crimea (16 points, 7 comments)
    8. If there is a second referendum should it be advisory? (7 points, 56 comments)
    9. @RichardAENorth: "1. They catch up eventually ... (5 points, 1 comment)
    10. Brexit: panto politics (4 points, 0 comments)
  10. 1121 points, 1 submission: ElvisJesus
    1. Jeremy Corbyn just tabled a motion of no confidence! (1121 points, 837 comments)
  11. 1101 points, 10 submissions: LeftWingScot
    1. NEW: Understand cabinet members pushing for a second referendum or votes on other options in parliament were all freelancing. Downing Street's official position has not budged. Tomorrow PM will come out hard against a second referendum. (342 points, 298 comments)
    2. All of us say stupid shit. Can we go back to the fact we are as a country bulk buying fridges to store our stockpiled medicines. (304 points, 38 comments)
    3. Homeless man died outside Parliament last night according to the homeless women I just spoke to. They've set up a memorial outside the door of parliament to the tube where they live. (169 points, 103 comments)
    4. Am told Labour chief whip Nick Brown told PLP if the government doesn’t grant time for Jeremy Corbyn’s no confidence motion in Theresa May then Labour will escalate: no confidence motion in government as a whole under Fixed Term Parliaments Act. That has to be granted time (99 points, 49 comments)
    5. Government quietly edits no-deal Brexit preparation documents to remove the word 'unlikely' (74 points, 13 comments)
    6. Uh oh. @NicolaSturgeon says PM was “nebulous” in Brexit talks - no real details on what govt planning (70 points, 16 comments)
    7. No 10 sources confirm vote will not go ahead - and effectively challenge Corbyn to table full-blooded motion of no confidence 'There is a method under the Fixed Term Parliament Act if MPs want to express no confidence in the Government.' (23 points, 65 comments)
    8. Iirsh Tánaiste [Deputy PM]: "We have accelerated our planning for a no-deal Brexit." (16 points, 86 comments)
    9. Even lip readers can't agree on whether Jeremy Corbyn called Theresa May a 'stupid woman' (4 points, 30 comments)
    10. Had to change my transport arrangements home because one of the world’s great military powers can’t deal with a couple of ‘drones’ at Gatwick. (0 points, 44 comments)
  12. 1041 points, 10 submissions: bhosk
    1. £435k Brexit donation to DUP not reported to Electoral Commission (448 points, 68 comments)
    2. Uber loses landmark case over worker rights, entitling UK drivers to minimum wage and sick leave (371 points, 159 comments)
    3. No-Deal Brexit Fears Take Heavy Toll on U.K. Housing Market (119 points, 240 comments)
    4. Scottish Budget: Council tax reforms considered by ministers (30 points, 43 comments)
    5. EU nationals that do not earn over £30,000, by occupation (26 points, 28 comments)
    6. Deaths of homeless people up 24% in England and Wales (22 points, 4 comments)
    7. Leo Varadkar to share Government plans for hard Brexit (14 points, 15 comments)
    8. Brexit: NI Civil Service plans for potential 'disruption' (5 points, 0 comments)
    9. Low Pay Commission Response to the Government on 'one-sided flexibility' (5 points, 1 comment)
    10. Three steps to make it a happier new year for Universal Credit (1 point, 1 comment)
  13. 1026 points, 39 submissions: BothBawlz
    1. Nicola Sturgeon (@NicolaSturgeon) Tweeted: Labour tabling a motion just in the PM rather than in the entire government begs the question, which Tory do they want to see as PM? (237 points, 369 comments)
    2. Henry Smith MP: The closure of Gatwick Airport for 12 hours now due to drone flying appears to be a deliberate criminal act with geofencing breached. I’ve previously raised this issue in Parliament and will be again. The sentence is now 5 years in prison but further efforts are clearly required. (89 points, 141 comments)
    3. Commons Live: Emergency Debate - EU Withdrawal Agreement (82 points, 367 comments)
    4. No Confidence Motion in Her Majesty's Government - EDM #1943 - Tabled 18 December 2018 -2017-19 Session (72 points, 37 comments)
    5. MPs launch bid to amend finance bill to rule out no-deal Brexit without Commons approval (61 points, 76 comments)
    6. Emergency debate on UK-EU Brexit negotiations (52 points, 14 comments)
    7. Laura Kuenssberg Tweeted:No 10 has batted ball back to Labour tonight, to see if they have the guts to upgrade their motion to a genuine vote of no confidence that could collapse the whole govt - let's see but up until now Corbyn's team have been adamant they'll only do that as and when they can win (50 points, 71 comments)
    8. Brexit: cabinet meets to discuss ramping up plans for no deal (47 points, 99 comments)
    9. Labour support could slump below Lib Dems if Jeremy Corbyn backs Tory Brexit deal, poll suggests (41 points, 8 comments)
    10. Harry Yorke (@HarryYorke1) Tweeted: Right, my understanding amid all the confusion is that Labour will demand that the Government allow for their non-binding confidence motion in PM to be held tomorrow, or they will bring forward a formal no confidence motion in the Government, which is binding. (37 points, 19 comments)
  14. 1014 points, 1 submission: Grumptun
    1. Those, like Jeremy Hunt, who glorify a no–deal Brexit are totally irresponsible. It is not the job of politicians to make the people they lead poorer, remove opportunities, rights & make lives more uncertain. There is no such thing as a "managed no deal". (Guy Verhofstadt) (1014 points, 893 comments)
  15. 824 points, 5 submissions: jaydenkieran
    1. Nicola Sturgeon - We disagree on lots but in the spirit of the season, I took the PM a Christmas present today - a bottle of @IsleSkyeDistil gin from @IanBlackfordMP’s beautiful constituency. Maybe she should give @NSoames a taste! (318 points, 75 comments)
    2. Jeremy Corbyn: "You and your colleagues in the media seem utterly obsessed with this" - Labour leader says he's "made very clear what I actually thought and said" after he was accused of calling Theresa May a "stupid woman" during #PMQs (260 points, 353 comments)
    3. Former Labour whip Fiona Onasanya has been found guilty of perverting the course of justice following an Old Bailey retrial for lying to police to avoid a speeding charge (157 points, 101 comments)
    4. PMQs (19 Dec 18) Megathread (68 points, 834 comments)
    5. House of Commons leader Andrea Leadsom says Parliament will begin the debate on Prime Minister Theresa May's Brexit deal on Wednesday 9 January (21 points, 5 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. redrhyski (2713 points, 284 comments)
  2. FordTippex (1918 points, 271 comments)
  3. john_C_random (1878 points, 185 comments)
  4. BothBawlz (1779 points, 431 comments)
  5. ITried2 (1501 points, 110 comments)
  6. DirtyNortherner (1418 points, 143 comments)
  7. chowieuk (1380 points, 172 comments)
  8. deeacorn (1280 points, 148 comments)
  9. DaveChild (1178 points, 97 comments)
  10. andrew2209 (1069 points, 154 comments)
  11. betweentwoeternities (1067 points, 218 comments)
  12. CheesyLala (1018 points, 110 comments)
  13. OnDrugsTonight (980 points, 101 comments)
  14. luke_c (964 points, 49 comments)
  15. Scetis (912 points, 69 comments)
  16. PigeonMother (883 points, 147 comments)
  17. Spotted_Blewit (866 points, 266 comments)
  18. GitGudDandy (860 points, 131 comments)
  19. Nevyn16 (859 points, 71 comments)
  20. G_Morgan (848 points, 82 comments)
  21. Zeal_Iskander (834 points, 181 comments)
  22. shutupandgettobed (834 points, 37 comments)
  23. Morgy117 (824 points, 120 comments)
  24. Wai53 (819 points, 123 comments)
  25. Asystole (810 points, 121 comments)
  26. vladimir_Pooontang (794 points, 198 comments)
  27. OptioMkIX (793 points, 70 comments)
  28. ScoobyDoNot (779 points, 88 comments)
  29. Caridor (767 points, 114 comments)
  30. potpan0 (756 points, 73 comments)
  31. viscountbongbreath (751 points, 93 comments)
  32. Nosferatii (738 points, 32 comments)
  33. 640TAG (736 points, 181 comments)
  34. Selerox (704 points, 52 comments)
  35. Ivashkin (686 points, 70 comments)
  36. small_trunks (685 points, 90 comments)
  37. themongspeaks (682 points, 44 comments)
  38. jampax84 (680 points, 132 comments)
  39. DrWernerKlopek89 (666 points, 24 comments)
  40. socr (662 points, 47 comments)
  41. Devil-TR (640 points, 102 comments)
  42. pickled-egg (623 points, 72 comments)
  43. 00890 (603 points, 124 comments)
  44. NeuralTactics (578 points, 33 comments)
  45. HailSatanHaggisBalls (577 points, 27 comments)
  46. aoide12 (564 points, 87 comments)
  47. Romulus_Novus (559 points, 27 comments)
  48. Your__Mum__ (557 points, 80 comments)
  49. antitoffee (555 points, 151 comments)
  50. danklymemingdexter (544 points, 104 comments)
  51. Rarycaris (534 points, 95 comments)
  52. BraveSirRobin (534 points, 74 comments)
  53. MimesAreShite (527 points, 45 comments)
  54. Rob_Kaichin (525 points, 135 comments)
  55. BrightCandle (517 points, 75 comments)
  56. cultish_alibi (517 points, 73 comments)
  57. chris__bacon (516 points, 19 comments)
  58. Scusala (514 points, 130 comments)
  59. mike_blomkvist (493 points, 5 comments)
  60. OrneryThroat (483 points, 63 comments)
  61. BenTVNerd21 (477 points, 140 comments)
  62. YsoL8 (469 points, 56 comments)
  63. _pragmatic_ (463 points, 38 comments)
  64. PoachTWC (461 points, 65 comments)
  65. mellett68 (457 points, 21 comments)
  66. eindride (454 points, 44 comments)
  67. ThatFlyingScotsman (449 points, 60 comments)
  68. CJGitzfiggle (443 points, 49 comments)
  69. ApostateAardwolf (423 points, 66 comments)
  70. Mygore (414 points, 74 comments)
  71. FrankExchange0fViews (411 points, 114 comments)
  72. abraxian (410 points, 74 comments)
  73. specofdust (406 points, 80 comments)
  74. Mr_Miscellaneous (406 points, 22 comments)
  75. StirlingSauce (403 points, 75 comments)
  76. Screaming_Remainer (402 points, 73 comments)
  77. aCNDerivative (402 points, 40 comments)
  78. BlackCaesarNT (398 points, 90 comments)
  79. articleofpeace (398 points, 40 comments)
  80. SavageNorth (397 points, 24 comments)
  81. Oooch (396 points, 5 comments)
  82. UhhMakeUpAName (395 points, 82 comments)
  83. SpeedflyChris (394 points, 45 comments)
  84. Quagers (392 points, 74 comments)
  85. Liloxtc (390 points, 8 comments)
  86. GuessImStuckWithThis (389 points, 32 comments)
  87. oCerebuso (388 points, 70 comments)
  88. delethisuser (388 points, 60 comments)
  89. HardtackOrange (388 points, 40 comments)
  90. frankster (385 points, 76 comments)
  91. Shockwavepulsar (385 points, 37 comments)
  92. Psimo- (383 points, 26 comments)
  93. yamahahahahaha (383 points, 1 comment)
  94. LeftWingScot (381 points, 17 comments)
  95. nunnible (378 points, 75 comments)
  96. Prometheus38 (372 points, 32 comments)
  97. EtchyTWA (371 points, 224 comments)
  98. ExdigguserPies (369 points, 35 comments)
  99. LowlanDair (365 points, 58 comments)
  100. the_commissaire (364 points, 110 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Theresa May loyalist Amber Rudd breaks ranks as she becomes the first cabinet minister to call for a second Brexit vote if MPs cannot agree a deal by Cheapo-Git (2013 points, 442 comments)
  2. The "stupid woman" drama is simply an attempt to distract to paint Theresa May as a victim or anything other than the disaster she is and to draw ranks. by IntoTheDepthsMine (1935 points, 644 comments)
  3. Adams on grounded planes by Lolworth (1921 points, 138 comments)
  4. Andy Burnham: Honestly, I despair. We can find £2b planning for something a majority of MPs oppose but only peanuts for the 1000s sleeping on our streets. by mmmmmm-_- (1590 points, 683 comments)
  5. Times Cartoon: Speaking May by mmmmmm-_- (1497 points, 86 comments)
  6. If the prospect of a peoples' vote or remaining is undemocratic, then how can 'no deal' be democratic? It's the one option that wasn't on the ballot in 2016 and was unanimously promised would never happen... by chowieuk (1431 points, 803 comments)
  7. Nick Boles MP (Con): "If at any point between now and 29 March the government were to announce that ‘no deal’ Brexit had become its policy, I would immediately resign the Conservative whip and vote in any way necessary to stop it from happening." by accountaccumulator (1399 points, 502 comments)
  8. Jeremy Corbyn just tabled a motion of no confidence! by ElvisJesus (1121 points, 837 comments)
  9. Those, like Jeremy Hunt, who glorify a no–deal Brexit are totally irresponsible. It is not the job of politicians to make the people they lead poorer, remove opportunities, rights & make lives more uncertain. There is no such thing as a "managed no deal". (Guy Verhofstadt) by Grumptun (1014 points, 893 comments)
  10. Polling shows growing support for staying in EU by mmmmmm-_- (998 points, 809 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 627 points: ITried2's comment in The "stupid woman" drama is simply an attempt to distract to paint Theresa May as a victim or anything other than the disaster she is and to draw ranks.
  2. 588 points: DrWernerKlopek89's comment in The "stupid woman" drama is simply an attempt to distract to paint Theresa May as a victim or anything other than the disaster she is and to draw ranks.
  3. 512 points: luke_c's comment in Jeremy Corbyn just tabled a motion of no confidence!
  4. 494 points: CheesyLala's comment in Theresa May loyalist Amber Rudd breaks ranks as she becomes the first cabinet minister to call for a second Brexit vote if MPs cannot agree a deal
  5. 403 points: DaveChild's comment in If the prospect of a peoples' vote or remaining is undemocratic, then how can 'no deal' be democratic? It's the one option that wasn't on the ballot in 2016 and was unanimously promised would never happen...
  6. 383 points: yamahahahahaha's comment in Jeremy Corbyn just tabled a motion of no confidence!
  7. 380 points: mike_blomkvist's comment in Russia using 'hardcore propaganda' against UK, warns top diplomat
  8. 366 points: shutupandgettobed's comment in Jeremy Corbyn just tabled a motion of no confidence!
  9. 346 points: mrelevenoutoften's comment in Theresa May loyalist Amber Rudd breaks ranks as she becomes the first cabinet minister to call for a second Brexit vote if MPs cannot agree a deal
  10. 340 points: Oooch's comment in Theresa May loyalist Amber Rudd breaks ranks as she becomes the first cabinet minister to call for a second Brexit vote if MPs cannot agree a deal
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]


2018.12.20 21:27 v3ra1ynn [META] The /r/Analog 2018 "Best of the Year" Awards! - Announcement

Welcome to the fifth annual "Best of the Year" awards! The reddit admins have kindly agreed to give away 30,000 reddit coins to all subreddits with more than 100,000 subscribers.
What are reddit coins? Reddit coins can be exchanged for a premium subscription service that gives you extra features and perks on reddit. Look here for further details: https://www.reddit.com/coins
Categories and prizes
3,000 coins to go each winner.
What's 'Mod's Choice'?
For this category, only members of the mod team can nominate posts (one per mod), but everyone can vote.
How to nominate
A comment will be created in the nomination post for each category, reply to that comment for the category you wish to nominate a post or comment for. This post will be in 'contest mode' so you can't see who's winning until we make the announcement. Make sure to link to the post or comment you are nominating and not just the photo - be sure to check if the post or comment is already nominated as we will remove duplicates.
Rules
*This includes people with legal or moral ownership of a photo, such as relatives of deceased photographers.
The following list of top posts in this sub may help you if you are looking for a specific high scoring post, but you do not need to limit yourself to only a post listed here. Any post made during the year that fits into the categories is eligible.
January
Score Author Title
4137 Fotojanne Double exposure, Rz67, 180mm, Tmax400
2706 Kopfkiino Nikon N60 :50mm Fogged Kodak 400
2270 athimbleofdan In reverse. (RZ67II, 110mm, Fuji 400H)
2111 w00ds color wheel (olympus mju, portra 400)
1893 burtoo Portrait of Christian, Oregon Coast (Hasselblad 500C : 250mm f/5.6 : Portra 400)
1874 He-loved-Big-Brother [Olympus XA2 : Kodak Colorplus 200]
1790 seven-thirty-one Washington Blvd (yashica mat lm :: f/3.5 :: ektar 100)
1555 ivanossom Snowy NikonFA 50 1.4 AIS Kodak Ultramax 400
1541 MasterofScizors Flo's (Canonet QL17, 40mm, Portra 400)
1487 symmetrygear Laundrette, XPan, 45mm, XP2
1444 Cameronjpr Skating in Fog [Pentax P30n, 50mm f/1.8, Kodak Gold 200]
1403 pourquality Frantic [Olympus OM-1n, 50mm, Hillvale 400]
1404 Strawbear First attempt with star double exposures : AE-1 : 50 1.8 : Portra 400
1362 viralic boston winter (contax g2, portra 400)
1314 dankerbros LIGHT (XPAN - 90mm - Cinestill 800T)
February
Score Author Title
3349 ellen-richardson When will I see you again? [Canon AE-1 / Agfa Vista 400]
2594 is-that-a-thing-now Snowy Kyoto (Fuji Tiara, X-tra 400)
2518 athimbleofdan On The Run. (RZ67II, 64mm L-A, Fuji Pro 400H)
2406 Zzx4k Closed... (Mamiya C330, Sekor 80mm, Kodak Ektar)
1883 vincesup Looking Leica Minizoom w/Fuji superia 400
1679 HarrisBarker Boats on the stones : Mamiya RZ67 Pro II : 110mm 2.8 : Portra 400
1637 thefordly Ive been having a lot of fun with my Nishika N8000
1595 tevanator Minimal [contax g1, 45mm, colorpolus200]
1566 tevanator Moroccan crossing [Contax G1, 45mm, Portra 400]
1557 scamphampton Portrait [Nikon F65, Fuji 1600]
1466 SurfingSalmon Quiet Street in Shinjuku, Tokyo [Rolleiflex MX-EVS, f/3.5 Tessar, Fujicolor Pro 400H]
1440 dankerbros Mirrors Edge (XPAN - 90mm - Portra 160)
1396 NeslolseN Roses in Berlin [Pentax MX, Fuji 100 rdp]
1392 Ondryass Driving home from The Remarkables, Queenstown. (Mamiya 7, Portra 160)
1327 burtoo Portrait of Lauren, Upstate New York (Hasselbad 500C : 80mm f/2.8 : Portra 400)
March
Score Author Title
3599 RollzRoiz Finally got a new scanner so I had to post a Re-scan of this one! (Minolta X700, 28mm Minolta lens, 35mm Lomochrome purple film)
3326 kaywu The only good shot from my first roll of film!
2979 WarmFlapjacks 101 : Pentax K1000 : 50mm : Portra 400
2940 -philippw- Namibia. [Nikon FM2n - Kodak Gold 200] IG: philippw.
2294 in__limb0 Best shot on my first roll [AE-1/Fujifilm Superia 400]
2265 ashnelm Houses of Nova Scotia [Pentax Spotmatic, 55mm, Agfa Vista 200]
2228 WarmFlapjacks Rambler : Pentax K1000 : 50mm : Provia100F
2198 Aratashoji Speed of Sound [Rolleiflex 2.8, Fuji T64,Hokkaido, Japan]
2135 geraldiscool24 Mt. Fuji, Japan : Mamiya 7 : 80mm : Portra 400 : Epson V800
1888 thatsmycactus Had to say goodbye to my best friend last week. Heres my favorite picture of her [Minolta X-700 : 50mm : Superia 800]
1833 JonJ West of Ireland II - [Pentax 67 / Kodak 400 / Silverfast / Epson V700]
1694 BE_Photo Waterfall [Zero Image Pinhole Camera : Kodak Portra 400 : 15 minute exposure]
1663 TheBaratheon Yosemite (Canon AE-1P : Fujifilm 400H)
1623 sweetpotatobaketohot Diner, Ozarks - Nikon FM - Kodak 400
1599 AnalogWest My Wife, One Day After She Had Her Brain Tumor Removed - M6, 50mm Summicron, HP5
April
Score Author Title
4768 B1N4RY My camera failed to advance the film and created an interesting composite image [Fujifilm GSW690II + 35mm Kodak GC 400]
2689 autocorrector Moving to Los Angeles [Contax T2 / Ektar 100]
2466 grumpy_goldfish vanishing point (Mamiya 7, 65mm f4, portra 400 @ iso 50)
2414 SignificantPass Last day of school (Olympus OM-2N, 50mm, Fuji C200)
2373 meehand Olympus OM-1, 50mm, Portra 400
2368 skalathamus Same as it ever was [FE2 : 50mm 1.8 : ColorPlus 200]
2359 CARDTRICKSTER Mornings like this [Nikon F100, 24-70mm, Kodak E100G]
2157 blackdaryl You hungry? [Mamiya 7 - Portra 400]
2121 beast_god This isn't my bicycle [Nishika N8000, Tri-X 400]
2076 TheRealMaxPower Dust - [olympus mju ii : lomography purple]
1992 MizuMeow uo (Nikon FE, 50mm 1.8, Fuji 200)
1908 montyberns An Inward Expansion (Yashica 124G, Kodak Aerochrome III)
1883 leobreakfast Rock around the Clock [Canon AE-1, 50mm 1.4, AGFA VISTA 400]
1846 yboony My best photo to date: Flight with a view [Minolta X-700 : 50mm : AGFA APX 400]
1833 cantamelo summer daze [Olympus OM-10 / 50mm / Kodak Ultramax 400]
May
Score Author Title
3353 playboiiclouti Spike. [Canon AF35MII, Expired Kodak UltraMax 400]
2702 magicwaffl3 Slow Motion (Pentax 67 l 105mm 2.4 l Portra 400)
2451 GertBurtsnert Morning After [Mamiya RB67 // Fujicolor Pro 160NS]
2279 alecreates just got back my first ever roll of film :) [Fujica ST701 : Ektar 100]
2165 life_is_a_conspiracy Reach for the sky. [Xpan : 90mm : Tri-X]
2148 HugoChinaski One of the pictures Im the most proud of, shot with the amazing Hasselblad Xpan. Truly a unique camera!
2132 Cragger sunday morning - F100/50mm/Kodak Gold 200
1953 nuckingfuts73 udO [Rebel 2000 // 40mm// Ektar 100]
1856 porfaa Double exposures are the best surprises.
1856 provia STOP PLAYING WITH THE BUTTONS! [Leica M3, 15mm Voigtlander, Kodak Portra 160]
1816 NiceStatus RIP Kitty [Yashica Mat 124 G : Kodak Ektar 100 (accidentally developed with B&W chemicals then stored crumpled up in a binder for several years)]
1801 ian_filipovich Train's Coming [Olympus XA. 35mm. Portra 400.]
1779 jakesloot Waiting (Nikon F3, Nikkor 50mm 1.8 AiS, Fuji C200)
1763 Feetuss Zermatt - Nishika N8000, Kodak Colourplus 200
1727 AristocraticOctopus dunes in blue // Hasselblad 500CM / 120mm 5.6 / Provia 100f
June
Score Author Title
3098 papamalangi123 Nana Banana [ Fuji Natura Black : 24mm F/1.9 : Fuji Superia 1600 ]
2888 ickglokma Recently went on a trip to Croatia and only realised the film wasn't advancing properly after 10 rolls, lost over 100 photos. Here's one of them (Nikon F3, 28mm AI, Agfa Vista 200)
2825 anjev_ Parisian metro // Leica M3 / Summarit 50mm / Kodak Portra
2443 iLeicadodachacha Lightness (Leica M4-P, 50mm 2.5, Portra 400)
2446 MillerHawkins Double exposure [Canon AE-1 / 28mm 2.8 / Fuji Superia]
2386 tjbyfield Kubrick style toilet (Nikon FE2, Lomo 800, 28mm)
2298 cadmiumredlight Pool [Canon New F-1, 35mm f/2.8, Superia 400]
2200 tjl_p Sunset Cruiser [Pentax 67 - 400H]
2152 broken_shins My bedroom (Bronica GS-1 / 100mm / Portra 400)
2086 ryanprkr Dua Lipa [K1000, 50mm, Portra 800]
1885 theekarwash St Isidores, Rome. [Fuji GS645S, 60mm f/4, Portra 400]
1875 athimbleofdan Reykjavik layover (Contax T2, Ektar)
1850 nuckingfuts73 Ghost Train :Rebel 2000 : 40mm : Cinestill 800:
1831 zweiuhrmorgens my best multiexposure // Mamiya 645 and 80mm 2.8 // Fuji Superia 100
1800 Darjeelinger Generations (Contax G2, Carl Zeiss Planar 45mm f/2, Kodak Ektachrome 200)
July
Score Author Title
2833 alessoundro El Capitan Rising. [Leica M6 - 35mm f/1.4 - Provia 100f]
2722 hangman_style Views of Japan [Mamiya rz67, 110 2.8, Portra 400]
2429 madebyjaymac Brunch [ Pentax 645, 75mm F/2.8, CineStill 800T ]
2393 FoxWithStocks Rohan // Mamiya 645, Portra 160
2273 DRUNK_PIANO nepal triple exposure / canon ef & 28mm & superia
2158 tjl_p Luftgekuhlt [Pentax 67 & Portra 400]
2023 Spookybear_ Trash (Olympus XA : Gold 200)
1952 knitex First roll developed at home (yashica t4, Fuji c200
1795 alegrochurro Summer Haze (Pentax Espio 120 SW / Fuji Film 200)
1777 magicwaffl3 3-Wheelin (Pentax 67 l 105mm 2.4 l Portra 400)
1775 demislw Angelina. ( Pentax 6x7 MLU : 105mm 2.4 : Kodak Portra 400 )
1690 jjacks31 Out of My League [Canon EOS Rebel Ti: 50mm f/1.2 : Tri-X 400]
1684 viiaflo Summer evening [RZ67, 75mm Shift, Portra 160]
1655 raphaelaaron Car Wash Portrait. Leica M6 / Portra 160 / Brooklyn, NY
1610 CARDTRICKSTER In pursuit of time [Nikon F100, 50mm, Provia 400x]
August
Score Author Title
4052 johnnyhomemovies Coffee at Rods : mamiya m645 : 80mm 1.9 : portra 400 :
3122 symmetrygear Someone threw his needles in the sewer, London, 2018. Leica M, 50mm, Cinestill 800
2742 madebyjaymac SPLASH! [ Pentax 645, 75mm f/2.8, Ektar 100 ]
2634 walkwithfish Olympic National Park (Canon AE-1, 50mm f1.8, Portra 400)
2441 Feetuss Matterhorn, Zermatt - Pentax 67, 55mm f4, Kodak Colourplus 200 converted to 120.
2135 johnnyhomemovies An ongoing diner series Ill be doing : mamiya m645 : 80mm 1.9 : Portra 400 :
2101 atomic_shame Wild Horses on an evening walk Rolleiflex 2.8c - HP5
2072 tjaepp Skaftafell (Olympus OM1 : 24mm : Ektar)
2031 muweir After 9 hours of hiking in Bosnia & Herzegovina... [Olympus Mju II, Agfa 400]
1932 DavidKentley [Leica MP, 50 Summilux, Ektar]
1756 Darjeelinger Foggy morning (Nikon F100, Nikkor 80-200 f/2.8, Fuji Superia 1600)
1756 jonnyzaggi Steam [Nikon FM, 150mm f/4 (?), Kodak Gold]
1749 nusproizvodjac Minolta X300 - MD 50mm 1.7 - Fuji C200
1721 garrettisagiant Mornings Lost with Mt. Hood // Canon AE-1, 28mm, Portra 400
1725 djevs Everyone's Favorite [Canon AE-1 Program : 50mm f/1.4 : Kodak Portra 400]
September
Score Author Title
4611 TDdisco Diner. (Fuji GW690II, Fuji Pro160NS)
3743 lareveur Accidental Double Exposure : Yashica Mat 124G : Ilford Pan F
3625 johnnyhomemovies El Camino : mamiya m646 : 80mm 1.9 : fujipro 400h : pushed 1 stop :
3422 soundsof Totally flattered by your comments on my double exposure, so here's another [Canon AE-1, Fujicolor C200]
3039 madebyjaymac 50 First Dates [ Nikon 35Ti, 35mm f/2.8, Ektar 100 ]
2583 stereoscopic_ Such Great Heights (Nimslo, Fujifilm Superia 400)
2486 killerdogma Wildfire Fishing in Yosemite (Pentax 67, Portra 400, 200m f/4)
2414 BobKickass Down by the Lake Mamiya 7 : 43mm : Ektar 100
2264 glg59 Orange Blue and White - Contax G1 90mm 2.8 Velvia 100
2238 CptSteveZissou Foggy fence (yashica t af, ektar 100)
2224 johnnyhomemovies Some intense fog the other morning with my pup : mamiya m645 : 80mm 1.9 : fujipro 400h
2135 kubaxvx Aguille du Midi [Olympus OM-4Ti, 250mm, f/5, Kodak Gold]
2063 retrolux Trainyard Lines [Velvia 100, Contax645,80mm]
2054 Fishinatoaster Holy Light (Leica M3, 50mm, Portra 400)
2009 Sten75010Vnu Portrait - Mamiya RZ, Kodak Portra 400, 90mm
October
Score Author Title
2121 benjaminmlieber theres just too many of us. : Canon A-1, 35-70mm f/3.5, Portra 800
2093 shian243 Grid [Hasselblad 500cm, 80mm f2.8,Portra 400]
1712 PHNTM01 Thread : Contax G2 : Portra 800
1643 sl4sh703 Monument Valley [Voigtlander Bessa I, 105mm, Ektar 100]
1597 jonathiery Beach bug (Pentax 645, 75mm, Portra 400)
1422 scotttr Not Usually My Style / Canon EOS 3 / Kodak Gold 200 / 35mm f2
1358 deneb150 Carli : Mamiya M645 : 80mm f/1.9 : Portra 160
1124 pedanticrealist2 Corsica [Canon AE-1 - 50mm f/1.8 - Porta 160]
1019 Gogoivy13 Giulia (Yashica 12)
843 demislw Harriet, East London. ( Pentax 6x7 MLU : F4 45mm : Kodak Ektar 100 )
686 Cfoot187 Ilford Pan 50 - Minolta X700
562 tryam60 Once Upon A Time In America. [Hasselblad 500cm Carl Zeiss 80mm f2.8 Kodak Tmax 400]
440 els177 Roisin. Pentax K1000, Kodak colourus 200
425 radicalnegative1 [GS645s, 60mm f4, Cinestill 800]
400 myheadasplode Golden [ Pentax Spotmatic : Fuji C200 ]
November
Score Author Title
2938 DriftingDreamer Louise // Nikon F2 - Lomo 400
2490 la_petitemort hooky [35mm/nikonFM/portra400]
2148 LifeOfRileyVlogs Just got this roll developed and I think Im in love - Ilford HP5 @1600, Pentax Spotmatic w/50mm F2
1956 thebenolivas Goldfish! Olympus Stylus Zoom 70, Portra 160
1825 hansblixxx Smokey Eyes - Nikon F3+Rokinon+Kodak Vision3 500t/5219
1726 plaintivegirlsister I Don't Like Sand [Nikon FE, Helios 44-2, Fuji C200]
1724 zweiuhrmorgens Modern Technology // Mamiya645 and 80mm 2.8 // Fuji Superia 100
1569 rollingupthehill John. (Nikon F2, 50mm 1.4, Portra 400)
1488 takingblame 'Maasai Mara' [ Leica M4-P, Voigtlander 28mm f/2, Superia 400 ]
1484 ChrisJLine Wintry Brighton Pier (Pentax P30N, 50mm)
1158 davesgarage917 Downtown LA, Canon A-1, Ektar 100
1154 procagefighter Last Light - Mamiya RB67 : Sekor 180mm : Portra 400
829 serenitative While orange beetles are having a moment...[Mamiya C220/Sekor 80mm/Fujifilm Super HG-V 100, exp. 1998]
809 TDdisco Coronado Nights. (Fuji GW690II, Fuji Pro160NS)
654 Ellajban Burning pinewood (cinestill800t Nikon Fe2)
December
Score Author Title
2616 jrogerssmith [Mamiya RZ67 Pro ii // Kodak Portra 160]
2326 psmth1 Took my canon a1 up the mountain, shot these on ektar 100
2028 Charivaris Scottish Signs Give Good Advice (Olympus Trip 35 // Superia X-tra 400)
2019 swarovy Ripples [ Nikon F2 : 50mm : Portra 400 ]
1860 teemusphoto A rainy day in Hong Kong [Ektarchrome100, AE-1]
1722 TMoffatt Highway 395, RZ67, Provia 100F
1678 notaaronr93 Fetch! [Nikon FM2n :: 50mm f/2 :: Superia X-Tra 400]
1634 velcrogod Neapolitan ice cream sunset (Pentax 67, Portra 160)
1610 bye4n0w Tokyo Sidewalk [Nikon F4, 50mm, Retrochrome320]
1552 Bawusky Picnic day {Yashica FX-3 Super 2000; Kodak Color 200}
1275 s_tuermer last van standing [hexar rf : voigtlander color skopar 35mm : kodak gold 200]
1204 mcscribbons Secret Santa (Contax TVS, Portra 800)
984 Alxmrlw Curves - Pentax P30 - Pentax 50mm f1.7 - Portra 400
925 papamalangi123 Dolomites [ XPan : 45mm/90mm F/4 : Velvia 50 ]
892 Pepperoni-cowboy Blade Runner 2018 : Canon AE-1 : Porta 800
submitted by v3ra1ynn to analog [link] [comments]


2018.12.01 03:59 Rsubs33 [Game Preview] Week 13 - Philadelphia Eagles(5-6) vs Washington Redskins(6-5)

Washington Redskins (6-5) at Philadelphia Eagles (5-6)
The Eagles are coming off a much needed win vs. the division rival Giants giving them the series sweep. The Eagles need another win this week against another division rival as the the Redskins come to town. The game will be a matchup between two teams who have struggled with injuries this season, but the Eagles are looking to get back Darren Sproles, Sidney Jones and Rasual Douglas this week against which should be a much needed welcome. For the Redskins Colt McCoy will look to make his second start since Alex Smith went down for the season with a broken leg. McCoy will look to rebound from his first start where he threw 3 INTs in a loss to the Cowboys. On the other side of the ball the Redskins defense which started out so dominant has been porous of late through the air of late giving up over 1500 yards in their last 5 games. The Eagles will look to try to shake off their first quarter struggles and get going against Redskins by hopefully getting some early turnovers against a turnover prone McCoy and get the offense going early with Josh Adams and Sproles on the ground. If the Eagles get the ground game going it could be a long day for the Redskins as it will set up the play action and RPOs for Wentz opening it up through the air. As always with a NFCE matchup in primetime I am sure we can expect a sloppy game with a lot of penalties. Go Birds!
General Information
Posting Rules and Guidelines
Remember to join us on Slack during the game!
Click here to register for Slack.
New to the Eagles? Take a look at our New Fan Page!
Date
Monday, December 3rd, 2018
Game Time Game Location
8:30 PM - Eastern Lincoln Financial Field
7:30 PM - Central 1020 Pattison Ave
6:30 PM - Mountain Philadelphia, PA 19148
5:30 PM - Pacific Wikipedia - Map
Weather Forecast
Stadium Type: Open Air
Surface: Grass
Temperature: 49°F
Feels Like: 44°F
Forecast: Clear. Partly cloudy until afternoon.
Chance of Precipitation: 2%
Cloud Coverage: 21%
Wind: West 11 MPH
Betting Odds
Oddsshark Information
Favorite/Opening Line: Philadelphia by -6.5
OveUnder: 45
Record VS. Spread: Philadelphia 3-8, Washington 7-4
Where to Watch on TV
ESPN will broadcast Monday’s game to a national audience. Joe Tessitore will handle the play-by-play duties and Jason Witten will try to provide analysis. Lisa Salters will report from the sideline along with Booger "Fatass" McFarland and is stupid cart to block paying fans view of the game.
TV Map - Week 13 TV Coverage Map
Internet Streams
NFL Streams - Look here 30 minutes before the game for Streams
Radio Streams
Disclaimer: Subscription Based Official NFL Radio Streams available via TuneIn
List of Eagles Radio network member stations with internet broadcast availability
Radio.com 94.1 Desktop Streaming
Listen to Merrill Reese and Mike Quick
Calling the game on 94WIP and the Eagles Radio Network will be Merrill Reese, the NFL’s longest-tenured play-by-play announcer (41st season). Joining Reese in the radio booth will be former Eagles All-Pro wide receiver Mike Quick, while Howard Eskin will report from the sidelines.
Location Station Frequency
Philadelphia, PA WIP-FM 94.1 FM and 610 AM
Allentown, PA WCTO-FM 96.1 FM
Atlantic City/South Jersey WENJ-FM 97.3 FM
Levittown, PA WBCB-AM 1490 AM
Northumberland, PA WEGH-FM 107.3 FM
Pottsville, PA WPPA-AM 1360 AM
Reading, PA WEEU-AM 830 AM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WAFL-FM 97.7 FM
Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, PA WEJL-FM 96.1 FM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WAFL-FM 97.7 FM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WEJL-AM 630 AM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WBAX-AM 1240 AM
Williamsport, PA WBZD-FM 93.3 FM
Wilmington, DE WDEL-FM/AM 101.7 FM
York/LancasteHarrisburg, PA WSOX-FM 96.1 FM
Philadelphia Spanish Radio
Rickie Ricardo, Macu Berral and Gus Salazar will handle the broadcast in Spanish on Mega 105.7 FM in Philadelphia and the Eagles Spanish Radio Network.
Location Station Frequency
Philadelphia, PA LA MEGA 105.7 FM
Allentown, PA WSAN 1470 AM
Atlantic City, NJ WIBG 1020 AM; 101.3 FM
Redskins Radio
Redskins Radio Network Larry Michael (play-by-play), Sonny Jurgensen (color), Chris Cooley (analysis), Rick “Doc” Walker (sidelines).
National Radio
Westwood One will carry the game nationally with Kevin Harlan (play-by-play), Kurt Warner (analyst) and Ross Tucker (sidleline).
Satellite Radio
Station Eagles Channel Redskins Channel
Sirius Radio SIRI 83 (Internet 825) SIRI 81 (Internet 831)
XM Radio XM 83 (Internet 825) XM 81 (Internet 831)
Sirius XM Radio SXM 83 (Internet 825) SXM 81 (Internet 831)
Eagles Social Media Redskins Social Media
Website Website
Facebook Facebook
Twitter Twitter
Instagram Instagram
Snapchat: Eagles Snapchat: Redskinssnap
NFC East Standings
NFC EAST Record PCT Home Road Div Conf PF PA Net Pts Streak
Cowboys 7-5 .583 5-1 2-4 3-1 6-3 247 223 24 4W
Redskins 6-5 .545 3-3 3-2 2-1 6-3 220 229 -9 2L
Eagles 5-6 .455 3-3 2-3 2-1 3-5 230 253 -23 1W
Giants 3-8 .273 1-4 2-4 0-4 2-7 237 288 -51 1L
Series Information
The Washington Redskins lead the Philadelphia Eagles (86-76-6)
Series History
Head to Head Box Scores
First Game Played
October 21st, 1934 at Fenway Park in Boston, MA. Boston Redskins 6 - Philadelphia Eagles 0
Points Leader
The Phialdelphia Eagles lead the Washington Redskins ((3470-3319))
Coaches Record
Doug Pederson: 2-2 against the Redskins
Jay Gruden: 5-3 against Eagles
Coaches Head to Head
Doug Pederson vs Jay Gruden: Series tied 2-2
Quarterback Record
Carson Wentz: Against Redskins: 2-2
Colt McCoy: Against Eagles: 0-0
Quarterbacks Head to Head
Carson Wentz vs Colt McCoy: First Meeting between the QBs
Records per Stadium
Record @ Lincoln Financial Field: Eagles lead the Redskins: 8-7
Record @ FedEx Field: Eagles lead the Redskins: 12-6
Rankings and Last Meeting Information
AP Pro 32 Ranking
Eagles No. 17 - Redskins No. 15
Record
Eagles: 5-6
Redskins: 6-5
Last Meeting and Last Meeting at Site
Sunday, September 10th, 2017
Eagles 30 - Redskins 17
The Eagles completed a season sweep of the Redskins on Monday Night Football in a game with a slew of penalties on the Eagles which appeared to be in retaliation to a petition against Pete Morelli which received over 100,000 signatures. Carson Wentz threw for 4 TD and 268 yards and ran for 68 more as he played Houdini most of the night with the Redskins pass rush. Wentz spread the TDs around to 4 different receivers, including a 64 bomb to Mack Hollins for the rookie wideout's first TD of his career. With the win the Eagles took a commanding two game lead over the NFC East and have the best record in the league at 6-1. The win came at a cost however as the Eagles lost both starting MLB Jordan Hicks for the season with a torn achilles and Jason Peters with a torn MCL and ACL for the season. Despite losing both players early, the Eagles dominated Washington most of the game winning convincingly 34-24 as the Eagles defense got to Cousins 4 times including forcing an a pick in the 4th quarter.
Click here to view the Video Recap
Click here to view the Stats Recap
Last 10 Meetings
Date Winner Loser Score
10/23/2017 Eagles Redskins 34-24
9/10/2017 Eagles Redskins 30-17
12/11/2016 Redskins Eagles 27-22
10/16/2016 Redskins Eagles 27-20
12/26/2015 Redskins Eagles 38-24
10/04/2015 Redskins Eagles 23-20
12/20/2014 Redskins Eagles 27-24
09/21/2014 Eagles Redskins 37-34
11/17/2013 Eagles Redskins 24-16
09/09/2013 Eagles Redskins 33-27
Injury Reports Depth Charts
Eagles Eagles
Redksins Redksins
2018 Weekly Matchup
Week 13 - Iron Rank Matchup
Week 13 - "Expert" Picks
2018 Team Stats
Eagles Season Stats
Redskins Season Stats
2018 Stats (Starters/Leaders)
Passing
Name CMP ATT PCT YDS TD INT RAT
Wentz 230 330 69.7% 2540 16 6 100.8
McCoy 30 50 60.0% 322 3 3 73.9
Smith(IR) 205 328 62.5% 2180 10 5 85.7
Rushing
Name ATT YDS YDS/G AVG TD
Adams 56 291 36.4 5.2 2
Peterson 183 758 68.9 4.1 6
Receiving
Name REC YDS YDS/G AVG TD
Ertz 84 895 81.4 10.7 6
Reed 50 537 48.8 10.7 2
Sacks
Name Sacks Team Total
Bennett 6.5 28.0
Kerrigan 8.0 32.0
Tackles
Name Total Solo Assist Sacks
Hicks 85 58 27 3.0
Foster 97 59 38 0
Interceptions
Name Ints Team Total
Gruiger-Hill/Douglas/Maddox/Darby/Jenkins 1 5
Swearinger 4 11
Punting
Name ATT YDS LONG AVG NET IN 20 TB BP
Johnston 45 2194 68 48.8 42.7 17 6 0
Way 52 2272 62 43.7 41.2 31 0 0
Kicking
Name ATT MADE % LONG PAT
Elliot 21 17 81% 61 21/21
Hopkins 21 18 85.7% 56 22/23
Kick Returns
Name ATT YDS AVG LONG TD
Clement 11 275 25.0 48 0
Johnson 10 225 22.5 44 0
Punt Returns
Name RET YDS AVG LONG TD FC
Sproles 3 9.7 29 12 0 1
Stroman 5 28 5.6 10 0 11
League Rankings 2018
Offense Rankings
Category Eagles Stat Eagles Rank Redskins Stat Redskins Rank
Total Offense 353.9 19th 331.5 27th
Rush Offense 100.8 24th 117.7 13th
Pass Offense 253.1 13th 213.7 25th
Points Per Game 20.9 24th 20.0 27th
3rd-Down Offense 39.3% 15th 38.1% 19th
4th-Down Offense 53.3% 21st 61.5% T-11th
Red Zone Offense (TD%) 55.3% 21st 56.3% 19th
Defense Rankings
Category Eagles Stat Eagles Rank Redskins Stat Redskins Rank
Total Defense 380.1 24th 361.2 18th
Rush Defense 103.6 11th 100.3 8th
Pass Defense 276.5 28th 260.9 23rd
Points Per Game 23.0 14th 20.8 7th
3rd-Down Defense 37.3% T-9th 43.2% 27th
4th-Down Defense 66.7% 27th 36.4% 3rd
Red Zone Defense (TD%) 47.6% 3rd 50% T-7th
Team
Category Eagles Stat Eagles Rank Redskins Stat Redskins Rank
Turnover Diff. -8 T-27th +9 4th
Penalty Per Game 6.2 T-12th 6.7 T-19th
Penalty Yards Per Game 53.3 15th 62.9 28th
Recap from Last Week’s Games.
Eagles - Video – The Eagles first quarter woes continued against the division rival Giants as the Eagles were again shutout in the first quarter while the Giants moved the ball with ease scoring 9 in the quarter. The Eagles finally got on the board with 5:22 left in the 2nd and were able to add a Zach Ertz touchdown in the final two minutes and added a 2 point conversion to make it 19-11 heading into halftime. The second half was all Eagles as they shutdown a Giants offense that had their way with them in the first half. The Eagles added a Josh Adams TD run and another 2 point conversion to take their first lead of the game. The Giants answered with a FG to pull it back to even with 5:49 left to play in the game, before Jake Elliott broke Giants' fans hearts again with a go-ahead FG with 22 seconds left to go in the game.
Washington - Video - The Washington offense was slow to get going with Colt McCoy at the helm as the Redskins struggled against the division rival Cowboys on Thanksgiving. The Redskins defense couldn't do anything to stop Amari Cooper who had 180 yards and 2 TDs nor could they stop Zeke Elliot who had 121 yards and a TD as well. Colt McCoy struggled in his first start in 4 years throwing 3 INTs offsetting his 2 TD passes. The Redskins fell to the Cowboys 31-23.
Connections
Redskins offensive coordinator Matt Cavanaugh played forthe Eagles from 1986-89.
Redskins OL coach Bill Callahan held the same title with the Eagles from 1995-97.
Eagles defensive quality control/asst. DL coach Phillip Daniels played for the Redskins from 2004-10.
Redskins asst.special teams coach Bret Munsey served as a national scout with the Eagles in 2013.
Eagles LS Rick Lovato briefly signed with the Redskins during the 2016 season for two weeks.
Redskins Outside Linebackers Coach Chad Grimm worked with Eagles Offensive Coordinator Frank Reich for the Arizona Cardinals in 2012. Grimm also worked with Reich for the San Diego Chargers from 2013-14.
Redskins Defensive Coordinator Greg Manusky (2007-10) and Defensive Line Coach Jim Tomsula (2007-15) worked with Eagles Special Teams Coordinator Dave Fipp (2008-10) for the San Francisco 49ers.
Greg Manusky played with Eagles Assistant Offensive Line/Tight Ends Coach Eugene Chung on the Kansas City Chiefs from 1998-99.
Redskins Running backs Coach Randy Jordan also played with Chung on the Jacksonville Jaguars in 1995.
Redskins Manusky and Tomsula worked for the San Francisco 49ers while Eagles S Chris Maragos played there in 2010.
Eagles WR Torrey Smith played for the San Francisco 49ers (2015-16) when Redskins Quarterbacks Coach Kevin O’Connell 2016) and Tomsula (2015) worked for the 49ers.
Eagles Special Teams Coordinator Dave Fipp worked with Redskins Wide Receivers Coach Ike Hilliard worked with the Miami Dolphins in 2011. Hilliard also worked for the Buffalo Bills while Eagles LB Nigel Bradham played there in 2013.
Redskins Defensive Quality Control Cannon Matthews (2013) and O’Connell (2015) worked together with Eagles Linebackers Coach Ken Flajole (2013-15) for the Cleveland Browns. Matthews also worked for the Tennessee Titans while Eagles G Chance Warmack played there from 2014-15.
Eagles Offensive Coordinator Coach Mike Groh worked with Offensive Coordinator Matt Cavanaugh for the Chicago Bears from 2013-14. Cavanaugh worked for the Chicago Bears while Eagles WR Alshon Jeffery played there from 2013-14.
2018 Pro Bowlers
Eagles Redskins
OT Lane Johnson LT Trent Willams (Starter)
QB Carson Wentz (Starter) Brandon Scherff
TE Zach Ertz (Starter) OLB Ryan Kerrigan(Starter)
G Brandon Brooks (Starter) LB Zach Brown(3rd Alt)
DT Fletcher Cox (Starter) CB Josh Norman(1st Alt)
FS Malcom Jenkins
C Jason Kelce (1st Alt)
DE Brandon Graham (1st Alt)
CB Jalen Mills (3rd Alt)
K Jake Elliot (2nd Alt)
ST Kame Grugier-Hill (2nd Alt)
General
Referee: Tony Corrente
Philadelphia swept Washington in 2017, winning 30-17 at FedExField on 9/10/17 and 34-24 in a Monday Night Football matchup at Lincoln Financial Field on 10/23/17.
The Eagles are 3-1 on Monday Night Football under head coach Doug Pederson, last defeating Oakland 19-10 at home on Christmas Day in 2017.
Draft Picks
Eagles Redskins
TE Dallas Goedert NT Daron Payne
CB Avonte Maddox RB Derrius Guice
DE Josh Sweat OT Geron Christian
T Matt Pryor S Troy Apke
T Jordan Mailata NT Tim Settle
LB Shaun Dion Hamilton
CB Greg Stroman
WR Trey Quinn
Notable Off-season Additions
Eagles Redskins
WR Mike Wallace QB Alex Smith
WR Markus Wheaton S Haha Clinton Dix
DT Haloti Ngata CB Adonis Alexander
P Cameron Johnston WR Paul Richardson
DT Bruce Hector CB Orlando Scandrick
LB DJ Alexander DE Pernell McPhee
WR Jordan Matthews LB Rueben "The Woman Beater" Foster
Notable Off-season Departures
Eagles Redskins
DE Vinny Curry QB Kirk Cousins
WR Torrey Smith S Su'a Cravens
RB Kenjon Barner TE Derek Carrier
RB LaGarrett Blount CB Kendall Fuller
LB RB Mychal Kendricks QB Kurt Cousins
CB Patrick Robinson DE Trent Murhpy
TE Trey Burton C Spencer Long
DT Beau Allen WR Ryan Grant
P Donnie Jones CB Bashaud Breeland
WR Marcus Johnson LB Junior Galette
TE Brent Celek WR Terrell Pryor
LB Will Compton
TE Niles Paul
Milestones
Eagles QB Carson Wentz (9618) needs 22 passing yards to move up to 7th all-time passing Sonny Jurgenson.
Eagles QB Carson Wentz (9618) needs 382 passing yards for 10000 career passing yards.
Eagles TE Zach Ertz (28) needs 1 TD to move up to 14th on the Eagles all-time receiving TD list all-time tying WR Fred Barnett
Eagles TE Zach Ertz (4468) needs 76 yards to move up to 14th on the Eagles all-time receiving TD list all-time passing WR Fred Barnett
Eagles WR Jordan Matthews (20) needs 1 TDs to move into a tie for 19th on the Eagles all-time receiving TD list.
Eagles RB Darren Sproles needs 458 yards to move up to 5th on the NFL’s all-time all-purpose yards list passing WR Tim Brown.
Eagles DE Fletcher Cox (34 - 10th) needs 1.5 sacks to move into a tie for 7th all-time on the Eagles sack list with DT Andy Harmon.
Eagles S Malcolm Jenkins's (4) needs 1 more Interception for a TD to tie CB Eric Allen (5) for most Interceptions for a TD by an Eagles player.
Redskins DE Ryan Kerrigan (79.5 - 3rd) needs 2.5 sacks to move into a tie for 2nd all-time on the Redskins sack list with DE Charles Mann.
Redskins WR Jamison Crowder (2374) needs 110 yards to move up to 20th on Redskins all-time receiving yards list passing WR Albert Connell.
Redskins QB Colt McCoy needs 1 passing TD for 30 career passing TDs.
Redskins QB Colt McCoy needs 92 passing yards for 6000 career passing yards.
Matchups to Watch
Eagles Offensive Line vs. Redskins Defensive Front
If the Eagles are going to save their season they are going need to win upfront and the Redskins provide a significant challenge for the Eagles OL after one of their best performances this season. The Redskins defense is good but flawed however their defensive front is among the best in football. Eagles fans should know this better than anyone else given the struggles the team has had against the Skins in recent years despite sweeping the season series last year. Ryan Kerrigan is the star on the Skins defensive front and has been nothing short of a pain for the Eagles in his career. Opposite him is Preston Smith who is a solid edge player in his own right. The Skins are also stout on the IDL with Matt Ioannidis, Jonathan Allen and rookie Daron Payne causing a ton of disruption. The Skins also like to mix in rookie Tim Settle who has been effective early in his career. The DL is a well-coached group led by Jim Tomsula and has been an issue for offensive lines throughout the season. For most of the season the Skins were exceptional against the run but have had some issues of late. But the real issue for the Eagles is this groups ability to cause issue in the passing game. Each of these guys can win their 1v1 matchups and the Skins defensive staff does a good job putting them in advantageous situations to succeed. The Eagles offensive line is still a good unit even if it isn’t performing at the elite level it did last year. This Skins defensive front gave the Eagles issues then and it is better now. Controlling the LOS always gives a team an advantage and this would be no different for the Eagles in this contest.
Eagles Defensive Line vs. Redskins Offensive Line
When fully healthy, the Redskins offensive line is among the most talented and best coached groups in football. Like their DL, the Skins OL has given the Eagles fits in the past given their immense talent and multiplicity. The Eagles were able to cause a lot of disruption against this unit last year but every bit of that was hard earned. In the first matchup between these two teams this year, the Redskins are already incredibly banged up giving the Eagles a considerable advantage despite their own health issues. Trent Williams is a HOF caliber OT for the Skins but has been banged up all season long with hand and rib issues. There is a chance he might not go and even if he does, he may not make it through the game. Morgan Moses is another good tackle for the Skins and has dealt with some nagging injuries on the year. The Skins do have Ty Nsekhe as a backup swing tackle and he is probably the best in that role in the NFL; he can start at tackle on many teams in the NFL. After that the Skins IOL is a mess. Stud OG Brandon Scherff and Shawn Lauvao landed on IR together and the IOL of the Redskins hasn’t been the same. This is a matchup where Cox should thrive and while also giving Timmy Jernigan an opportunity to welcome himself back into the line up in a big way. Colt McCoy is a quality back up QB but he is a back up QB for a reason. The Eagles have a bad and banged up secondary with a ripe opportunity for the talent on their DL to steal the show. It’ll be imperative for the Eagles defense to dominate up front and prevent Peterson and Chris Thompson from making big impacts forcing Colt McCoy into low percentage situations. McCoy is very turnover prone; while the Eagles have been very bad at forcing turnovers this season they are given the gift of opportunity in this one that they cannot let slip past them.
Redskins Passing Attack vs the Eagles Pass Offense
Alex Smith is a better QB than Colt McCoy but even before the injury Alex Smith wasn’t playing near the level he did in 2017. This isn’t a surprise since it was always likely to be an aberration given his career as an average starting QB. The weapons the Skins have in the passing game aren’t super inspiring either and are even more stressed without Paul Richardson in the lineup. However, Jay Gruden didn’t hold the offense back last week against Dallas and really amplified the aggressiveness of the offense in general. It would be reasonable for them to do it again this week given the banged-up state of the Eagles secondary. Josh Doctson has been a very underwhelming 1st round selection at receiver and the remaining cast of characters outside are all better suited for the slot. The Redskins can do one of two things to possibly succeed in this matchup: spread the Eagles out with 11 personnel and test the turnstiles outside or line up in 12 personnel and stress the Eagles LBs without Jordan Hicks. Neither is ideal for the Eagles considering Nigel Bradham is also hurt now. Jordan Reed is a quality TE despite not being what he once was due to all the injuries that have plagued his career and Vernon Davis is still good despite his age. Both players provide a big mismatch for the Eagles as the Skins are also effective out of 12 personnel. When you add in Chris Thompson, who should be returning to the lineup, the matchup only gets trickier. The Eagles don’t have the personnel to be able to do more than the basics in coverage and really need their DL to step up and force mistakes from the Skins offense. The Eagles benefit from a limited passer in Colt McCoy but he also benefits from the Eagles horrific injury situation. Either way, Gruden has enough options in the passing game to take advantage of the Eagles. It’ll be up to this ragtag cast of characters to find a way to win their battles.
Eagles Offensive Game Plan vs Redskins Defensive Game Plan
This one is general and for good reason: The Eagles offense has been pretty poor overall this season. For whatever reason, they start slow and can’t score – basically me in college. They are also more effective out of 12 personnel but don’t use it enough to really help the offense. Lastly, since the trade deadline, they have done a poor job integrating Golden Tate into the lineup. It hasn’t been one thing that has held up the Eagles offense this season which makes correcting the issues even more difficult. The offense doesn’t feature Alshon Jeffery as much as it did prior to trading for Tate; some people attribute that more to Wentz relying on Ertz but that is a mistake. Rather than work Tate into the offense and allow him to be an option for Wentz, they appear to script situations for Tate to get the ball or be a diversion neutering the offense and his overall playmaking ability. Wentz throwing to Ertz often is so far and away not the problem with the offense given that Wentz isn’t simply dinking and dunking to the best receiving option on the roster. The offense is struggling mightily to be effective out of 11 personnel. Furthermore, the Eagles RB situation has been a mess this year given injury and regression from Corey Clement. The Eagles have appeared to find a hot hand in Josh Adams who might just be the greatest RB to ever play in the Linc. While I am being sarcastic, he is a solid runner with better vision than any back currently healthy on the roster with enough speed to make big runs happen in the open field. The Eagles don’t need to make a high investment at RB but they need to be able to find guys that are patient runners that can find the spaces their great OL opens. That’s Adams. If they can find a compliment in Corey Clement as a rotational back as a runner and receiver that would be great too. And if Sproles can return and be useful that would only help as well. The point is the Eagles aren’t short on weapons and OL talent so their offensive inability this year is extremely infuriating. The Skins defense prevents some juicy matchups for the Eagles. Norman is still a good CB but he can be beat 1v1. Their other outside CB and slot CBs have been poor. Mason Foster is a liability against the run and pass. While the Skins have a very good defensive front and pass rush, they can be burned through the air since they only have one good Safety in Swearinger (Haha is overrated). The Eagles have all the talent and coaching to take advantage of this but haven’t been able to do it consistently this year. They need to start helping their defense out more while putting pressure on Colt McCoy to keep up. The coaching staff needs to put the players in positions to succeed more consistently and players flat out need to play better since they have failed the team despite good coaching.
Special thanks to MikeTysonChicken and abenyishay for their help in creating this Game Preview.
submitted by Rsubs33 to eagles [link] [comments]


2018.09.04 15:53 ninjyte Marvel's Spider-Man - Review Thread

Game Information

Game Title: Marvel's Spider-Man
Genre: Action-adventure, third-person, open world
Platforms: PlayStation 4
Media: E3 2016 Teaser Trailer
E3 2017 Trailer E3 2017 Details
PGW 2017 Trailer
An Inside Look
E3 2018 Demo
SDCC 2018 Story Trailer
Gameplay Launch Trailer
Marvel's New York Combat Relationships
Photo Mode
Developer: Insomniac Games Info
Publisher: Sony Interactive Entertainment
Price: Standard Edition - $59.99 USD
Digital Deluxe Edition - $79.99 USD Contents
Release Date: September 7, 2018
More Info: /SpidermanPS4 Wikipedia Page)
Review Aggregator:
OpenCritic - 88 [PS4] Current Score Distribution
MetaCritic - 87 [PS4]
Arbitrarily woke list of past Insomniac games -
Entry Score Platform, Year, # of Critics
Disruptor 80 GameRankings PS1, 1996, 6 critics
Spyro the Dragon 85 GameRankings PS1, 1998, 8 critics
Spyro 2: Ripto's Rage! / Gateway to Glimmer 87 GameRankings PS1, 1999, 15 critics
Spyro: Year of the Dragon 91 PS1, 2000, 15 critics
Ratchet & Clank 88 PS2, 2002, 43 critics
Ratchet & Clank: Going Commando 90 PS2, 2003, 46 critics
Ratchet & Clank: Up Your Arsenal 91 PS2, 2004, 65 critics
Ratchet: Deadlocked 81 PS2, 2005, 51 critics
Resistance: Fall of Man 86 PS3, 2006, 70 critics
Ratchet & Clank Future: Tools of Destruction 89 PS3, 2007, 70 critics
Ratchet & Clank Future: Quest for Booty 76 PS3, 2008, 46 critics
Resistance 2 87 PS3, 2008, 79 critics
Ratchet & Clank Future: A Crack in Time 87 PS3, 2009, 85 critics
Resistance 3 83 PS3, 2011, 91 critics
Ratchet & Clank: All 4 One 70 PS3, 2011, 65 critics
Ratchet & Clank: Full Frontal Assault 64 PS3, 2012, 52 critics
Fuse 62 X360, 2013, 46 critics
Ratchet & Clank: Into the Nexus 76 PS3, 2013, 60 critics
Sunset Overdrive 81 XB1, 2014, 89 critics
Ratchet & Clank (2016) 85 PS4, 2016, 101 critics
Song of the Deep 69 PS4, 2016, 41 critics
Edge of Nowhere 71 Oculus, 2016, 11 critics
​Spectacularly arbitrary list of some other notable Spider-Man games -
Entry Score Platform, Year, # of Critics
Spider-Man (2000) 87 PS1, 2000, 19 critics
Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro 74 PS1, 2001, 15 critics
Spider-Man: The Movie 79 XB, 2002, 29 critics
Spider-Man 2 83 XB, 2004, 60 critics
Ultimate Spider-Man 77 XB, 2005, 53 critics
Spider-Man 3 63 X360, 2007, 61 critics
Spider-Man: Web of Shadows 68 X360, 2008, 57 critics
Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions 76 X360, 2010, 68 critics
The Amazing Spider-Man 69 X360, 2012, 52 critics
The Amazing Spider-Man 2 49 PS4, 2014, 44 critics

Reviews


Website/Author Aggregates' Score ~ Critic's Score Quote Platform
AngryCentaurGaming - Jeremy Penter Buy ~ Buy A great game, held back a bit by repeating missions structure and a couple small issues. PS4
VG247 - Alex Donaldson Unscored ~ Unscored Spider-Man is at its best when you're mid-flow. It's a game that can capture that awesome trance-like feeling where you're so in tune with the rhythm of swinging and hopping between buildings or dodging, countering and attacking enemies that everything else melts away. That's when it feels most special, and it's then that what Insomniac has achieved here is most plain. Much of its design is familiar, but it appears here in a refined, polished form that makes it an easy recommendation. PS4
Eurogamer - Christian Donlan Recommended ~ Recommended A rare harmony of developer and licence makes Insomniac's open-worlder a total treat. PS4
Polygon - Chelsea Stark Recommended ~ Recommended Filled with heart-pounding, high-flying action, Spider-Man is a polished, fun and sometimes frustrating PS4 exclusive PS4
Ars Technica - Sam Machkovech Unscored ~ Unscored Want a Marvel Studios twist on open-world superhero action? Then Spider-Man is a must-buy. Otherwise, try it. PS4
Kotaku - Ethan Gach Unscored ~ Unscored As a playground for one of the most idiosyncratic superheroes of all time, Marvel's Spider-Man is sheer bliss. It's a sandbox platformer first and foremost, and a damn good one. Throughout playing the game I was constantly hounded by the question of whether this—sublime superhero traversal in a gorgeous, idealized version of New York—were enough. After countless hours later spent cleaning up every last icon on the map, I'm convinced they are. PS4
Skill Up - Ralph Panebianco Unscored ~ Unscored PS4
CNET - Jeff Bakalar Unscored - Unscored Insomniac Games has laid an excellent foundation for more Spider-Man games down the road. This first entry demonstrates that the veteran studio can tackle Spidey's combat in a compelling way and create some genuinely astonishing action sequences with top-tier visuals to match. I'll be looking for more gameplay depth and variation to round out the entire experience next time and more motivation to see Spider-Man's next chapter all the way through. By no means is Spider-Man dead on arrival, it just leaves some room for improvement. This feels like a game that will have a great sequel. PS4
Gadgets 360 - Rishi Alwani 100 ~ 10 / 10 Clocking in at around 30 hours to complete Spider-Man's main storyline, and more if you decide to go after everything else the game has to offer, Spider-Man for PS4 isn't just triumph for video games. It's quite possibly the definitive interpretation of the superhero in any medium. PS4
GameZone - Cade Onder 100 ~ 10 / 10 With an emotionally rich story, gameplay that fulfills childlike dreams of being a superhero, and an engaging world with no shortage of puddles, Marvel's Spider-Man is not only the definitive Spider-Man game but one of the best games of the generation. Insomniac's not playing the "greatest hits" of Spider-Man, they're making a new era of the webhead that will go down as a groundbreaking age in superhero gaming. PS4
Daily Mirror - JC Suttun 100 ~ 5 / 5 stars With a fresh take on the character in both story terms and gameplay, Insomniac have delivered a superb experience that harks back to when Rocksteady revitalized Batman with Arkham Asylum. Marvel's Spider-Man is a brilliant, thoroughly needed entry in the superhero genre that is a must play whether you're a hardcore comics fan, casual Spidey aficionado or simply a lover of action adventures. PS4
Press Start - Brodie Gibbons 100 ~ 10 / 10 It's hard to fault Marvel's Spider-Man as Insomniac has taken their game to the next level. As a developer, they have gone from strength to strength and Spider-Man is a culmination of their past hits. There's a stunning verticality that compliments the game's watertight mechanics and, despite the literal boundaries, still makes the city seem boundless. If you're a Marvel die-hard, there's enough fanfare here to sink a ship as Spider-Man emerges as the new gold standard. Spider-Man is, without question, the best superhero game ever. PS4
COGconnected - Paul Sullivan 100 ~ 100 / 100 I can’t stop thinking about this game. If I’m not playing it, I want to be. The web-slinging is brilliant, the combat is deceptively deep and diverse, and there are a million things to do. The story is emotional, resonant, and teases fans of the series in countless ways. It’s one of the best looking games of the year, and honestly, one of the best games I’ve ever played, full stop. PS4
Cheat Code Central - Jenni Lada 98 ~ 4.9 / 5.0 When I played Marvel’s Spider-Man, one thing was clear: Insomniac Games did its homework. The lore is spot on and the pacing makes it feel like someone is going through Spider-Man comics brought to life. The missions show how amazing Spider-Man is at beating up groups of enemies, stealthily managing situations, investigating, inventing, and besting bosses. The sidequests give you excuses to explore the city and swing through the skies. I do wish that the differences between difficulty levels was a little more obvious, as I felt the Friendly difficulty level might not have been amiable enough to allow less skilled or younger players to enjoy the adventure. Overall, Marvel’s Spider-Man does the hero justice. PS4
Areajugones - Juan Linares - Spanish 95 ~ 9.5 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man is one of the best exclusive games for the PS4 and one of the best games in 2018 so far. Its world has managed to surprise us due to the huge amount of content it possesses as well as because of its funny and deep gameplay. Finally, its visual level is movie-like and keeps the player engaged by means of a great story. PS4
Game Informer - Andrew Reiner 95 ~ 9.5 / 10 The story shines as brightly as the gameplay – both deliver heart-pounding excitement. PS4
PlayStation Universe - John-Paul Jones 95 ~ 9.5 / 10 A welcome return for PlayStation's original superhero icon, Insomniac Games have not just given us another sublime PlayStation exclusive but also the best superhero blockbuster the PS4 has ever seen. Spider-Man is a thunderous, essential triumph that bleeds cinematic splendor from every digital pore. Every PS4 owner needs to have Spider-Man in their collection. PS4
GamesBeat - Mike Minotti 95 ~ 95 / 100 Marvel’s Spider-Man is the best super hero game since Batman: Arkham Asylum. The swinging, combat, and New York City itself come together to create a Spider-Man experience that is exciting and faithful to the character. If you’ve ever been a fan of Spidey, you need to check out his newest digital adventure. This is now the best Spider-Man game, taking the crown from Spider-Man 2. It is also one of the PlayStation 4’s best exclusives and one of the best super hero games ever. PS4
Gaming Nexus - Charles Husemann 95 ~ 9.5 / 10 Insomniac has delivered one of the best Spider-Man games to date by nailing all of the details—big and small. PS4
God is a Geek - Chris White 95 ~ 9.5 / 10 Everything I hoped it would be and more. Marvel's Spider-Man provides us lots to do, a great story, and some of the best visuals available on the PS4. PS4
Just Push Start - Grant E. Gaines 95 ~ 9.5 / 10 Marvel’s Spider-Man isn’t perfect, but that doesn’t stop it from being a fantastic experience. The story takes a while to get going but the end is more than worth the wait. Add in a fun, fluid and flashy combat system and it makes for a delightful journey. Sure, at times it drags, like during the forced stealth sections, but these are not enough to ruin the experience. Between all these things, fantastic graphics, a good selection of costumes and more, I can not suggest Marvel’s Spider-Man enough. Even if you’re like me and not the biggest Spider-Man fan, it’s a good enough experience to make it worth your time. PS4
Stevivor - Steve Wright 95 ~ 9.5 / 10 Spider-Man is a heroic masterpiece, and one certainly worth playing. PS4
Easy Allies - Brandon Jones 95 ~ 9.5 / 10 Insomniac Games has used their power responsibly while translating their vision of Spider-Man, and they’ve created his largest and most detailed adventure to date. They’ve taken lessons from their previous action-adventures, along with recent successful franchises in the super hero genre, showcasing what’s possible not only for Spider-Man, but for all comic book characters in this generation of games. Written PS4
Oyungezer Online - Yasin İlgün - Turkish 93 ~ 93 / 100 Insomniac's Marvel's Spider-Man masterfully succeeds in every attempt it makes to tell an "Amazing, Spectecular" story. A must play! PS4
Worth Playing - Redmond Carolipio 93 ~ 9.3 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man does what a lot of good art does, which is examine techniques and concepts that work well, and then blend and refine them to create something unique to itself and possibly greater. I've made this point before: Art and artists have built on and inspired each other since the beginning of time. So yes, I've heard and seen the Spidey/Arkham hot takes, and I ended up not caring at all because at no point did I forget I was playing a Spider-Man experience. I was too busy swinging around in Manhattan, with buildings whipping by as I tailed a police pursuit, thinking about how right it all felt. PS4
GameSpot - Edmond Tran 90 ~ 9 / 10 A spectacular cinematic presentation and sensational core mechanics help Insomniac's take on a Spider-Man game shine, in spite of some unimaginative open-world activities. PS4
GamesRadar+ - Leon Hurley 90 ~ 4.5 / 5 stars An immensely enjoyable and fun to play superhero adventure. PS4
EGM - Josh Harmon 90 ~ 9 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man mixes the prestige ambitions of a Sony exclusive with the hyperkinetic fun of a great superhero game. It's not a pairing you'd expect to work, but it mostly does here, though some aspects of the open-world design, like repetitive side content, let down the overall package. PS4
NEOsite - Paweł Musiolik - Polish 90 ~ 9 / 10 Spider-Man from Insomniac is for games what Homecoming is for movies. A piece of great game with amazing graphics. Fans of Man-Spider will be ecstatic. The others will be delighted with the quality of the whole game. Strong contender for GOTY. PS4
Shacknews - Kevin Tucker 90 ~ 9 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man is at once a fantastic action game, a dramatic story-driven adventure, and a love letter to fans of Marvel's ever-endearing wall-crawler. It's also one of the strongest titles in Insomniac Games' catalog, and will no doubt be counted not only among the best games of 2018, but also among the best PlayStation 4 exclusives ever released. PS4
TrueGaming - عمر العمودي - Arabic 90 ~ 9 / 10 The swing between New York's buildings has never been so great. No previous game of Spider-Man has provided this kind of excellence with play style and storytelling. PS4
USgamer - Mike Williams 90 ~ 4.5 / 5 stars Insomniac Games takes Marvel's most popular character for a spin and the results are fantastic. The developer establishes its own Spider-Man with a unique supporting cast and a beautiful recreation of New York to play around in. This is an absolutely beautiful game, with solid combat and a great story. Most of all, it really sells the feeling of being Spider-Man. The gaming history of Spider-Man has been uneven, but this is an amazing entry in that history. Pun intended. PS4
Daily Dot - AJ Moser 90 ~ 4.5 / 5 stars Every prominent character featured comes across as a natural fit for the world Insomniac have built, as well as Marvel's detailed history. In a similar way, this feels like the most authentic Spider-Man game that's ever been made. It captures every aspect of the hero and his secret identity that fans have come to love, all while delivering a lengthy experience that feels like a childhood dream of defying gravity finally come to fruition. PS4
Hardcore Gamer - Adam Beck 90 ~ 4.5 / 5 Insomniac Games has created the single greatest Spider-Man game and one of the best based on a comic book. PS4
Critical Hit - Darryn Bonthuys 90 ~ 9 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man is charming and energetic, action-packed and surprisingly capable of tugging on your heart strings to deliver a one-two punch to the emotional gut. If you had to sum up Marvel's Spider-Man in one word, nothing would be more apt than…amazing. PS4
Next-Gen Gaming Blog - Ben Ward 90 ~ 9 / 10 Overall, Spider-Man is the game that a lot of people hoped it would be. An incredible traversal system that will have ironically been prototyped on a competitor’s exclusive title, a franchise with instant mainstream appeal and a story that, without giving anything away, sets things up nicely for a sequel without feeling lacking, all combine to make Spider-Man a must-play for 2018. PS4
PlayStation LifeStyle - Chandler Wood 90 ~ 9 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man doesn't innovate on the open-world genre, but Insomniac doubled down on creating a spectacular Spider-Man fantasy. It simply feels good to travel through Peter Parker's New York as the webslinger, even if whatever Spidey-suit you choose is covering a competent and entirely expected open-world formula. Filled with more emotion, heart, and humanity than we've seen in superhero adventures before, Insomniac doesn't need to reinvent the open-world wheel. Marvel's Spider-Man embraces the man behind the mask and gives us the best interactive Spider-Man experience to date. PS4
Hobby Consolas - Álvaro Alonso - Spanish 90 ~ 90 / 100 With the speed, agility and proportionate strength of an arachnid, Insomniac brings back the beloved super hero with a game that lacks novelty, but shines in every aspect. Marvel's Spider-Man is amazing, spectacular, sensational and superior to any other wall-crawling, web-slinging video game. PS4
Push Square - Glen Fox 90 ~ 9 / 10 Ultimately, Marvel's Spider-Man is a must-buy, because no matter how you feel about our webbed superhero, this is just an insanely fun game to play, and it's so well put together. Just like the Arkham games did for Batman, this pretty much provides the definitive version of the Spider-Man universe outside of the comics, and leaves us begging to explore more of it in the inevitable sequel. Webslinging is bliss, combat is fantastic fun, and the extra content and collectibles are varied and infrequent enough not to overwhelm. What's more, the plot and characters are an unexpected surprise, with some fantastic performances that are genuinely touching. Marvel's Spider-Man is one of the best games of 2018 so far, and every PS4 owner will feel proud to own it as part of their library. PS4
GamingTrend - Pierce Turner 90 ~ 90 / 100 I've 100 percent completed the game and unlocked the platinum trophy, but I can't stop swinging through the city and saving people. By the end, it really is your city with your people to help, your landmarks to admire, your jungle to swing though. This is the new benchmark for Spider-Man games and I can't wait to see what Insomniac does next. PS4
TheSixthAxis - Gareth Chadwick 90 ~ 9 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man does a spectacular job of making you feel like the ultimate Spider-Man. From swinging through the city at high speed to fighting off legions of enemies by zipping between them and pulling them into the air, its gameplay looks like a scene from the films. It's remarkably well realised in terms of its world, design, and even technically, with short loading times and a rock solid framerate even on the base PlayStation 4. If Spider-Man is your thing then this is an essential purchase. PS4
Destructoid - Chris Carter 90 ~ 9 / 10 Spider-Man isn't just a great superhero game, it's a proof of concept for Insomniac as a company. This project shows that they can basically handle pretty much any universe, because if you can accurately recreate Peter Parker's nimbleness and gentle heart you can do anything: and with multiple teasers at the end, I think they'll get that chance. PS4
MonsterVine - Spencer Legacy 90 ~ 4.5 / 5 Marvel's Spider-Man completely understands both the character of Peter Parker, and what it is that makes a Spider-Man game fun. Though it has more than a few technical hiccups, Spider-Man is a fantastic action game that can only improve with future installments. PS4
Attack of the Fanboy - William Schwartz 90 ~ 4.5 / 5 stars Spider-Man games have a long history of being disappointing on some level, but Insomniac has crafted a game worthy of the name. PS4
Twinfinite - Chris Jecks 90 ~ 4.5 / 5 After 30 hours, I've wrapped up Spider-Man's story, completed a substantial amount of its side content, and have almost got every suit mod and skill in the game, and I just want to keep playing. Though it has a few minor blemishes here and there, they're never significant enough to really detract from the overall experience. PS4
IGN Spain - Juan García - Spanish 88 ~ 8.8 / 10 Probably the best Spider-Man game ever done, but still far from being perfect. Insomniac has made an excellent sandbox but its repetitiveness and some technical issues makes this game a bit less stellar. PS4
Video Chums - A.J. Maciejewski 88 ~ 8.8 / 10 Insomniac Games created something very special with Marvel's Spider-Man. PS4
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - Max Parker 88 ~ 8.8 / 10 This is the Spider-Man we know and love, but so much so that it's to a fault. "Spider-Man" for PS4 does more than enough to make comic fans and webhead fans happy. It clears the middling bar for Spider-Man games. It's the best Spider-Man game ever made. But, its uninspired narrative keeps it from reaching the heights of the "Arkham" series. Admittedly, that's a tough series to top. This is just the beginning for this new vision of Spider-Man and his journey, and his best tales may be waiting around the corner. PS4
Wccftech - Kai Powell 88 ~ 8.8 / 10 Insomniac has found a way to weave together the human side of Peter Parker with the combat and web-slinging of Spider-Man to create a web of intrigue that any PlayStation 4-owning superhero fan should play. PS4
IGN - Jonathon Dornbush 87 ~ 8.7 / 10 I wanted Marvel's Spider-Man on PS4 to make me feel like Spider-Man: To sail between the highrises of New York City, to nimbly web up hordes of enemies, and tussle with familiar, animal-themed villains. Insomniac Games' first foray into the world of Marvel handily delivers on all of that. But what I didn't expect from Spider-Man was to come away feeling just as fulfilled to have inhabited the life of Peter Parker. Aside from a few odd pacing issues, which momentarily took me out of the experience of being a superhero, and a world of optional missions that don't always quite live up to the heft of the main story, Insomniac has delivered a Spider-Man story that both surprised and delighted me, coupled with gameplay that made me feel like Spider-Man nearly every step of the way. The Wall Crawler's open world doesn't consistently deliver the thrilling moments of its main campaign, but the foundation laid here is undoubtedly a spectacular one. PS4
IGN Middle East - Islam Ibrahim - Arabic 87 ~ 8.7 / 10 The best game you can play with Spider-Man, you have to be ready to integrate into the world of Marvel and deposit the real world. PS4
GamePro - Linda Sprenger - German 85 ~ 85 / 100 So far the best Spider-Man game with many great moments, but also a little diligence. PS4
3DNews - Денис Щенников - Russian 85 ~ 8.5 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man is simply the best opportunity to become Spider-Man. For a few dozen of hours at least. PS4
VGN - Giovanni Marrelli - Italian 85 ~ 8.5 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man is definitely the best game about one of the most beloved character in the comics history, but despite the great efforts of developer Insomniac Games, the new adventure is not perfect, especially when it comes to boss fights, which follow the same pattern over and over, and the quality and variety of the side contents, which tend to be boring after a while. It's a shame, because the combat system and the swinging are two of the best aspects of the game, and the team should have focus on creating more original and complex side adventures, quests and activities to take advantage of the biggest features of Marvel's Spider-Man. PS4
Spaziogames - Matteo Bussani - Italian 85 ~ 8.5 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man is a huge tribute to the superhero. The original story is written around him and has great moments. PS4
New Game Network - Alex Varankou 83 ~ 83 / 100 Marvel's Spider-Man combines exciting traversal mechanics, varied combat, great presentation and plenty of content to build up enough momentum and swing by the underwhelming story and boss battles without getting caught in a web. PS4
Game Revolution - Jason Faulkner 80 ~ 4 / 5 stars Spider-Man PS4 continues the awesome tradition we've seen emerge in the last decade or so of amazing licensed games. I wasn't a huge fan of some of the more repetitive side activities, but I had a lot of fun in general and gained a new appreciation of Spider-Man, enough so that I'll be checking out the comics when I get the time. PS4
We Got This Covered - Shaan Joshi 80 ~ 4 / 5 stars Despite a few missteps in its open world design, Insomniac Games has delivered on its promise. Needless to say, this is the best Spider-Man game to date. PS4
GamingBolt - Aaron Main 80 ~ 8 / 10 Some persistent issues might hold Spider-Man back from the incredible heights many were hoping it would touch, but a strong core, a great love and respect for its source material, and a number of incredibly fun mechanics make it a dream come true for fans of the famous wall-crawler. PS4
Digitally Downloaded - Matt Sainsbury 80 ~ 4 / 5 stars The developers set out to give players an open world game with exciting web-slinging and a combat system that is distinct to Spider-Man’s character, and the team absolutely nailed that brief. There's also so much content in there that people who want to get that all-important 100 per cent completion have many hours of play time to look forward to. The value of Spider-Man as entertainment can't be questioned, but given that this is a blockbuster experience that has brought in a mammoth amount of resourcing, it was also always going to offer that. Spider-Man was never not going to deliver on its promise, and as much as I enjoyed my time with it, I still hold out hope that at some point the industry will start to question whether empty, superficial fun really is the peak of what its biggest projects can offer. PS4
Saudi Gamer - عصام الشهوان - Arabic 80 ~ 8 / 10 A polished effort in terms of gameplay and control that is enjoyable if not distinguished, and is buoyed by its smooth traversal and fun fighting system, with suitable graphics and story. PS4
VideoGamer - Colm Ahern 80 ~ 8 / 10 While some of the antiquated trappings of open world games from years gone-by are present, Spider-Man manages to remain a delight through great acting performances, a compelling story, terrific combat, and joyous swinging. PS4
Telegraph - Tom Hoggins 80 ~ 4 / 5 stars Yes, the swinging is sensational. PS4
Giant Bomb - Ben Pack 80 ~ 4 / 5 stars Spider-Man combines elements from plenty of other games to deliver a game with expansive combat, exciting traversal, and a solid, authentic story. PS4
Gameblog - Julien Inverno - French 70 ~ 7 / 10 Marvel's Spider-Man offers adrenaline rushes but also some free falls. If the incarnation of the Spider is breathtaking in this great playground that is New York, it is legitimate to hope a plot and more inspired missions while the formula is copied and pasted from recent Batman games. Spider-Man PS4 is solid and generous, but it lacks daring and originality. PS4
Slant Magazine - Steven Scaife 70 ~ 3.5 / 5 stars Spider-Man's mechanics feel fluid and satisfying enough to keep players engaged throughout the entire campaign. PS4
Metro GameCentral - GameCentral 70 ~ 7 / 10 The best Spider-Man game ever made… but only just, since it fails to move the superhero video game genre forward in any important way. PS4
GameMAG - xtr - Russian 70 ~ 7 / 10 The new Spider-Man features an incredibly beautiful open world, dull bosses and repetitive tasks. This project will amaze you with its visual quality, but, on the other hand, may disappoint you with monotonous gameplay. PS4
Guardian - Rick Lane 60 ~ 3 / 5 stars Spidey swings through the canyons of Manhattan in eye-popping style, but the set-piece supervillain showdowns are confused and messy PS4


submitted by ninjyte to Games [link] [comments]


2018.07.17 01:46 Chtorrr cat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search This article is about the cat species that is commonly kept as a pet. For the cat family, see Felidae. For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation). For technical reasons, "Cat #1" redirects here. For the album, see Cat 1 (album). Domestic cat[1] Cat poster 1.jpg Various types of domestic cat Conservation status Domesticated Scientific classification e Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Feliformia Family: Felidae Subfamily: Felinae Genus: Felis Species: F. silvestris Subspecies: F. s. catus Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus, 1758[2] Synonyms Felis catus (original combination)[3] Felis catus domestica (invalid junior synonym)[4]
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus)[1][5] is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats[6] when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines. They are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin. There are more than seventy cat breeds recognized by various cat registries.
Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans. Cats, despite being solitary hunters, are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting) as well as cat pheromones and types of cat-specific body language.[7]
Cats have a high breeding rate.[8] Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, requiring population control.[9] In certain areas outside cats' native range, this has contributed, along with habitat destruction and other factors, to the extinction of many bird species. Cats have been known to extirpate a bird species within specific regions and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island populations.[10] Cats are thought to be primarily responsible for the extinction of 87 species of birds,[11] and the presence of feral and free-ranging cats makes some otherwise suitable locations unsuitable for attempted species reintroduction.[12]
Because cats were venerated in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there,[13] but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic from around 9,500 years ago (7500 BC).[14] A genetic study in 2007[15] concluded that all domestic cats are descended from Near Eastern wildcats, having diverged around 8000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16] A 2016 study found that leopard cats were undergoing domestication independently in China around 5500 BC, though this line of partially domesticated cats leaves no trace in the domesticated populations of today.[17][18] A 2017 study confirmed that domestic cats are descendants of those first domesticated by farmers in the Near East around 9,000 years ago.[19][20]
As of a 2007 study, cats are the second-most popular pet in the U.S. by number of pets owned, behind freshwater fish.[21] In a 2010 study, they were ranked the third-most popular pet in the UK, after fish and dogs, with around 8 million being owned.[22]
Contents 1 Taxonomy and evolution 2 Nomenclature and etymology 3 Biology 3.1 Anatomy 3.2 Physiology 3.2.1 Nutrition 3.3 Senses 3.4 Health 3.4.1 Diseases 3.5 Genetics 4 Behavior 4.1 Sociability 4.2 Communication 4.3 Grooming 4.4 Fighting 4.5 Hunting and feeding 4.6 Running 4.7 Play 4.8 Reproduction 5 Ecology 5.1 Habitats 5.2 Feral cats 5.3 Impact on prey species 5.4 Impact on birds 6 Interaction with humans 6.1 Cat show 6.2 Cat café 6.3 Ailurophobia 6.4 Cat bites 6.5 Infections transmitted from cats to humans 6.6 History and mythology 6.6.1 Superstitions and cat burning 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links Taxonomy and evolution Main article: Cat evolution The domestic cat is a member of the cat family, the felids, which are a rapidly evolving family of mammals that share a common ancestor only 10–15 million years ago[23] and include lions, tigers, cougars and many others. Within this family, domestic cats (Felis catus) are part of the genus Felis, which is a group of small cats containing about seven species (depending upon classification scheme).[1][24] Members of the genus are found worldwide and include the jungle cat (Felis chaus) of southeast Asia, European wildcat (F. silvestris silvestris), African wildcat (F. s. lybica), the Chinese mountain cat (F. bieti), and the Arabian sand cat (F. margarita), among others.[25]
The domestic cat is believed to have evolved from the Near Eastern wildcat, whose range covers vast portions of the Middle East westward to the Atlantic coast of Africa.[26][27] Between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago the animal gave rise to the genetic lineage that eventually produced all domesticated cats,[28] having diverged from the Near Eastern wildcat around 8,000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16]
The domestic cat was first classified as Felis catus by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae published in 1758.[1][2] Because of modern phylogenetics, domestic cats are usually regarded as another subspecies of the wildcat, F. silvestris.[1][29][30] This has resulted in mixed usage of the terms, as the domestic cat can be called by its subspecies name, Felis silvestris catus.[1][29][30] Wildcats have also been referred to as various subspecies of F. catus,[30] but in 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature fixed the name for wildcats as F. silvestris.[31] The most common name in use for the domestic cat remains F. catus. Sometimes, the domestic cat has been called Felis domesticus[32] as proposed by German naturalist J. C. P. Erxleben in 1777,[33] but these are not valid taxonomic names and have been used only rarely in scientific literature.[34] A population of Transcaucasian black feral cats was once classified as Felis daemon (Satunin 1904) but now this population is considered to be a part of the domestic cat.[35]
All the cats in this genus share a common ancestor that is believed to have lived around 6–7 million years ago in the Near East (the Middle East).[36] The exact relationships within the Felidae are close but still uncertain,[37][38] e.g. the Chinese mountain cat is sometimes classified (under the name Felis silvestris bieti) as a subspecies of the wildcat, like the North African variety F. s. lybica.[29][37]
Ancient Egyptian sculpture of the cat goddess Bastet. The earliest evidence of felines as Egyptian deities comes from c. 3100 BC. In comparison to dogs, cats have not undergone major changes during the domestication process, as the form and behavior of the domestic cat is not radically different from those of wildcats and domestic cats are perfectly capable of surviving in the wild.[39][40] Fully domesticated house cats often interbreed with feral F. catus populations,[41] producing hybrids such as the Kellas cat. This limited evolution during domestication means that hybridisation can occur with many other felids, notably the Asian leopard cat.[42] Several natural behaviors and characteristics of wildcats may have predisposed them for domestication as pets.[40] These traits include their small size, social nature, obvious body language, love of play and relatively high intelligence.[43]:12–17 Several small felid species may have an inborn tendency towards tameness.[40]
Cats have either a mutualistic or commensal relationship with humans. Two main theories are given about how cats were domesticated. In one, people deliberately tamed cats in a process of artificial selection as they were useful predators of vermin.[44] This has been criticized as implausible, because the reward for such an effort may have been too little; cats generally do not carry out commands and although they do eat rodents, other species such as ferrets or terriers may be better at controlling these pests.[29] The alternative idea is that cats were simply tolerated by people and gradually diverged from their wild relatives through natural selection, as they adapted to hunting the vermin found around humans in towns and villages.[29]
Nomenclature and etymology The origin of the English word cat (Old English catt) and its counterparts in other Germanic languages (such as German Katze), descended from Proto-Germanic *kattōn-, is controversial. It has traditionally thought to be a borrowing from Late Latin cattus, 'domestic cat', from catta (used around 75 AD by Martial),[45][46] compare also Byzantine Greek κάττα, Portuguese and Spanish gato, French chat, Maltese qattus, Lithuanian katė, and Old Church Slavonic kotъ (kotka), among others.[47] The Late Latin word is generally thought to originate from an Afro-Asiatic language, but every proposed source word has presented problems. Many references refer to "Berber" (Kabyle) kaddîska, 'wildcat', and Nubian kadīs as possible sources or cognates, but M. Lionel Bender suggesets the Nubian term is a loan from Arabic قِطَّة qiṭṭa.[48] Jean-Paul Savignac suggests the Latin word is from an Ancient Egyptian precursor of Coptic ϣⲁⲩ šau, 'tomcat', or its feminine form suffixed with -t,[49] but John Huehnergard says "the source [...] was clearly not Egyptian itself, where no analogous form is attested."[48] Huehnergard opines it is "equally likely that the forms might derive from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin and thence to Greek and to Syriac and Arabic". Guus Kroonen also considers the word to be native to Germanic (due to morphological alternations) and Northern Europe, and suggests that it might ultimately be borrowed from Uralic, cf. Northern Sami gađfe, 'female stoat', and Hungarian hölgy, 'stoat'; from Proto-Uralic *käďwä, 'female (of a furred animal)'.[50] In any case, cat is a classic example of a Wanderwort.
An alternative word is English puss (extended as pussy and pussycat). Attested only from the 16th century, it may have been introduced from Dutch poes or from Low German puuskatte, related to Swedish kattepus, or Norwegian pus, pusekatt. Similar forms exist in Lithuanian puižė and Irish puisín or puiscín. The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have simply arisen from a sound used to attract a cat.[51][52]
A group of cats can be referred to as a clowder or a glaring;[53] a male cat is called a tom or tomcat[54] (or a gib,[55] if neutered); an unspayed female is called a queen,[56] especially in a cat-breeding context; and a juvenile cat is referred to as a kitten. The male progenitor of a cat, especially a pedigreed cat, is its sire,[57] and its mother is its dam[58] In Early Modern English, the word kitten was interchangeable with the now obsolete word catling.[59]
A pedigreed cat is one whose ancestry is recorded by a cat fancier organization. A purebred (or pure-bred) cat is one whose ancestry contains only individuals of the same breed. Many pedigreed and especially purebred cats are exhibited as show cats. Cats of unrecorded, mixed ancestry are referred to as domestic short-haired or domestic long-haired cats (by coat type), or commonly as random-bred, moggies (chiefly British), or (using terms borrowed from dog breeding) mongrels or mutt-cats.
While the African wildcat is the ancestral subspecies from which domestic cats are descended, and wildcats and domestic cats can completely interbreed (being subspecies of the same species), several intermediate stages occur between domestic pet and pedigree cats on one hand and entirely wild animals on the other. The semi-feral cat, a mostly outdoor cat, is not owned by any one individual, but is generally friendly to people and may be fed by several households. Truly feral cats are associated with human habitation areas, foraging for food and sometimes intermittently fed by people, but are typically wary of human interaction.[41]
Biology Anatomy Main article: Cat anatomy
Diagram of the general anatomy of a male Domestic cats are similar in size to the other members of the genus Felis, typically weighing between 4 and 5 kg (9 and 10 lb).[37] Some breeds, such as the Maine Coon, can occasionally exceed 11 kg (24 lb). Conversely, very small cats, less than 2 kg (4 lb), have been reported.[60] The world record for the largest cat is 21 kg (50 lb).[61][self-published source] The smallest adult cat ever officially recorded weighed around 1 kg (2 lb).[61] Feral cats tend to be lighter, as they have more limited access to food than house cats. The Boston Cat Hospital weighted trapped feral cats, and found the average feral adult male to weigh 4 kg (9 lb), and average adult female 3 kg (7 lb).[62] Cats average about 23–25 cm (9–10 in) in height and 46 cm (18 in) in head/body length (males being larger than females), with tails averaging 30 cm (12 in) in length;[63] feral cats may be smaller on average.
Cats have seven cervical vertebrae, as do almost all mammals; 13 thoracic vertebrae (humans have 12); seven lumbar vertebrae (humans have five); three sacral vertebrae like most mammals (humans have five); and a variable number of caudal vertebrae in the tail (humans have only vestigial caudal vertebrae, fused into an internal coccyx).[64]:11 The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae account for the cat's spinal mobility and flexibility. Attached to the spine are 13 ribs, the shoulder, and the pelvis.[64] :16 Unlike human arms, cat forelimbs are attached to the shoulder by free-floating clavicle bones which allow them to pass their body through any space into which they can fit their head.[65]
Cat skull The cat skull is unusual among mammals in having very large eye sockets and a powerful and specialized jaw.[66]:35 Within the jaw, cats have teeth adapted for killing prey and tearing meat. When it overpowers its prey, a cat delivers a lethal neck bite with its two long canine teeth, inserting them between two of the prey's vertebrae and severing its spinal cord, causing irreversible paralysis and death.[67] Compared to other felines, domestic cats have narrowly spaced canine teeth, which is an adaptation to their preferred prey of small rodents, which have small vertebrae.[67] The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassial pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently shears meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors. These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats are largely incapable of mastication.[66]:37 Although cats tend to have better teeth than most humans, with decay generally less likely because of a thicker protective layer of enamel, a less damaging saliva, less retention of food particles between teeth, and a diet mostly devoid of sugar, they are nonetheless subject to occasional tooth loss and infection.[68]
Cats, like dogs, are digitigrades. They walk directly on their toes, with the bones of their feet making up the lower part of the visible leg.[69] Cats are capable of walking very precisely because, like all felines, they directly register; that is, they place each hind paw (almost) directly in the print of the corresponding fore paw, minimizing noise and visible tracks. This also provides sure footing for their hind paws when they navigate rough terrain. Unlike most mammals, when cats walk, they use a "pacing" gait; that is, they move the two legs on one side of the body before the legs on the other side. This trait is shared with camels and giraffes. As a walk speeds up into a trot, a cat's gait changes to be a "diagonal" gait, similar to that of most other mammals (and many other land animals, such as lizards): the diagonally opposite hind and fore legs move simultaneously.[70]
Like almost all members of the Felidae, cats have protractable and retractable claws.[71] In their normal, relaxed position, the claws are sheathed with the skin and fur around the paw's toe pads. This keeps the claws sharp by preventing wear from contact with the ground and allows the silent stalking of prey. The claws on the fore feet are typically sharper than those on the hind feet.[72] Cats can voluntarily extend their claws on one or more paws. They may extend their claws in hunting or self-defense, climbing, kneading, or for extra traction on soft surfaces. Most cats have five claws on their front paws, and four on their rear paws.[73] The fifth front claw (the dewclaw) is proximal to the other claws. More proximally is a protrusion which appears to be a sixth "finger". This special feature of the front paws, on the inside of the wrists, is the carpal pad, also found on the paws of big cats and dogs. It has no function in normal walking, but is thought to be an antiskidding device used while jumping. Some breeds of cats are prone to polydactyly (extra toes and claws).[73] These are particularly common along the northeast coast of North America.[74]
Physiology Cats are familiar and easily kept animals, and their physiology has been particularly well studied; it generally resembles those of other carnivorous mammals, but displays several unusual features probably attributable to cats' descent from desert-dwelling species.[32] For instance, cats are able to tolerate quite high temperatures: Humans generally start to feel uncomfortable when their skin temperature passes about 38 °C (100 °F), but cats show no discomfort until their skin reaches around 52 °C (126 °F),[66]:46 and can tolerate temperatures of up to 56 °C (133 °F) if they have access to water.[75]
Normal physiological values[76]:330 Body temperature 38.6 °C (101.5 °F) Heart rate 120–140 beats per minute Breathing rate 16–40 breaths per minute
Thermograph of various body parts of a cat Cats conserve heat by reducing the flow of blood to their skin and lose heat by evaporation through their mouths. Cats have minimal ability to sweat, with glands located primarily in their paw pads,[77] and pant for heat relief only at very high temperatures[78] (but may also pant when stressed). A cat's body temperature does not vary throughout the day; this is part of cats' general lack of circadian rhythms and may reflect their tendency to be active both during the day and at night.[79]:1 Cats' feces are comparatively dry and their urine is highly concentrated, both of which are adaptations to allow cats to retain as much water as possible.[32] Their kidneys are so efficient, they can survive on a diet consisting only of meat, with no additional water,[80] and can even rehydrate by drinking seawater.[81][79]:29While domestic cats are able to swim, they are generally reluctant to enter water as it quickly leads to exhaustion.[82]
Nutrition Cats are obligate carnivores: their physiology has evolved to efficiently process meat, and they have difficulty digesting plant matter.[32] In contrast to omnivores such as rats, which only require about 4% protein in their diet, about 20% of a cat's diet must be protein.[32] A cat's gastrointestinal tract is adapted to meat eating, being much shorter than that of omnivores and having low levels of several of the digestive enzymes needed to digest carbohydrates.[83] These traits severely limit the cat's ability to digest and use plant-derived nutrients, as well as certain fatty acids.[83] Despite the cat's meat-oriented physiology, several vegetarian or vegan cat foods have been marketed that are supplemented with chemically synthesized taurine and other nutrients, in attempts to produce a complete diet. However, some of these products still fail to provide all the nutrients cats require,[84] and diets containing no animal products pose the risk of causing severe nutritional deficiencies.[85] However, veterinarians in the United States have expressed concern that many domestic cats are overfed.[86]
Cats do eat grass occasionally. A proposed explanation is that cats use grass as a source of folic acid. Another is that it is used to supply dietary fiber, helping the cat defecate more easily and expel parasites and other harmful material through feces and vomit.[87]
Cats are unusually dependent on a constant supply of the amino acid arginine, and a diet lacking arginine causes marked weight loss and can be rapidly fatal.[88] Arginine is an essential additive in cat food because cats have low levels of the enzymes aminotransferase and pyrroline-5-carboxylate which are responsible for the synthesis of ornithine and citrulline in the small intestine.[89] Citrulline would typically go on to the kidneys to make arginine, but because cats have a deficiency in the enzymes that make it, citrulline is not produced in adequate quantities to make arginine. Arginine is essential in the urea cycle in order to convert the toxic component ammonia into urea that can then be excreted in the urine. Because of its essential role, deficiency in arginine results in a build up of toxic ammonia and leads to hyperammonemia.[89] The symptoms of hyperammonemia include lethargy, vomiting, ataxia, hyperesthesia and can be serious enough to induce death and coma in a matter of days if a cat is being fed an arginine-free diet. The quick onset of these symptoms is due to the fact that diets devoid in arginine will typically still contain all of the other amino acids, which will continue to be catabolized by the body, producing mass amounts of ammonia that very quickly build up with no way of being excreted.
Another unusual feature is that the cat cannot produce taurine,[note 1] with a deficiency in this nutrient causing macular degeneration, wherein the cat's retina slowly breaks down, causing irreversible blindness.[32] This is due to the hepatic activity of cystinesulfinic acid decarboxylase being low in cats.[91] This limits the ability of cats to biosynthesize the taurine they need from its precursor, the amino acid cysteine, which ultimately results in inadequate taurine production needed for normal function.[91] Deficiencies in taurine result in compensated function of feline cardiovascular and reproductive systems.[91] These abnormalities can also be accompanied by developmental issues in the central nervous system along with degeneration of the retina.[91]
In order to produce the essential vitamin niacin for use in the cat, tryptophan is needed for conversion purposes. However, due to a competing pathway with acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), niacin can become deficient and require supplementation.[92] This process occurs when an overactive enzyme, picolinic acid carboxylase, converts the vitamin B6 precursor picolinic acid into the alternate compound acetyl-CoA, instead of converting quinolinate into nictotinic acid mononlucleotide (niacin).[93] Niacin is required in cats as it supports enzyme function. If niacin is deficient in the diet, anorexia, weight loss and an increase in body temperature can result.[94]
Preformed vitamin A is required in the cat for retinal and reproductive health. Vitamin A is considered to be a fat-soluble vitamin and is seen as essential in a cat's diet. Normally, the conversion of beta-carotenes into vitamin A occurs in the intestine (more specifically the mucosal layer) of species, however cats lack the ability to undergo this process.[92] Both the kidney and liver are contributors to the use of vitamin A in the body of the majority of species while the cats liver does not produce the enzyme Beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase which converts the beta-carotene into retinol (vitamin A).[95] To summarize: cats do not have high levels of this enzyme leading to the cleavage and oxidation of carotenoids not taking place.[93]
Vitamin D3 is a dietary requirement for cats as they lack the ability to synthesize vitamin D3 from sunlight.[96] Cats obtain high levels of the enzyme 7-dehydrocholestrol delta 7 reductase which causes immediate conversion of vitamin D3 from sunlight to 7-dehydrocholesterol.[97] This fat soluble vitamin is required in cats for bone formation through the promotion of calcium retention, along with nerve and muscle control through absorption of calcium and phosphorus.[97]
Cats, like all mammals, need to get linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid, from their diet. Most mammals can convert linoleic acid to arachidonic acid, as well as the omega 3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) through the activity of enzymes, but this process is very limited in cats.[92] The Δ6-desaturase enzyme eventually converts linoleic acid, which is in its salt form linoleate, to arachidonate (salt form of arachidonic acid) in the liver, but this enzyme has very little activity in cats.[92] This means that arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid for cats as they lack the ability to create required amounts of linoleic acid. Deficiency of arachidonic acid in cats is related to problems in growth, can cause injury and inflammation to skin (e.g. around the mouth) decreased platelet aggregation, fatty liver, increase in birth defects of kittens whose queens were deficient during pregnancy, and reproductive failure in queens.[92] Arachidonic acid can also be metabolized to eicosanoids that create inflammatory responses which are needed to stimulate proper growth and repair mechanisms in the cat.[98]
Cat food § Nutrient chart provides a list of the many nutrients cats require as well as the use of the nutrients in the body and the effects of the deficiency.
Senses Main article: Cat senses
Reflection of camera flash from the tapetum lucidum Cats have excellent night vision and can see at only one-sixth the light level required for human vision.[66]:43 This is partly the result of cat eyes having a tapetum lucidum, which reflects any light that passes through the retina back into the eye, thereby increasing the eye's sensitivity to dim light.[99] Another adaptation to dim light is the large pupils of cats' eyes. Unlike some big cats, such as tigers, domestic cats have slit pupils.[100] These slit pupils can focus bright light without chromatic aberration, and are needed since the domestic cat's pupils are much larger, relative to their eyes, than the pupils of the big cats.[100] At low light levels, a cat's pupils will expand to cover most of the exposed surface of its eyes.[101] However, domestic cats have rather poor color vision and (like most nonprimate mammals) have only two types of cones, optimized for sensitivity to blue and yellowish green; they have limited ability to distinguish between red and green.[102] A 1993 paper reported a response to middle wavelengths from a system other than the rods which might be due to a third type of cone. However, this appears to be an adaptation to low light levels rather than representing true trichromatic vision.[103]
Cats have excellent hearing and can detect an extremely broad range of frequencies. They can hear higher-pitched sounds than either dogs or humans, detecting frequencies from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz, a range of 10.5 octaves, while humans and dogs both have ranges of about 9 octaves.[104][105] Cats can hear ultrasound, which is important in hunting[106] because many species of rodents make ultrasonic calls.[107] However, they do not communicate using ultrasound like rodents do. Cats' hearing is also sensitive and among the best of any mammal,[104] being most acute in the range of 500 Hz to 32 kHz.[108] This sensitivity is further enhanced by the cat's large movable outer ears (their pinnae), which both amplify sounds and help detect the direction of a noise.[106]
Cats have an acute sense of smell, due in part to their well-developed olfactory bulb and a large surface of olfactory mucosa, about 5.8 cm2 (0.90 in2) in area, which is about twice that of humans.[109] Cats are sensitive to pheromones such as 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol,[110] which they use to communicate through urine spraying and marking with scent glands.[111] Many cats also respond strongly to plants that contain nepetalactone, especially catnip, as they can detect that substance at less than one part per billion.[112] About 70–80% of cats are affected by nepetalactone.[113] This response is also produced by other plants, such as silver vine (Actinidia polygama) and the herb valerian; it may be caused by the smell of these plants mimicking a pheromone and stimulating cats' social or sexual behaviors.[114]
Cats have relatively few taste buds compared to humans (470 or so versus more than 9,000 on the human tongue).[115] Domestic and wild cats share a gene mutation that keeps their sweet taste buds from binding to sugary molecules, leaving them with no ability to taste sweetness.[116] Their taste buds instead respond to acids, amino acids like protein, and bitter tastes.[117] Cats and many other animals have a Jacobson's organ in their mouths that is used in the behavioral process of flehmening. It allows them to sense certain aromas in a way that humans cannot. Cats also have a distinct temperature preference for their food, preferring food with a temperature around 38 °C (100 °F) which is similar to that of a fresh kill and routinely rejecting food presented cold or refrigerated (which would signal to the cat that the "prey" item is long dead and therefore possibly toxic or decomposing).[115]
The whiskers of a cat are highly sensitive to touch. To aid with navigation and sensation, cats have dozens of movable whiskers (vibrissae) over their body, especially their faces. These provide information on the width of gaps and on the location of objects in the dark, both by touching objects directly and by sensing air currents; they also trigger protective blink reflexes to protect the eyes from damage.[66]:47
File:BIOASTRONAUTICS RESEARCH Gov.archives.arc.68700.ogv Comparison of cat righting reflexes in gravity versus zero gravity Most breeds of cat have a noted fondness for settling in high places, or perching. In the wild, a higher place may serve as a concealed site from which to hunt; domestic cats may strike prey by pouncing from a perch such as a tree branch, as does a leopard.[118] Another possible explanation is that height gives the cat a better observation point, allowing it to survey its territory. During a fall from a high place, a cat can reflexively twist its body and right itself using its acute sense of balance and flexibility.[119] This is known as the cat righting reflex. An individual cat always rights itself in the same way, provided it has the time to do so, during a fall. The height required for this to occur is around 90 cm (3.0 ft). Cats without a tail (e.g. many specimens of the Manx and Cymric breeds) also have this ability, since a cat mostly relies on leg movement and conservation of angular momentum to set up for landing, and the tail is little used for this feat.[120] Their excellent sense of balance allows cats to move with great stability. A cat falling from heights of up to 3 meters can right itself and land on its paws.[121]
Health Main articles: Cat health and Aging in cats The average lifespan of pet cats has risen in recent years. In the early 1980s, it was about seven years,[122]:33[123] rising to 9.4 years in 1995[122]:33 and 15.1 years in 2018.[124] However, cats have been reported as surviving into their 30s,[125] with the oldest known cat, Creme Puff, dying at a verified age of 38.[126]
Spaying or neutering increases life expectancy: one study found neutered male cats live twice as long as intact males, while spayed female cats live 62% longer than intact females.[122]:35 Having a cat neutered confers health benefits, because castrated males cannot develop testicular cancer, spayed females cannot develop uterine or ovarian cancer, and both have a reduced risk of mammary cancer.[127]
Despite widespread concern about the welfare of free-roaming cats, the lifespans of neutered feral cats in managed colonies compare favorably with those of pet cats.[128]:45[129]:1358 [130][131][132][133]
Diseases Main article: Feline diseases A wide range of health problems may affect cats, including infectious diseases, parasites, injuries, and chronic disease. Vaccinations are available for many of these diseases, and domestic cats are regularly given treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms and fleas.[134]
Genetics Main article: Cat genetics The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both diploid organisms that possess 38 chromosomes[135] and roughly 20,000 genes.[136] About 250 heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors.[137] The high level of similarity among the metabolism of mammals allows many of these feline diseases to be diagnosed using genetic tests that were originally developed for use in humans, as well as the use of cats as animal models in the study of the human diseases.[138][139]
Behavior See also: Cat behavior and Cat intelligence A black-and-white cat on a fence A cat on a fence Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night.[140][141] The timing of cats' activity is quite flexible and varied, which means house cats may be more active in the morning and evening, as a response to greater human activity at these times.[142] Although they spend the majority of their time in the vicinity of their home, housecats can range many hundreds of meters from this central point, and are known to establish territories that vary considerably in size, in one study ranging from 7 to 28 hectares (17–69 acres).[141]
Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow older. The daily duration of sleep varies, usually between 12 and 16 hours, with 13 and 14 being the average. Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours. The term "cat nap" for a short rest refers to the cat's tendency to fall asleep (lightly) for a brief period. While asleep, cats experience short periods of rapid eye movement sleep often accompanied by muscle twitches, which suggests they are dreaming.[143]
Sociability
Social grooming Although wildcats are solitary, the social behavior of domestic cats is much more variable and ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies that gather around a food source, based on groups of co-operating females.[144][145] Within such groups, one cat is usually dominant over the others.[34] Each cat in a colony holds a distinct territory, with sexually active males having the largest territories, which are about 10 times larger than those of female cats and may overlap with several females' territories.[111] These territories are marked by urine spraying, by rubbing objects at head height with secretions from facial glands, and by defecation.[111] Between these territories are neutral areas where cats watch and greet one another without territorial conflicts. Outside these neutral areas, territory holders usually chase away stranger cats, at first by staring, hissing, and growling, and if that does not work, by short but noisy and violent attacks. Despite some cats cohabiting in colonies, they do not have a social survival strategy, or a pack mentality, and always hunt alone.[146]
Cat with an Alaskan Malamute dog However, some pet cats are poorly socialized. In particular, older cats may show aggressiveness towards newly arrived kittens, which may include biting and scratching; this type of behavior is known as feline asocial aggression.[147]
Though cats and dogs are often characterized as natural enemies, they can live together if correctly socialized.[148]
Life in proximity to humans and other domestic animals has led to a symbiotic social adaptation in cats, and cats may express great affection toward humans or other animals. Ethologically, the human keeper of a cat may function as a sort of surrogate for the cat's mother,[149] and adult housecats live their lives in a kind of extended kittenhood,[150] a form of behavioral neoteny. The high-pitched sounds housecats make to solicit food may mimic the cries of a hungry human infant, making them particularly hard for humans to ignore.[151]
Domestic cats' scent rubbing behavior towards humans or other cats is thought to be a feline means for social bonding.[152]
Communication Main article: Cat communication Domestic cats use many vocalizations for communication, including purring, trilling, hissing, growling/snarling, grunting, and several different forms of meowing.[7] (By contrast, feral cats are generally silent.)[153]:208 Their types of body language, including position of ears and tail, relaxation of the whole body, and kneading of the paws, are all indicators of mood. The tail and ears are particularly important social signal mechanisms in cats;[154][155] for example, a raised tail acts as a friendly greeting, and flattened ears indicates hostility. Tail-raising also indicates the cat's position in the group's social hierarchy, with dominant individuals raising their tails less often than subordinate animals.[155] Nose-to-nose touching is also a common greeting and may be followed by social grooming, which is solicited by one of the cats raising and tilting its head.[145]
Purring may have developed as an evolutionary advantage as a signalling mechanism of reassurance between mother cats and nursing kittens. Post-nursing cats often purr as a sign of contentment: when being petted, becoming relaxed,[156][157] or eating. The mechanism by which cats purr is elusive. The cat has no unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the sound.[158] It was, until recent times, believed that only the cats of the Felis genus could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tiger, lion, jaguar, and leopard) also produce non-continuous sounds, called chuffs, similar to purring, but only when exhaling.[159]
Grooming
The hooked papillae on a cat's tongue act like a hairbrush to help clean and detangle fur. File:Housecat Grooming Itself.webm A tabby housecat uses its brush-like tongue to groom itself, licking its fur to straighten it. Cats are known for spending considerable amounts of time licking their coat to keep it clean.[160] The cat's tongue has backwards-facing spines about 500 μm long, which are called papillae. These contain keratin which makes them rigid[161] so the papillae act like a hairbrush. Some cats, particularly longhaired cats, occasionally regurgitate hairballs of fur that have collected in their stomachs from grooming. These clumps of fur are usually sausage-shaped and about 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long. Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut, as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.[160]
Fighting Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females.[162] Among feral cats, the most common reason for cat fighting is competition between two males to mate with a female. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male.[163] Another common reason for fighting in domestic cats is the difficulty of establishing territories within a small home.[162] Female cats also fight over territory or to defend their kittens. Neutering will decrease or eliminate this behavior in many cases, suggesting that the behavior is linked to sex hormones.[164]
An arched back, raised fur and an open-mouthed hiss can all be signs of aggression in a domestic cat. When cats become aggressive, they try to make themselves appear larger and more threatening by raising their fur, arching their backs, turning sideways and hissing or spitting.[154] Often, the ears are pointed down and back to avoid damage to the inner ear and potentially listen for any changes behind them while focused forward. They may also vocalize loudly and bare their teeth in an effort to further intimidate their opponent. Fights usually consist of grappling and delivering powerful slaps to the face and body with the forepaws as well as bites. Cats also throw themselves to the ground in a defensive posture to rake their opponent's belly with their powerful hind legs.[165]
Serious damage is rare, as the fights are usually short in duration, with the loser running away with little more than a few scratches to the face and ears. However, fights for mating rights are typically more severe and injuries may include deep puncture wounds and lacerations. Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections of scratches and bites, though these can occasionally kill cats if untreated. In addition, bites are probably the main route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus.[166] Sexually active males are usually involved in many fights during their lives, and often have decidedly battered faces with obvious scars and cuts to their ears and nose.[167]
Hunting and feeding
A cat that is playing with a caught mouse. Cats play with their prey to weaken or exhaust them before making a kill.
A domestic cat with its prey Cats hunt small prey, primarily birds and rodents,[168] and are often used as a form of pest control.[169][170] Domestic cats are a major predator of wildlife in the United States, killing an estimated 1.4 to 3.7 billion birds and 6.9 to 20.7 billion mammals annually.[171][172] The bulk of predation in the United States is done by 80 million feral and stray cats. Effective measures to reduce this population are elusive, meeting opposition from cat enthusiasts.[171][172] In the case of free-ranging pets, equipping cats with bells and not letting them out at night will reduce wildlife predation.[168]
Free-fed feral cats and house cats tend to consume many small meals in a single day, although the frequency and size of meals varies between individuals.[146] Cats use two hunting strategies, either stalking prey actively, or waiting in ambush until an animal comes close enough to be captured.[173] Although it is not certain, the strategy used may depend on the prey species in the area, with cats waiting in ambush outside burrows, but tending to actively stalk birds.[174]:153
Perhaps the best known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often appear to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture. This behavior is due to an instinctive imperative to ensure that the prey is weak enough to be killed without endangering the cat.[175] This behavior is referred to in the idiom "cat-and-mouse game" or simply "cat and mouse".
Another poorly understood element of cat hunting behavior is the presentation of prey to human guardians. Ethologist Paul Leyhausen proposed that cats adopt humans into their social group and share excess kill with others in the group according to the dominance hierarchy, in which humans are reacted to as if they are at, or near, the top.[176] Anthropologist and zoologist Desmond Morris, in his 1986 book Catwatching, suggests, when cats bring home mice or birds, they are attempting to teach their human to hunt, or trying to help their human as if feeding "an elderly cat, or an inept kitten".[177][178] Morris's hypothesis is inconsistent with the fact that male cats also bring home prey, despite males having negligible involvement with raising kittens.[174]:153
Domestic cats select food based on its temperature, smell and texture; they dislike chilled foods and respond most strongly to moist foods rich in amino acids, which are similar to meat.[85][146] Cats may reject novel flavors (a response termed neophobia) and learn quickly to avoid foods that have tasted unpleasant in the past.[146] They may also avoid sugary foods and milk. Most adult cats are lactose intolerant; the sugars in milk are not easily digested and may cause soft stools or diarrhea.[146][179] They can also develop odd eating habits. Some cats like to eat or chew on other things, most commonly wool, but also plastic, cables, paper, string, aluminum foil, or even coal. This condition, pica, can threaten their health, depending on the amount and toxicity of the items eaten.[180][181]
Though cats usually prey on animals less than half their size, a feral cat in Australia has been photographed killing an adult pademelon of around the cat's weight at 4 kg (8.8 lb).[182]
Since cats lack sufficient lips to create suction,[183] they use a lapping method with the tongue to draw liquid upwards into their mouths. Lapping at a rate of four times a second, the cat touches the smooth tip of its tongue to the surface of the water, and quickly retracts it like a corkscrew, drawing water upwards.[184]
Running A veterinarian and columnist for Mercola Healthy Pets, Karen Shaw Becker, has compiled a list of the fastest and most athletic cat breeds. First is the Egyptian Mau, which can clock up to 30 miles per hour, faster than any other domestic cat breed in the world.[185][unreliable source] In descending order, Becker lists the other swift domestic cats: the Abyssinian cat, the Somali cat, the Bengal cat, the Savannah cat, the Manx cat ("He can jump and accelerate through the house like there's no tomorrow. Watch for his sharp turns and quick stops – you'll think he's a mini sports car in the shape of a cat."), the Siamese cat, the Ocicat, and the Oriental Shorthair.
The average house cat can outspeed the average house dog (excluding those born to run and race, such as the greyhound and the cheetah), but they excel at sprinting, not at long-distance running.
Play Main article: Cat play and toys File:Play fight between cats.webmhd.webm Play fight between kittens, age 14 weeks Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of play. This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill prey.[186] Cats also engage in play fighting, with each other and with humans. This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for real combat, and might also reduce any fear they associate with launching attacks on other animals.[187]
Owing to the close similarity between play and hunting, cats prefer to play with objects that resemble prey, such as small furry toys that move rapidly, but rapidly lose interest (they become habituated) in a toy they have played with before.[188] Cats also tend to play with toys more when they are hungry.[189] String is often used as a toy, but if it is eaten, it can become caught at the base of the cat's tongue and then move into the intestines, a medical emergency which can cause serious illness, even death.[190] Owing to the risks posed by cats eating string, it is sometimes replaced with a laser pointer's dot, which cats may chase.[191]
Reproduction See also: Kitten
When cats mate, the tomcat (male) bites the scruff of the female's neck as she assumes a position conducive to mating known as lordosis behavior.
Radiography of a pregnant cat (about one month and a half) Female cats are seasonally polyestrous, which means they may have many periods of heat over the course of a year, the season beginning in spring and ending in late autumn. Heat periods occur about every two weeks and last about 4 to 7 days.[192] Multiple males will be attracted to a female in heat. The males will fight over her, and the victor wins the right to mate. At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually the female allows the male to mate. The female utters a loud yowl as the male pulls out of her because a male cat's penis has a band of about 120–150 backwards-pointing penile spines, which are about 1 mm long; upon withdrawal of the penis, the spines rake the walls of the female's vagina, which acts to induce ovulation. This act also occurs to clear the vagina of other sperm in the context of a second (or more) mating, thus giving the later males a larger chance of conception.[193]
After mating, the female washes her vulva thoroughly. If a male attempts to mate with her at this point, the female will attack him. After about 20 to 30 minutes, once the female is finished grooming, the cycle will repeat.[192]
Because ovulation is not always triggered by a single mating, females may not be impregnated by the first male with which they mate.[194] Furthermore, cats are superfecund; that is, a female may mate with more than one male when she is in heat, with the result that different kittens in a litter may have different fathers.[192]
A newborn kitten At 124 hours after conception, the morula forms. At 148 hours, early blastocysts form. At 10–12 days, implantation occurs.[195][196]
The gestation period for cats is between 64 and 67 days, with an average of 66 days.[197] The size of a litter usually is three to five kittens, with the first litter usually smaller than subsequent litters. Kittens are weaned between six and seven weeks old, and cats normally reach sexual maturity at 5–10 months (females) and to 5–7 months (males), although this can vary depending on breed.[192] Females can have two to three litters per year, so may produce up to 150 kittens in their breeding span of around ten years.[192]
Cats are ready to go to new homes at about 12 weeks of age,[198] when they are ready to leave their mother. They can be surgically sterilized (spayed or castrated) as early as 7 weeks to limit unwanted reproduction.[199] This surgery also prevents undesirable sex-related behavior, such as aggression, territory marking (spraying urine) in males and yowling (calling) in females. Traditionally, this surgery was performed at around six to nine months of age, but it is increasingly being performed before puberty, at about three to six months.[200] In the US, about 80% of household cats are neutered.[201]
Ecology Habitats
A cat in snowy weather Cats are a cosmopolitan species and are found across much of the world.[39] Geneticist Stephen James O'Brien, of the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland, remarked on how successful cats have been in evolutionary terms: "Cats are one of evolution's most charismatic creatures. They can live on the highest mountains and in the hottest deserts."[202] They are extremely adaptable and are now present on all continents except Antarctica, and on 118 of the 131 main groups of islands—even on isolated islands such as the Kerguelen Islands.[203][204]
Feral cats can live in forests, grasslands, tundra, coastal areas, agricultural land, scrublands, urban areas, and wetlands.[205] Their habitats even include small oceanic islands with no human inhabitants.[206] Further, the close relatives of domestic cats, the African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) and the Arabian sand cat (Felis margarita) both inhabit desert environments,[29] and domestic cats still show similar adaptations and behaviors.[32] The cat's ability to thrive in almost any terrestrial habitat has led to its designation as one of the world's worst invasive species.[207]
As domestic cats are little altered from wildcats, they can readily interbreed. This hybridization poses a danger to the genetic distinctiveness of some wildcat populations, particularly in Scotland and Hungary and possibly also the Iberian Peninsula.[42]
Feral cats Main article: Feral cat
Feral farm cat Feral cats are domestic cats that were born in or have reverted to a wild state. They are unfamiliar with and wary of humans and roam freely in urban and rural areas.[9] The numbers of feral cats is not known, but estimates of the US feral population range from 25 to 60 million.[9] Feral cats may live alone, but most are found in large colonies, which occupy a specific territory and are usually associated with a source of food.[208] Famous feral cat colonies are found in Rome around the Colosseum and Forum Romanum, with cats at some of these sites being fed and given medical attention by volunteers.[209]
Public attitudes towards feral cats vary widely, ranging from seeing them as free-ranging pets, to regarding them as vermin.[210] One common approach to reducing the feral cat population is termed 'trap-neuter-return', where the cats are trapped, neutered, immunized against diseases such as rabies and the feline Panleukopenia and Leukemia viruses, and then released.[211] Before releasing them back into their feral colonies, the attending veterinarian often nips the tip off one ear to mark it as neutered and inoculated, since these cats may be trapped again. Volunteers continue to feed and give care to these cats throughout their lives. Given this support, their lifespans are increased, and behavior and nuisance problems caused by competition for food are reduced.[208]
Impact on prey species
Carrying half of a rabbit To date, little scientific data is available to assess the impact of cat predation on prey populations outside of agricultural situations. Even well-fed domestic cats may hunt and kill, mainly catching small mammals, but also birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and invertebrates.[168][212] Hunting by domestic cats may be contributing to the decline in the numbers of birds in urban areas, although the importance of this effect remains controversial.[213] In the wild, the introduction of feral cats during human settlement can threaten native species with extinction.[206] In many cases, controlling or eliminating the populations of non-native cats can produce a rapid recovery in native animals.[214] However, the ecological role of introduced cats can be more complicated. For example, cats can control the numbers of rats, which also prey on birds' eggs and young, so a cat population can protect an endangered bird species by suppressing mesopredators.[215]
In isolated landmasses, such as Australasia, there are often no other native, medium-sized quadrupedal predators (including other feline species); this tends to exacerbate the impact of feral cats on small native animals.[216] Native species such as the New Zealand kakapo and the Australian bettong, for example, tend to be more ecologically vulnerable and behaviorally "naive", when faced with predation by cats.[217] Feral cats have had a major impact on these native species and have played a leading role in the endangerment and extinction of many animals.[218]
Even in places with ancient and numerous cat populations, such as Western Europe, cats appear to be growing in number and independently of their environments' carrying capacity (such as the numbers of prey available).[219][220] This may be explained, at least in part, by an abundance of food, from sources including feeding by pet owners and scavenging. For instance, research in Britain suggests that a high proportion of cats hunt only "recreationally"[220], and in South Sweden, where research in 1982 found that the population density of cats was as high as 2,000 per square kilometre (5,200/sq mi).[219]
In agricultural settings, cats can be effective at keeping mouse and rat populations low, but only if rodent harborage locations are kept under control.[221][222] While cats are effective at preventing rodent population explosions, they are not effective for eliminating pre-existing severe infestations.[223]
Impact on birds
A black cat eating a house sparrow The domestic cat is a significant predator of birds. UK assessments indicate they may be accountable for an estimated 64.8 million bird deaths each year.[168] A 2012 study suggests feral cats may kill several billion birds each year in the United States.[224] Certain species appear more susceptible than others; for example, 30% of house sparrow mortality is linked to the domestic cat.[225] In the recovery of ringed robins (Erithacus rubecula) and dunnocks (Prunella modularis), 31% of deaths were a result of cat predation.[226] In parts of North America, the presence of larger carnivores such as coyotes which prey on cats and other small predators reduces the effect of predation by cats and other small predators such as opossums and raccoons on bird numbers and variety.[227] The proposal that cat populations will increase when the numbers of these top predators decline is called the mesopredator release hypothesis.
On islands, birds can contribute as much as 60% of a cat's diet.[228] In nearly all cases, however, the cat cannot be identified as the sole cause for reducing the numbers of island birds, and in some instances, eradication of cats has caused a 'mesopredator release' effect;[229] where the suppression of top carnivores creates an abundance of smaller predators that cause a severe decline in their shared prey. Domestic cats are, however, known to be a contributing factor to the decline of many species, a factor that has ultimately led, in some cases, to extinction. The South Island piopio, Chatham rail,[226] the New Zealand merganser,[230] and the common diving petrel[231] are a few from a long list, with the most extreme case being the flightless Lyall's wren, which was driven to extinction only a few years after its discovery.[232][233]
Some of the same factors that have promoted adaptive radiation of island avifauna over evolutionary time appear to promote vulnerability to non-native species in modern time. The susceptibility of many island birds is undoubtedly due to evolution in the absence of mainland predators, competitors, diseases, and parasites, in addition to lower reproductive rates and extended incubation periods.[234] The loss of flight, or reduced flying ability is also characteristic of many island endemics.[235] These biological aspects have increased vulnerability to extinction in the presence of introduced species, such as the domestic cat.[236] Equally, behavioral traits exhibited by island species, such as "predatory naivety"[237] and ground-nesting,[234] have also contributed to their susceptibility.
Interaction with humans Main article: Human interaction with cats
Cats and people Cats are common pets throughout the world, and their worldwide population exceeds 500 million.[13] Although cat guardianship has commonly been associated with women,[238] a 2007 Gallup poll reported that men and women in the United States of America were equally likely to own a cat.[239]
As well as being kept as pets, cats are also used in the international fur[240] and leather industries for making coats, hats, blankets, and stuffed toys;[241] and shoes, gloves, and musical instruments respectively[242] (about 24 cats are needed to make a cat-fur coat).[243] This use has been outlawed in the United States, Australia, and the European Union.[244] Cat pelts have been used for superstitious purposes as part of the practise of witchcraft,[245] and are still made into blankets in Switzerland as folk remedies believed to help rheumatism.[246] In the Western intellectual tradition, the idea of cats as everyday objects have served to illustrate problems of quantum mechanics in the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment.
A few attempts to build a cat census have been made over the years, both through associations or national and international organizations (such as the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies's one[247]) and over the Internet,[248][249] but such a task does not seem simple to achieve. General estimates for the global population of domestic cats range widely from anywhere between 200 million to 600 million.[250][251][252][253][254][255]
Cat show Main article: Cat show A cat show is a judged event where the owners of cats compete to win titles in various cat registering organizations by entering their cats to be judged after a breed standard.[256][257] Both pedigreed and companion (or moggy) cats are admissible, although the rules differ from organization to organization. Cats are compared to a breed standard,[258] and the owners of those judged to be closest to it are awarded a prize. Moggies are judged based on their temperament. Often, at the end of the year, all of the points accrued at various shows are added up and more national and regional titles are awarded.
Cat café Main article: Cat café A cat café is a theme café whose attraction is cats that can be watched and played with.[259] Patrons pay a cover fee, generally hourly and thus cat cafés can be seen as a form of supervised indoor pet rental.
Ailurophobia Main article: Ailurophobia Ailurophobia is a human phobia of cats; however, the term is often associated with humans that have a hatred of cats.[260]
Cat bites Main article: Cat bite Cats may bite humans when provoked, during play or when aggressive. Complications from cat bites can develop.[261] A cat bite differs from the bites of other pets. This is because the teeth of a cat are sharp and pointed causing deep punctures. Skin usually closes rapidly over the bite and traps microorganisms that cause infection.[262][261]
Infections transmitted from cats to humans Main article: Feline zoonosis Cats can be infected or infested with viruses, bacteria, fungus, protozoans, arthropods or worms that can transmit diseases to humans.[263] In some cases, the cat exhibits no symptoms of the disease,[264] However, the same disease can then become evident in a human. The likelihood that a person will become diseased depends on the age and immune status of the person. Humans who have cats living in their home or in close association are more likely to become infected, however, those who do not keep cats as pets might also acquire infections from cat feces and parasites exiting the cat's body.[263][265] Some of the infections of most concern include salmonella, cat scratch disease and toxoplasmosis.[264]
History and mythology Main articles: Cultural depictions of cats and Cats in ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians mummified dead cats out of respect in the same way that they mummified people.[266]
Ancient Roman mosaic of a cat killing a partridge from the House of the Faun in Pompeii
A 19th-century drawing of a tabby cat Traditionally, historians tended to think ancient Egypt was the site of cat domestication, owing to the clear depictions of house cats in Egyptian paintings about 3,600 years old.[29] However, in 2004, a Neolithic grave excavated in Shillourokambos, Cyprus, contained the skeletons, laid close to one another, of both a human and a cat. The grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, pushing back the earliest known feline–human association significantly.[16][267][268] The cat specimen is large and closely resembles the African wildcat, rather than present-day domestic cats. This discovery, combined with genetic studies, suggests cats were probably domesticated in the Middle East, in the Fertile Crescent around the time of the development of agriculture, and then were brought to Cyprus and Egypt.[15][20] Direct evidence for the domestication of cats 5,300 years ago in Quanhucun, China has been published by archaeologists and paleontologists from the University of Washington and Chinese Academy of Sciences. The cats are believed to have been attracted to the village by rodents, which in turn were attracted by grain cultivated and stored by humans.[269]
In ancient Egypt, cats were sacred animals, with the goddess Bastet often depicted in cat form, sometimes taking on the war-like aspect of a lioness.[270]:220 Killing a cat was absolutely forbidden[266] and the Greek historian Herodotus reports that, whenever a household cat died, the entire family would mourn and shave their eyebrows.[266] Families took their dead cats to the sacred city of Bubastis,[266] where they were embalmed and buried in sacred repositories.[266] Domestic cats were probably first introduced to Greece and southern Italy in the fifth century BC by the Phoenicians.[271] The earliest unmistakable evidence of the Greeks having domestic cats comes from two coins from Magna Graecia dating to the mid-fifth century BC showing Iokastos and Phalanthos, the legendary founders of Rhegion and Taras respectively, playing with their pet cats.[272]:57–58[273]
Housecats seem to have been extremely rare among the ancient Greeks and Romans;[273] Herodotus expressed astonishment at the domestic cats in Egypt, because he had only ever seen wildcats.[273] Even during later times, weasels were far more commonly kept as pets[273] and weasels, not cats, were seen as the ideal rodent-killers.[273] The usual ancient Greek word for "cat" was ailouros, meaning "thing with the waving tail",[272]:57[273] but this word could also be applied to any of the "various long-tailed carnivores kept for catching mice".[273] Cats are rarely mentioned in ancient Greek literature,[273] but Aristotle does remark in his History of Animals that "female cats are naturally lecherous."[272]:74[273] The Greeks later syncretized their own goddess Artemis with the Egyptian goddess Bastet, adopting Bastet's associations with cats and ascribing them to Artemis.[272]:77–79 In Ovid's Metamorphoses, when the gods flee to Egypt and take animal forms, the goddess Diana (the Roman equivalent of Artemis) turns into a cat.[272]:79 Cats eventually displaced ferrets as the pest control of choice because they were more pleasant to have around the house and were more enthusiastic hunters of mice.[274] During the Middle Ages, many of Artemis's associations with cats were grafted onto the Virgin Mary.[274] Cats are often shown in icons of Annunciation and of the Holy Family[274] and, according to Italian folklore, on the same night that Mary gave birth to Jesus, a virgin cat in Bethlehem gave birth to a kitten.[274] Domestic cats were spread throughout much of the rest of the world during the Age of Discovery, as ships' cats were carried on sailing ships to control shipboard rodents and as good-luck charms.[270]:223
Several ancient religions believed cats are exalted souls, companions or guides for humans, that are all-knowing but mute so they cannot influence decisions made by humans. In Japan, the maneki neko cat is a symbol of good fortune.[275] In Norse mythology, Freyja, the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility, is depicted as riding a chariot drawn by cats.[276] In Jewish legend, the first cat was living in the house of the first man Adam as a pet that got rid of mice.[277] The cat was once partnering with the first dog before the latter broke an oath they had made which resulted in enmity between the descendants of these two animals.[277] It is also written that neither cats nor foxes are represented in the water, while every other animal has an incarnation species in the water.[277] Although no species are sacred in Islam, cats are revered by Muslims. Some Western writers have stated Muhammad had a favorite cat, Muezza.[278] He is reported to have loved cats so much, "he would do without his cloak rather than disturb one that was sleeping on it".[279] The story has no origin in early Muslim writers, and seems to confuse a story of a later Sufi saint, Ahmed ar-Rifa'i, centuries after Muhammad.[280] One of the companions of Muhammad was known as "Abu Hurayrah" (Father of the Kitten), in reference to his documented affection to cats.[281]
Superstitions and cat burning
Some cultures are superstitious about black cats, ascribing either good or bad luck to them. Many cultures have negative superstitions about cats. An example would be the belief that a black cat "crossing one's path" leads to bad luck, or that cats are witches' familiars used to augment a witch's powers and skills. The killing of cats in Medieval Ypres, Belgium, is commemorated in the innocuous present-day Kattenstoet (cat parade).[282] In medieval France, cats would be burnt alive as a form of entertainment. According to Norman Davies, the assembled people "shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized".[283]
"It was the custom to burn a basket, barrel, or sack full of live cats, which was hung from a tall mast in the midst of the bonfire; sometimes a fox was burned. The people collected the embers and ashes of the fire and took them home, believing that they brought good luck. The French kings often witnessed these spectacles and even lit the bonfire with their own hands. In 1648 Louis XIV, crowned with a wreath of roses and carrying a bunch of roses in his hand, kindled the fire, danced at it and partook of the banquet afterwards in the town hall. But this was the last occasion when a monarch presided at the midsummer bonfire in Paris. At Metz midsummer fires were lighted with great pomp on the esplanade, and a dozen cats, enclosed in wicker cages, were burned alive in them, to the amusement of the people. Similarly at Gap, in the department of the Hautes-Alpes, cats used to be roasted over the midsummer bonfire."[284]
According to a myth in many cultures, cats have multiple lives. In many countries, they are believed to have nine lives, but in Italy, Germany, Greece, Brazil and some Spanish-speaking regions, they are said to have seven lives,[285][286] while in Turkish and Arabic traditions, the number of lives is six.[287] The myth is attributed to the natural suppleness and swiftness cats exhibit to escape life-threatening situations. Also lending credence to this myth is the fact that falling cats often land on their feet, using an instinctive righting reflex to twist their bodies around. Nonetheless, cats can still be injured or killed by a high fall.[288]
See also
Book: Cat icon Cats portal icon Mammals portal Aging in cats Animal testing on cats Animal track Cancer in cats Cat and mouse (cat-and-mouse game) Cat burning Cat intelligence Cat lady Cats and the Internet Dog–cat relationship Dried cat List of cat breeds List of cat documentaries List of cats List of fictional cats and felines Pet door including cat flap Pet first aid Popular cat names Trap-neuter-return Cats by location Cats in ancient Egypt Cats in Australia Cats in New Zealand Cats in the United States Notes Taurine is sometimes called an amino acid, and indeed is an acid containing an amino group, it is not an amino acid in the usual biochemical meaning of the term, which refers to compounds containing both an amino and a carboxyl group.[90] References Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Species Felis catus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 534–535. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. Linnaeus, Carl (1758). Systema naturae (in Latin). 1 (10th ed.). Stockholm: Lars Salvius. p. 42. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. See Opinion 2027 "ITIS Standard Report Page: Felis catus domestica". ITIS Online Database. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2011. "ITIS Standard Report Page: Felis catus". ITIS Online Database. Reston, Virginia: Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2011. Housecat. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 2010. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2010 – via Yahoo.com. Moelk, Mildred (April 1944). "Vocalizing in the House-cat; A Phonetic and Functional Study". The American Journal of Psychology. 57 (2): 184–205. doi:10.2307/1416947. JSTOR 1416947. Tucker, Abigail (2016). The Lion in the Living Room: How House Cats Tamed Us and Took Over the World. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1476738238. Archived from the original on 14 November 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2016. Rochlitz, Irene (2007). The Welfare of Cats. "Animal Welfare" series. Berlin: Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 141–175. ISBN 1-4020-6143-9. Impact of Feral Cats in Australia Archived 20 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. "Cats Responsible For Driving Many Species To Extinction". IFLScience. Retrieved 6 June 2018. Winters, L.; Walter, G. E. (May 2006). "Impacts of Feral and Free-ranging Cats on Bird Species of Conservation Concern" (PDF). ABCBirds.org. American Bird Conservancy. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 April 2015. Wade, Nicholas (2007). "Study Traces Cat's Ancestry to Middle East". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2008. Vigne, J. D.; Guilaine, J.; Debue, K.; Haye, L.; Gérard, P. (2004). "Early taming of the cat in Cyprus". Science. 304 (5668): 259. doi:10.1126/science.1095335. PMID 15073370. Driscoll, C. A.; Menotti-Raymond, M.; Roca, A. L.; Hupe, K.; Johnson, W. E.; Geffen, E.; Harley, E. H.; Delibes, M.; Pontier, D.; Kitchener, A. C.; Yamaguchi, N.; O'Brien, S. J.; Macdonald, D. W. (2007). "The Near Eastern Origin of Cat Domestication". Science. 317 (5837): 519–523. Bibcode:2007Sci...317..519D. doi:10.1126/science.1139518. ISSN 0036-8075. PMC 5612713 Freely accessible. PMID 17600185. "Oldest Known Pet Cat? 9,500-year-old Burial Found on Cyprus". National Geographic News. National Geographic Society. 2004. Archived from the original on 3 March 2007. Retrieved 6 March 2007. Vigne, J.-D.; Evin, A.; Cucchi, T.; Dai, L.; Yu, C.; Hu, S.; Soulages, N.; Wang, W.; Sun, Z. (2016). "Earliest 'Domestic' Cats in China Identified as Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)". PLOS One. 11 (1): e0147295. Bibcode:2016PLoSO..1147295V. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0147295. PMC 4723238 Freely accessible. PMID 26799955. Grimm, David (27 January 2016). "Were cats domesticated more than once?". sciencemag.org. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016. Sample, Ian (19 June 2017). "Africats to the Purr-ymids: DNA study reveals long tale of cat domestication". theguardian.com. Archived from the original on 19 June 2017. Retrieved 19 June 2017. Ottoni, Claudio; Van Neer, Wim; De Cupere, Bea; Daligault, Julien; Guimaraes, Silvia; Peters, Joris; Spassov, Nikolai; Prendergast, Mary E.; Boivin, Nicole; Morales-Muñiz, Arturo; Bălăşescu, Adrian; Becker, Cornelia; Benecke, Norbert; Boroneant, Adina; Buitenhuis, Hijlke; Chahoud, Jwana; Crowther, Alison; Llorente, Laura; Manaseryan, Nina; Monchot, Hervé; Onar, Vedat; Osypińska, Marta; Putelat, Olivier; Quintana Morales, Eréndira M.; Studer, Jacqueline; Wierer, Ursula; Decorte, Ronny; Grange, Thierry; Geigl, Eva-Maria (2017). "The palaeogenetics of cat dispersal in the ancient world". Nature Ecology & Evolution. Nature Publishing Group. 1 (7): 0139. doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0139. ISSN 2397-334X. Thompson, Andrea. "What's the Most Popular Pet?". LiveScience. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015. "Statistics about pets in the UK" Archived 26 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. 2010, Society for Companion Animal Studies. Retrieved 15 November 2016 Johnson, Warren; O'Brien, Stephen J. (1997). "Phylogenetic Reconstruction of the Felidae Using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 Mitochondrial Genes". Journal of Molecular Evolution. 44: S98–S116. Bibcode:1997JMolE..44S..98J. doi:10.1007/PL00000060. PMID 9071018. "ITIS Standard Report Page: Felis". ITIS Online Database. Archived from the original on 19 May 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2011. Stefoff, Rebecca (November 2003). Cats. New York: Benchmark Books. p. 34. ISBN 0-7614-1577-7. Yamaguchi, N.; Kitchener, A.; Driscoll, C.; Nussberger, B. (2015). "Felis silvestris (Wildcat, Wild Cat)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived from the original on 16 December 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2017. Francis, Richard C. (2015). Domesticated: Evolution in a Man-Made World. W. W. Norton & Company. House Cat Origin Traced to Middle Eastern Wildcat Ancestor Archived 31 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Brian Handwerk for National Geographic News, 28 June 2007 Driscoll, C. A.; MacDonald, D. W.; O'Brien, Stephen J. (2009). "In the Light of Evolution III: Two Centuries of Darwin Sackler Colloquium: From Wild Animals to Domestic Pets – An Evolutionary View of Domestication". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 106 (S1): 9971–9978. Bibcode:2009PNAS..106.9971D. doi:10.1073/pnas.0901586106. PMC 2702791 Freely accessible. PMID 19528637. Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Species Felis silvestris". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 536–537. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. "Opinion 2027". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). 60. 2003. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. MacDonald, M. L.; Rogers, Q. R.; Morris, J. G. (1984). "Nutrition of the domestic cat, a mammalian carnivore". Annual Review of Nutrition. 4: 521–562. doi:10.1146/annurev.nu.04.070184.002513. PMID 6380542. Erxleben, J. C. P. (1777). Systema regni animalis. p. 520. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. Baron, Alan; Stewart, C. N.; Warren, J. M. (1 January 1957). "Patterns of Social Interaction in Cats (Felis domestica)". Behaviour. 11 (1): 56–66. doi:10.1163/156853956X00084. JSTOR 4532869. "Catalogue of the Specimens of Caucasian Large Mammalian Fauna in the Collection". National Museum of Georgia. Archived from the original on 21 March 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. Johnson, Warren E.; Eizirik, E.; Pecon-Slattery, J.; Murphy, W. J.; Antunes, A.; Teeling, E.; O'Brien, Stephen J. (2006). "The Late Miocene Radiation of Modern Felidae: A Genetic Assessment". Science. 311 (5757): 73–77. Bibcode:2006Sci...311...73J. doi:10.1126/science.1122277. PMID 16400146. Mattern, Michelle Y.; McLennan, Deborah A. (2000). "Phylogeny and Speciation of Felids". Cladistics. 16 (2): 232–253. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2000.tb00354.x. Masuda, R.; Lopez, J. V.; Slattery, J. P.; Yuhki,, N.; O'Brien, Stephen J. (1996). "Molecular Phylogeny of Mitochondrial Cytochrome b and 12S rRNA Sequences in the Felidae: Ocelot and Domestic Cat Lineages". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 6 (3): 351–365. doi:10.1006/mpev.1996.0085. PMID 8975691. Lipinski, Monika J.; Froenicke, Lutz; Baysac, Kathleen C.; Billings, Nicholas C.; Leutenegger, Christian M.; Levy, Alon M.; Longeri, Maria; Niini, Tirri; Ozpinar, Haydar (January 2008). "The Ascent of Cat Breeds: Genetic Evaluations of Breeds and Worldwide Random-bred Populations". Genomics. 91 (1): 12–21. doi:10.1016/j.ygeno.2007.10.009. PMC 2267438 Freely accessible. PMID 18060738. Cameron-Beaumont, Charlotte; Lowe, Sarah E.; Bradshaw, John W. S. (2002). "Evidence Suggesting Pre-adaptation to Domestication Throughout the Small Felidae" (PDF). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 75 (3): 361–366. doi:10.1046/j.1095-8312.2002.00028.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2009. Bradshawa, J. W. S.; Horsfield, G. F.; Allen, J. A.; Robinson, I. H. (1999). "Feral Cats: Their Role in the Population Dynamics of Felis catus". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 65 (3): 273–283. doi:10.1016/S0168-1591(99)00086-6. Oliveira, R.; Godinho, R.; Randi, E.; Alves, P. C. (2008). "Hybridization Versus Conservation: Are Domestic Cats Threatening the Genetic Integrity of Wildcats (Felis silvestris silvestris) in Iberian Peninsula?". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 363 (1505): 2953–2961. doi:10.1098/rstb.2008.0052. PMC 2606743 Freely accessible. PMID 18522917. Fogle, Bruce, ed. (1981). Interrelations Between People and Pets. Charles C. Thomas Publications. ISBN 0-398-04169-5. O'Connor, T. P. (2007). "Wild or Domestic? Biometric Variation in the Cat Felis silvestris". International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. 17 (6): 581–595. doi:10.1002/oa.913. Harper, Douglas (ed.). "cat". Online Etymology Dictionary. Archived from the original on 20 September 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2009.. McKnight, George H. (1923). English Words and Their BackgroundPaid subscription required. New York: D. Appleton and Company. p. 130. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017 – via Questia. "cat". The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 1 October 2012. Huehnergard, John. "Qitta: Arabic Cats". Classical Arabic Humanities in Their Own Terms. Savignac, Jean-Paul (2004). "chat". Dictionnaire français-gaulois. Paris: Errance. p. 82. Kroonen, Guus (2013). Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers. p. 281f. ISBN 978-90-04-18340-7. "Puss". The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 1 October 2012. "puss". Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language. New York: Gramercy (Random House). 1996. p. 1571. "What do you call a group of ...?". Oxford Dictionaries Online. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012. "tom cat, tom-cat". The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 1 October 2012. "gib, n.2". The Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 1 October 2012. "queen cat". The Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 1 October 2012. "sire". The Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 1 October 2012. "Dam, n.2". The Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 1 October 2012. "catling". The Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 1 October 2012. Hartwell, Sarah (2002–2011). "Dwarf, Midget and Miniature Cats (Including 'Tea-cup' Cats)". MessyBeast.com. self-published. Archived from the original on 27 February 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2015.[self-published source] Wilson, Julia (2002–2008). "Cat World Records". Cat-World.com.au. self-published. Archived from the original on 1 August 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2012. "Feline Veterinary care by The Boston Cat Hospital/Feline Fast Cats". Boston Cat Hospital. Archived from the original on 31 October 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2013. "Domestic Cat". Animal Bytes. SeaWorld Parks and Entertainment. 2011. Archived from the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011. This tertiary source reuses information from other sources without citing them in detail. Walker, Warren F. (1982). Study of the Cat with Reference to Human Beings (4th Revised ed.). Thomson Learning (Cengage). ISBN 0-03-057914-7. Gillis, Rick, ed. (22 July 2002). "Cat Skeleton". Zoolab. La Crosse: University of Wisconsin. Archived from the original on 6 December 2006. Retrieved 7 September 2012. *Case, Linda P. (2003). The Cat: Its Behavior, Nutrition, and Health. Ames: Iowa State University Press. ISBN 0-8138-0331-4. Smith, Patricia; Tchernov, Eitan (1992). Structure, Function and Evolution of teeth. Freund Publishing House. p. 217. ISBN 965-222-270-4. Carr, William H. A. (1 January 1978). The New Basic Book of the Cat. Scribner's. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-684-15549-4. Lacquaniti, F.; Grasso, R.; Zago, M. (1 August 1999). "Motor Patterns in Walking". News Physiol. Sci. 14 (4): 168–174. PMID 11390844. Christensen, Wendy (2004). Outwitting Cats. Globe Pequot. p. 23. ISBN 1-59228-240-7. Russell, Anthony P.; Bryant, Harold N. (2001). "Claw Retraction and Protraction in the Carnivora: The Cheetah (Acinonyx Jubatus) as an Atypical Felid". Journal of Zoology. 254 (1): 67–76. doi:10.1017/S0952836901000565. Armes, Annetta F. (22 December 1900). "Outline of Cat Lessons". The School Journal. E. L. Kellogg & Co. LXI: 659. Retrieved 12 November 2007. Danforth, C. H. (April 1947). "Heredity of polydactyly in the cat" (PDF). The Journal of Heredity. 38 (4): 107–112. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a105701. PMID 20242531. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 September 2013. Lettice, L. A.; Hill, A. E.; Devenney, P. S.; Hill, R. E. (April 2008). "Point mutations in a distant sonic hedgehog cis-regulator generate a variable regulatory output responsible for preaxial polydactyly". Human Molecular Genetics. 17 (7): 978–985. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddm370. PMID 18156157. US National Research Council Subcommittee on Dog and Cat Nutrition (2006). Nutrient Requirements of Dogs and Cats. Washington DC: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. p. 292. ISBN 0-309-08628-0. Kahn, Cynthia M.; Line, Scott (2007). Hollander, Joseph Lee, ed. The Merck/Merial Manual for Pet Health. Merck & Co. ISBN 0-911910-99-9. "How do cats sweat?". CatHealth.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014. Adams, T.; Morgan, M. L.; Hunter, W. S.; Holmes, K. R. (1970). "Temperature Regulation of the Unanesthetized Cat During Mild Cold and Severe Heat Stress". Journal of Applied Physiology. 29 (6): 852–858. PMID 5485356. US National Research Council Committee on Animal Nutrition (1986). Nutrient Requirements of Cats (2nd ed.). Washington DC: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Archived from the original on 15 August 2010. Prentiss, Phoebe G. (1959). "Hydropenia in Cat and Dog: Ability of the Cat to Meet its Water Requirements Solely from a Diet of Fish or Meat". American Journal of Physiology. 196 (3): 625–632. doi:10.1152/ajplegacy.1959.196.3.625. PMID 13627237. Wolf, A. V. (1959). "Potability of Sea Water with Special Reference to the Cat". American Journal of Physiology. 196 (3): 633–641. doi:10.1152/ajplegacy.1959.196.3.633. PMID 13627238. Fraser, Andrew F. (2012). Feline Behaviour and Welfare. Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International. p. 107. ISBN 978-1-78064-121-8. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Zoran, D. L. (2002). "The Carnivore Connection to Nutrition in Cats" (PDF). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 221 (11): 1559–1567. doi:10.2460/javma.2002.221.1559. PMID 12479324. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2010. Gray, C. M.; Sellon, R. K.; Freeman, L. M. (2004). "Nutritional Adequacy of Two Vegan Diets for Cats". Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 225 (11): 1670–1675. doi:10.2460/javma.2004.225.1670. PMID 15626215. Zaghini, G.; Biagi, G. (2005). "Nutritional Peculiarities and Diet Palatability in the Cat". Vet. Res. Commun. 29 (Supplement 2): 39–44. doi:10.1007/s11259-005-0009-1. PMID 16244923. Tucker, Abigail; Worrall, Simon. "How Cats Clawed Their Way Into Our Hearts". National Geographic. Archived from the original on 14 November 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2016. "Why Do Cats Eat Grass?". AnimalPlanet.com. Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. Morris, J. G.; Rogers, Q. R. (1 December 1978). "Arginine: An Essential Amino Acid for the Cat". Journal of Nutrition. 108 (12): 1944–1953. PMID 722344. Bauer, J. (1998). Nutritional Uniqueness of Cats. Veterinary Quarterly,20(Sup1), 78-79. "the definition of amino acid". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 22 February 2017. Schullerlevis, G.; Mehta, P.; Rudelli, R.; Sturman, J. (1990). "Immunological Consequences of Taurine Deficiency in Cats". Journal of Leukocyte Biology. 47 (4): 321–331. MacDonald, M. L.; Rogers, Q. R. (1984). "Nutrition of the domestic cat, a mammalian carnivore". Annual Review of Nutrition. 4: 521–562. doi:10.1146/annurev.nutr.4.1.521. Morris, J. (2002). "Idiosyncratic nutrient requirements of cats appear to be diet-induced evolutionary adaptations". Nutrition Research Reviews. 15 (1): 153–168. doi:10.1079/nrr200238. US National Research Council Subcommittee on Dog and Cat Nutrition (2006). "The Role of Vitamins and Minerals in the Diet for Cats". Nutrient Requirements of Cats and Dogs. Washington DC: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. ISBN 0-309-08628-0. Archived from the original on 7 September 2006. "The Nutritional Requirements of the Cat". Nutrition Reviews. 40 (9): 283–285. 1982. doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.1982.tb05341.x.[full citation needed] Girard, N.; Servet, E.; Hennet, P.; Biourge, V. (2010). "Tooth Resorption and Vitamin D 3 Status in Cats Fed Premium Dry Diets". Journal of Veterinary Dentistry. 27 (3): 142–147. doi:10.1177/089875641002700301. Morris, James G (1999). "Ineffective vitamin D synthesis in cats is reversed by an inhibitor of 7-dehydrocholesterol-delta(super 7)-reductase". The Journal of Nutrition. 129 (4): 903–908. doi:10.1093/jn/129.4.903. PMID 10203568. MacDonald, M. L.; Anderson, B. C.; Rogers, Q. R; Buffington, C. A. (1984). "Essential fatty acid requirements of cats: Pathology of essential fatty acid deficiency". American Journal of Veterinary Research. 45 (7): 1310–1317. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Ollivier, F. J.; Samuelson, D. A.; Brooks, D. E.; Lewis, P. A.; Kallberg, M. E.; Komaromy, A. M. (2004). "Comparative Morphology of the Tapetum Lucidum (among Selected Species)". Veterinary Ophthalmology. 7 (1): 11–22. doi:10.1111/j.1463-5224.2004.00318.x. PMID 14738502. Malmström, T.; Kröger, R. H. (2006). "Pupil shapes and lens optics in the eyes of terrestrial vertebrates". Journal of Experimental Biology. 209 (Pt. 1): 18–25. doi:10.1242/jeb.01959. PMID 16354774. Hammond, P.; Mouat, G. S. V. (1985). "The relationship between feline pupil size and luminance". Experimental Brain Research. 59 (3): 485–490. doi:10.1007/BF00261338. Loop, M. S.; Bruce, L. L. (1978). "Cat Color Vision: The Effect of Stimulus Size". Science. 199 (4334): 1221–1222. Bibcode:1978Sci...199.1221L. doi:10.1126/science.628838. PMID 628838. Guenther, Elke; Zrenner, Eberhart (April 1993). "The Spectral Sensitivity of Dark- and Light-adapted Cat Retinal Ganglion Cells". Journal of Neuroscience. 13 (4): 1543–1550. PMID 8463834. Archived from the original on 13 April 2011. Heffner, Rickye S. (November 2004). "Primate hearing from a mammalian perspective" (PDF). The Anatomical Record Part A: Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology. 281 (1): 1111–1122. doi:10.1002/ar.a.20117. PMID 15472899. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 September 2006. Retrieved 20 August 2009. Heffner, Henry E. (May 1998). "Auditory awareness". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 57 (3–4): 259–268. doi:10.1016/S0168-1591(98)00101-4. Sunquist, Melvin E.; Sunquist, Fiona (2002). Wild Cats of the World. University of Chicago Press. p. 10. ISBN 0-226-77999-8. Blumberg, M. S. (1992). "Rodent ultrasonic short calls: locomotion, biomechanics, and communication". Journal of Comparative Psychology. 106 (4): 360–365. doi:10.1037/0735-7036.106.4.360. PMID 1451418. Heffner, Rickye S. (1985). "Hearing range of the domestic cat" (PDF). Hearing Research. 19 (1): 85–88. doi:10.1016/0378-5955(85)90100-5. PMID 4066516. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 August 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2009. Moulton, David G. (1 August 1967). "Olfaction in mammals". American Zoology. 7 (3): 421–429. doi:10.1093/icb/7.3.421. Miyazaki, M.; Yamashita, T; Suzuki, Y.; Saito, Y.; Soeta, S.; Taira, H.; Suzuki, A. (2006). "A major urinary protein of the domestic cat regulates the production of felinine, a putative pheromone precursor". Chemical Biology. 13 (10): 1071–1079. doi:10.1016/j.chembiol.2006.08.013. PMID 17052611. Sommerville, B. A. (1998). "Olfactory Awareness". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 57 (3–4): 269–286. doi:10.1016/S0168-1591(98)00102-6. Grognet, Jeff (June 1990). "Catnip: Its uses and effects, past and present". The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 31 (6): 455–456. PMC 1480656 Freely accessible. PMID 17423611. Turner, Ramona (29 May 2007). "How does catnip work its magic on cats?". Scientific American. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Tucker, Arthur; Tucker, Sharon (1988). "Catnip and the catnip response". Economic Botany. 42 (2): 214–231. doi:10.1007/BF02858923. Schelling, Christianne. "Do Cats Have a Sense of Taste?". CatHealth.com. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. "Why Cats Can't Taste Sweets". Petside.com. 13 March 2012. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2013. Bradshaw, John W. S. (1 July 2006). "The Evolutionary Basis for the Feeding Behavior of Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris) and Cats (Felis catus)". Journal of Nutrition. 136 (7): 1927S–1931. doi:10.1093/jn/136.7.1927S. PMID 16772461. Nash, Holly. "Why Do Cats Like High Places?". PetEducation.com. Drs. Foster & Smith Inc. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. "Falling Cats". Archived from the original on 26 October 2005. Retrieved 24 October 2005. Nguyen, Huy D. (1998). "How Does a Cat Always Land on Its Feet?". Dynamics II (ME 3760) Course Materials. School of Medical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 10 April 2001. Retrieved 15 May 2007. This tertiary source reuses information from other sources but does not name them. Kent, Marc; Platt, Simon R. (September 2010). "The neurology of balance: Function and dysfunction of the vestibular system in dogs and cats". The Veterinary Journal. 185 (3): 247–249. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.10.029. Kraft, W. (February 1998). "Geriatrics in canine and feline internal medicine". European Journal of Medical Research. 3 (1–2): 31–41. PMID 9512965. Nassar R, Mosier JE, Williams LW (February 1984). "Study of the feline and canine populations in the greater Las Vegas area". American Journal of Veterinary Research. 45 (2): 282–287. PMID 6711951. "What Is the Average Lifespan of a Cat?". The Spruce Pets. Retrieved 6 June 2018. Example: "Me-wow! Texas Woman Says Cat is 30 Years Old – Although She Can't Hear or See Very Well, Caterack the Cat Is Still Purring". MSNBC.MSN.com. New York: Microsoft. 30 September 2009. Archived from the original on 2 October 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009. Guinness World Records (reprint ed.). Bantam Books. 2010. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-553-59337-2. The oldest cat ever was Creme Puff, who was born on August 3, 1967 and lived until August 6, 2005 – 38 years and 3 days in total. "Cat Care: Spay–Neuter". ASPCA.org. New York: American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. 2011. Archived from the original on 19 May 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2011. This tertiary source reuses information from other sources but does not name them. Levy, Julie K.; Gale, David W.‌; Gale, Leslie A. (January 2003). "Evaluation of the effect of a long-term trap-neuter-return and adoption program on a free-roaming cat population". Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 222 (1): 42–46. doi:10.2460/javma.2003.222.42. PMID 12523478. Levy, Julie K.; Crawford, P. Cynda (November 2004). "Humane strategies for controlling feral cat populations". Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 225 (9): 1354–1360. doi:10.2460/javma.2004.225.1354. PMID 15552308. A number of the four remaining colony cats at the Parliament Hill Cat Sanctuary in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada were 15 and 16 years old in 2013. "A beloved Parliament Hill attraction uses up its nine lives" Archived 20 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Karan Smith, The Globe and Mail, 1 February 2013. J. Remfry, Feral Cats in the United Kingdom (JAVMA Vol. 208, No. 4, 15 February 1996, pp. 520–523), at p. 522, available online at pp. 24–27 of "AVMA Animal Welfare Forum: The welfare of cats" Archived 19 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine., 3 November 1995. Zorro, the last cat of a colony at the Merrimack River in Newburyport, Massachusetts, died in 2009 at age 16. "Trap-Neuter-Return Effectively Stabilizes and Reduces Feral Cat Populations: Trap-Neuter-Return Humanely Stabilized and Reduced in Size the Merrimack River Colony" Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Alley Cat Allies, accessed 18 August 2014; an earlier article in the LA Times was written when Zorro was the last remaining living cat: "Advocates report success with trap, neuter, return approach to stray cats" Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Los Angeles Times, 29 September 2009. The last cat in a managed colony in Washington, D.C. died at age 17. "Trap-Neuter-Return Effectively Stabilizes and Reduces Feral Cat Populations: Washington, D.C. Cat Colony Stabilized and Eventually Reduced to Zero" Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., Alley Cat Allies, accessed 18 August 2014. Huston, Lorie (17 December 2012). "Veterinary Care for Your New Cat". PetMD. Archived from the original on 8 May 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017. Nie, W.; Wang, J.; O'Brien, P. C. (2002). "The Genome Phylogeny of Domestic Cat, Red Panda and Five Mustelid Species Revealed by Comparative Chromosome Painting and G-banding". Chromosome Research. 10 (3): 209–222. doi:10.1023/A:1015292005631. PMID 12067210. Pontius, J. U.; Mullikin, J. C.; Smith, D. R.; Agencourt Sequencing Team; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program; et al. (2007). "Initial Sequence and Comparative Analysis of the Cat Genome". Genome Research. 17 (11): 1675–1689. doi:10.1101/gr.6380007. PMC 2045150 Freely accessible. PMID 17975172. O'Brien, Stephen J.; Johnson, W.; Driscoll, C.; Pontius, J.; Pecon-Slattery, J.; Menotti-Raymond, M. (2008). "State of Cat Genomics". Trends in Genetics. 24 (6): 268–279. doi:10.1016/j.tig.2008.03.004. PMID 18471926. Sewell, A. C.; Haskins, M. E.; Giger, U. (2007). "Inherited Metabolic Disease in Companion Animals: Searching for Nature's Mistakes". Veterinary Journal. 174 (2): 252–259. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2006.08.017. PMC 3132193 Freely accessible. PMID 17085062. O'Brien, Stephen J.; Menotti-Raymond, M.; Murphy, W. J.; Yuhki, N. (2002). "The Feline Genome Project". Annual Review of Genetics. 36: 657–686. doi:10.1146/annurev.genet.36.060602.145553. PMID 12359739. Germain, E.; Benhamou, S.; Poulle, M.-L. (2008). "Spatio-temporal Sharing between the European Wildcat, the Domestic Cat and their Hybrids". Journal of Zoology. 276 (2): 195–203. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2008.00479.x. Barratt, David G. (1 June 1997). "Home Range Size, Habitat Utilisation and Movement Patterns of Suburban and Farm Cats Felis catus". Ecography. 20 (3): 271–280. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.1997.tb00371.x. JSTOR 3682838. Randall, Walter; Johnson, R. F.; Randall, S.; Cunningham, J. T. (1985). "Circadian rhythms in food intake and activity in domestic cats". Behavioral Neuroscience. 99 (6): 1162–1175. doi:10.1037/0735-7044.99.6.1162. PMID 3843546. Jouvet, Michel (1979). "What Does a Cat Dream About?". Trends in Neurosciences. 2: 280–282. doi:10.1016/0166-2236(79)90110-3. Pontier, Dominique; Natoli, Eugenia (1996). "Male Reproductive Success in the Domestic Cat (Felis catus L.): A Case History". Behavioural Processes. 37 (1): 85–88. doi:10.1016/0376-6357(95)00070-4. Crowell-Davis, S. L.; Curtis, T. M.; Knowles, R. J. (2004). "Social Organization in the Cat: A Modern Understanding" (PDF). Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery. 6 (1): 19–28. doi:10.1016/j.jfms.2003.09.013. PMID 15123163. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 21 May 2008. Bradshaw, J. W.; Goodwin, D.; Legrand-Defrétin, V; Nott, H. M. (1996). "Food selection by the domestic cat, an obligate carnivore". Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology. 114 (3): 205–209. doi:10.1016/0300-9629(95)02133-7. PMID 8759144. Levine, E.; Perry, P.; Scarlett, J.; Houpt, K. (2005). "Intercat Aggression in Households Following the Introduction of a New Cat" (PDF). Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 90 (3–4): 325–336. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2004.07.006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2009. Retrieved 8 April 2009. "Dogs and Cats – Getting Along". PetUniversity.com. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. Mills, D. S.; Marchant-Forde, Jeremy (2010). Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare. p. 518. ISBN 978-0-85199-724-7. Archived from the original on 7 April 2017. "The Cat Body: Adolescence and Sexual Maturity". AnimalPlanet.com (Animal.Discovery.com). Discovery Communications. 2007. "Cat Guide" section. Archived from the original on 30 June 2008. McComb, K.; Taylor, A. M.; Wilson, C.; Charlton, B. D. (2009). "The Cry Embedded within the Purr". Current Biology. 19 (13): R507–508. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.05.033. PMID 19602409. Soennichsen, Susan; Chamove, Arnold S. (2015). "Responses of cats to petting by humans". Anthrozoos. 15 (3): 258–265. doi:10.2752/089279302786992577 – via MUN Libraries. Jensen, Per (2009). The Ethology of Domestic Animals. "Modular Text" series. Wallingford, England: Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International. ISBN 1-84593-536-5. "Cat Behavior: Body Language". AnimalPlanet.com. 2007. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2012. Cafazzo, S.; Natoli, E. (2009). "The Social Function of Tail Up in the Domestic Cat (Felis silvestris catus)". Behav. Processes. 80 (1): 60–66. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2008.09.008. PMID 18930121. von Muggenthaler, Elizabeth; Wright, Bill. "Solving the Cat's Purr Mystery Using Accelerometers". BKSV.com. Brüel & Kjær. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2010. "The Cat's Remarkable Purr". ISnare.com. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2008. "Why and How Do Cats Purr?". Everyday Mysteries: Fun Science Facts from the Library of Congress. Washington DC: Library of Congress. Archived from the original on 3 April 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2011. "Panthera". Archived from the original on 26 November 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Hadzima, Eva (2016). "Everything You Need to Know About Hairballs". Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Boshel, J.; Wilborn, W. H; Singh, B. B.; Peter, S.; Stur, M. (1982). "Filiform Papillae of Cat Tongue". Acta Anatomica. 114 (2): 97–105. doi:10.1159/000145583. PMID 7180385. Lindell, Ellen M. (December 1997). "Intercat Aggression: A Retrospective Study Examining Types of Aggression, Sexes of Fighting Pairs, and Effectiveness of Treatment". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 55 (1–2): 153–162. doi:10.1016/S0168-1591(97)00032-4. Yamane, Akihiro; Doi, Teruo; Ono, Yuiti (1996). "Mating Behaviors, Courtship Rank and Mating Success of Male Feral Cat (Felis catus)". Journal of Ethology. 14 (1): 35–44. doi:10.1007/BF02350090. Kustritz, Margaret V. Root (2007). "Determining the Optimal age for Gonadectomy of Dogs and Cats". Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 231 (11): 1665–1675. doi:10.2460/javma.231.11.1665. PMID 18052800. "Aggression Between Family Cats". Humane Society of the United States. 2002. Archived from the original on 14 December 2004. Pedersen, N. C.; Yamamoto, J. K.; Ishida, T.; Hansen, H. (1989). "Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection". Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. 21 (1): 111–129. doi:10.1016/0165-2427(89)90134-7. PMID 2549690. Understanding and Training Your Cat or Kitten. Sunstone Press. pp. 146–147. ISBN 978-1-611-39080-3. Woods, M.; McDonald, R. A.; Harris, S. (2003). "Predation of wildlife by domestic cats Felis catus in Great Britain". Mammal Review. 23 (2): 174–188. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2907.2003.00017.x. Slesnick, Irwin L. (2004). Clones, Cats, and Chemicals: Thinking Scientifically About Controversial Issues. p. 9. Hill, Dennis S. (2008). Pests of Crops in Warmer Climates and Their Control. p. 120. Loss, Scott R.; Will, Tom; Marra, Peter P. (29 January 2013). "The impact of free-ranging domestic cats on wildlife of the United States". Nature Communications. 4. Article number 1396. Bibcode:2013NatCo...4E1396L. doi:10.1038/ncomms2380. PMID 23360987. We estimate that free-ranging domestic cats kill 1.4–3.7 billion birds and 6.9–20.7 billion mammals annually. Angier, Natalie (29 January 2013). "That Cuddly Kitty Is Deadlier Than You Think". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013. Tucker, Abigail. "How Cats Evolved to Win the Internet". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2016. Turner, Dennis C.; Bateson, Patrick, eds. (2000). The Domestic Cat: The Biology of its Behaviour (2nd ed.). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-63648-5. "Why do cats play with their food?". Arizona Daily Sun. Archived from the original on 19 March 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2011. Leyhausen, Paul (1978). Cat Behavior: The Predatory and Social Behavior of Domestic and Wild Cats. New York: Garland STPM Press. ISBN 978-0-8240-7017-5. Desmond, Morris (1986). Catwatching: Why Cats Purr and Everything Else You Ever Wanted to Know. Crown Publishing.[clarification needed] "Why Do Cats Bring Home Dead Animals". LiveScience.com. Archived from the original on 21 September 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2015. Kienzle, E. (1994). "Blood Sugar Levels and Renal Sugar Excretion after the Intake of High Carbohydrate Diets in Cats" (PDF). Journal of Nutrition. 124 (12 Supplement): 2563S–2567S. doi:10.1093/jn/124.suppl_12.2563S. PMID 7996238. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 September 2013. Bradshaw, John W. S. (April 1997). "Factors affecting pica in the domestic cat". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 52 (3–4): 373–379. doi:10.1016/S0168-1591(96)01136-7. "Pica: The Un-finicky Feline – Chewing or Eating Cords, Fabric, Houseplants, Etc". School of Veterinary Medicine at University of California, Davis. Archived from the original on 7 September 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2009. This tertiary source reuses information from other sources but does not name them. "Scientists catch a feral cat killing a large mammal on camera 'for the first time'". ABC News. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2015. Reubel, Gerhard (November 1992). "Acute and Chronic Faucitis of Domestic Cats: A Feline Calicivirus–Induced Disease". Elsevier. 22 (6): 1347–1360. doi:10.1016/s0195-5616(92)50131-0. Retrieved 1 September 2016. Wade, Nicholas (11 November 2010). "For Cats, a Big Gulp With a Touch of the Tongue". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 15 November 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2010. Becker, Karen (May 22, 2015). "The Cat That Can Run Up to 30 mph: Fastest Domestic Cat Breed in the World". Mercola Healthy Pets. Joseph Mercola. Retrieved June 28, 2018. Poirier, F. E.; Hussey, L. K. (1 July 1982). "Nonhuman Primate Learning: The Importance of Learning from an Evolutionary Perspective". Anthropology and Education Quarterly. 13 (2): 133–148. doi:10.1525/aeq.1982.13.2.05x1830j. JSTOR 3216627. Byers, John A.; Bekoff, Marc (1998). Animal Play: Evolutionary, Comparative, and Ecological Perspectives. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 135. ISBN 0-521-58656-9. Hall, Sarah L. (2002). "Object Play in Adult Domestic Cats: The Roles of Habituation and Disinhibition". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 79 (3): 263–271. doi:10.1016/S0168-1591(02)00153-3. Hall, Sarah L. (June 1998). "The Influence of Hunger on Object Play by Adult Domestic Cats". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 58 (1–2): 143–150. doi:10.1016/S0168-1591(97)00136-6. MacPhail, Catriona (November 2002). "Gastrointestinal obstruction". Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice. 17 (4): 178–183. doi:10.1053/svms.2002.36606. PMC 2480448 Freely accessible. PMID 12587284. "Fat Indoor Cats Need Exercise". Pocono Record. 10 December 2006. Archived from the original on 14 July 2009. This tertiary source reuses information from other sources but does not name them. "Prolific Cats: The Estrous Cycle" (PDF). Veterinary Learning Systems. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 December 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2009. Aronson, L. R.; Cooper, M. L. (1967). "Penile Spines of the Domestic Cat: Their Endocrine-behavior Relations" (PDF). Anat. Rec. 157 (1): 71–78. doi:10.1002/ar.1091570111. PMID 6030760. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2015. Wildt, D. E.; Seager, S. W.; Chakraborty, P. K. (1980). "Effect of Copulatory Stimuli on Incidence of Ovulation and on Serum Luteinizing Hormone in the Cat". Endocrinology. 107 (4): 1212–1217. doi:10.1210/endo-107-4-1212. PMID 7190893. Swanson, William F.; Roth, Terri L.; Wilt, David E. (1994). "In Vivo Embryogenesis, Embryo Migration and Embryonic Mortality in the Domestic Cat" (PDF). Biology of Reproduction. 51: 452–464. doi:10.1095/biolreprod51.3.452. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2015. "Cat Development – Embryology". UNSW Embryology Wiki. University of New South Wales. 6 June 2013. Archived from the original on 8 November 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2013. Tsutsui, T.; Stabenfeldt, G. H. (1993). "Biology of Ovarian Cycles, Pregnancy and pseudopregnancy in the Domestic Cat". J. Reprod. Fertil. Suppl. 47: 29–35. PMID 8229938. Behrend, Katrin; Wegler, Monika (1991). The Complete Book of Cat Care: How to Raise a Happy and Healthy Cat. translated from German by Elizabeth D. Crawford. Hauppauge, New York: Barron's Educational Series. p. 28. ISBN 0-8120-4613-7. Olson, P. N.; Kustritz, M. V.; Johnston, S. D. (2001). "Early-age Neutering of Dogs and Cats in the United States (A Review)". J. Reprod. Fertil. Suppl. 57: 223–232. PMID 11787153. Root Kustritz, Margaret V. (2007). "Determining the optimal age for gonadectomy of dogs and cats" (PDF). Journal of American Veterinary Medicine. 231 (11): 1665–1675. doi:10.2460/javma.231.11.1665. PMID 18052800. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 July 2010. Chu, Karyen; Anderson, W. M.; Rieser, M. Y. (2009). "Population characteristics and neuter status of cats living in households in the United States". Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 234 (8): 1023–1030. doi:10.2460/javma.234.8.1023. PMID 19366332. Randerson, James (6 January 2006). "From Lion to Moggie: How Cats Climbed their Family Tree". The Guardian. London. Say, Ludovic (2002). "Spatio-temporal variation in cat population density in a sub-Antarctic environment". Polar Biology. 25 (2): 90–95. doi:10.1007/s003000100316. Frenot, Y.; Chown, Steven L.; Whinam, Jennie; Selkirk, Patricia M.; Convey, Peter; Skotnicki, Mary; Bergstrom, Dana M. (2005). "Biological Invasions in the Antarctic: Extent, Impacts and Implications". Biological Reviews. 80 (1): 45–72. doi:10.1017/S1464793104006542. PMID 15727038. Invasive Species Specialist Group (2006). "Ecology of Felis catus". Global Invasive Species Database. Species Survival Commission, International Union for Conservation of Nature. Archived from the original on 27 October 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2009. Nogales, M.; Martin, A.; Tershy, B. R.; Donlan, C. J.; Veitch, D.; Uerta, N.; Wood, B.; Alonso, J. (2004). "A Review of Feral Cat Eradication on Islands". Conservation Biology. 18 (2): 310–319. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2004.00442.x. hdl:10261/22249. Invasive Species Specialist Group (2000). "100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species: A Selection from the Global Invasive Species Database" (PDF). IUCN Species Survival Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2009. "What is the difference between a stray cat and a feral cat?". Humane Society of the United States. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. "Torre Argentina cat shelter". Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2009. Rowan, Andrew N.; Salem, Deborah J. (November 2003). "4". The State of the Animals II: 2003 (PDF). Humane Society of the United States. ISBN 0-9658942-7-4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 November 2006. "2013 AAFP Feline Vaccination Advisory Panel Report" (PDF). Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery: 9. 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2017. Robertson, I. D. (1998). "Survey of Predation by Domestic Cats". Australian Veterinary Journal. 76 (8): 551–554. doi:10.1111/j.1751-0813.1998.tb10214.x. PMID 9741724. Beckerman, A. P.; Boots, M.; Gaston, K. J. (2007). "Urban Bird Declines and the Fear of Cats" (PDF). Animal Conservation. 10 (3): 320–325. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2007.00115.x. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 March 2016. Courchamp, F.; Chapuis, J. L.; Pascal, M. (2003). "Mammal Invaders on Islands: Impact, Control and Control Impact" (PDF). Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 78 (3): 347–383. doi:10.1017/S1464793102006061. PMID 14558589. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 September 2017. Rayner, M. J.; Hauber, M. E.; Imber, M. J.; Stamp, R. K.; Clout, M. N. (2007). "Spatial Heterogeneity of Mesopredator Release within an Oceanic Island System". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 104 (52): 20862–20865. Bibcode:2007PNAS..10420862R. doi:10.1073/pnas.0707414105. PMC 2409232 Freely accessible. PMID 18083843. Dickman, Chris R. (1996). "Overview of the Impacts of Feral Cats on Australian Native Fauna" (PDF). Australian Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 September 2007. Retrieved 28 August 2009. James, H.; Acharya, A. B.; Taylor, J. A.; Freak, M. J. (2002). "A case of bitten Bettongs". Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology. 20 (1): 10–12. PMID 12085522. Glen, A. S.; Dickman, C. R. (2005). "Complex interactions among mammalian carnivores in Australia, and their implications for wildlife management" (PDF). Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 80 (3): 387–401. doi:10.1017/S1464793105006718. PMID 16094805. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2017. Liberg, O. (1982). "Food Habits and Prey Impact by Feral and House-based Domestic Cats in a Rural Area in Southern Sweden". Journal of Mammalogy. 65 (3): 424–432. doi:10.2307/1381089. JSTOR 1381089. May, R. (1988). "Control of Feline Delinquency". Nature. 332 (6163): 392–393. Bibcode:1988Natur.332..392M. doi:10.1038/332392a0. Lambert, Mark (September 2003). Control of Norway Rats in the Agricultural Environment: Alternatives to Rodenticide Use (PDF) (PhD). University of Leicester. pp. 85–103. Davis, David E. (1957). "The Use of Food as a Buffer in a Predator–Prey System". Journal of Mammalogy. 38 (4): 466. doi:10.2307/1376399. ISSN 0022-2372. JSTOR 1376399. Wodzicki, K. (1973). "Prospects for biological control of rodent populations". Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 48 (4): 461–467. PMC 2481104 Freely accessible. PMID 4587482. "You thought watching cat videos was harmless fun? Think Again". The Register. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. Chucher, P. B.; Lawton, J. H. (1987). "Predation by Domestic Cats in an English village". Journal of Zoology, London. 212 (3): 439–455. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb02915.x. Mead, C. J. (1982). "Ringed birds killed by cats". Mammal Review. 12 (4): 183–186. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2907.1982.tb00014.x. Crooks, Kevin R.; Soul, Michael E. (1999). "Mesopredator Release and Avifaunal Extinctions in a Fragmented System" (PDF). Nature. 400 (6744): 563–566. Bibcode:1999Natur.400..563C. doi:10.1038/23028. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 July 2011. Fitzgerald, M. B.; Turner, Dennis C. "Hunting Behaviour of Domestic Cats and Their Impact on Prey Populations". In Turner & Bateson. The Domestic Cat: The Biology of its Behaviour. pp. 151–175. Courchamp, F.; Langlais, M.; Sugihara, G. (1999). "Cats protecting birds: modelling the mesopredator release effect". Journal of Animal Ecology. 68 (2): 282–292. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2656.1999.00285.x. Stattersfield, A. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Long, A. J.; Wege, D. C. (1998). Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. "BirdLife Conservation Series" No. 7. Cambridge, England: Burlington Press. ISBN 0-946888-33-7. Williams, A. J. (1984). "Status and Conservation of Seabirds at some Islands in the African Sector of the Southern Ocean". In Croxall, J. P.; Evans, P. G. H.; Schreiber, R. W. Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds. Cambridge, England: International Council for Bird Preservation. pp. 627–635. Falla, R. A. (1955). New Zealand Bird Life Past and Present. Cawthron Institute.[page needed] Galbreath, R.; Brown, D. (2004). "The Tale of the Lighthouse-keeper's Cat: Discovery and Extinction of the Stephens Island Wren (Traversia lyalli)" (PDF). Notornis. 51: 193–200. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 October 2008. Retrieved 14 December 2011. Dowding, J. E.; Murphy, E. C. (2001). "The Impact of Predation be Introduced Mammals on Endemic Shorebirds in New Zealand: A Conservation Perspective". Biological Conservation. 99: 47–64. doi:10.1016/S0006-3207(00)00187-7. Whiting, M. F.; Bradler,, S.; Maxwell,, T. (2003). "Loss and Recovery of Wings in Stick Insects". Nature. 421 (6920): 264–267. Bibcode:2003Natur.421..264W. doi:10.1038/nature01313. PMID 12529642. World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1992). Groombridge, Brian, ed. Global Biodiversity: Status of the Earth's Living Resources. Chapman & Hall. ISBN 0-412-47240-6. Steadman, D. W.; Martin, P. S. (2003). "The Late Quaternary Extinction and Future Resurrection of Birds on Pacific Islands". Earth Science Reviews. 61: 133–147. Bibcode:2003ESRv...61..133S. doi:10.1016/S0012-8252(02)00116-2. Ellin, Abby (5 October 2008). "More Men Are Unabashedly Embracing Their Love of Cats". New York Times. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2009. Jones, Jeffrey M. (30 November 2007). "Companionship and Love of Animals Drive Pet Ownership". Gallup Inc. Archived from the original on 25 July 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2009. "What Is That They're Wearing?" (PDF). Humane Society of the United States. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2006. Retrieved 22 October 2009. Stallwood, Kim W., ed. (2002). A Primer on Animal Rights: Leading Experts Write about Animal Cruelty and Exploitation. Lantern Books. "Japan: Finale for the world's most elegant use of a dead cat". The Independent. 15 November 1997. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017. "EU proposes cat and dog fur ban". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 November 2006. Archived from the original on 2 January 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2009. Ikuma, Carly (27 June 2007). "EU Announces Strict Ban on Dog and Cat Fur Imports and Exports". HSUS.org. Humane Society International. Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2011. Witchcraft and Magic in Europe, Volume 3: The Middle Ages. Karen Jolly, A&C Black, 2002 Paterson, Tony (25 April 2008). "Switzerland Finds a Way to Skin a Cat for the Fur Trade and High Fashion". The Independent. London, England. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2009. "Humane society launches national cat census". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012. "Cats Be". Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012. "The Supreme Cat Census". Archived from the original on 16 March 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012. "About Pets". IFAHEurope.org. Animal Health Europe. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. Legay, J. M. (1986). "Sur une tentative d'estimation du nombre total de chats domestiques dans le monde" [Tentative estimation of the total number of domestic cats in the world]. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Série III (in French). 303 (17): 709–712. PMID 3101986. INIST:7950138. "Cats: Most interesting facts about common domestic pets". Pravda. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. "Study Traces Cat's Ancestry to Middle East". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2014. Gehrt, Stanley D.; Riley, Seth P. D.; Cypher, Brian L. (12 March 2010). Urban Carnivores: Ecology, Conflict, and Conservation. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 9780801893896. Archived from the original on 31 December 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2014. Rochlitz, Irene (17 April 2007). The Welfare of Cats. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9781402032271. Archived from the original on 31 December 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2014. "All About Cat Shows". HowStuffWorks. 2008-04-02. Retrieved 2018-06-08. "All About Cat Shows". HowStuffWorks. 2008-04-02. Retrieved 2018-06-08. "All About Cat Shows". HowStuffWorks. 2008-04-02. Retrieved 2018-06-26. "cat café". Cambridge English Dictionary. Retrieved 6 June 2018. Bartleby: Ailurophobes and Other Cat-Haters Archived 23 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine. "First Aid: Animal Bites". Nemours Foundation. 2017. Archived from the original on 18 May 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2017. "Animal Bites". HandCare.org. American Society for Surgery of the Hand. 2017. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2017. Chomel, Bruno (2014). "Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonoses of Dogs and Cats". Animals. 4 (3): 434–445. doi:10.3390/ani4030434. ISSN 2076-2615. PMC 4494318 Freely accessible. PMID 26480316. "Cats". Ohio Department of Health. 21 January 2015. Archived from the original on 27 November 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016. Stull, J. W.; Brophy, J.; Weese, J. S. (2015). "Reducing the risk of pet-associated zoonotic infections". Canadian Medical Association Journal. 187 (10): 736–743. doi:10.1503/cmaj.141020. ISSN 0820-3946. PMC 4500695 Freely accessible. PMID 25897046. Clutton-Brock, Juliet (1999) [1987]. A Natural History of Domesticated Mammals (2nd ed.). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 138. ISBN 0-521-63495-4. Muir, Hazel (8 April 2004). "Ancient Remains Could Be Oldest Pet Cat". New Scientist. Archived from the original on 21 December 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2007. Walton, Marsha (9 April 2004). "Ancient Burial Looks Like Human and Pet Cat". CNN.com. Archived from the original on 22 December 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2007. "Gatos fueron domesticados en China hace 5.300 años". La Nación (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. Mason, I. L. (1984). Evolution of Domesticated Animals. Prentice Hall Press. ISBN 0-582-46046-8. Mark, Joshua J. (17 February 2012). "Cats in the Ancient World". Ancient.eu. Ancient History Encyclopedia Ltd. Archived from the original on 2 January 2018. Engels, Donald W. (2001) [1999]. Classical Cats: The Rise and Fall of the Sacred Cat. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-26162-7. Rogers, Katherine M. (2006). Cat. London: Reaktion Books. pp. 18–20. ISBN 978-1-86189-292-8. Beadle, Muriel (1977). Cat. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 76. ISBN 978-0671224516. Pate, Alan (2008). "Maneki Neko: Feline Fact & Fiction". Daruma Magazine. Amagasaki, Japan: Takeguchi Momoko. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012. Faulkes, Anthony (1995). Edda. p. 24. ISBN 0-460-87616-3. Ginzberg, Louis (1909). The Legends of the Jews, Vol. I: The Sixth Day (PDF). Translated by Szold, Henrietta. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. Geyer, Georgie Anne (2004). When Cats Reigned Like Kings: On the Trail of the Sacred Cats. Kansas City, Missouri: Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-4697-9. Reeves, Minou (2000). Muhammad in Europe. New York University Press. p. 52. ISBN 0-8147-7533-0. Al-Thahabi, Shamsuddin. "Biography of al-Rifai". سير أعلام النبلاء (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014. "Abu Hurairah and Cats". Pictures-of-Cats.org. 13 January 2015. "Are Black Cats Really Bad Luck? [Hoax]". SocialNewsDaily.com. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2015. Davies, Norman (1996). Europe: A History. Oxford University Press. p. 543. ISBN 0-198-20171-0. Frazer, Sir James George. The Golden Bough, (1922). Online version. Archived 8 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Sugobono, Nora (7 March 2010). "Las vidas del gato". El Comercio (in Spanish). Lima, Peru. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2010. "Qual é a origem da lenda de que os gatos teriam sete vidas?". Mundo Estranho (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Abril Media. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2015. Dowling, Tim (19 March 2010). "Tall tails: Pet myths busted". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2010. "The ASPCA Warns About High-Rise Falls by Cats: High-Rise Apartments, Windows, Terraces and Fire Escapes Pose Risk to Urban Cats". New York: American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. 30 June 2005. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2018 – via About.com. (Press release.) External links Listen to this article (3 parts) · (info) Part 1 • Part 2 • Part 3
This audio file was created from a revision of the article "Cat" dated 2007-05-13, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help) More spoken articles The dictionary definition of cat at Wiktionary Data related to Cat at Wikispecies Media related to Cat at Wikimedia Commons Animal Care at Wikibooks Quotations related to Cat at Wikiquote Wikisource-logo.svg "Cat, Domestic, The". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. High-Resolution Images of the Cat Brain Biodiversity Heritage Library bibliography for Felis catus Catpert. The Cat Expert – Cat articles View the cat genome in Ensembl vte Domestic cats Felinology Anatomy Genetics Dwarf cat Kitten Odd-eyed cat Squitten Coat genetics Bicolor cat Black cat Calico cat Tabby cat Tortoiseshell cat Health Aging Declawing Diet dental health senior Neutering Spaying Vaccination Behavior Body language Catfight Catnip Communication Meow Purr Kneading Intelligence Play and toys Righting reflex Senses Human–cat interaction Ailurophobia Animal-assisted therapy Cat cafés Cat massage Cat meat Cat-scratch disease Cat show Cats in ancient Egypt Cultural depictions Farm cat Feral cat Cats and Islam Puppy cat Ship's cat Zoonosis Registries American Cat Fanciers Association Associazione Nazionale Felina Italiana Canadian Cat Association Cat Aficionado Association Cat Fanciers' Association Fédération Internationale Féline Governing Council of the Cat Fancy Southern Africa Cat Council The International Cat Association World Cat Congress World Cat Federation Breeds (full list) (experimental breeds) Fully domestic Abyssinian American Curl American Shorthair Balinese Brazilian Shorthair British Shorthair Birman Bombay Burmese California Spangled Chartreux Chinese Li Hua Colorpoint Shorthair Cornish Rex Cymric Devon Rex Donskoy Egyptian Mau European Shorthair Exotic Shorthair German Rex Himalayan Japanese Bobtail Javanese Khao Manee Korat Kurilian Bobtail Maine Coon Manx Munchkin Norwegian Forest Ocicat Oriental Shorthair Persian Peterbald Pixie-bob Raas Ragdoll Ragamuffin Russian Blue Scottish Fold Selkirk Rex Siamese Siberian Singapura Snowshoe Somali Sphynx Thai Traditional Persian Tonkinese Toyger Turkish Angora Turkish Van Hybrid Bengal Chausie Highlander Savannah Serengeti Landraces Aegean Cyprus Domestic long-haired Domestic short-haired Kellas Sokoke Van Diseases and disorders Acne Asthma Calicivirus Congenital sensorineural deafness Flea Heartworm Hepatic lipidosis Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Immunodeficiency virus Infectious peritonitis Leukemia virus Lower urinary tract disease Panleukopenia Polydactyly Rabies Ringworm Roundworm Skin disorders Tick Toxoplasmosis Viral rhinotracheitis Wikipedia book Book Category Category Portal Portal vte Extant Carnivora species Taxon identifiers Wikidata: Q20980826 EoL: 4443860 EPPO: FELIDO Fossilworks: 104159 GBIF: 2435035 iNaturalist: 118552 IRMNG: 10196305 ITIS: 183798 MSW: 14000031 NBN: NHMSYS0000080189 NCBI: 9685 NZOR: 7d7d7c68-baa8-4908-bdc4-b747950f6318 Authority control GND: 4030046-8 HDS: 41559 NARA: 10647397 Categories: Domesticated animalsArticles with text from the Nubian languages collectiveCatsMammals described in 1758Cosmopolitan vertebratesInvasive mammal speciesVertebrate animal modelsCat diseases Navigation menu Not logged inTalkContributionsCreate accountLog inArticleTalkReadView sourceView historySearch
Search Wikipedia Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies Wikiquote
Languages Deutsch Español Français 한국어 Italiano Русский Tagalog Tiếng Việt 中文 211 more Edit links This page was last edited on 12 July 2018, at 23:58 (UTC). Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policyAbout WikipediaDisclaimersContact WikipediaDevelopersCookie statementMobile view
submitted by Chtorrr to Chtorrr [link] [comments]


2018.07.02 04:23 XKCD_423 Literary Destiny 2: Primary Weapons!

Evening, Guardians!
So while I've had a few posts interspersed here and there since my last installment of Literary Destiny, I figured it'd be a good time to come back as we wait for more news about Forsaken, and the drop itself.
If you're unsure what this is, in short, it's my attempts to compile all the literary (for a generous definition of 'literary') references found in weapon, armor, and miscellaneous items in Destiny. Thus far, all of the previous posts include (all from D1): Armor, Primary Weapons, Secondary Weapons, Heavy Weapons, and Other (things like artifacts, ships, etc.). Some really neat references in there.
This time around, I'll be doing the Primary weapons from Vanilla through Warmind for Destiny 2. As always, there is almost certainly no way this list is comprehensive. If you think something is missing–let me know! I'd be thrilled to edit into the post :)
Without further ado about nothing, here's the literary references in Destiny 2 Primary weapons!

Sidearms

Roderic-C: The world is your kingdom.
Ahh, good ol' Häkke. They are very dependable about naming their guns after ancient heroes and kings (and queens!). This one in particular is almost certainly a reference to Roderic, "The Last King of The Goths" who ruled the Visigoths in Spain for a very short period of time–710-712. While little actual fact survives about the real person, he is nastily infamous in legend, particularly for raping (maybe just seduced? Unlikely though) the daughter of Count Julian, an act that inspired half a dozen plays and at least two operas.
Athelflad-D: Make yourself dreadful to your enemies and indispensable to your allies.
I absolutely adore that the lore writers at Bungie have done their research. This is after Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians. She was a general all-around ass-kicker of the 10th century, ruling the kingdom of Mercia from 911-918, ending with her death in June of that year. Among other things, she robustly fortified many villages that had been captured by her husband, and sent an army to capture Derby–successfully. A wonderfully pertinent quote from a historian about a century later, William of Malmesbury:
. . . a powerful accession to [Edward's] party, the delight of his subjects, the dread of his enemies, a woman of enlarged soul.
I wish someone would describe me as a woman of enlarged soul.
Allied Demand: Rest satisfied with doing well, and leave others to talk of you as they please.
This is the first one of these that I'm not sanguine is any particular reference to something, but is nevertheless setting off little 'reference alarms' in my head. It's pretty generic advice on being a good person, so does uhh someone want to look it up in Socrates? That's honestly probably the root.
Vertical Orbit QSm: Which way is up?
Uhh, hahah, this one is actually honestly a little bit mean, when paired with the flavor text. This refers to the congenital defect known as Vertical Orbit Dystopia, a phenomenon where one of a person's eyes will sit lower than the other–making it hard to have normal 'unified vision'. Thus the, 'which way is up?'. I'm hoping someone on the writing team had it at some point . . .
Minimum Distance: All I need is a little breathing room.
So, I actually had to do some fairly dry research about 'Minum Safe Distance', because Wikipedia was not as immediately forthcoming as it usually is (my life is so hard!). In terms of the actual definition, MSD is,
. . . the distance in meters from the intended center of impact at which a specific degree of risk and vulnerability will not be exceeded with a 99% assurance. MSDs allow for the maximum use of indirect fire while ensuring the safety of friendly troops.
Now, I would love for someone with actual experience to clear this up, but as far as I can discern, what this means in layman language is, 'the minimum distance from which friendly troops must be from an artillery strike to not get struck by accident'. That is, 'if you don't wanna get bombed, don't be within this radius (i.e., the MSD) of the center of the strike'. Important calculations!

Submachine Guns

Protostar CSu: What came before?
In the sense that this gun is perhaps a 'stepping stone' or beginning point in terms of the Guardian's final weapons, using 'protostar' makes sense–it's the beginning phase in a normal star. This is the point at which a stellar body is still accumulating enough mass from the nebula surrounding it to become a proper star.
Sondok-C: Your wisdom will lead you to victory.
Another superb female ruler, Queen Seondeok of Silla, ruled one of the the Three Kingdoms of Korea from 632-647. She fostered a renaissance of thinking, arts, and literature in Silla under her rule. Five hundred years later, she was described in Korea's oldest extant historical record as, ". . . generous, wise, vicious, and agile."
Philippis-B: You know these roads.
This is unfortunately one of those that I know must be a reference to someone in particuar, but the name makes it difficult to search for who, exactly. The best I can come up with is Philippis, an obscure Amazonian woman who challenged Heracules to single combat and, well . . . Hercules certainly didn't die.
Motion to Suppress: "Present your truths carefully."
Pretty straightforward! In common law legal systems, a 'motion to supress' is a, ". . . formal, written request to a judge for an order that certain evidence be excluded from consideration by the judge or jury at trial." They are mostly submitted when it is believed the acquisition of any given piece of evidence is believed to have violated the rights of the defendant.
Multimach CCX: Friends are as companions on a journey who ought to aid each other to persevere.
Probably a reference to the Multimachine, an,
. . . all-purpose open source machine tool that can be built inexpensively by a semi-skilled mechanic with common hand tools, from discarded car and truck parts, using only commonly available hand tools and no electricity. . . . The multimachine can accurately perform all the functions of an entire machine shop by itself.
Essentially, a community of engineers and other handy folks trying to help each other build a crowd-sourced 'ultimate machine'. CCX is 210 in Arabic numerals. Your guess is as good as mine!
Beidenhander: Let the song of the monarch be heard!
Pretty basic–it's the alternate name of a sword class known as "Zweihänder" (tsvai-HEN-durh) in German. Whereas the original is translated as 'two-hander', 'beidenhänder' (bai-den-HEN-durh) is 'both-hander'. Wikipedia rather disappointedly describes the language surrounding sword classification in English as, ". . . imprecise and [varying] widely over time. There is no historical dictionary for the universal names, classification or terminology of swords; a sword was simply called "sword" in whatever language the swordsmen spoke." It seems so put out!
Atalanta-D: They will tell you that you can't. Don't listen to them.
Atalanta was a legendary virgin hunter hunter who was notably a virgin–that is to say, not that hunters are inclined to sluttiness, but Atalanta was notable for taking a vow of chastity to Artemis. She found her happiness in being devoted to Artemis and hunting, rather than home-making. More power to ya!
Escape Velocity: "The first step toward truth is to let go of all that we know and hold dear." —Arach Jalaal.
This is something that a lot of people know, but in very clear terms, escape velocity is, ". . . escape velocity is the minimum speed needed for an object to escape from the gravitational influence of a massive body." Very pertinent to Dead Orbit, the complete irrelevance of the flavor text notwithstanding.
The Showrunner: Once you have one, you'll wonder how you ever did without.
A showrunner is actually a relatively new concept, speaking within terms of Destiny references. Usually, it's used to refer to the writer-cum-producer of a show that has essentially ultimate creative authority over, basically, the entire production–that is to say, when you have a showrunner, that show will be their creation. Funnily enough, I had assumed it was essentially a 'ringmaster'–the showrunner for a live circus. Probably not too far off ;)
Antiope-D: They look to you to save them.
You didn't think I'd miss everyone's favorite, did you‽ Antiope (an-TAI-uh-pee) was a mythological (specifically, Greek myth) Amazonian, the daughter of Ares. It goes without saying that she was a bad-ass among bad-asses, but it's also interesting to see how much of her myth gets confused/confounded with Hippolyta's. Supposedly one (or both's?) of their husband was Theseus, son of Zeus.
The Huckleberry: Nothin' in the world that 30 rounds can't solve.
So, the use of the vernacular here–specifically, the use of 'Nothin'' as opposed to 'Nothing'–makes me think that this must be an winking reference to Huckleberry "Huck" Finn, a prominent (go figure) character in Mark Twain's The Adventures of Tom Saywer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. That being said, given that Huck is a young teenager at the time of the book, it seems unlikely that he'd have use of a gun. Hey, wait a minute, is 'Huck' a play on 'Puck' from A Midsummer Night's Dream?

Hand Cannons

Picayune Mk.33: Small stature, big heart.
This is one of those where it's just . . . I'm not sure. A picayune was a Spanish coin worth half a real. It also was used as slang for 'a trifle' or 'worthless'.
Azimuth DSu: What lies beyond the horizon?
An azimuth is perhaps best explained by example:
An example of azimuth is the angular direction of a star in the sky. The star is the point of interest, the reference plane is the local horizontal area (e.g. a circular area 5 km in radius around an observer at sea level), and the reference vector points north. The azimuth is the angle between the north vector and the star's vector on the horizontal plane.
Strictly speaking, the precise definition is, ". . . an angular measurement in a spherical coordinate system". But it seems as if the example is particularly apt, given the flavor text!
Guseva-C: You know your purpose.
Okay, wow, so there are a lot of possible references for this, but only one that involves the actual Rasputin, so I'm gonna go with that. Khioniya Guseva tried to assassinate Rasputin in 1912, unsuccessfully. She was tried for attempted murder and declared insane. She was eventually released, attempted to assassinate the Patriarch of Moscow in 1919, and . . . died at some point after that? Not a happy life, to say the least.
Agamid: The lumbering beast stands ready to fight.
Agamidae are a family of lizards, that are often referred to as 'dragons', or 'dragon lizards' (despite not including Komodo dragons!). Thus the 'lumbering beast'!
Service Revolver: To Serve and Protect.
Something for the non-US Guardians among us, 'To serve and protect' is the traditional motto of police forces in the States (to be fair, it may also be the case elsewhere, but I'm familiar with it in that context). It's been a long time since revolvers have been standard-issue–the overwhelming majority of departments have moved over to magazine-fed semi-automatic sidearms–so it's hard to guess what gun this is referencing. The last official standard-issue revolver in the US was the M1917 Revolver, which was phased out in 1954. It may also be a bit of a stretch reference to a more famous revolver, like Inspector 'Dirty Harry' Callahan's Smith & Wesson Model 29, though there's nothing 'standard issue' about that gun. Just as a personal note, I find it odd that 'Serve' and 'Protect' are capitalized in the flavor text. That's not done without reason.
Pribina-D: Adventure is in your blood.
Finally getting some representation for the Slavs among us, Pribina was a Slavic prince during the 9th century. Adventure was certinaly in his fate:
He was attacked and expelled from his homeland by Mojmir I, duke of Moravia. Pribina first fled to Ratpot, one of the border lords in East Francia. Thereafter he was wandering in Central and Southeastern Europe for several years. Finally, in the late 830s, Louis the German, king of East Francia granted Pribina lands near Lake Balaton (now in Hungary) where he set up his own principality under the king's suzerainty.
suzerain (n.)–a dominant state controlling the foreign relations of a vassal state allowing it sovereign authority in its internal affairs. Always glad to learn a new word :D
Better Devils: Angels can't help you here.
I have to assume this is a winking reference to the pair of handcannons in D1, The Devil You Know (Let's make a deal . . .), and The Devil You Don't (So many demons, it's hard to keep their names straight . . .). It is also a reference to Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural Address, from whence the phrase 'better angels' is sprung:
I am loath to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle-field and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.
To think we thought Obama was an eloquent speaker (I mean, we do, but . . . c'mon)!
Sturm: These ancient ceremonial pistols can be dated back to the early Golden Age. A faded inscription reads, "To Sigrun, from Victor."
So, I had figured that this was some reference to ancient German mythology. Turns out, not quite! Sturm und Drang (literally, 'storm and drive', though more commonly translated as 'storm and stress'–and of course, the corresponding sidearm is called Drang) was a 'proto-Romantic' movement that advocated individual subjectivity and emotional expression in direct reaction to the 'perceived repression' of the Enlightenment and its intellectual constraints. Not totally sure what that has to do with the two guns and their lore, but, hey–really cool historical reference.

Autorifles

Honestly, a kind-of vanishingly short list for autorifles; I feel like I must have missed some. See if you can't find any I didn't: https://db.destinytracker.com/d2/ru/items/weapon/kinetic/auto-rifle.
Cydonia-AR1
Cydonia is a surname of Athena, goddess of war and wisdom in the Greek Pantheon. On one of the better obscure autorifles in D2? Perfect.
Lionheart: The one thing they can never take away.
As a pure testament to the stance of his presence in both English and French national history, Richard I of England was a once-in-a-lifetime ruler who . . . well, honestly didn't spend that much time in England or France. He was an important commander in the Third Crusade, and an important figurehead for both the English and the French–no mean feat.
Halfdan-D: Your name will ring out, and your deeds will resound forever.
Halfdan was a late 5th and early 6th century Danish ruler, predecessor to the king that commanded an 'obscure' warrior, Beowulf–King Hrothgar. I'm not sure why they went with him as opposed to Hrothgar or Beowulf. /shrug!
Guiding Star: "We will make a new home out among the stars, and then we will know peace. Until that day..." —Arach Jalaal
Continuing with Dead Orbit's flavor texts being completely independent of the weapons they're ascribed to, the 'guiding star' most commonly refers to Polaris, the star that, from an Earth-bound perspective, appears most strictly aligned with our magnetic north. However, nitpicking, a 'pole star' is any star that is, ". . . preferably bright, closely aligned to the axis of rotation of an astronomical object". So, take from that what you will?

Pulse Rifles

Nanty Narker: This weapon was forged by Devrim Kay VIII for the survivors.
This is a portmanteau of, shockingly, two British slang terms. 'Nanty' means 'nothing'–'I'm up to nanty tonight'. A 'narker' is someone who only talks about themselves–not quite a narcissist, but not that far off, either. I don't recall ever actually seeing this gun. Can anyone confirm if it really drops from Devrim?
Eystein-D: We guarantee a fair trial.
As with Guseva, there are a few people that this could be, but I'm going to guess that it's Eystein I of Norway, purely on the basis of this description:
. . . [Eystein] was a paragon of honesty who governed himself no less than his subjects with moderation and wisdom. He was a king who loved peace, an assiduous manager of public affairs, and above all a fosterer of the Christian religion.
Religious aspect aside, seems like a good fit.
Lincoln Green: The survivors of that day chose not to remember.
Despite–or perhaps in spite of–the morose flavor text, Lincoln Green is the shade of green most traditionally associated with Robin Hood. That classic vivid green would blend in superbly with the forests of Sherwood Forest. I can't help but smile at the nostalgic memory of being that heroic outlaw.
The Marine: Improvise. Adapt. Overcome.
One of the more obvious meme references in Destiny (the other being Badger CCL, 'Badger Couldn't Care Less'), this is of course a reference to Bear Grylls and the 'Improvise. Adapt. Overcome.' meme. Turns out, that while Grylls didn't serve with the British Marines during his actual military service, he was named an honorary Royal Marine in 2014 (apologies for what I suspect may be bad linking; I have no idea the quality of The Daily Record overall. The 'article' seems relatively coherent and objective, though).
Nightshade: Three drops is all it takes.
Hah! This one is killer in the most classic sense. While Nightshades are a pretty broad cateogry of plants, this pulse is referencing Atropa belladona, or, 'Deadly Nightshade'. I know, certainly something with such an innocent name couldn't possibly be a key part in one of the most important self-sacrifices of all time (yeah, that was a statement, and I'm not 100% about it. PM me about the foundation of modern philosophical discourse)! My apologies, that was unnecessarily obfuscated. Socrates–that Socrates–was sentenced to death by the people of Athens, and his chosen method of execution was a draft of Deadly Nightshade. Gnarly, man.

Scout Rifles

Again, a limited enough–this time solely legendaries–category that I'm worried I'm missing some. Let me know if you see some others: https://db.destinytracker.com/d2/ru/items/weapon/kinetic/scout-rifle.
Does Not Compute: The engineers aren't ready for us.
Sort-of a general reference, more than a specific one, 'Does not compute' is a phrase often uttered by pop-culture AI, in reference to things where "my normal approach is useless here". From what I can tell, this phrase is actually said from the other direction–that is to say, this is the AI(s?) suggesting that the engineers making and maintaining them were not ready for what was actually created. Neat!
Frontier Justice: ". . . and after that, there will be time for justice."
This is one of the references that I don't think I feel all that great about. "Frontier justice" as a concept, is the idea of a person who is so confident in the moral guidance that they see fit to dispense their own judgements–including death–as a fitting punishment for perceived wrongs. Ultimately, it's the fundamental tension that Batman is founded on–do we value the 'justice' that he brings to criminals that we normal folks can't, or do we abhor the extrajudicial nature of his actions?
Nameless Midnight: Strange things wake at the stroke of twelve.
Arguably a reference to the Witching Hour, an hour or two during the night in which supernatural events were purported to happen. I think it speaks to a more general sense of the vague unease of the very-late evening/early-early morn. Coming from a rural state, I'm terribly familiar; the sensation of being on a country road, at 4:13AM, fog cutting sight to 20" . . . it's unsettlingly ominous. Can't say as it's malevolent, per se, but it's hard to describe the profound, scary, anticipation until you've been there.
Telemachus-C: The long wait is over.
I of course adore the references I understand at first read. Telemachus is the son of Odysseus and Penelope, with whom the first four chapters of The Odyssey are concerned with. He is depicted as in a constant struggle to both define himself as a person distinct from his extraordinarily famous father (a critical war hero of The Illiad), but also as someone who honors that father's memory–because for a solid decade (i.e., the events of The Odyssey) he assumed his father was very much dead. The first four chapters of The Odyssey are heart-rending, and should I find the time to place some quotes on this post, I'll back that statement up with some two-thousand-year-old words.
Nilfheim Frost: The chill you feel is death.
Well, it's not quite the realm of death, but it may as well be: Niflheim is the Norse realm of mist and cold and ice. Niflheim was mostly described as a very much primordial realm of ice and chill–only becoming productive when combined with Muspelheim, the realm of fire. That pair combined to create many of the other realms. Makes sense, for sure.
At the very least, that's the literary references that my (inherently limited) experience saw for primary weapons. I'd love to hear about the things that you see that I don't know; please don't hesitate to point them out and I'll edit them right in the post!
Thanks so much for reading, Guardian.
See you starside.
submitted by XKCD_423 to DestinyTheGame [link] [comments]


2018.06.18 06:23 Tunza [Fanalytics] NRL Wingers

Lots of chat about who should have been picked for Queensland Origin side for game II with loads of Horse fans spewing that Oates was selected on the wing, in the pack, on the bench, captain, coach, Premier, wicket-keeper...
Here's the top 20 wingers for 2018 to date statistically - minimum 10 games on the wing, 100m per game. I've added in Val and Cotric as Origin squad wingers who missed the cutoff. Gagai has not been included as he's only started one game on the wing in the NRL this season. Stats only include games where the player started on the wing.
Player Matches Tries AllRuns All RunMetres Kick ReturnMetres Dummy Half RunMetres Post ContactMetres LineBreaks Assists TackleBreaks Offloads Receipts Tackle % KicksDefused Errors Error % Penalties PTB
BlakeFerguson 14 10 19.93 196.14 35.50 1.00 66.57 0.71 0.07 3.93 0.21 24.21 0.79 2.36 1.57 0.06 0.21 3.31
CoreyOates 13 7 13.15 149.54 30.00 - 49.38 0.92 0.15 4.46 - 15.08 0.78 1.69 1.23 0.08 0.08 3.29
KenMaumalo 14 4 15.57 148.07 20.50 4.07 51.57 0.21 - 3.00 0.50 17.71 0.77 1.29 0.50 0.03 0.14 3.33
NeneMacdonald 14 8 15.71 140.50 12.71 28.43 51.14 0.29 0.07 3.86 1.00 19.64 0.77 1.00 0.93 0.05 0.36 3.36
KyleFeldt 15 10 14.40 136.13 26.40 0.93 43.00 0.67 0.27 3.80 0.47 19.67 0.86 1.47 1.27 0.06 0.53 3.02
PhillipSami 12 8 15.42 134.00 15.17 3.92 36.42 0.50 0.08 3.67 0.08 19.83 0.71 0.83 0.67 0.03 - 3.20
JordanRapana 13 5 13.08 133.54 12.46 48.15 40.54 0.62 0.23 4.15 0.92 20.69 0.79 1.00 1.31 0.06 0.54 3.45
EdrickLee 10 7 12.80 131.00 23.90 3.50 44.60 0.90 - 1.20 0.60 14.90 0.85 1.10 0.60 0.04 0.30 3.34
JasonNightingale 12 1 15.17 130.25 20.33 24.50 44.83 0.17 - 2.67 0.42 20.67 0.82 1.17 1.50 0.07 0.25 3.22
JoshAddo-Carr 14 14 11.00 129.71 16.71 27.36 26.00 0.79 0.14 3.86 0.29 14.21 0.78 1.57 1.07 0.08 0.36 3.54
ShaunKenny-Dowall 15 3 14.80 129.20 15.33 3.53 40.07 0.20 - 3.27 0.53 18.53 0.75 0.87 0.73 0.04 0.13 2.94
GeorgeJennings 12 6 14.25 126.00 27.17 5.92 39.25 0.42 - 3.00 0.75 17.00 0.83 1.33 0.58 0.03 - 3.48
RobertJennings 13 12 12.38 125.85 22.15 2.46 37.15 0.69 0.23 3.38 0.38 14.85 0.76 1.00 0.46 0.03 0.15 3.28
AntonioWinterstein 14 6 12.79 119.29 13.14 1.21 37.50 0.43 - 2.14 0.43 14.50 0.85 0.79 0.29 0.02 0.14 3.55
KenSio 11 8 11.64 118.27 26.91 6.64 33.09 0.82 0.27 2.27 0.09 14.45 0.63 1.09 0.64 0.04 - 3.21
SuliasiVunivalu 13 7 11.54 111.92 28.92 11.38 33.15 0.46 0.15 2.31 1.23 17.08 0.72 2.08 1.69 0.10 0.46 3.21
MalakaiWatene-Zelezniak 10 2 13.40 108.50 14.00 6.90 34.70 0.20 - 1.70 0.50 16.90 0.71 1.10 0.80 0.05 0.10 3.47
DavidFusitu'a 13 15 10.54 101.69 12.15 - 27.31 0.92 0.23 2.23 0.23 15.38 0.61 1.23 1.23 0.08 0.08 3.27
ChristianCrichton 12 2 11.42 101.67 20.25 3.67 31.58 0.25 0.08 1.75 0.08 14.00 0.62 1.00 0.50 0.04 0.17 3.07
MarceloMontoya 14 2 12.57 100.86 10.71 6.14 29.64 0.29 0.07 2.43 0.14 17.21 0.65 0.86 0.79 0.05 0.50 3.44
ValentineHolmes 7 8 10.14 102.14 17.86 41.57 33.57 0.57 - 2.29 0.43 16.43 0.62 1.43 1.00 0.06 - 3.65
NickCotric 13 9 11.46 98.92 9.92 17.92 28.54 1.08 0.08 6.62 0.08 14.77 0.61 0.85 1.31 0.09 0.15 3.32
NRL Average 7.63 12.81 118.14 18.89 10.91 36.48 0.49 0.10 2.86 0.40 16.55 76.5% 1.23 0.94 5.7% 0.21 3.33
Notes: Fingerson is killing it this season with a league leading (all positions) 196m per game. He leads all wingers in Kick Return Metres, PCM, Receipts and Kicks Defused. Rapana is leading all wingers in Dummy Half Metres per game (48.15), but Val isn't far behind (41.57). No other winger averages more than 30m per game. The Fox averages the least PCM of the players listed but has the highest Average Per Run (11.79m) just ahead of Oates (11.37) who has the fourth most PCM per game (49.38). Oates averages 4.46 Tackle Breaks per game to lead all wingers compared to JAC's 3.86. Two very different styles on show here. Oates averages almost a linebreak per game tied with Fus and just ahead of Edrick Lee (WTF?). Edrick averages just 1.20 Tackle Breaks per game so he's pretty much making clean breaks alone - although Kick Receipt tries tend to count as a Linebreak without a Tackle Break. Vuni is having an off year but is a clear leader in Offloads for wingers ahead of Nene and Rapa. Feldt and Winterstein are both top three in Tackle % with Edrick (again, WTF?). Shows that the Cows defensive woes aren't on the edges... Oates and his 9'17" height help him to third most Kicks Defused behind Fingerson and Vuni. Despite this success in the air, Vuni and Oates are one and three in Error % with Cotric (second) Fus and The Fox. Winterstein has the lowest Error %, which might be caused by being so slow that he slows down time for a metre around him making catching the ball easier. Hot heads Rapa and Feldt are top two for penalties. SKD and Feldt are top two PTB speeds while Winterstein and Val are more than half a second on average slower.
Let's drill down to the big dogs in contention / selected for Origin. I've cut out some of the lower value stats then ranked the players to get an average rating (not particularly scientific but it's ultimately a statistical shitpost, so I'll allow myself):
Player Tries All RunMetres Average Run Kick ReturnMetres Dummy Half RunMetres Post ContactMetres LineBreaks TackleBreaks Offloads KicksDefused Error % Penalties PTB Score
BlakeFerguson 2 1 4 1 5 1 4 3 5 1 4 4 3 2.92
CoreyOates 7 2 2 2 7 3 2 2 7 2 6 2 2 3.54
KyleFeldt 2 4 5 3 6 4 5 6 2 4 3 7 1 4.00
JoshAddo-Carr 1 5 1 5 3 7 3 4 4 3 5 5 6 4.00
NeneMacdonald 5 3 6 6 2 2 7 4 1 6 1 5 5 4.08
ValentineHolmes 5 6 3 4 1 5 6 7 3 5 2 1 7 4.23
NickCotric 4 7 7 7 4 6 1 1 6 7 7 3 4 4.92
Fingerson > Oates > Feldt and none were selected for Origin. Interesting.
submitted by Tunza to nrl [link] [comments]


2017.10.31 18:45 FormerlyPallas_ /r/UKPolitics Subreddit Stats for the past 30 days.

Period: 29.88 days
Submissions Comments
Total 999 107029
Rate (per day) 33.43 3538.81
Unique Redditors 337 7723
Combined Score 143496 621994

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 17458 points, 1 submission: VirginOnRidiculous
    1. Terrorism deaths by year in the UK (17458 points, 3555 comments)
  2. 16249 points, 121 submissions: Crappy99
    1. The Times Cartoon - It's Not the End of the World! (2626 points, 131 comments)
    2. Jeremy Corbyn among 113 MPs demanding ban on protests outside abortion clinics (1853 points, 1071 comments)
    3. The Telegraph Cartoon - Give Me a Deal or I'll Let Him Have It! (1408 points, 119 comments)
    4. Brexit impact study 'will not be published' (731 points, 218 comments)
    5. Tony Blair calls for second Brexit referendum (611 points, 626 comments)
    6. The Telegraph Cartoon - Blade Runner 2017 (444 points, 36 comments)
    7. The Telegraph Cartoon - It's Alive... Just (372 points, 163 comments)
    8. YouGov Voting Intention: Conservatives 39%, Labour 42% (10-11 Oct) (372 points, 319 comments)
    9. UK plan to register EU citizens would be illegal, say MEPs (367 points, 450 comments)
    10. Woman who worked for MP reported sexual assault four times but was 'ignored by Parliament authorities' (307 points, 46 comments)
  3. 6529 points, 35 submissions: hahayeahhaha
    1. Home secretary Amber Rudd tells Conservative fringe "I don't need to understand how encryption works to want to deny its use to criminals." (1521 points, 420 comments)
    2. Universities deplore ‘McCarthyism’ as MP demands list of tutors lecturing on Brexit (1063 points, 579 comments)
    3. Only one person in UK's Brexit negotiation team has experience with trade deals (635 points, 145 comments)
    4. Bank of England believes Brexit could cost 75,000 finance jobs (382 points, 296 comments)
    5. Philip Pullman: Jeremy Corbyn didn’t “lift a finger” to keep us in the EU (273 points, 311 comments)
    6. We are governed by Peter Pans who refuse to look after the next generation (265 points, 283 comments)
    7. Tory MP Stephen Crabb 'sorry' for sexting 19-year-old woman after interviewing her for office job (244 points, 209 comments)
    8. Suspecting Russian Meddling in ‘Brexit’ Vote, Lawmaker Seeks Inquiry (198 points, 361 comments)
    9. Look, Tories, no one is falling for your “no magic money tree” argument so give it up (178 points, 296 comments)
    10. Young people 'bemused, angry and blaming older generations for Brexit' (161 points, 406 comments)
  4. 5060 points, 21 submissions: Shockingandawesome
    1. UK and Canada announce global alliance to end coal power (2312 points, 378 comments)
    2. Grooming gangs 'are abusing girls across the country', victims and investigators warn (476 points, 439 comments)
    3. Chancellor Philip Hammond: Taxpayers' money should not be spent on preparing for a "no-deal" Brexit (339 points, 427 comments)
    4. UK Home Secretary Calls Tech Leaders 'Patronizing' For Refusing To Believe Her 'Safe Backdoors' Spiels Techdirt (265 points, 283 comments)
    5. Drivers who cause death while using their mobile phones, under the influence of drink or drugs, or speeding, will face life in prison (252 points, 257 comments)
    6. New terror laws 'would criminalise thought' (245 points, 352 comments)
    7. Ivory trade to be banned in UK 'to protect elephants' (201 points, 124 comments)
    8. The UK no longer has a national public library system (196 points, 114 comments)
    9. Govt cuts stakes on "crack cocaine" betting terminals. The maximum stake on fixed odds betting terminals is to be reduced from £100 to between £2 and £50. (111 points, 281 comments)
    10. MPs to debate 'scrap first-past-the-post' call (111 points, 124 comments)
  5. 4636 points, 37 submissions: Absolutelycheers
    1. Margaret Thatcher gave MP knighthood despite knowing child sex abuse claims against him, inquiry hears (1495 points, 379 comments)
    2. Hillary Clinton says Brexit supporters 'voted against modern Britain' (321 points, 784 comments)
    3. 'Nadhim Zahawi, Conservative MP, is now earning £360,000 a year from his part-time job at an oil company.' (304 points, 254 comments)
    4. SNP votes for queen to be stripped of state funding (239 points, 282 comments)
    5. Culture Secretary investigated for not having a TV licence (181 points, 203 comments)
    6. Donald Trump will not visit Britain until 2018, White House confirms (167 points, 158 comments)
    7. 'Hillary Clinton to Brexiteers on Trump: "You're making a trade deal with someone who doesn't believe in trade." #Marr' (165 points, 368 comments)
    8. 'Bombardier. Now this. If you thought Trump would ride in on a white unicorn and save us you need to sober up.' (151 points, 121 comments)
    9. EU officials in Soviet-style 'disinformation campaign' to damage Brexit, Tory MPs claim (121 points, 158 comments)
    10. MPs should not feel obliged to back Brexit, says John Bercow (110 points, 73 comments)
  6. 4411 points, 2 submissions: Ractrick
    1. Telegraph admits yesterdays story about Cambridge being forced to replace Black authors with white ones was false. (3941 points, 419 comments)
    2. Theresa May revealed to have stole lines in her speech from TV show "The West Wing" (470 points, 181 comments)
  7. 3929 points, 26 submissions: Lolworth
    1. Private Eye on Kensington & Chelsea Council (1168 points, 252 comments)
    2. Christian Adams on Theresa May's 'no deal' Brexit (326 points, 33 comments)
    3. Ben Jennings on Westminster allegations (300 points, 18 comments)
    4. Steve Bell on the budget and Brexit preparations (285 points, 37 comments)
    5. Stephen Crabb sent young woman sexually explicit messages after rejecting her application for role in his office (195 points, 119 comments)
    6. Ben Jennings on the NHS plan to rent spare rooms (192 points, 33 comments)
    7. Comedian Lee Nelson just handed Theresa May a P45 during her speech, before being bundled off (162 points, 155 comments)
    8. UK 'does not and will not recognise' Catalan independence declaration, PM says (148 points, 249 comments)
    9. "I've got less than 4p to my name" - Universal Credit is the new benefits system - but how do you survive the six week wait for any money? (119 points, 318 comments)
    10. Six men charged with being in neo-Nazi group, with one charged for encouragement for murdering an MP (110 points, 164 comments)
  8. 3480 points, 37 submissions: Inlogoraccountan
    1. Britain's missing billions: Revised figures reveal UK is £490bn poorer than previously thought (948 points, 493 comments)
    2. Marxism should have no place in a modern Labour Party Chris Leslie MP Labour (198 points, 630 comments)
    3. Going into the studio is “like going into Harvey Weinstein’s bedroom - you hope to emerge with your dignity intact” Gove on #Todayat60 (175 points, 229 comments)
    4. Has £500 billion really gone missing? ONS (146 points, 39 comments)
    5. Reverse Brexit with second referendum to save your economy, OECD tells UK (146 points, 311 comments)
    6. Ian Lavery MP received £165,000 from trade union BBC Newsnight (143 points, 50 comments)
    7. Lancashire councillors vote to take un-stunned meat off school menus (121 points, 111 comments)
    8. Ireland balances books for first time in 10 years - finance minister also announced a €300 million Brexit fund aimed at helping small businesses. (119 points, 69 comments)
    9. This is amazing. One by one, Michael Gove is saying the things I've waited years for an environment secretary to say George Monbiot (113 points, 113 comments)
    10. Universities ordered to guarantee free speech The Times front page (107 points, 292 comments)
  9. 2984 points, 6 submissions: NothingSurprisesMe
    1. Someone just handed Theresa May a P45 during her speech. (2587 points, 816 comments)
    2. 'The only way' of dealing with British Islamic State fighters is to kill them in almost every case, minister says (217 points, 596 comments)
    3. London now more dangerous than New York City, crime stats suggest (89 points, 162 comments)
    4. Field of machines: Researchers grow crop using only automation (in the UK) (40 points, 45 comments)
    5. What does your voting history look like? (28 points, 137 comments)
    6. Question Time thread - 19/10/2017 (23 points, 444 comments)
  10. 2559 points, 15 submissions: LeftWingScot
    1. CEO of Goldman Sachs Lloyd Blankfein‏ on twittier: "Just left Frankfurt. Great meetings, great weather, really enjoyed it. Good, because I'll be spending a lot more time there. #Brexit" (659 points, 616 comments)
    2. The government says they can't release the official Brexit impact assessments because it would breach their "safe space". (514 points, 151 comments)
    3. Jeremy Corbyn: Police violence against citizens in #Catalonia is shocking. The Spanish government must act to end it now. (286 points, 324 comments)
    4. Tim Shipman: Theresa May gets regular updates on MPs’ sexual indiscretions known as “the ins and outs” briefing. See Sunday Times (183 points, 58 comments)
    5. Theresa May was wearing a bracelet with images of Frida Kahlo a member of the communist party who literally dated trotsky (168 points, 106 comments)
    6. Tory MPs have been told to ABSTAIN on two Labour opposition motions today on social care and supported housing. (163 points, 143 comments)
    7. Michael Fallon apologises after admitting touching Julia Hartley Brewer inappropriately (145 points, 200 comments)
    8. Amber Rudd says it's "unthinkable" EU citizens would be "asked to leave" - but repeatedly refuses to say they can stay if there's no deal (86 points, 61 comments)
    9. Here's the response of the guy Clive Lewis was addressing when he said: "Get on your knees b****" (85 points, 71 comments)
    10. Opposition day motion on #UniversalCredit passes ayes 299 noes 0 (61 points, 54 comments)
  11. 2528 points, 19 submissions: syuk
    1. c. 1942 - Great Britain: Her natural and industrial resources (1140 points, 232 comments)
    2. Labour MP who posted sexist and homophobic comments quits women and equalities select committee (197 points, 203 comments)
    3. Isabel Oakeshott on Twitter: Every single EU minister I spoke to made it "abundantly clear" they want us worse off Out than In, says former Brexit minister David Jones (129 points, 561 comments)
    4. Gibraltar very concerned by violence in Catalonia, chief minister says (128 points, 59 comments)
    5. Maajid on Twitter: Islamist extremist Azad Ali is a director of MEND. He praised killing British troops abroad etc. These MPs should be ashamed of themselves. (109 points, 62 comments)
    6. 16 rapists among hundreds of sex offenders let off with a caution (102 points, 37 comments)
    7. 125% council tax bill for empty homes in Pembrokeshire (96 points, 82 comments)
    8. Martin Selmayr on Twitter: I deny that 1/we leaked this; 2/Juncker ever said this; 3/we are punitive on Brexit. It's an attempt 2 frame EU side & 2 undermine talks. (95 points, 43 comments)
    9. MEP expenses should be kept secret to avoid ‘pressure’ from media (75 points, 38 comments)
    10. Man prosecuted for posting a picture of his hobby on Facebook (63 points, 76 comments)
  12. 2446 points, 33 submissions: OptioMkIX
    1. BBC wrong to not challenge climate sceptic Lord Lawson (318 points, 203 comments)
    2. 'Tories lie consistently': students on Theresa May's tuition fee plans (180 points, 261 comments)
    3. Tfl plans to make £322m by collecting data from passengers' mobiles via Tube Wi-Fi (174 points, 99 comments)
    4. 'No-deal' Brexit likely to hit low-income families hardest (135 points, 178 comments)
    5. Gove suggests bottle deposit scheme (134 points, 212 comments)
    6. UK inflation set to hit five-year high, raising heat on interest rates (122 points, 60 comments)
    7. Your child's teacher could soon be an undergraduate on £3.50 an hour (118 points, 208 comments)
    8. The Brexiteers' trade fantasies are crashing down around their ears (103 points, 214 comments)
    9. 'Hard Brexit will cost 5,000 Rolls-Royce jobs in Derby' (100 points, 86 comments)
    10. Young face big debt burden - City chief (76 points, 106 comments)
  13. 2198 points, 16 submissions: xbettel
    1. The Daily Mail outs a gay teenager against his will. A teenage Conservative Party activist says he is “devastated” and “living in fear” after he was allegedly ‘outed’ against his wishes by MailOnline. (866 points, 371 comments)
    2. Boris Johnson 'says Cabinet minister's salary of £141,000 is not enough to live on' (442 points, 205 comments)
    3. Public support for nationalization (163 points, 333 comments)
    4. UK: European Union Membership Referendum, Survation poll: Age: 18-34 Remain: 69% (+5) Leave: 31% (-5) (143 points, 163 comments)
    5. Theresa May 'subtly signals shift to Communism' wearing a Frida Kahlo bracelet (99 points, 22 comments)
    6. YouGov: Labour ahead of Conservatives among middle-class voters; Conservatives ahead of Labour among working-class voters (96 points, 132 comments)
    7. Jacob Rees-Mogg Will 'Flee The Country' If Conservative Party Abandons Brexit (73 points, 50 comments)
    8. Government faces humiliation as DUP poised to side with Labour over women's pensions (49 points, 19 comments)
    9. Theresa May said being transgender is "not an illness" as she vowed to change the law (46 points, 301 comments)
    10. Jeremy Corbyn praises Theresa May for pushing forward with transgender rights reforms (40 points, 98 comments)
  14. 2024 points, 1 submission: starfallg
    1. Three-quarters of the UK public say Brexit is going badly, new poll reveals (BMG) (2024 points, 578 comments)
  15. 1868 points, 11 submissions: StevieTV
    1. Philip Hammond admits Brexit 'no deal' will mean less money for NHS and social care. Philip Hammond also became the first Cabinet minister to say it was “theoretically possible” that crashing out of the EU without agreement would ground all flights. (969 points, 539 comments)
    2. 'Tory MP tells me there's a "50% chance TM will resign by Friday...it’s a disaster. The question is – is it a worse disaster if she goes?"' - Tamara Cohen political correspondent Sky News (212 points, 265 comments)
    3. Greater Manchester Law Centre refuses to facilitate Universal Credit roll-out: “We will not be complicit” (169 points, 267 comments)
    4. Jeremy Hunt admits false claims over mental health – The health secretary, Jeremy Hunt, has been forced to re-write parliamentary records after making a false claim about mental health. (144 points, 47 comments)
    5. MPs move to block Theresa May from signing ‘no deal’ Brexit (133 points, 103 comments)
    6. 'Universal Credit roll-out left my 5 year old searching bins for food' (75 points, 351 comments)
    7. A doctor who resigned to "protect" her own health challenges @Jeremy_Hunt after his speech at the Royal College of GPs conference. (56 points, 21 comments)
    8. Universal credit isn’t about saving money – it’s about disciplining unemployed people (34 points, 74 comments)
    9. "So today we have heard from David Mundell that telling Scotland how badly damaged it will be by #Brexit would risk a 2nd referendum being called. Think about that." (26 points, 40 comments)
    10. Breaking News: @DavidGauke refuses to come 2day to HoC to explain his flagship Universal Credit Policy in emergency debate #WontTurnUpToWork (26 points, 35 comments)
  16. 1570 points, 8 submissions: CitizenNowhere
    1. YouGov Poll: Two thirds of public think Brexit negotiations are going badly (709 points, 286 comments)
    2. Jeremy Corbyn says he would vote remain in a second EU referendum (489 points, 390 comments)
    3. "Cut your losses. File an application for a Norway-style agreement for a period of 5 years." @yanisvaroufakis' advice to the PM #r4today (104 points, 155 comments)
    4. BAE Systems to axe over 1,000 UK jobs amid Typhoon slowdown (80 points, 153 comments)
    5. “The Bluff” — Gerald Scarfe on David Davis’s negotiating skills (78 points, 31 comments)
    6. “The problem with Great Britain's position is that those who wanted 'Brexit' failed to tell the British people what the cost would be.” — Emmanuel Macron (44 points, 56 comments)
    7. Legatum goes global — Hard Brexit (33 points, 9 comments)
    8. UK construction suffered shock fall in September down to lowest levels since Brexit referendum (33 points, 14 comments)
  17. 1569 points, 2 submissions: bennzo1238
    1. Another musician, Calvin Harris: Conservative party conference playing my song was not approved - I do not support nor condone happy songs being played at such a sad event (1405 points, 402 comments)
    2. Florence Welch: Today's use of 'You've Got The Love' at the Conservative party conference was not approved by us nor would it have been had they asked. (164 points, 145 comments)
  18. 1565 points, 1 submission: subversivefreak
    1. How Australians saw the past year in UK politics (1565 points, 161 comments)
  19. 1434 points, 3 submissions: ShufflingToGlory
    1. Some Universal Credit Number Crunching from this week's Private Eye (1091 points, 200 comments)
    2. Michael Bloomberg: Brexit is stupidest thing any country has done besides Trump (312 points, 332 comments)
    3. UK pensions among the worst in the developed world, study finds (31 points, 48 comments)
  20. 1404 points, 13 submissions: pond_party
    1. AFP: BREAKING - European Parliament overwhelmingly backs motion saying no 'sufficient progress' in Brexit talks (619 points, 720 comments)
    2. UK ‘screwed’ in Brexit negotiations, says ex-ambassador (321 points, 333 comments)
    3. BREAKING: Bombardier announces Airbus is buying a majority stake in their C-Series jets. (92 points, 40 comments)
    4. Open customs border impossible after Brexit (58 points, 38 comments)
    5. Divorce bill impasse stifles hopes for Brexit talks breakthrough (45 points, 101 comments)
    6. Charles Grant: I understand @MichelBarnier wanted to close chapter on citizens rights - UK had ceded on 95% - but [Member states] wouldn't let him (44 points, 173 comments)
    7. German Manufacturers association warns member companies of very hard Brexit (42 points, 30 comments)
    8. EU prepared to delay detailed trade talks after failure to break impasse (34 points, 41 comments)
    9. Vauxhall says it is cutting 400 jobs at its Ellesmere Port factory in Cheshire by the end of the year (33 points, 12 comments)
    10. "People will be able to carry on booking their holidays" - Transport Secretary says leaving the EU won't affect flights [expects UK to stay in European Aviation Safety Agency] (31 points, 68 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. Golemfrost (4837 points, 1 comment)
  2. FakeDjinn (4505 points, 2 comments)
  3. Ewannnn (4452 points, 371 comments)
  4. ThatFlyingScotsman (3890 points, 396 comments)
  5. FordTippex (3780 points, 444 comments)
  6. Annoyed_Badger (3624 points, 398 comments)
  7. BaritBrit (3565 points, 305 comments)
  8. redrhyski (3496 points, 351 comments)
  9. CaffeinatedT (3173 points, 502 comments)
  10. RedTerror88 (3119 points, 691 comments)
  11. MimesAreShite (3112 points, 241 comments)
  12. Inlogoraccountan (3009 points, 655 comments)
  13. aCNDerivative (2855 points, 313 comments)
  14. SporkofVengeance (2754 points, 221 comments)
  15. Anyales (2712 points, 285 comments)
  16. Rob_Kaichin (2677 points, 565 comments)
  17. Ivashkin (2583 points, 295 comments)
  18. whencanistop (2563 points, 215 comments)
  19. Shameless_Bullshiter (2536 points, 173 comments)
  20. Crappy99 (2534 points, 221 comments)
  21. inawordno (2410 points, 205 comments)
  22. SpookyLlama (2375 points, 5 comments)
  23. michaelisnotginger (2368 points, 98 comments)
  24. DrRedOrDead (2343 points, 372 comments)
  25. bratzman (2294 points, 200 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Terrorism deaths by year in the UK by VirginOnRidiculous (17458 points, 3555 comments)
  2. Telegraph admits yesterdays story about Cambridge being forced to replace Black authors with white ones was false. by Ractrick (3941 points, 419 comments)
  3. The Times Cartoon - It's Not the End of the World! by Crappy99 (2626 points, 131 comments)
  4. Someone just handed Theresa May a P45 during her speech. by NothingSurprisesMe (2587 points, 816 comments)
  5. UK and Canada announce global alliance to end coal power by Shockingandawesome (2312 points, 378 comments)
  6. Three-quarters of the UK public say Brexit is going badly, new poll reveals (BMG) by starfallg (2024 points, 578 comments)
  7. Jeremy Corbyn among 113 MPs demanding ban on protests outside abortion clinics by Crappy99 (1853 points, 1071 comments)
  8. How Australians saw the past year in UK politics by subversivefreak (1565 points, 161 comments)
  9. Home secretary Amber Rudd tells Conservative fringe "I don't need to understand how encryption works to want to deny its use to criminals." by hahayeahhaha (1521 points, 420 comments)
  10. Margaret Thatcher gave MP knighthood despite knowing child sex abuse claims against him, inquiry hears by Absolutelycheers (1495 points, 379 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 4837 points: Golemfrost's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  2. 2458 points: FakeDjinn's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  3. 2351 points: SpookyLlama's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  4. 2107 points: two_10's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  5. 2047 points: FakeDjinn's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  6. 1109 points: Hazzman's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  7. 983 points: PeacekeeperAl's comment in Telegraph admits yesterdays story about Cambridge being forced to replace Black authors with white ones was false.
  8. 952 points: drawkcabog's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  9. 798 points: BaronVSS's comment in Home secretary Amber Rudd tells Conservative fringe "I don't need to understand how encryption works to want to deny its use to criminals."
  10. 752 points: Esprit-de-lescali's comment in Someone just handed Theresa May a P45 during her speech.
submitted by FormerlyPallas_ to ukpolitics [link] [comments]


2017.10.31 18:08 subreddit_stats Subreddit Stats: ukpolitics top posts from 2017-10-01 to 2017-10-31 07:54 PDT

Period: 29.88 days
Submissions Comments
Total 999 107029
Rate (per day) 33.43 3538.81
Unique Redditors 337 7723
Combined Score 143496 621994

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 17458 points, 1 submission: VirginOnRidiculous
    1. Terrorism deaths by year in the UK (17458 points, 3555 comments)
  2. 16249 points, 121 submissions: Crappy99
    1. The Times Cartoon - It's Not the End of the World! (2626 points, 131 comments)
    2. Jeremy Corbyn among 113 MPs demanding ban on protests outside abortion clinics (1853 points, 1071 comments)
    3. The Telegraph Cartoon - Give Me a Deal or I'll Let Him Have It! (1408 points, 119 comments)
    4. Brexit impact study 'will not be published' (731 points, 218 comments)
    5. Tony Blair calls for second Brexit referendum (611 points, 626 comments)
    6. The Telegraph Cartoon - Blade Runner 2017 (444 points, 36 comments)
    7. The Telegraph Cartoon - It's Alive... Just (372 points, 163 comments)
    8. YouGov Voting Intention: Conservatives 39%, Labour 42% (10-11 Oct) (372 points, 319 comments)
    9. UK plan to register EU citizens would be illegal, say MEPs (367 points, 450 comments)
    10. Woman who worked for MP reported sexual assault four times but was 'ignored by Parliament authorities' (307 points, 46 comments)
  3. 6529 points, 35 submissions: hahayeahhaha
    1. Home secretary Amber Rudd tells Conservative fringe "I don't need to understand how encryption works to want to deny its use to criminals." (1521 points, 420 comments)
    2. Universities deplore ‘McCarthyism’ as MP demands list of tutors lecturing on Brexit (1063 points, 579 comments)
    3. Only one person in UK's Brexit negotiation team has experience with trade deals (635 points, 145 comments)
    4. Bank of England believes Brexit could cost 75,000 finance jobs (382 points, 296 comments)
    5. Philip Pullman: Jeremy Corbyn didn’t “lift a finger” to keep us in the EU (273 points, 311 comments)
    6. We are governed by Peter Pans who refuse to look after the next generation (265 points, 283 comments)
    7. Tory MP Stephen Crabb 'sorry' for sexting 19-year-old woman after interviewing her for office job (244 points, 209 comments)
    8. Suspecting Russian Meddling in ‘Brexit’ Vote, Lawmaker Seeks Inquiry (198 points, 361 comments)
    9. Look, Tories, no one is falling for your “no magic money tree” argument so give it up (178 points, 296 comments)
    10. Young people 'bemused, angry and blaming older generations for Brexit' (161 points, 406 comments)
  4. 5060 points, 21 submissions: Shockingandawesome
    1. UK and Canada announce global alliance to end coal power (2312 points, 378 comments)
    2. Grooming gangs 'are abusing girls across the country', victims and investigators warn (476 points, 439 comments)
    3. Chancellor Philip Hammond: Taxpayers' money should not be spent on preparing for a "no-deal" Brexit (339 points, 427 comments)
    4. UK Home Secretary Calls Tech Leaders 'Patronizing' For Refusing To Believe Her 'Safe Backdoors' Spiels Techdirt (265 points, 283 comments)
    5. Drivers who cause death while using their mobile phones, under the influence of drink or drugs, or speeding, will face life in prison (252 points, 257 comments)
    6. New terror laws 'would criminalise thought' (245 points, 352 comments)
    7. Ivory trade to be banned in UK 'to protect elephants' (201 points, 124 comments)
    8. The UK no longer has a national public library system (196 points, 114 comments)
    9. Govt cuts stakes on "crack cocaine" betting terminals. The maximum stake on fixed odds betting terminals is to be reduced from £100 to between £2 and £50. (111 points, 281 comments)
    10. MPs to debate 'scrap first-past-the-post' call (111 points, 124 comments)
  5. 4636 points, 37 submissions: Absolutelycheers
    1. Margaret Thatcher gave MP knighthood despite knowing child sex abuse claims against him, inquiry hears (1495 points, 379 comments)
    2. Hillary Clinton says Brexit supporters 'voted against modern Britain' (321 points, 784 comments)
    3. 'Nadhim Zahawi, Conservative MP, is now earning £360,000 a year from his part-time job at an oil company.' (304 points, 254 comments)
    4. SNP votes for queen to be stripped of state funding (239 points, 282 comments)
    5. Culture Secretary investigated for not having a TV licence (181 points, 203 comments)
    6. Donald Trump will not visit Britain until 2018, White House confirms (167 points, 158 comments)
    7. 'Hillary Clinton to Brexiteers on Trump: "You're making a trade deal with someone who doesn't believe in trade." #Marr' (165 points, 368 comments)
    8. 'Bombardier. Now this. If you thought Trump would ride in on a white unicorn and save us you need to sober up.' (151 points, 121 comments)
    9. EU officials in Soviet-style 'disinformation campaign' to damage Brexit, Tory MPs claim (121 points, 158 comments)
    10. MPs should not feel obliged to back Brexit, says John Bercow (110 points, 73 comments)
  6. 4411 points, 2 submissions: Ractrick
    1. Telegraph admits yesterdays story about Cambridge being forced to replace Black authors with white ones was false. (3941 points, 419 comments)
    2. Theresa May revealed to have stole lines in her speech from TV show "The West Wing" (470 points, 181 comments)
  7. 3929 points, 26 submissions: Lolworth
    1. Private Eye on Kensington & Chelsea Council (1168 points, 252 comments)
    2. Christian Adams on Theresa May's 'no deal' Brexit (326 points, 33 comments)
    3. Ben Jennings on Westminster allegations (300 points, 18 comments)
    4. Steve Bell on the budget and Brexit preparations (285 points, 37 comments)
    5. Stephen Crabb sent young woman sexually explicit messages after rejecting her application for role in his office (195 points, 119 comments)
    6. Ben Jennings on the NHS plan to rent spare rooms (192 points, 33 comments)
    7. Comedian Lee Nelson just handed Theresa May a P45 during her speech, before being bundled off (162 points, 155 comments)
    8. UK 'does not and will not recognise' Catalan independence declaration, PM says (148 points, 249 comments)
    9. "I've got less than 4p to my name" - Universal Credit is the new benefits system - but how do you survive the six week wait for any money? (119 points, 318 comments)
    10. Six men charged with being in neo-Nazi group, with one charged for encouragement for murdering an MP (110 points, 164 comments)
  8. 3480 points, 37 submissions: Inlogoraccountan
    1. Britain's missing billions: Revised figures reveal UK is £490bn poorer than previously thought (948 points, 493 comments)
    2. Marxism should have no place in a modern Labour Party Chris Leslie MP Labour (198 points, 630 comments)
    3. Going into the studio is “like going into Harvey Weinstein’s bedroom - you hope to emerge with your dignity intact” Gove on #Todayat60 (175 points, 229 comments)
    4. Has £500 billion really gone missing? ONS (146 points, 39 comments)
    5. Reverse Brexit with second referendum to save your economy, OECD tells UK (146 points, 311 comments)
    6. Ian Lavery MP received £165,000 from trade union BBC Newsnight (143 points, 50 comments)
    7. Lancashire councillors vote to take un-stunned meat off school menus (121 points, 111 comments)
    8. Ireland balances books for first time in 10 years - finance minister also announced a €300 million Brexit fund aimed at helping small businesses. (119 points, 69 comments)
    9. This is amazing. One by one, Michael Gove is saying the things I've waited years for an environment secretary to say George Monbiot (113 points, 113 comments)
    10. Universities ordered to guarantee free speech The Times front page (107 points, 292 comments)
  9. 2984 points, 6 submissions: NothingSurprisesMe
    1. Someone just handed Theresa May a P45 during her speech. (2587 points, 816 comments)
    2. 'The only way' of dealing with British Islamic State fighters is to kill them in almost every case, minister says (217 points, 596 comments)
    3. London now more dangerous than New York City, crime stats suggest (89 points, 162 comments)
    4. Field of machines: Researchers grow crop using only automation (in the UK) (40 points, 45 comments)
    5. What does your voting history look like? (28 points, 137 comments)
    6. Question Time thread - 19/10/2017 (23 points, 444 comments)
  10. 2559 points, 15 submissions: LeftWingScot
    1. CEO of Goldman Sachs Lloyd Blankfein‏ on twittier: "Just left Frankfurt. Great meetings, great weather, really enjoyed it. Good, because I'll be spending a lot more time there. #Brexit" (659 points, 616 comments)
    2. The government says they can't release the official Brexit impact assessments because it would breach their "safe space". (514 points, 151 comments)
    3. Jeremy Corbyn: Police violence against citizens in #Catalonia is shocking. The Spanish government must act to end it now. (286 points, 324 comments)
    4. Tim Shipman: Theresa May gets regular updates on MPs’ sexual indiscretions known as “the ins and outs” briefing. See Sunday Times (183 points, 58 comments)
    5. Theresa May was wearing a bracelet with images of Frida Kahlo a member of the communist party who literally dated trotsky (168 points, 106 comments)
    6. Tory MPs have been told to ABSTAIN on two Labour opposition motions today on social care and supported housing. (163 points, 143 comments)
    7. Michael Fallon apologises after admitting touching Julia Hartley Brewer inappropriately (145 points, 200 comments)
    8. Amber Rudd says it's "unthinkable" EU citizens would be "asked to leave" - but repeatedly refuses to say they can stay if there's no deal (86 points, 61 comments)
    9. Here's the response of the guy Clive Lewis was addressing when he said: "Get on your knees b****" (85 points, 71 comments)
    10. Opposition day motion on #UniversalCredit passes ayes 299 noes 0 (61 points, 54 comments)
  11. 2528 points, 19 submissions: syuk
    1. c. 1942 - Great Britain: Her natural and industrial resources (1140 points, 232 comments)
    2. Labour MP who posted sexist and homophobic comments quits women and equalities select committee (197 points, 203 comments)
    3. Isabel Oakeshott on Twitter: Every single EU minister I spoke to made it "abundantly clear" they want us worse off Out than In, says former Brexit minister David Jones (129 points, 561 comments)
    4. Gibraltar very concerned by violence in Catalonia, chief minister says (128 points, 59 comments)
    5. Maajid on Twitter: Islamist extremist Azad Ali is a director of MEND. He praised killing British troops abroad etc. These MPs should be ashamed of themselves. (109 points, 62 comments)
    6. 16 rapists among hundreds of sex offenders let off with a caution (102 points, 37 comments)
    7. 125% council tax bill for empty homes in Pembrokeshire (96 points, 82 comments)
    8. Martin Selmayr on Twitter: I deny that 1/we leaked this; 2/Juncker ever said this; 3/we are punitive on Brexit. It's an attempt 2 frame EU side & 2 undermine talks. (95 points, 43 comments)
    9. MEP expenses should be kept secret to avoid ‘pressure’ from media (75 points, 38 comments)
    10. Man prosecuted for posting a picture of his hobby on Facebook (63 points, 76 comments)
  12. 2446 points, 33 submissions: OptioMkIX
    1. BBC wrong to not challenge climate sceptic Lord Lawson (318 points, 203 comments)
    2. 'Tories lie consistently': students on Theresa May's tuition fee plans (180 points, 261 comments)
    3. Tfl plans to make £322m by collecting data from passengers' mobiles via Tube Wi-Fi (174 points, 99 comments)
    4. 'No-deal' Brexit likely to hit low-income families hardest (135 points, 178 comments)
    5. Gove suggests bottle deposit scheme (134 points, 212 comments)
    6. UK inflation set to hit five-year high, raising heat on interest rates (122 points, 60 comments)
    7. Your child's teacher could soon be an undergraduate on £3.50 an hour (118 points, 208 comments)
    8. The Brexiteers' trade fantasies are crashing down around their ears (103 points, 214 comments)
    9. 'Hard Brexit will cost 5,000 Rolls-Royce jobs in Derby' (100 points, 86 comments)
    10. Young face big debt burden - City chief (76 points, 106 comments)
  13. 2198 points, 16 submissions: xbettel
    1. The Daily Mail outs a gay teenager against his will. A teenage Conservative Party activist says he is “devastated” and “living in fear” after he was allegedly ‘outed’ against his wishes by MailOnline. (866 points, 371 comments)
    2. Boris Johnson 'says Cabinet minister's salary of £141,000 is not enough to live on' (442 points, 205 comments)
    3. Public support for nationalization (163 points, 333 comments)
    4. UK: European Union Membership Referendum, Survation poll: Age: 18-34 Remain: 69% (+5) Leave: 31% (-5) (143 points, 163 comments)
    5. Theresa May 'subtly signals shift to Communism' wearing a Frida Kahlo bracelet (99 points, 22 comments)
    6. YouGov: Labour ahead of Conservatives among middle-class voters; Conservatives ahead of Labour among working-class voters (96 points, 132 comments)
    7. Jacob Rees-Mogg Will 'Flee The Country' If Conservative Party Abandons Brexit (73 points, 50 comments)
    8. Government faces humiliation as DUP poised to side with Labour over women's pensions (49 points, 19 comments)
    9. Theresa May said being transgender is "not an illness" as she vowed to change the law (46 points, 301 comments)
    10. Jeremy Corbyn praises Theresa May for pushing forward with transgender rights reforms (40 points, 98 comments)
  14. 2024 points, 1 submission: starfallg
    1. Three-quarters of the UK public say Brexit is going badly, new poll reveals (BMG) (2024 points, 578 comments)
  15. 1868 points, 11 submissions: StevieTV
    1. Philip Hammond admits Brexit 'no deal' will mean less money for NHS and social care. Philip Hammond also became the first Cabinet minister to say it was “theoretically possible” that crashing out of the EU without agreement would ground all flights. (969 points, 539 comments)
    2. 'Tory MP tells me there's a "50% chance TM will resign by Friday...it’s a disaster. The question is – is it a worse disaster if she goes?"' - Tamara Cohen political correspondent Sky News (212 points, 265 comments)
    3. Greater Manchester Law Centre refuses to facilitate Universal Credit roll-out: “We will not be complicit” (169 points, 267 comments)
    4. Jeremy Hunt admits false claims over mental health – The health secretary, Jeremy Hunt, has been forced to re-write parliamentary records after making a false claim about mental health. (144 points, 47 comments)
    5. MPs move to block Theresa May from signing ‘no deal’ Brexit (133 points, 103 comments)
    6. 'Universal Credit roll-out left my 5 year old searching bins for food' (75 points, 351 comments)
    7. A doctor who resigned to "protect" her own health challenges @Jeremy_Hunt after his speech at the Royal College of GPs conference. (56 points, 21 comments)
    8. Universal credit isn’t about saving money – it’s about disciplining unemployed people (34 points, 74 comments)
    9. "So today we have heard from David Mundell that telling Scotland how badly damaged it will be by #Brexit would risk a 2nd referendum being called. Think about that." (26 points, 40 comments)
    10. Breaking News: @DavidGauke refuses to come 2day to HoC to explain his flagship Universal Credit Policy in emergency debate #WontTurnUpToWork (26 points, 35 comments)
  16. 1570 points, 8 submissions: CitizenNowhere
    1. YouGov Poll: Two thirds of public think Brexit negotiations are going badly (709 points, 286 comments)
    2. Jeremy Corbyn says he would vote remain in a second EU referendum (489 points, 390 comments)
    3. "Cut your losses. File an application for a Norway-style agreement for a period of 5 years." @yanisvaroufakis' advice to the PM #r4today (104 points, 155 comments)
    4. BAE Systems to axe over 1,000 UK jobs amid Typhoon slowdown (80 points, 153 comments)
    5. “The Bluff” — Gerald Scarfe on David Davis’s negotiating skills (78 points, 31 comments)
    6. “The problem with Great Britain's position is that those who wanted 'Brexit' failed to tell the British people what the cost would be.” — Emmanuel Macron (44 points, 56 comments)
    7. Legatum goes global — Hard Brexit (33 points, 9 comments)
    8. UK construction suffered shock fall in September down to lowest levels since Brexit referendum (33 points, 14 comments)
  17. 1569 points, 2 submissions: bennzo1238
    1. Another musician, Calvin Harris: Conservative party conference playing my song was not approved - I do not support nor condone happy songs being played at such a sad event (1405 points, 402 comments)
    2. Florence Welch: Today's use of 'You've Got The Love' at the Conservative party conference was not approved by us nor would it have been had they asked. (164 points, 145 comments)
  18. 1565 points, 1 submission: subversivefreak
    1. How Australians saw the past year in UK politics (1565 points, 161 comments)
  19. 1434 points, 3 submissions: ShufflingToGlory
    1. Some Universal Credit Number Crunching from this week's Private Eye (1091 points, 200 comments)
    2. Michael Bloomberg: Brexit is stupidest thing any country has done besides Trump (312 points, 332 comments)
    3. UK pensions among the worst in the developed world, study finds (31 points, 48 comments)
  20. 1404 points, 13 submissions: pond_party
    1. AFP: BREAKING - European Parliament overwhelmingly backs motion saying no 'sufficient progress' in Brexit talks (619 points, 720 comments)
    2. UK ‘screwed’ in Brexit negotiations, says ex-ambassador (321 points, 333 comments)
    3. BREAKING: Bombardier announces Airbus is buying a majority stake in their C-Series jets. (92 points, 40 comments)
    4. Open customs border impossible after Brexit (58 points, 38 comments)
    5. Divorce bill impasse stifles hopes for Brexit talks breakthrough (45 points, 101 comments)
    6. Charles Grant: I understand @MichelBarnier wanted to close chapter on citizens rights - UK had ceded on 95% - but [Member states] wouldn't let him (44 points, 173 comments)
    7. German Manufacturers association warns member companies of very hard Brexit (42 points, 30 comments)
    8. EU prepared to delay detailed trade talks after failure to break impasse (34 points, 41 comments)
    9. Vauxhall says it is cutting 400 jobs at its Ellesmere Port factory in Cheshire by the end of the year (33 points, 12 comments)
    10. "People will be able to carry on booking their holidays" - Transport Secretary says leaving the EU won't affect flights [expects UK to stay in European Aviation Safety Agency] (31 points, 68 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. Golemfrost (4837 points, 1 comment)
  2. FakeDjinn (4505 points, 2 comments)
  3. Ewannnn (4452 points, 371 comments)
  4. ThatFlyingScotsman (3890 points, 396 comments)
  5. FordTippex (3780 points, 444 comments)
  6. Annoyed_Badger (3624 points, 398 comments)
  7. BaritBrit (3565 points, 305 comments)
  8. redrhyski (3496 points, 351 comments)
  9. CaffeinatedT (3173 points, 502 comments)
  10. RedTerror88 (3119 points, 691 comments)
  11. MimesAreShite (3112 points, 241 comments)
  12. Inlogoraccountan (3009 points, 655 comments)
  13. aCNDerivative (2855 points, 313 comments)
  14. SporkofVengeance (2754 points, 221 comments)
  15. Anyales (2712 points, 285 comments)
  16. Rob_Kaichin (2677 points, 565 comments)
  17. Ivashkin (2583 points, 295 comments)
  18. whencanistop (2563 points, 215 comments)
  19. Shameless_Bullshiter (2536 points, 173 comments)
  20. Crappy99 (2534 points, 221 comments)
  21. inawordno (2410 points, 205 comments)
  22. SpookyLlama (2375 points, 5 comments)
  23. michaelisnotginger (2368 points, 98 comments)
  24. DrRedOrDead (2343 points, 372 comments)
  25. bratzman (2294 points, 200 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Terrorism deaths by year in the UK by VirginOnRidiculous (17458 points, 3555 comments)
  2. Telegraph admits yesterdays story about Cambridge being forced to replace Black authors with white ones was false. by Ractrick (3941 points, 419 comments)
  3. The Times Cartoon - It's Not the End of the World! by Crappy99 (2626 points, 131 comments)
  4. Someone just handed Theresa May a P45 during her speech. by NothingSurprisesMe (2587 points, 816 comments)
  5. UK and Canada announce global alliance to end coal power by Shockingandawesome (2312 points, 378 comments)
  6. Three-quarters of the UK public say Brexit is going badly, new poll reveals (BMG) by starfallg (2024 points, 578 comments)
  7. Jeremy Corbyn among 113 MPs demanding ban on protests outside abortion clinics by Crappy99 (1853 points, 1071 comments)
  8. How Australians saw the past year in UK politics by subversivefreak (1565 points, 161 comments)
  9. Home secretary Amber Rudd tells Conservative fringe "I don't need to understand how encryption works to want to deny its use to criminals." by hahayeahhaha (1521 points, 420 comments)
  10. Margaret Thatcher gave MP knighthood despite knowing child sex abuse claims against him, inquiry hears by Absolutelycheers (1495 points, 379 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 4837 points: Golemfrost's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  2. 2458 points: FakeDjinn's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  3. 2351 points: SpookyLlama's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  4. 2107 points: two_10's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  5. 2047 points: FakeDjinn's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  6. 1109 points: Hazzman's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  7. 983 points: PeacekeeperAl's comment in Telegraph admits yesterdays story about Cambridge being forced to replace Black authors with white ones was false.
  8. 952 points: drawkcabog's comment in Terrorism deaths by year in the UK
  9. 798 points: BaronVSS's comment in Home secretary Amber Rudd tells Conservative fringe "I don't need to understand how encryption works to want to deny its use to criminals."
  10. 752 points: Esprit-de-lescali's comment in Someone just handed Theresa May a P45 during her speech.
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]


101 Free Christian Dating Site (OFFICIAL) - YouTube Christian Dating 101 05/08/20 Christian Dating 101: Gospel and Sex Christian Speed Dating - YouTube Speed Dating  Truth or Drink  Cut - YouTube CHRISTIAN DATING 101 - YouTube Christian Dating Advice: Never Settle & Don't Rush - YouTube

Senior Christian Dating Sites & Services for Older People

  1. 101 Free Christian Dating Site (OFFICIAL) - YouTube
  2. Christian Dating 101 05/08/20
  3. Christian Dating 101: Gospel and Sex
  4. Christian Speed Dating - YouTube
  5. Speed Dating Truth or Drink Cut - YouTube
  6. CHRISTIAN DATING 101 - YouTube
  7. Christian Dating Advice: Never Settle & Don't Rush - YouTube
  8. Pentecostal Speed Dating

Hey beautiful people! :) I want you to know that you have WORTH & you are great, and you deserve someone who is as equally great as you are. Never settle. An... A follow-up to AEM's popular Pentecostal Blind Date, Pentecostal Speed Dating is a spoof reality show that makes fun of what it's like to be a dating Pentecostal young person. Christian Dating 101 05/08/20. Christian Dating 101 05/08/20. Skip navigation Sign in. Search. Loading... Close. This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue. 101 FREE Christian Dating Service online (https://www.fusion101.com) is a 100% free site to meet single Christians in USA, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand... Sponsor this series: http://www.cut.com/sponsorship Buy Truth or Drink: The Card Game - http://www.playtruthordrink.com/ SUBSCRIBE: http://bit.ly/CutSubscrib... Christian Dating 101 - Duration: 47:43. thesoulfood365 Recommended for you. 47:43. 5 Signs You're Dating a Toxic Person (Matthew Hussey, Get The Guy) - Duration: 7:39. Skip navigation Sign in. Search This video was shown at our Women's Get-Away conference titled 'Embrace.' The point of the video was to illustrate that everyone is a mess, and Jesus still w...